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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 15601 matches for " Lei Chai "
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The Models of Investing Schools  [PDF]
June Liu, Lei Chai, Zina Xu
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2016.46113
Abstract: In this paper, we build the Linear Programming (LP) model, factor analysis model and return on investment model to measure the investment amount and which year to invest of each selected schools. We firstly analyze the indicators from attached files, and select effective indexes to choose schools donated. Then we select 17 indexes out after preprocessing all the indices. Secondly, we extract 1064 schools by MATLAB which is the Potential Candidate Schools from the table of attached files; we extract 10 common factors of these schools by factor analysis. After calculation, we rank the universities and select the top 100. We calculate the Return on Investment (ROI) based on these 17 indexes. Thirdly, we figure out the investment amount by conducting LP model through MATLAB. According to the property of schools, we calculate the annual limit investment and the mount of investment of each school. Fourthly, we determine which year to invest by ROI model which is operated by LINGO. In order to achieve optimal investment strategy and not duplication of investment, for five years, starting July 2016, we assume that the time duration that the organization’s money should be provided is one year, and the school return to the Good grant Foundation only one year. Then we can get the investment amount per school, the return on that investment, and which years to invest. Fifthly, by changing parameter, the sensitivity analysis is conducted for our models. The result indicates that our models are feasible and robust. Finally, we evaluate our models, and point out the strengths and weakness. Through previous analysis, we can find that our models can be applied to many fields, which have a relatively high generalization.
Forecast of China Population under Different Fertility Policy  [PDF]
Jun’e Liu, Lei Chai, Zina Xu
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.47031
Abstract: In this paper, we use queue elements prediction and forecasting software PADIS-INT, set three different fertility programs, and predict China’s total population and the trends of population structural change in 2015-2050, based on the fifth and sixth national census data. The results show that since implementation of the two-child family planning policy, the aging trend of the population structure will be significantly improved, and after 2030 our population structure will be gradually younger. In view of the problem of population sex ratio imbalance, we verified it, and the results showed that by 2020 there will be a bachelor phenomenon, but the number did not report as much. Finally, we gave a brief summary and recommendations for our studies.
Mood States Recognition of Rowing Athletes Based on Multi-Physiological Signals Using PSO-SVM  [PDF]
Jing Wang, Pei Lei, Kun Wang, Lijuan Mao, Xinyu Chai
E-Health Telecommunication Systems and Networks (ETSN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/etsn.2014.32002
Abstract:

Athletes have various emotions before competition, and mood states have impact on the competi- tion results. Recognition of athletes’ mood states could help athletes to have better adjustment before competition, which is significant to competition achievements. In this paper, physiological signals of female rowing athletes in pre- and post-competition were collected. Based on the multi-physiological signals related to pre- and post-competition, such as heart rate and respiration rate, features were extracted which had been subtracted the emotion baseline. Then the particle swarm optimization (PSO) was adopted to optimize the feature selection from the feature set, and combined with the least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) classifier. Positive mood states and negative mood states were classified by the LS-SVM with PSO feature optimization. The results showed that the classification accuracy by the LS-SVM algorithm combined with PSO and baseline subtraction was better than the condition without baseline subtraction. The combination can contribute to good classification of mood states of rowing athletes, and would be informative to psychological adjustment of athletes.

Template Matching for Profile Measurement Based on Levenberg-Marquardt Algorithm  [PDF]
Qingxia Xu, Xiaodong Chai, Shubin Zheng, Wenfa Zhu, Lei Zhang
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.47045
Abstract:

This paper proposes the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm to solve the problem of a big error while matching the measurement profile with the template profile. In order to achieve more accurate matching result, error function of the two profiles should be structured firstly. And the next step is optimizing the parameters of transform matrix of error function. To be specific, the error is about the corresponding point distance, and optimization parameters are the rotation variables and the translation variables of the transformation matrix. The experimental result of the system shows that using the method of template matching for profile measurement based on Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm is feasible.

Preparation of Antibacterial Color-Coated Steel Sheets
Guoliang Li,Bing Peng,Liyuan Chai,Si Wan,Lei Jiang
International Journal of Photoenergy , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/436963
Abstract: A simple method to fabricate antibacterial color-coated steel sheet was presented. The Ag-loaded TiO2 was well dispersed in steel coil coating coupled with some special additives, such as plasticizer, wetting dispersant, and flow agent, and finally became the part of coil coating without any negative influence on the properties of final products. The best process parameters were obtained by substantive trial experiments. Ag-loaded TiO2 with the addition of 2% (w/w) in steel coil coating not only improved antibacterial efficiency of the antibacterial color-coated sheet by reaching 99.99%, but also greatly increased the degradation percentage of methyl orange to 88% without decreasing physical properties. The antibacterial color-coated sheets are expected to be used as antimicrobial products in the construction industry considering its low cost and high effectiveness in inhibiting the growth of bacteria.
Coarse-grained periodic orbits and bifurcations in a Markov chain model for evolution of labor division
Lei Chai,Dahui Wang,Jiawei Chen,Zengru Di
Physics , 2004,
Abstract: We construct a Markov process model to describe the evolution of labor division and its dynamical behavior is investigated by numerical simulations in detail. We have shown that under the mechanism of increasing returns, the division of labor will emerge from the initial homogenous distribution and with the change of parameters there are period-adding coarse-grained bifurcations in the model. The model gives an example of emergent property in the evolution of complex systems and reveals an interesting dynamical behavior of the Markov chain process. Key words: Evolution, Bifurcation, Pattern formation PACS number(s): 87.23.-n, 89.75.Fb, 05.45.-a
Energy adaptive routing algorithm for WSN based on minimum hops
基于最小跳数的无线传感器网络能量自适应路由算法

YU Lei-lei,CHAI Qiao-lin,WANG Chun-lei,
于磊磊
,柴乔林,王春雷

计算机应用研究 , 2007,
Abstract: Consider the too much redundant data and the non-balanced energy consumption of the routing protocol based on the minimum cost, proposed a new algorithm MHEP routing algorithm. The protocol set up minimum hops field and minimum path-node energy field. Then send data by the path with the best energy consumption. According to the comparisons with the routing protocol based on the minimum cost by simulation, this algorithm had obvious advantages in saving total energy and balancing energy consumption.
Effect of Hydrogen Peroxide and Superoxide Anions on Cytosolic Ca2+: Comparison of Endothelial Cells from Large-Sized and Small-Sized Arteries
Lei Sun,Ho-Yan Yau,On-Chai Lau,Yu Huang,Xiaoqiang Yao
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025432
Abstract: We compared the Ca2+ responses to reactive oxygen species (ROS) between mouse endothelial cells derived from large-sized arteries, aortas (aortic ECs), and small-sized arteries, mesenteric arteries (MAECs). Application of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) caused an increase in cytosolic Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+]i) in both cell types. The [Ca2+]i rises diminished in the presence of U73122, a phospholipase C inhibitor, or Xestospongin C (XeC), an inhibitor for inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptors. Removal of Ca2+ from the bath also decreased the [Ca2+]i rises in response to H2O2. In addition, treatment of endothelial cells with H2O2 reduced the [Ca2+]i responses to subsequent challenge of ATP. The decreased [Ca2+]i responses to ATP were resulted from a pre-depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores by H2O2. Interestingly, we also found that Ca2+ store depletion was more sensitive to H2O2 treatment in endothelial cells of mesenteric arteries than those of aortas. Hypoxanthine-xanthine oxidase (HX-XO) was also found to induce [Ca2+]i rises in both types of endothelial cells, the effect of which was mediated by superoxide anions and H2O2 but not by hydroxyl radical. H2O2 contribution in HX-XO-induced [Ca2+]i rises were more significant in endothelial cells from mesenteric arteries than those from aortas. In summary, H2O2 could induce store Ca2+ release via phospholipase C-IP3 pathway in endothelial cells. Resultant emptying of intracellular Ca2+ stores contributed to the reduced [Ca2+]i responses to subsequent ATP challenge. The [Ca2+]i responses were more sensitive to H2O2 in endothelial cells of small-sized arteries than those of large-sized arteries.
Comprehensive Study in the Inhibitory Effect of Berberine on Gene Transcription, Including TATA Box
Yugang Wang, Michael M. Kheir, Yushuang Chai, Jun Hu, Dongming Xing, Fan Lei, Lijun Du
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0023495
Abstract: Berberine (BBR) is an established natural DNA intercalator with numerous pharmacological functions. However, currently there are neither detailed reports concerning the distribution of this alkaloid in living cells nor reports concerning the relationship between BBR's association with DNA and the function of DNA. Here we report that the distribution of BBR within the nucleus can be observed 30 minutes after drug administration, and that the content of berberine in the nucleus peaks at around 4 μmol, which is twelve hours after drug administration. The spatial conformation of DNA and chromatin was altered immediately after their association with BBR. Moreover, this association can effectively suppress the transcription of DNA in living cell systems and cell-free systems. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) demonstrated further that BBR can inhibit the association between the TATA binding protein (TBP) and the TATA box in the promoter, and this finding was also attained in living cells by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). Based on results from this study, we hypothesize that berberine can suppress the transcription of DNA in living cell systems, especially suppressing the association between TBP and the TATA box by binding with DNA and, thus, inhibiting TATA box-dependent gene expression in a non-specific way. This novel study has significantly expanded the sphere of knowledge concerning berberine's pharmacological effects, beginning at its paramount initial interaction with the TATA box.
Determination of rare earth elements in plant protoplasts by MAA
Zhiyong Zhang,Yuqi Wang,Jingxin Sun,Fuliang Li,Zhifang Chai,Lei Xu,Xin Li,Guoyin Cao
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2000, DOI: 10.1007/BF02898896
Abstract: A preliminary study on the speciation of rare earth elements in plant cells has been carried out by molecular activation analysis (MAA). Mesophyll protoplasts ofBrassica napus were isolated by enzymatic digestion. After being washed with isosmotic solution containing EDTA for several times, the protoplasts were purified by gradient centrifugation. Then the concentration of rare earth elements (REEs) in the protoplasts was determined by neutron activation analysis. The result shows that REEs can enter the cells of the plant.
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