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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3375 matches for " Lara Jansiski;Bachiega "
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Association between halitosis and mouth breathing in children
Motta, Lara Jansiski;Bachiega, Joanna Carolina;Guedes, Carolina Cardoso;Laranja, Lorena Trist?o;Bussadori, Sandra Kalil;
Clinics , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1807-59322011000600003
Abstract: objective: to determine whether there is a correlation between halitosis and mouth breathing in children. study design: fifty-five children between 3 and 14 years of age were divided into two groups (nasal and mouth breathing) for the assessment of halitosis. a descriptive analysis was conducted on the degree of halitosis in each group. the chi-square test was used for comparison between groups, with a 5% level of significance. results: there was a significantly greater number of boys with the mouth-breathing pattern than girls. a total of 23.6% of the participants had no mouth odor, 12.7% had mild odor, 12.7% had moderate odor and 50.9% had strong odor. there was a statistically significant association between halitosis and mouth breathing. conclusions: the occurrence of halitosis was high among the children evaluated, and there was a statistically significant association between halitosis and mouth breathing.
Comparación entre la utilización de elementos rotatorios de baja velocidad y tratamiento químico mecánico de caries dentinal en dentición decidua
Hermida Bruno,Laura; Cardoso Guedes,Carolina; Jansiski Motta,Lara; Marcílio Santos,Elaine; Bussadori,Sandra;
Acta Odontológica Venezolana , 2009,
Abstract: one of the main objectives during the pedodontics assistance is the use of noninvasive techniques, that allow the treatment of the dental caries without affecting the behavior of the child. the aim of this study was to evaluate the reaction of children and to register its sensations during the treatment of dental caries in deciduous teeth, using low speed cutting rotatory instruments in comparison to the chemical and mechanical caries removal treatment. 36 children participated in the study, between 4 and 8 years of age. a cross section study design was used and each child served like his own control, receiving the two treatment in teeth of the same arches. each patient one was selected randomly to receive the treatment with rotatory instruments or the chemical and mechanical treatment in the first visit, administered him to it the rest treatment in the second visit. after their treatment, all the teeth were restorated with light-curing glass ionomer. for the objective evaluation of the reaction of the children the behavior scale in the modified pain was applied. immediately after the treatment, one asked for the children who filled the form that contained the wong-baker?s face scale for registry of the pain (face pain scale) for the subjective evaluation. the chemical-mechanical treatment demostrated to be more accepted for the children in comparasion to the treatment with cutting rotatory istruments
Comparación entre la utilización de elementos rotatorios de baja velocidad y tratamiento químico mecánico de caries dentinal en dentición decidua
Laura Hermida Bruno,Carolina Cardoso Guedes,Lara Jansiski Motta,Elaine Marcílio Santos
Acta Odontológica Venezolana , 2009,
Abstract: Uno de los principales objetivos en el manejo del paciente pediátrico con caries es la utilización de técnicas no invasivas, que permitan el tratamiento de la patología dentaria sin afectar el comportamiento del ni o. El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar la reacción de ni os y registrar su sensación mientras recibían tratamiento de caries dentinal utilizando elementos rotatorios de baja velocidad, en comparación al tratamiento químico mecánico de caries dentinal en dentición decidua. Participaron en el estudio 36 ni os, entre 4 y 8 a os de edad. Se utilizó un dise o de estudio al azar de sección cruzada de manera tal que cada ni o sirviera como su propio control, recibiendo cada tratamiento en cada lado de la misma arcada. Cada paciente era asignado al azar para recibir el tratamiento con elementos rotatorios o tratamiento químico mecánico en la primera visita, administrándosele el restante en la segunda visita. Luego de su tratamiento, todos los dientes fueron obturados con ionómero de vidrio fotopolimerizable. Para la evaluación objetiva de la reacción de los ni os se aplicó la Escala de Comportamiento ante el Dolor Modificada. Inmediatamente después de realizado el tratamiento, se solicitaba a los ni os que llenaran el formulario que contenía la Escala Facial para Registro del Dolor de Wong-Baker (Facial Pain Scale) para la evaluación subjetiva. El tratamiento químico mecánico demostró ser un procedimiento mejor aceptado por los pacientes pediátricos que el tratamiento con elementos rotatorios de baja velocidad One of the main objectives during the pedodontics assistance is the use of noninvasive techniques, that allow the treatment of the dental caries without affecting the behavior of the child. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reaction of children and to register its sensations during the treatment of dental caries in deciduous teeth, using low speed cutting rotatory instruments in comparison to the chemical and mechanical caries removal treatment. 36 children participated in the study, between 4 and 8 years of age. A cross section study design was used and each child served like his own control, receiving the two treatment in teeth of the same arches. Each patient one was selected randomly to receive the treatment with rotatory instruments or the chemical and mechanical treatment in the first visit, administered him to it the rest treatment in the second visit. After their treatment, all the teeth were restorated with light-curing glass ionomer. For the objective evaluation of the reaction of the children the Behavior Scale in the Mo
Rela??o da postura cervical e oclus?o dentária em crian?as respiradoras orais
Motta, Lara Jansiski;Martins, Manoela Domingues;Fernandes, Kristianne Porta Santos;Mesquita-Ferrari, Raquel Agnelli;Biasotto-Gonzalez, Daniela Aparecida;Bussadori, Sandra Kalil;
Revista CEFAC , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462009000700004
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate and compare head and neck posture, and the relationship between occlusal class, among mouth and nasal breathing children. methods: an observational, cross-sectional study was carried out, in which 110 children took part. these were divided into group i: nasal breathers, and group ii: mouth breathers. for evaluating the respiration, we used mirror clouding and filling the mouth with water tests, with intrabuccal clinical exam for the angle occlusal classification. posture analysis was carried out by means of photogrammetry, and the software alcimagem? was used to measure the predefined angle by the protuberances of the spinous process of the 7th cervical vertebra, manubrium of the sternum and mentum vertex. the obtained data were tabulated and submitted to a statistical analysis, using the program spss 12.0 with a 95% confidence interval. results: a larger cervical angle was observed for group ii (96.59o±8.79) than for group i (86.60o±8.53), showing statistically significant differences (p<0.001). the majority (68.5%) of the mouth breathing individuals presented class ii occlusion angle, and this relationship was significant (p<0.05). the class ii individuals showed a larger cervical angle, differing statistically from the class i patients (p<0.05). conclusion: it may be concluded that there is a connection between mouth breathing, alteration in head and neck posture and class ii occlusal angle in the studied children. in mouth breathing subjects, forward inclination of the head is predominant.
Pain during Removal of Carious Lesions in Children: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
Lara Jansiski Motta,Sandra Kalil Bussadori,Ana Paula Campanelli,André Luis da Silva,Thays Almeida Alfaya,Camila Haddad Leal de Godoy,Maria Fidela de Lima Navarro
International Journal of Dentistry , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/896381
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to assess pain and the need for anesthesia during chemomechanical caries removal with Papacarie gel and the traditional method (low-speed bur) in pediatric patients. A randomized, controlled, clinical trial with a “split-mouth” design was carried out involving 20 children (10 girls and 10 boys) aged four to seven years. Forty primary teeth (two per child) were randomly allocated to either Group 1 (G1: chemomechanical caries removal with Papacarie gel) or Group 2 (G2: removal of carious dentin with low-speed bur). A face scale was used to classify the sensation of pain during the procedure (1: absence of pain; 2: mild pain; 3: moderate pain; 4: moderately intense pain; 5: intense pain; and 6: extremely intense pain). Statistical analysis of the data was performed using the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney ( ) test. Pain scores were higher in G2, with statistically significant differences in comparison to G1 ( ; ; ). Chemomechanical caries removal with Papacarie provides a lesser degree of pain in comparison to conventional caries removal and does not require the use of local anesthesia. The clinical trial registration number is NCT01811420. 1. Introduction The aim of minimally invasive restorative treatment in dentistry is the selective removal of carious tissue and the preservation of the maximum amount of sound dental tissue [1–5]. Chemomechanical caries removal (CMCR) is in line with this philosophy and consists of the application of a proteolytic substance to soften carious dentin and facilitate the removal of the affected tissue with the use of blunt instruments [3, 6–8]. Papacarie gel is a product designed for CMCR. This gel unites the cleaning and healing (antibacterial and anti-inflammatory) properties of papain with the disinfecting properties of chloramine [9]. Studies have demonstrated the efficacy of this product [6, 7, 10, 11] and emphasize its use on children [6, 12, 13], adolescents [7], and individuals with disabilities [14]. The removal of carious lesions using a low-speed bur (conventional method) involves physical and mechanical stimuli that cause pain [3]. In young patients, anxiety regarding dental treatment due to the possibility of experiencing pain hampers this type of procedure [15]. Moreover, studies have reported that noninvasive methods cause less discomfort to patients [12, 16, 17]. The aim of the present study was to assess pain and the need for anesthesia during chemomechanical caries removal with Papacarie gel and the conventional method (low-speed bur) in pediatric patients. 2. Material and Methods
Fenologia reprodutiva, poliniza??o e reprodu??o de Dipteryx alata Vogel (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) em Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil
Oliveira, Mathilde I. Bachiega;Sigrist, Maria Rosangela;
Brazilian Journal of Botany , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-84042008000200002
Abstract: the reproductive biology of dipteryx alata was studied from september/2004 through august/2006. dipteryx alata is a tree that blooms during the rainy season (4-6 months) and fructification peak occurs in the dry season. there are annual variations in the intensity of flowering and fructification. the flowers are zygomorphic, papilionaceous, hermaphrodite, relatively small, odoriferous, diurnal and last up to 10 hours. the calyx has two petaloid lobules and the corolla is formed by the standard, wings and the petals of the keel. pollen viability is 94.4%. the stigma is covered by a pelicule that prevents pollen adherence and limits the spontaneous self-pollination. nectar is produced in a chamber, in small quantity (1.45 μl) and with concentration of 25%. dipteryx alata has keel flowers and the mechanism of pollination is intermediate between the explosive and valvular types. this species is alogamous, has late acting self-incompatibility and high rate of abortion (er = 0.45). the main pollinator is xylocopa suspecta (16.6% of visits), which visits legitimately the flowers and presents trap lining behavior, that promotes pollen flow between plants. although the visitation rate of pseudaugochlora graminea (15.3%) and apis mellifera (39.5%) bees are relatively high, they are not good pollinators (pollination efficiency = 3.5 and 0, respectively), because they generally did not accomplish movement between plants. apis mellifera robbed nectar in 45.5% of visits. the increasing of seed production in natural populations of d. alata depends on the maintenance of effective pollinators (solitary bees), and it is recommended the management of a. mellifera.
Antibiótico antifungico produzido por um estreptomiceto da regi o de Araraquara
G. L. BACHIEGA,W. VILEGAS,K. UJIKAWA
Revista de Ciências Farmacêuticas Básica e Aplicada , 2009,
Abstract: Com o aumento significativo na incidência de infec es fúngicas invasivas durante a última década, principalmente em pacientes com cancer, AIDS, ou hospitalizados por período prolongado em unidades de terapia intensiva, há a necessidade da pesquisa de novos agentes antifúngicos com qualidade superior aos existentes. Esta pesquisa objetivou a procura de um microrganismo produtor de substancias antibacterianas e antifúngicas. Microrganismos das amostras de solo da regi o de Araraquara, Brasil, foram coletados e analisados quanto ao seu potencial antimicrobiano contra microrganismos padr es (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Candida albicans, Aspergillus oryzae). Das 64 cepas isoladas, 34 apresentaram atividade antimicrobiana. A cepa Ar 4014 foi escolhida para dar continuidade ao trabalho por apresentar boa atividade antimicrobiana contra Candida albicans. Estudos fermentativos mostraram que os Meios 608-K e 602- B foram os melhores para produ o e extra o de substancias antifúngicas de Ar 4014. Após cromatografia em coluna de sílica do extrato bruto, as fra es ativas obtidas mostraram picos de absor o UV-VIS característicos de pentaenos normais. O antibiótico foi denominado provisoriamente Ara 4014-75. Palavras-chave: Antibiótico Ara 4014-75, Streptomyces, pentaenos, antifúngico, rastreamento.
Gum Chewing and Cognition: An Overview  [PDF]
Lara Tucha, Janneke Koerts
Neuroscience & Medicine (NM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/nm.2012.33028
Abstract: In recent years, there was a debate about the effects of gum chewing on various aspects of cognitive functioning. In this review, the results of previous studies are presented and summarized. There is a clear indication that gum chewing can improve various aspects of cognitive functioning including memory, attention and both executive and intellectual functioning. However, there is also clear evidence that chewing gum during cognitive tasks can adversely affect task performance. Therefore, it can be concluded that the replication of (beneficial or detrimental) effects of gum chewing on cognition has been proven to be very difficult. Consequently, the robustness of reported effects of gum chewing on cognition has to be questioned. Suggestions for future research are given.
Demands, Resources and the Three Dimensions of Flow at Work. A Study among Professional Nurses  [PDF]
Lara Colombo, Margherita Zito
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.44030
Abstract:

Within the healthcare context is very important to foster the dynamics leading to positive experiences at work, in order to promote work motivation and well-being. This study investigated the influence of some personal and job resources and of some job demands on the three dimensions (absorption, work enjoyment, intrinsic work motivation) of flow at work, on the basis of Job Demands-Resources Model. Flow at work is an inner experience arising during an activity in which people are immersed, feel motivated and enjoy it. Studies suggest that resources are the main antecedents of the flow experience. Respondents to the questionnaire were 197 nurses. Multiple regressions were performed to detect the resources and the demands that influence the three dimensions of flow at work. As expected, resources positively influenced the dimensions of flow at work, particularly work enjoyment. Job demands positively influenced absorption and negatively influenced the other two dimensions of flow at work. Human resources managers should promote flow at work supporting the availability of resources and monitoring the job demands.

Subjectivities of Young People Demobilized from FARC in a Scenario of Peace Construction  [PDF]
Luz Marina Lara Salcedo
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2017.71007
Abstract: This article presents the results of a research on the displacement of subjectivities of a group of demobilized young people formerly enlisted in the Colombian armed group FARC guerrillas (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia). Drawing on a social constructionist perspective (Gergen, 1996), this paper emphasizes a perspective of the subject formed inside the armed group—under new conditions, scenarios, personals traits and ways of living—, as well as the new subject that emerges after deciding to rejoin civilian life. The methodological design was oriented from the central premises of the social constructionist perspective. The methodological approach was the narrative inquiry with its three phases: production, analysis and interpretation. For analytical purposes, the model used was the narrative approach proposed by Coninck & Godard (1998). The main results show that when the youngsters decide leaving the armed group, begins the transition to civilian life; it is a time of confrontation, doubts and fears that young people must face in their own way. The youngsters came from being immersed in an armed group that supported their identity. The transition implies losing a way of living, experiencing the uncertainty, but also with the hope of rebuilding their life projects. In this transit, youngsters feel unprotected and helpless; the values acquired of brotherhood and solidarity in the guerrilla life suddenly disappear and young people is confronted with a world of new social meanings and ways of being and doing. The results show the rupturing and continuities that rise in their subjectivities before and after joining the armed group, as well as the emerging and conflicting subjectivities in the process of disengagement. In addition, great fluctuations of emotional repertoires, as well as identity, ties, values and lifestyles go through a process of redefinition and reconfiguration to settle back into civilian society.
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