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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 119766 matches for " Leila T; "
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Prevalence of Depression among Arab Women with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis  [PDF]
Sana Hawamdeh, Wireen Leila T. Dator, Hamzeh Y. Abunab
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.87068
Abstract: Objective: To systematically review and meta-analyze the literature estimating the cross-sectional prevalence of depression in Arab women with Type 2 diabetes in Arab countries. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis of quantitative studies. Data Sources: The data were collected from scientific databases which included CINAHL, PubMed, Medic, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane library and ERIC published from January 2000 to May 2015. Sources used in all of the included studies were also reviewed. Results: Nine studies were included in the analysis. The criteria included studies that reported on Type 2 diabetes and depression co-morbidity in adult women from the following countries: Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, Qatar, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen. Conclusions: Prevalence rate of depression as comorbidity of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Arab Women in the Arab countries is significant. Despite dearth of studies focusing on the association between depression and diabetes mellitus among Arab women, the prevalence rate revealed from the review merits attention for more gender specific exploratory studies on prevalence and management of these diseases.
Applying Sustainability and Ethics in Forest Management and Community Livelihoods: A Case Study from Arabuko Sokoke Forest, Kenya  [PDF]
Musingo T. E. Mbuvi, Leila Ndalilo, Aden Hussein
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2018.84033
Abstract: Efforts to manage forests continue to be enhanced equally as emergence of investments in community livelihoods whose benefits are inequitable. Lit-erature review, focus group discussion and key informant interviews showed that Arabuko Sokoke Forest has been managed under different management regimes; stakeholders have increased from singular to multiple with each stakeholder’s interests hinged on different conservation theories and ethical principles, despite that well-meaning facilitation, laws and policies, unsustainable and un-ethical scenarios abound. Extreme scenarios of a poor mother being denied firewood for lighting, warming and cooking food in order to conserve biodiversity. These are both right and wrong, a fluidity requiring situation specific sustainability and ethical justification. A discourse guided by the sustainable development goals provides a mechanism for moderating the diverse interests and helps bring harmony and synergies among all stakeholders for the common good without compromising the ecological functions of the forests thus ensuring sustainability.
Características de cultivares de mel?o rendilhado cultivadas em casa de vegeta??o
Rizzo, Adriana Antonieta N.;Braz, Leila T.;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362001000300017
Abstract: the yield and fruit quality of five cultivars of netted melon were evaluated under greenhouse conditions. the experiment was carried out in jaboticabal, brazil. five cultivars (sunrise, aragon, halest best jumbo, nero and b?nus no 2) were evaluated in a randomized block design with four replications. each plot consisted of 3 plants spaced 0.8 x 1.0m apart. the total fruit yield was evaluated; average fruit weight; average longitudinal and transversal fruit diameter; average thickness and flesh and skin color and the qualitative fruit characters, % total soluble solids, ph and total acidity. the cultivar b?nus no 2 presented the highest fruit yield and average weight, average flesh thickness and total soluble solids.
Simulation study of negative thermal expansion in yttrium tungstate Y2W3O12
Leila H N Rimmer,Martin T Dove
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: A simulation study of negative thermal expansion in Y2W3O12 was carried out using calculations of phonon dispersion curves through the application of density functional perturbation theory. The mode eigenvectors were mapped onto flexibility models and results compared with calculations of the mode Gruneisen parameters. It was found that many lower-frequency phonons contribute to negative thermal expansion in Y2W3O12, all of which can be described in terms of rotations of effectively rigid WO4 tetrahedra and Y-O rods. The results are strikingly different from previous phonon studies of higher-symmetry materials that show negative thermal expansion.
Conversion of ethanol to acetone & other produces using nano-sensor SnO2(110): Ab initio DFT  [PDF]
Leila Mahdavian
Natural Science (NS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.36065
Abstract: The material considered in this study, SnO2 (110), has a widespread use as gas sensor and oxygen vacancies are known to act as active catalytic sites for the adsorption of small mo-lecules. In the following calculations crystal line SnO2 nano-crystal have been considered. The grains lattice, which has the rutile structure of the bulk material, includes oxygen vacancies and depositing a gaseous molecule, either ethanol, above an atom on the grain surface, generates the adsorbed system. The conduc-tance has a functional relationship with the structure and the distance molecule of the na-no- crystal and its dependence on these quanti-ties parallels the one of the binding energy. The calculations have quantum mechanical detail and are based on a semi-empirical (MNDO me-thod), which is applied to the evaluation of both the electronic structure and of the conductance. We study the structural, total energy, thermo-dynamic and conductive properties of absorp-tion C2H5OH on nano-crystal, which convert to acetaldehyde and acetone.
Adaptabilidade e estabilidade fenotípica de cultivares de cenoura
Oliveira, Cristina D de;Braz, Leila T;Banzatto, David Ariovaldo;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362008000100017
Abstract: to recognize carrot cultivars with high potential of cultivation, the present study was carried out to determine the productivity, adaptability and phenotypic stability of nine open-pollinated carrot cultivars (alvorada, tropical, brasília [1], nova brasília, carandaí, brasília [2], brazlandia, ht-2000 and brasília-rl). the research was done in s?o josé do rio pardo, s?o paulo state, brazil, during october and november of 2002 and january and march of 2003, under single- and double-row spacing. a total of eight cultivation environments (oct-s; oct-d; nov-s; nov-d; jan-s; jan-d; mar-s and mar-d) were studied using a complete randomized blocks design with three replications. the data were submitted to individual and joint analysis variance and to analysis of adaptability and stability. the cultivars alvorada, nova brasília and brazlandia presented favorable potential for cultivation in the studied seasons and spacings.
Classifica??o de tomate-cereja em fun??o do tamanho e peso dos frutos
Fernandes, Carolina;Corá, José Eduardo;Braz, Leila T.;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362007000200029
Abstract: the purpose of this experiment was to propose a grading system for cherry tomatoes based on fruit size and weight. the experiment was carried out at jaboticabal, s?o paulo state, brazil. fruits of cherry tomatoes, cultivar sindy, harvested out of 60 plants grown in a greenhouse were evaluated. to separate fruits of different sizes, a five plastic box system developed. in this system, the bottom of four boxes drilled with holes of 20; 25; 30, and 35 mm of diameter. the fifth box had no holes and was used as a collector box. fruits retained in each of the boxes were counted and weighed. the average weight of the fruits was calculated for each class size. fruit frequency in each class varied during the harvest period. the percentage of fruits was as follows: 5% of giant fruits, 22% of large fruits, 42% of medium fruits, 20% for small fruits, and 11% of discard. there was a linear correlation between the fruit weight (w) and diameter (d) (w = 1.05 d - 14.71, r** = 0.99, p<0.01). the system used was efficient for grading cherry tomatoes by means of associating fruit diameter and weight. in addition, it was practical and simple.
Altera??es nas propriedades físicas de substratos para cultivo de tomate cereja, em fun??o de sua reutiliza??o
Fernandes, Carolina;Corá, José Eduardo;Braz, Leila T;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362006000100019
Abstract: the objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of the reutilization on the physical properties of different types of substrate used to grow cherry tomato, at jaboticabal, s?o paulo state, brazil (21o14'05" s, 48o17'09" w). we used the split-plot experimental design with complete randomized blocks and four replications. in the plots were placed seven types of substrates, and in the subplots, three periods of physical characterization of the substrates. the seven substrates were prepared with different combinations of three materials: sand, crushed sugarcane and peanut bark. the physical properties evaluated were submitted to variance analysis and the averages were compared by the tukey test, at 5% probability level. the reutilization of the substrate prepared with equal parts of the three components promoted the increase of bulk density and easily available water content, and the decrease of total porosity, aeration space, and remaining water content.
Desempenho de linhagens de mel?o rendilhado em casa de vegeta??o
Rizzo, Adriana Antonieta do N.;Braz, Leila T.;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362004000400024
Abstract: twenty lines of muskmelon were evaluated in a greenhouse in relation to characteristics associated with yield and fruit quality. the assay was carried out in jaboticabal, s?o paulo state, brazil from june 2001 to december 2002. the 20 lines were evaluated in a complete randomized block design with four replications. each plot consisted of 8 plants spaced 0.5 x 1.0 m apart. we evaluated the total fruit yield; average fruit weight; average longitudinal and transversal fruit diameter; index fruits shape, average thickness and flesh and skin color and % total soluble solids. the inbred lines jab-24-3, jab-24-4, jab-24-5, jab-24-7, jab-24-8, jab-24-9, jab-24-11, jab-24-12, jab-24-13, jab-24-14, jab-24-15, jab-24-18 and jab-24-20 showed potential for using as parentals for the commercial hybrids production.
Adaptabilidade e estabilidade fenotípica de genótipos de cenoura
Oliveira, Cristina Duda de;Braz, Leila T.;Banzatto, David Ariovaldo;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362005000300011
Abstract: the adaptability and phenotypic stability of ten carrot genotypes, nine of open polinization [alvorada (feltrin); tropical (isla); brasilia (isla); nova brasilia (isla); carandai (svs); brasilia (svs); brazlandia (hortec); ht-2000 (hortec), and brasilia-rl (sakata)] and the hybrid af-845 (sakata), were evaluated under different sowing dates and places. in january and march in sao jose do rio pardo, january and february in ponta grossa and in the first and last week of february in sao gotardo and carandai mg, totalizing eight experiments (sjrp-jan; sjrp-mar; pg-jan; pg-fev; sg-fev'; sg-fev''; c-fev', and c-fev''), in complete randomized blocks with four replications. the data were submitted to individual and joined analysis anova and also to the analysis of adaptability and stability. of the eight environments evaluated, only c-fev'', pg-jan and sg-fev'' were considered favorable to the sowing of carrots, specially the c-fev". among genotypes, in the greater number of environments, 'brazlandia' stood out in total production and commercial roots. in the adaptability analysis, 'brazlandia' and 'brasilia-rl' presented a more than proportional behavior, under environment improvement, being indicated for sowing in favorable environments. the hybrid af-845 showed little response to environmental variations, not being indicated for the studied environments. in general, the genotypes presented a stable behavior in the tested environments.
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