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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2620 matches for " Leila;Marchi "
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Jovens estudantes est o expostos a fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de hipertens o
Leila Maria Marchi-Alves
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract:
Is There Any Correlation between Insulin Resistance and Nitrate Plasma Concentration in White Coat Hypertensive Patients?
Leila Maria Marchi-Alves,Evelin Capellari Carnio
Cardiology Research and Practice , 2009, DOI: 10.4061/2009/376735
Abstract: We evaluated a relationship between nitric oxide plasma correlation and insulin resistance in white coat hypertensive patients. Patients were screened for white coat hypertension using an ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. The homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was used to assess insulin resistance, and plasma nitrate concentrations were determined by chemiluminescence. The HOMA-IR was significantly higher in hypertensive (3.84 ± 0.62) when compared to white coat (2.11 ± 0.36) and normotensive (1.40 ± 0.21). We found no correlation between HOMA-IR and plasma nitrate levels in all three groups. We suggest that the more important issue for these patients is to focus on the metabolic abnormalities where lifestyle interventions such as weight control and exercise have proven effective.
A violência simbólica e a domina o masculina no campo esportivo: algumas notas e digress es teóricas La violencia simbólica y la dominación masculina en el campo deportivo: algunas notas y digresiones teóricas Symbolic violence and male domination in sport field: some theoretical notes and digressions
Leila Salvini,Juliano de Souza,Wanderley Marchi Junior
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Física e Esporte , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s1807-55092012000300006
Abstract: No presente artigo procuramos apresentar, de um ponto de vista teórico, algumas conjecturas relacionadas ao exercício da violência simbólica e, sobretudo, da domina o masculina no campo esportivo recuperando, na medida do possível, alguns exemplos práticos diretamente relacionados ao futebol e ao uso do corpo nos esportes. Tendo como ponto de partida para constru o dos argumentos, a análise sociológica de Pierre Bourdieu, nos propomos, num primeiro momento, em apresentar brevemente a teoria dos campos e seus desdobramentos em se tratando da leitura do esporte. Num segundo momento, pretendemos avan ar no tratamento da violência simbólica e dos usos legítimos do corpo como uma das formas sutis da domina o masculina reproduzida no campo esportivo. En este trabajo se presenta un punto de vista teórico, algunas conjeccturas sobre el ejercicio de la violencia simbólica y, especialmente, de la dominación masculina en el campo deportivo recuperando, en la medida de lo posible, algunos ejemplos prácticos directamente relacionados con el fútbol y con el uso del cuerpo en los deportes. Teniendo como punto de partida para la construcción de los argumentos, la análisis sociología de Pierre Bourdieu, se propone, en un primer momento, presentar brevemente la teoria de los campos y sus desdobramentos en se tratando de la lectura del deporte. En un segundo momento, tenemos la intención de avanzar en el tratamiento de la violencia simbólica y los usos legítimos del cuerpo como una de las formas sutiles de dominación masculina reproduzida en el campo deportivo. In the present article, we aimed to develop, from a theoretical point of view, some conjectures linked to the exercise of symbolic violence and, more specifically, of male domination on sports field recovering, as far as possible, some practical examples directly linked to soccer and the use of body on sports. Having as an initial point element to arguments construction the sociological analysis of Pierre Bourdieu, we proposed, at a first time, to briefly present the theory of fields and its developments considering the sports reading. In a second time, we aimed to advance on the treating of symbolic violence and legitimate body uses as one of the subtle ways of male domination reproduced on sports field.
Leptina, hipertens?o arterial e obesidade: importancia das a??es de enfermagem
Marchi-Alves, Leila Maria;Nogueira, Maria Suely;Mendes, Isabel Amélia Costa;Godoy, Simone de;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002010000200021
Abstract: the objective of this systematic review was to retrieve topics of relevance to the implications of leptin in modulating blood pressure and in the genesis, prevention and treatment of hypertension associated with obesity. considering the hormone as a common link between the two pathological conditions, were identified actions to reduce the leptinemia, proposed and discussed in the literature. it was found that nursing lacks production of knowledge to subsidize the assistance to hypertensive obesity that present alterations in serum leptin. were described signs and multifactorials symptoms dynamically interrelated and paradoxical in the manifestation of the clinical case studied, with effective management interventions in caring for those clients.
Prevalência de hipertens?o do avental branco na aten??o primária de saúde
Alves, Leila Maria Marchi;Nogueira, Maria Suely;Godoy, Simone de;Hayashida, Miyeko;Cárnio, Evelin Capellari;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2007001300006
Abstract: objective: assess the prevalence of white coat hypertension in the municipality of dumont, in s?o paulo state, and map study participants' demographics, and physiologic and metabolic changes. methods: one hundred and nine (109) users of the municipal health service were selected and then divided into three groups: normotension, essential hypertension, and white coat hypertension after blood pressure was measured through oscilometry and blood pressure monitoring exam at outpatient unit. variables found between the groups were compared based on interview, data measurements, and laboratory exams. anova and tukey tests were used for statistical data. results were expressed as means ± standard error of means. p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. results: the prevalence of white coat hypertension was 34.1%. females were predominant: mean age 45.3 years, increased body mass index, waist/hip ratio, plasma glucose level and creatinine when compared to hypertensives and/or normotensives. no correlation was found between white coat hypertension and demographic variables. conclusion: the differences found between the groups and clinical and biochemical variations lead to the conclusion that white coat hypertension is a condition that should be investigated in normotensive and hypertensive individuals distinctively.
Pesquisa básica na enfermagem
Alves, Leila Maria Marchi;Nogueira, Maria Suely;Godoy, Simone de;Cárnio, Evelin Capellari;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692004000100017
Abstract: the integration between basic science and research in the field of nursing is an emerging subject and expanding in many countries. however, in brazil, researchers have shown little interest in exploring this line of research, in spite of the numerous benefits it may bring to nursing care practice. in this article, by means of a bibliographic review, we will focus on the importance of basic research and take into consideration our own experiences and expectations as nursing researchers, emphasizing the possibility of integrating fundamental and experimental science with nursing research and practice.
Cateterismo urinário: facilidades e dificuldades relacionadas à sua padroniza o
Alessandra Mazzo,Simone Godoy,Leila Marchi Alves,Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2011,
Abstract: Estudio exploratorio y descriptivo con objeto de determinar qué factores están relacionados con la estandarización de los catéteres urinarios, en una ciudad del interior del estado de S o Paulo, Brasil. El estudio fue realizado a través de entrevistas, mediante aprobación del Comité de ética en Investigación de la Escuela de Enfermería de Ribeir o Preto. De las nueve instituciones hospitalarias entrevistadas, 100% posee un procedimiento de cateterización vesical estandarizado. Las instituciones presentan diferencias en el procedimiento propuesto, lo que interfiere de manera positiva y negativa en su estandarización y pone en duda si el estandarizado es el que está siendo realizado. Se concluye que existe la necesidad de reevaluar la estandarización propuesta, con discusiones interdisciplinarias, verificar si el propuesto está siendo realizado y buscar estrategias de entrenamiento y ense anza pasibles de aplicación.
Componentes da síndrome metabólica na hipertens o arterial Componentes del síndrome metabólico en la hipertensión arterial Metabolic syndrome components in arterial hypertension
Leila Maria Marchi-Alves,Ariane Ranzani Rigotti,Maria Suely Nogueira,Claudia Bernardi Cesarino
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2012,
Abstract: Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar e comparar a prevalência da síndrome metabólica entre hipertensos e normotensos. Os aspectos adotados para a defini o de síndrome metabólica foram os definidos pelo National Cholesterol Education Program/Adults Treatment Painel (NCEP-ATP III). Os dados referentes aos perfis clínicos e bioquímicos foram processados no programa SPSS para cálculo de frequências absolutas e porcentagens. Utilizou-se o teste t de Student para compara es das médias, sendo as diferen as consideradas estatisticamente significantes para p<0,05. A amostra foi composta por 93 participantes normotensos e 168 hipertensos. Identificou-se a presen a de síndrome metabólica em 60,7% dos hipertensos e 18,3% dos normotensos. Os portadores de hipertens o arterial apresentam diferen a significante nos valores de press o arterial (p<0,001), circunferência abdominal (p<0,001), glicemia (p<0,05) e triglicérides plasmáticos (p<0,05). A frequência dos riscos cardiometabólicos associados à síndrome metabólica é maior na presen a de doen a hipertensiva. Se objetivó identificar y comparar la prevalencia del síndrome metabólico entre hipertensos y normotensos. Los aspectos adoptados para la definición de síndrome metabólico fueron los definidos por el National Cholesterol Education Progam/Adults Treatment Painel (NCEP-ATP III). Datos referentes a perfiles clínicos y bioquímicos fueron procesados con software SPSS para cálculo de frecuencias absolutas y porcentajes. Se utilizó la prueba T de Student para comparaciones de los promedios, considerándose las diferencias como estadísticamente significativas para p<0,05. Muestra compuesta por 93 participantes normotensos y 168 hipertensos. Se identificó presencia de síndrome metabólico en 60,7% de los hipertensos y en 18,3% de los normotensos. Los hipertensos presentaron diferencia significativa para valores de presión arterial (p<0,001), circunferencia abdominal (p<0,001), glucemia (p<0,05) y triglicéridos plasmáticos (p<0,05). La frecuencia de riesgos cardio-metabólicos asociados al síndrome metabólico se acentúa en presencia de enfermedad hipertensiva. The objectives of this study were to identify and compare the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among hypertensive individuals and people with normal blood pressure measurements. The metabolic syndrome definition used in this study is that of the National Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP-ATP III). The data referring to the clinical and biochemical profiles were processed using the SPSS software to obtain absolute frequencies and percenta
Pesquisa básica na enfermagem
Alves Leila Maria Marchi,Nogueira Maria Suely,Godoy Simone de,Cárnio Evelin Capellari
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2004,
Abstract: A integra o da ciência básica à pesquisa em enfermagem é um tema emergente e em expans o em muitos países. Entretanto, no Brasil, os investigadores pouco têm se voltado à explora o dessa linha de pesquisa, a despeito dos muitos benefícios que pode trazer à prática assistencial do enfermeiro. Neste artigo, por meio de uma revis o bibliográfica, abordaremos a importancia da pesquisa básica e teceremos considera es sobre nossas experiências e expectativas enquanto enfermeiras pesquisadoras, enfatizando a possibilidade de articular a ciência fundamental e experimental às pesquisas e a es do enfermeiro.
Pleurodesis induced by intrapleural injection of silver nitrate or talc in rabbits: can it be used in humans?
Vargas Francisco S.,Antonangelo Leila,Vaz Marcelo A.C.,Marchi Evaldo
Jornal de Pneumologia , 2003,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pleuropulmonary alterations caused by intrapleural injection of silver nitrate or talc in an experimental model, in order to consider its use in human beings. METHOD: 112 rabbits were randomly selected to receive intrapleural 0.5% silver nitrate or 400 mg/kg talc slurry in 2 ml saline. Eight rabbits of each group were sacrificed after 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, or 12 months. Regarding the pleural cavity, the degree of macroscopic pleurodesis (adherences) and microscopic alterations, represented by inflammation and pleural fibrosis, were analyzed. The parenchyma was evaluated regarding the degree of alveolar collapse, intra-alveolar septum edema, and cellularity, on a 0 to 4 scale. RESULTS: Intrapleural injection of silver nitrate produced earlier and more intense pleurodesis than talc slurry injection. The parenchymal damage was more evident with silver nitrate, considered as moderate, and limited to the first evaluation (after one month). From the second month on and throughout the entire one-year follow-up, the parenchymal damage was similar with both substances, only the pleural adherences were more intense with silver nitrate. CONCLUSIONS: Intrapleural silver nitrate produces better and longer-lasting than intrapleural talc injection. The parenchymal alterations, although discreet, are more pronounced when silver nitrate is used, but minimal after two months, and similar to those produced by talc injection during the entire one-year observation period. These effects on the pulmonary parenchyma do not contraindicate the use in humans. Thus, the use of intrapleural silver nitrate to produce fast and effective pleurodesis can be considered in patients in which pleural cavity symphysis is desired.
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