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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 202052 matches for " Laura D'Aietti "
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Mapping the Global Distribution of Livestock
Timothy P. Robinson, G. R. William Wint, Giulia Conchedda, Thomas P. Van Boeckel, Valentina Ercoli, Elisa Palamara, Giuseppina Cinardi, Laura D'Aietti, Simon I. Hay, Marius Gilbert
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0096084
Abstract: Livestock contributes directly to the livelihoods and food security of almost a billion people and affects the diet and health of many more. With estimated standing populations of 1.43 billion cattle, 1.87 billion sheep and goats, 0.98 billion pigs, and 19.60 billion chickens, reliable and accessible information on the distribution and abundance of livestock is needed for a many reasons. These include analyses of the social and economic aspects of the livestock sector; the environmental impacts of livestock such as the production and management of waste, greenhouse gas emissions and livestock-related land-use change; and large-scale public health and epidemiological investigations. The Gridded Livestock of the World (GLW) database, produced in 2007, provided modelled livestock densities of the world, adjusted to match official (FAOSTAT) national estimates for the reference year 2005, at a spatial resolution of 3 minutes of arc (about 5×5 km at the equator). Recent methodological improvements have significantly enhanced these distributions: more up-to date and detailed sub-national livestock statistics have been collected; a new, higher resolution set of predictor variables is used; and the analytical procedure has been revised and extended to include a more systematic assessment of model accuracy and the representation of uncertainties associated with the predictions. This paper describes the current approach in detail and presents new global distribution maps at 1 km resolution for cattle, pigs and chickens, and a partial distribution map for ducks. These digital layers are made publically available via the Livestock Geo-Wiki (http://www.livestock.geo-wiki.org), as will be the maps of other livestock types as they are produced.
Pseudodiagnosticity: The Role of the Rarity Factor in the Perception of the Informativeness of Data  [PDF]
Marco D’Addario, Laura Macchi
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.36069
Abstract: This paper presents the results of a study designed to investigate the pseudodiagnosticity bias as a failure to identify and select diagnostically relevant information. The reported experiment (N = 240) aims to deepen understanding of the role played by the rarity of evidential features in a classical pseudodiagnosticity task. The problem used for the experiment was a classical pseudodiagnosticity task. Six experimental versions were constructed: they differed in the rarity of features proposed and in the percentages (high or low) associated with them. The results show that people’s responses appear to be influenced by the percentage values associated with explicit information more than by a rarity factor. When an initial piece of evidence is associated with a low percentage, the percentage of normatively diagnostic answers is greater than when this percentage is high. Furthermore, rarity is not, in itself, a crucial factor in the occurrence of pseudodiagnosticity bias. Rather, the perception of the difference between two evidential features in terms of informative value influences people’s responses when orienting a diagnostic evaluation. When people perceive an initial piece of evidence as having greater informative value than a second piece of evidence, they tend to (correctly) move their attention from the focal hypothesis to the alternative one.
An Informative System Based on the Skill Gap Analysis to Planning Training Courses  [PDF]
Laura Antonucci, Francesco Domenico d’Ovidio
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.311224
Abstract: By using the skill gap analysis we propose a new quantitative method to plan training courses. By comparing the differences between the competences needed to cover a position and the ones possessed, it is possible to find the cases that need to be trained. According to different situations we propose some algorithms to plan courses and to find the subjects that require to be trained.
La garantía institucional de la autonomía del paciente
Díez Bueso,Laura;
Revista de Bioética y Derecho , 2012, DOI: 10.4321/S1886-58872012000200004
Abstract: ombudsmen in spain have received a large number of complaints concerning the patient's right to autonomy. these complaints regard the informed consent's document; the nature of the document he/she is required to sign; the precise definition of who should sign the document; cases in which consent cannot be obtained; and the limits of the right. generally, the complaints have arisen due to the authorities' ignorance of their obligations under the new requirements of the law, or to the unsuitability of the official structures and methods used to deal with the new legislation. these complaints have been lodged both by patients and family members and by health professionals. in response to these complaints, the ombudsmen have made a series of recommendations to the authorities in order to help guarantee the patient's right to autonomy. these recommendations have played an important role in its current configuration.
Rese a de "Familia Indígena y Unidad Doméstica" de Eduardo Andrés Sandoval Forero
Laura Mota Díaz
Espacio Abierto , 1999,
Abstract:
Rese a de "Cuando los muertos regresan" de Eduardo Andrés Sandoval Forero
Laura Mota Díaz
Espacio Abierto , 2001,
Abstract:
Globalización y pobreza: Dicotomía del desarrollo en América Latina y México
Laura Mota Díaz
Espacio Abierto , 2002,
Abstract: La integración mundial ha avanzado vertiginosamente, pero en un proceso desigual y desequilibrado afectando regiones, países, empresas y personas dentro de un esquema de ganadores y perdedores, donde se concentra el poder y se margina a los pobres. En el presente escrito se abordan algunos indicadores socioeconómicos de América Latina y México para mostrar las contradicciones que ha generado el actual modelo de desarrollo, cuyas consecuencias se reflejan en la gravedad que han adquirido las situaciones de pobreza y desigualdad, en estas naciones. Más allá de una descripción, se intenta reflexionar sobre los retos que todavía se tienen que enfrentar para lograr el ansiado desarrollo.
GLOBALIZACIóN Y POBREZA: DICOTOMíA DEL DESARROLLO EN AMéRICA LATINA Y MéXICO
Laura Mota Díaz
Espacio Abierto , 2002,
Abstract: La integración mundial ha avanzado vertiginosamente, pero en un proceso desigual y desequilibrado afectando regiones, países, empresas y personas dentro de un esquema de ganadores y perdedores, donde se concentra el poder y se margina a los pobres. En el presente escrito se abordan algunos indicadores socioeconómicos de América Latina y México para mostrar las contradicciones que ha generado el actual modelo de desarrollo, cuyas consecuencias se reflejan en la gravedad que han adquirido las situaciones de pobreza y desigualdad, en estas naciones. Más allá de una descripción, se intenta reflexionar sobre los retos que todavía se tienen que enfrentar para lograr el ansiado desarrollo.
Globalización y pobreza: Dicotomía del desarrollo en América Latina y México
Laura Mota Díaz
Convergencia , 2002,
Abstract: La integración mundial ha avanzado vertiginosamente ,pero en un proceso desigual y desequilibrado afectando regiones, países, empresas y personas dentro de un esquema de ganadores y perdedores, donde se concentra el poder y se margina a los pobres. En el presente escrito se abordan algunos indicadores socioeconómicos de América Latina y México para mostrar las contradicciones que ha generado el actual modelo de desarrollo, cuyas consecuencias se reflejan en la gravedad que han adquirido las situaciones de pobreza y desigualdad, en estas naciones. Más allá de una descripción, se intenta reflexionar sobre los retos que todavía se tienen que enfrentar para lograr el ansiado desarrollo.
índice Cronológico, Temático y por Autor
Laura Mota Díaz
Convergencia , 2003,
Abstract:
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