Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99


Search Results: 1 - 10 of 531 matches for " Lay Gertrude "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /531
Display every page Item
Trends in Tuberculosis Epidemiology among Children in the Democratic Republic of Congo  [PDF]
Aketi Loukia, Shiku Diayisu Joseph, Kashongwe Zacharie, Lay Gertrude, Kibadi Kapay, Kayembe Kalambay Patrick
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2016.44026
Abstract: Setting: The epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) among children in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is not well known. Objective: This study aimed to describe the trends in TB epidemiology among children in the DRC and to compare these trends in children and adults. Design: Data from the National TB program, the WHO Global TB Report, and a demographic survey of health in the DRC were retrospectively analyzed. The study period was from 1995 to 2014. The notification rate, absolute incidence and incidence rate of TB per 100,000 population were reported. Results: In 2014, 12,785 (12.6% of adult cases) TB cases were reported in children and 101,303 in adults. Among children, 3438 (26.89%) had PTB+; 2828 (22.11%) had PTB; and 6519 (50.98%) had extrapulmonary TB (EPTB). Children under 5 years had a lower reported prevalence of TB (184 cases). The incidence rate per 100,000 population was 10 in children and 181 in adults. The TB incidence decreased between 2010 (11.47) and 2014 (10.46). The proportion of children in overall cases of PTB+ was 4% to 5% in all districts. Conclusion: Caring for childhood TB remains a challenge in the DRC. Improved diagnostic procedures and effective training of providers who care for childhood TB are needed.
Revised Chapter 6 of the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules
  Gertrude Koh
Journal of Library and Information Science , 1977,
Abstract: 頁次:1-41
Feminist Approaches to Journalism Studies: Canadian Perspectives
Gertrude J. Robinson
Global Media Journal : Canadian Edition , 2008,
Abstract: One of the orthodoxies of communication scholarship is that much of the gender-based differences between males and females with regard to experiences in newsrooms can be attributed to demographics. The discussion presented in this paper challenges this claim by comparing the findings of two national surveys that measured the professional progress of Canadian press and television journalists. The first survey was undertaken in 1975, and the second in 1995. While the historical evidence points to reductions in gender-based structural inequalities over time, it also identifies the continued presence of gender-based assumptions about how work and family obligations should be combined. Such assumptions, it is argued, help to foster and reproduce systemic biases in the newsroom culture that still resonate today in the journalism profession and which can be best understood as a manifestation of the meaning of gender at three levels: as a classifying system, as a structuring structure, and as an ideology.
Balancing Top-Down, Bottom-Up, and Peer-to-Peer Approaches to Sustaining Distance Training
Gertrude DUDINK,Zane BERGE
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2006,
Abstract: Many distance training case studies identify distance training leadership as bottom-up, whereas much of the literature suggests a need for strategic, top-down approaches. With change management as an overarching framework, approaches to sustaining distance training that originate at different levels of the organization are explored. Special attention is paid to the content of the change messages involved, guided by Rogers’ five attributes of innovations. Research of change management and distance training literature suggests a combination of approaches that should fit the organizational culture as well as correctly address genuine concerns at the various organizational levels. A properly balanced approach could lead to new levels of communication and understanding in a learning organization and to distance training being sustained as a business process
The Feminist Paradigm in the Historical Perspective
Gertrude Joch Robinson
MedieKultur : Journal of Media and Communication Research , 1986,
Abstract: The Feminist Paradigm in the Historical Perspective
Malaria morbidity and mortality in Uganda
Gertrude N. Kiwanuka
Journal of Vector Borne Diseases , 2003,
Genetic diversity in Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein 1 and 2 coding genes and its implications in malaria epidemiology: a review of published studies from 1997–2007
Gertrude N. Kiwanuka
Journal of Vector Borne Diseases , 2009,
Abstract: A major characteristic of human malaria parasites is their genetic diversity and an increasing number of studies have been reported on the epidemiology of Plasmodium falciparum, mainly focusing on the polymorphism of merozoite surface protein (MSP) 1 and 2 genes. A myriad of information on the genetic diversity and multiplicity of P. falciparum infections has been generated from such studies, and a range of molecular tools for epidemiological studies were produced, creating both optimism and pessimism in regard to the global efforts to control malaria. The objective of this review is to provide current and comprehensive information on the diversity in the gene that encodes the merozoite surface protein (MSP) 1 and 2 of P. falciparum and its implications on the epidemiology of malaria, immunity and development of control measures, and point out some research themes that need to be explored further by utilizing molecular techniques currently at our disposal. Articles published in journals between 1997 and 2007 are herein reviewed.
Ranking policy options for sustainable development
Georg Brun,Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn
Poiesis & Praxis , 2008, DOI: 10.1007/s10202-007-0034-y
Abstract: Le développement durable exige de choisir entre différentes stratégies ou politiques. Il est courant de justifier un tel choix par un classement évaluatif des options. Il faut à cet égard tenir compte du fait que les conséquences de ces options touchent différentes valeurs. Lorsque le classement de stratégies est utilisé comme argument dans le processus de décision politique, la transparence joue un r le central. Nous amenons la discussion sur trois modèles de classement évaluatif motivés par une pensée philosophique: le modèle des valeurs mesurées (p. ex. Chang), le modèle des valeurs classées (p. ex. Griffin) et le modèle des classements préférentiels admissibles (Rabinowicz). L’analyse se concentre sur la contribution des différents modèles à rendre transparente la justification d’un choix entre les options. Tandis que le modèle des valeurs mesurées a des conséquences discutables pour le concept du développement durable, le modèle des valeurs classées exige une structure axiologique qui ne peut être élaborée de manière plausible pour la durabilité. Le modèle des classements préférentiels admissibles semble beaucoup plus prometteur. Sa structure formelle et la possibilité de traiter le pluralisme de valeurs permettent de structurer de manière nouvelle le problème de la justification des choix dans le domaine de la durabilité.
The Importance of Historical and Cultural Heritage of Nigde in Terms of Cultural Geography*  [PDF]
lay ?cal, Huriye Altuner
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2014.21008

Today, the researchers have started to be interested in the cultural dimension of geography in the studies in the field of geography and historical cultural heritage has become an important subject. The natural environment has undergone cultural changes and it has come to the present day by taking a shape during the historical process. These are the historical and cultural settlements and they stand out in the historical texture. This geographical outlook covers a large area such as religion, language, history, art, architecture and lifestyle. Inside the world’s cultural diversity, Turkey possesses a very large part of the historical cultural heritage and exhibits the historical city settlements as open museums. The historical cultural texture in the city of Nigde is one of these and historical cultural geographical studies are required in this area. The purpose of this study is to discuss Nigde in terms of cultural geography within the framework of protecting our cultural assets and pass them on to the future generations since Nigde’s historical cultural heritage has not received its due even if it has the potential and this heritage has entered the process of extinction. The historical and cultural textures of the city will be toured and observed by making good use of geographical sources related to historical and cultural heritage issues and by making good use of scientific studies in the fields of history, archeology, art history and urbanism. What should be done in terms of future studies will be stressed by collecting information of the studies done by the city council and city tourism directorate on the textures of Nigde.

Subsidies and their Implications on Fisheries Management in St. Lucia
Kaitlan Lay
Dalhousie Journal of Interdisciplinary Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5931/djim.v7i1.63
Abstract: Worldwide, fisheries subsidies contribute to fleet overcapacity, overfishing, and to the decimation of the marine environment. Despite the fact that small-scale fisheries catch roughly the same amount of edible fish while causing less overall environmental damage, government preference for subsidy allotment continues to be in favor of industrial fisheries. St. Lucia is a Caribbean island which is recognized as a small vulnerable economy that relies heavily on its small-scale fisheries for economic and social development. The island nation has become largely dependent on foreign subsidies towards its fishery sector, with the majority of the subsidies designated to capacity enhancing programs, which lead to resource overexploitation. This report discusses the importance of directing subsidies away from programs that negatively impact the fishery and moving them towards beneficial programs, with a focus on the development and implementation of effective fisheries management systems for St. Lucia.
Page 1 /531
Display every page Item

Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.