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Healthcare workers (HCWs) who are employed in traditional health care workplaces face a serious danger that may threaten their life; it is their exposure to blood and body fluids (BBF). In Lebanon, the introduction of a hospital accreditation system has put a particular emphasis on staff safety, and on the evaluation of professional practice (EPP) programs. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst 277 HCWs working in 4 general hospitals in South Lebanon. Objective: 1) describe the prevalence and the risk factors for occupational exposure to BBF among HCWs; 2) evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practices of HCW concerning blood-borne pathogens and adherence to universal safety precautions. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 32.14 years (SD = 10.33), 57.4% were females. 43.3% of HCWs expressed that they use gloves all the time for every activeity of care. 67.1% were aware that needles should not be recapped after use; registered nurses and nursing students were more aware than physicians and nursing assistants (nurse) in this subject. 30% of HCWs declared having had at least one occupational exposure to BBF; 62.7% of all accidental exposure was reported to the department responsible for managing exposures. Percutaneous injuries were the most frequently reported. Vaccination coverage was 88.4% for hepatitis B, and 48.4% against influenza. The source patient was tested in 43.4% of reported BBF exposures. Accidental exposure to BBF was more frequent in older people (OR = 3.42; p = 0.03) and the more experienced. Subjects working in intensive care unit ward reported more exposure to BBF (OR = 3; p = 0.04). Participants incurring exposure to BBF resorted to different measures after the injury suggesting a lack of a uniform policy for post-exposure prophylaxis. Conclusion: Exposure to BBF represents an important and frequently preventable occupational hazard for HCWs in Lebanon that requires continuous EPP of HCWs, and a comprehensive approach for prevention and management.
Measuring and monitoring health related
quality of life (HRQoL) in youth are important for both researchers and
decision makers. During the time that young people are at university, many will
encounter a number of academic, as well as social, emotional and psychological
difficulties. The aims of this study are to: 1) assess the health related
quality of life of youths using SF-36 questionnaire and its factor
determinants, and 2) provide an objective basis for a health promotion
structure. Methods: This is a
cross-sectional study in South Lebanon, in a population of 282 young
university students attending a public university which is the largest and most
widespread institution of higher education in Lebanon. Socioeconomic and lifestyle behaviors data were collected. Students’
HRQoL was measured using the SF-36 Health Survey. Results: The mean age of the respondents
was 18.7 years (SD = 1.16), 80.1% were women, 64.5% were living in rural area.
The proportion of current smokers was significantly greater among men than
women (26.8% vs. 11.5%, p < 0.01). Water pipe was the main type of smoking.
Education of the fathers had negatively influenced HRQoL. Younger age scored
higher in Social Functioning and Role-Emotional; the area of residence had no
influences on SF-36 scales scores. Females had poorer HRQoL than males
especially in mental health scales. Smokers had low Vitality and Mental Health
scores. Sedentary lifestyle was linked to a lower score of Physical Functioning (β = -5.16, 95% CI = -7.67 -2.65), and Vitality ( β= -5.85,
95% CI = -10.24