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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 161 matches for " LT Ikpa "
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Flea Bite Dermatitis in a Herd of Dairy Calves in Vom Nigeria
SJ Shaibu, IL Oyetunde, LD Jwander, JT Tanko, LT Ikpa, JJ Adamu
Nigerian Veterinary Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Fleas are parasitic insects which are found all over the world. They are wingless insects 1.5-4.0mm long, have a laterally compressed body and are different from lice in they are flattened dorso-ventrally, and are covered with a hard, shiny coating, like an external skeleton, which helps them to move through an animal's fur. There are more than 2,200 species of fleas recognized worldwide (Anon, 2006). Adult fleas are usually red-brown in color and have three pairs of legs, the last pair being quite large and well-adapted for jumping. They have piercing and sucking mouth parts which are specially designed for injecting into a host and sucking blood. They feed on the blood of cats, dogs and other animals, including humans (Lyon, 1997; Kramer and Mencke, 2001). Flea infestation in cattle and other ruminants is rare; it has been more commonly reported in cats and dogs. Infestations of calves with Ctenocephalides felis felis have been reported in Israel (Yeruham et al.,1989), the USA (Dryden et al., 1993) , Japan (Otake et al., 1997) and Brazil (Araujo et al., 1998). Kraal et al. (2006), in a survey of flea infestation, reported the infestation of calves and other domestic animal species in Libya. They reported that of the 1861 fleas recovered, 1857 were Ctenocephalides felis strongylus and 4 were Pulex irritans. Yeruham and Braverman (2004) reported Seasonal allergic dermatitis in sheep associated with Ctenocephalides and Culicoides bites. Ctenocephalides felis felis is a flea of cats and dogs, which is responsible for skin irritation and anaemia (Dryden and Rust, 1994) and transmission of the tape worm Dipylidium caninum (Pugh, 1987). This flea can also infest other mammals including humans (Genchi, 1992).
L’agir symbolique du public sur la scène musicale congolaise
LT Bulu
Africa Development , 2011,
Abstract: There is a spatial and social dichotomy between artists and their audience. The stage is conceived as a mystical, sacred ecumene, a citadel separated from the public by a neutral zone. Considering the musical stage as one of the founding loci of the invisible public space, this study aims to understand and explain the general practices taking place in Congolese concerts, and in particular the behaviour of the audience that, far from playing the passive role of simple listeners/applauders, is in turn a producer of symbolic performances. Thus, during concerts, the audience may have access to the stage ecumene, either to congratulate the star or artists, or to participate in the performance, or on its own quest for symbolic power and social recognition. From this standpoint, this study demonstrates that, far from being an ivory tower, the Congolese musical podium remains a relatively convivial and inclusive locus, extending hospitality to the audience to the point of reducing the unequal power relationship (between the dominant and the dominated) underlying the modern stage. But beyond these strategic behaviours on the part of the artists and the audience, the study also discusses the violence that also occurs on the stage.
Waste Ergonomics Optimization in Ilorin, Nigeria
LT Ajibade
Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management , 2008,
Abstract: In order to ease and achieve best desired results in waste management procedures and operations in Ilorin metropolis, Kwara State of Nigeria, the government, through the Kwara State Waste Management Corporation (KWMC), has provided different equipment including vehicles and containers. The distribution and utilization of these equipments are very vital. This paper attempts to examine this using TORA-Optimization model and GIS technique. Data required for this study (facilities and equipments, including container types, vehicle types and cost, maintenance cost of equipments, and manpower welfare) were sourced secondarily from the archives of KWMC, and primarily through interviews from some randomly selected street cleaners and drivers. The study observed that the optimal use of these equipments in the study area is highly decry-able. This can be attributed to non adoption of land use system for planning by KWMC. Appropriate recommendations are presented. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies of Management Vol. 1 (2) 2008: pp. 83-92
Indigenous Approach to the Control of Soil Erosion among Small Scale Farmers in Asa L.G.A., Kwara State, Nigeria.
LT Ajibade
Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management , 2008,
Abstract: Using Asa L.G.A. as a case study, the article focuses on the understanding of the indigenous methods of controlling soil erosion in Kwara State. Participant observation, an anthropological method of data collection was employed among sixty respondents who were randomly selected from the set of aged farmers in the study area. Six different effective control measures were identified including ‘Ebe ati Pooro', ‘Idian', ‘Agbin-Taala', ‘Agbin-la', ‘Agbin-Po' and one that can be likened to ‘fallowing'. It was however observed that whereas farmers have more often than not practiced these control measures for intensions that are primarily different from controlling erosion, their practices coincidentally assist in averting soil erosion to considerable degree. The paper therefore draws attention to the fact that more respective attention to local knowledge and practices are necessary basis for effective and appropriate environmental policies, particularly in developing countries.
Immunoglobulin G Subclass Responses to Plasmodium falciparum Circumsporozoite Protein among Nigerian Children
Terwase Fabian Ikpa,Adesoji Adedapo Adebambo
International Journal of Tropical Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ijtmed.2011.100.105
Abstract: The response of Immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclass to Plasmodium falciparum Circumsporozoite Protein (CSP)-R32tet32 was evaluated among febrile Nigeria children aged 2-10 years (n = 23) by the Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). The mean absorbance of normal IgG subclass and anti-CSP specific antibody of each subclass was negatively correlated and was significant for IgG3 (r = - 0.358, p = 0.05) and IgG4 (r = - 0.403, p = 0.03). The predominant anti-CSP antibodies were IgG1 and IgG3, co-expressed in nearly 60% of the subjects. Cytophilic IgG1 and IgG3 were associated with positive recognition of the CSP antigen (Fisher s exact probability test: p = 0.0001). Some 34.78% of the children did not produce any anti-CSP specific antibodies despite previous exposure to sporozoite inoculation. This study demonstrates that cytophilic IgG subclasses are the main antibodies produced against the CSP but some children living in a holoendemic malaria transmission area may not produce anti-CSP specific antibodies. There is a need to investigate the antibody response of this group of children with the CSP based RTS, S/AS vaccine candidate molecules.
Biodiversity Conservation: Why Local Inhabitants Destroy Habitat In Protected Areas
TF Ikpa, BA Dera, JA Jande
Science World Journal , 2009,
Abstract: This review identifies some intrinsic and extrinsic factors that tend to drive the destruction of habitat, game poaching and unsustainable utilization of plants products by communities surrounding many protected areas around the world, leading to wildlife and plant species decline. Intrinsic factors are basic needs of the locals; those needs are intricately tied to land and poverty. Other factors also exist such as increased population, trade in endangered species and deforestation that are extrinsic and not the immediate needs of the local communities in protected areas but nevertheless contribute in forcing the communities to abandon the path to sustainable utilization of natural resources in protected areas leading to habitat fragmentation, depletion and loss of wildlife and plants species.
Wildlife Raids on Agricultural Crops: Orders of Species and Farmers Perspectives at Gashaka Gumti National Park Nigeria
TF Ikpa, JM Akusu, BI Dagba
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment , 2009,
Abstract: This study investigated the orders of class mammalia and class aves among the species of wildlife that destroyed agricultural crops, at the Gashaka Gumti National Park, and farmer's perception concerning the raids. Order: primates (12.5%), rodentia (18.75%), artiodactyla (50.0%), pholidota (6.25%), and lagomorpha (6.25%) were the major mammalian orders. Order galliformes (6.25%) was the only avian order identified. Farmers perception of the most destructive wildlife species correlated significantly with an independent assessment r = +0.84, df = 5, P < 0.05. Most raids were carried out in the morning and evening however the observed period of raids on crops among farmers differed significantly, ÷2 = 23.74, df = 6, P < 0.05. 68.42% - 84.21% of farmers guarded their farms as the most common strategy toward off raids by wild animals, while 84.21% - 94.74% of farmers advocated killing the animals as a control strategy to curb wildlife raids. This indicates that without adequate preventive measures in place, local farmers would extirpate the population of wildlife species that frequently raid grains, tuber and other crops at Gashaka Gumti National Park.
Behavioural Patterns of a Troop of Olive Baboons (Papio Anubis) Foraging on Maize Crops at the Borders of Gashaka Gumti National Park Nigeria
TF Ikpa, JI Amonum, SIN Agera
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment , 2011,
Abstract: Olive baboons forage viciously on agricultural crops causing huge losses of farm produce to farmers. In this study, behavioural pattern of a troop of crop raiding olive baboons, Papio anubis which dwell at the periphery of Gashaka Gumti National Park and forage on crops were studied as they raided maize farms. Successful raids were significantly higher than unsuccessful raids (t = 4.54, df = 3, P = 0.02), and increased from early morning hours to peak between 1200-1500hours. The same behavioural activities of the troop differed significantly while raiding maize crops from when not raiding the crops (χ2 = 17.66, df = 5, P = 0.003). The adult male olive baboon was the most successful member of the troop that raided maize crops, while the infant baboon was the least successful member of the raiding party. Farmers guarded their farms, and yelled at the baboons, threw stones and chased the baboons as they attempted to raid maize crops, but 73.74 ± 7.43 % of attempted raids were successful indicating that farmers could not prevent the olive baboons from raiding their crops. It was suggested that in order to prevent these raids, farmers should coordinate their activities while guarding farms by constantly moving in groups and communicating with nearby groups, informing them in advance of the direction in which the raiding party is heading; also farms should not be cultivated close to wildlife refuge in the park. KEYWORDS: Olive Baboons, Troop, Raids, Maize Crops
Avalia??o da satisfa??o dos usuários de servi?os de Fisioterapia
Machado, NP;Nogueira, LT;
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-35552008000500010
Abstract: objective: to evaluate user satisfaction about physical therapy services in the city of teresina, state of piauí, brazil, and to characterize users' sociodemographic profile and evaluate their satisfaction regarding the time required to setting up appointments and to provide services, reception, trust, ambiance, humanization, accessibility, effectiveness and expectations relating to the services received. methods: the sample was comprised of 376 patients who were selected at three physical therapy clinics in the private, municipal and state networks. a questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics, access to services and user satisfaction was administered. averages for continuous variables were compared by means of kruskal-wallis and student-mewman-keuls tests. results: most of the users were women (62.5%), with a mean age of 49.5 years. they were married and illiterate, had family income between one and three minimum wages and were dependent on the national health system. they considered that they had easy access to the services. the means of transportation most used was buses, and it took them on average 28.8 minutes to arrive at the service location. the services users indicated that they did not have any difficulty with the service, but 14% mentioned that setting up appointments and waiting times were problems they faced in the municipal and state services. medical indication was the main reason for choosing the service. they trusted the service they received, and the expected treatment results were achieved. conclusions: despite the dissatisfaction shown, the majority (75.5%) were satisfied with the treatment they received and they said they would recommend the services to other users.
Prescription drug overdose: between patients and their doctors
Ling W, Wu LT
Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/SAR.S40916
Abstract: Prescription drug overdose: between patients and their doctors Editorial (800) Total Article Views Authors: Ling W, Wu LT Published Date January 2013 Volume 2013:4 Pages 1 - 2 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/SAR.S40916 Received: 29 November 2012 Accepted: 30 November 2012 Published: 09 January 2013 Walter Ling,1 Li-Tzy Wu2 1Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Science, Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA; 2Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA Prescription drug overdoses, mainly involving prescription opioids, have reached epidemic proportions in the United States over the past 20 years.1,2 Since 2003, prescription opioids have been involved in more drug-related overdose deaths than heroin and cocaine combined. Among patients who were prescribed opioids, an estimated 20% were prescribed high doses of opioids by either single or multiple physicians, and these patients appeared to account for the majority of prescription opioid-related overdoses.1,3,4 The increase in prescription overdose deaths has coincided with a major increase in prescription opioid sales.2 The prescribing practices of some physicians are often believed to have contributed in part to the increase in these overdose deaths. In a recently published perspective, Anna Lembke speculated on why doctors prescribe opioids to known prescription opioid abusers.5 Her article raises a timely and troubling issue for all of us interested in this area of medicine. Lembke identifies the root of the problem to lie in the changing societal attitude towards pain and suffering, the ever-growing availability of opioid medications, the regulatory requirements promulgated, and the perceived shift in the role of the medical professional in this context. Central to her argument is that physicians must now practice according to a set of externally imposed expectations of patients, payers, and regulators, putting the prescriber in the position of being "damned if you do and damned if you don’t". If Lembke is right, the physician now prescribes not according to what he or she wants to do, but according to what he or she must do. The result, at one extreme, is the patient acting as their own physician and, at the other extreme, self-deception on both ends. Things could hardly get worse. Lembke’s proposed solutions are to make the threat of public and legal censure equal in not treating addiction as in not treating pain, and to compensate addiction treatment on a par with care for other illnesses (presumably including pain).5 Post to: Cannotea Citeulike Del.icio.us Facebook LinkedIn Twitter Other articles by Professor Li-Tzy Wu Differences in onset and abuse/dependence episodes between prescription opioids and heroin: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Gender and racial/ethnic differences in addiction severity, HIV risk, and quality of life among adu
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