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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1449 matches for " LIZ-REJANE; "
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Desafios e oportunidades da era do conhecimento
LASTRES, HELENA MARIA MARTINS;ALBAGLI, SARITA;LEMOS, CRISTINA;LEGEY, LIZ-REJANE;
S?o Paulo em Perspectiva , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-88392002000300009
Abstract: this article addresses the need to identify the main characteristics of the information age, as well as to monitor and guide the new standards for accumulating and disseminating knowledge. it further underscores the urgency of developing new policy tools to manage the challenges and enhance the opportunities associated with brazil's entrance into the information age.
Falência é fracasso? O caso da Associa??o dos Produtores Alternativos de Ouro Preto do Oeste, Rond?nia, Brasil
Kohler, Florent;Issberner, Liz Rejane;Léna, Philippe;Marchand, Guillaume;
Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1981-81222011000200005
Abstract: the paper studies the bankruptcy of the alternative producers association (apa) in ouro preto do oeste, state of rond?nia, brazil, by identifying the relations between the territory actors and analyzing their own interpretive frame. after a brief history of the integrated colonization project (pic) in ouro preto do oeste, we describe the social origin of the settlers, their political culture and social capital as well as the logic of the institutions engaged in the projects' management. the relations between the different institutional actors are presented as a connection of multilevel social-ecological systems (local, regional, national and international). the paper intends to show the discrepancy between the mere economic logic of the supporting institutions and the apa producers' aspirations. our conclusion is that the bankruptcy may have been caused by two interconnected factors: the lack of trust of apa's farmers towards agricultural support agencies (comiss?o executiva do plano da lavoura cacaueira, agência de defesa sanitária agrosilvopastoril do estado de rond?nia, empresa de assistência técnica e extens?o rural) and the failure of the state and the municipality to act in the multi-level network above mentioned, which could have been a mediator amongst the different aspirations. finally, our paper discusses the notion of 'failure' associated to bankruptcy.
Is bankruptcy failure? The case of the Associa o dos Produtores Alternativos de Ouro Preto do Oeste, State of Rond nia, Brazil
Florent Kohler,Liz Rejane Issberner,Philippe Léna,Guillaume Marchand
Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas , 2011,
Abstract: The paper studies the bankruptcy of the Alternative Producers Association (APA) in Ouro Preto do Oeste, State of Rond nia, Brazil, by identifying the relations between the territory actors and analyzing their own interpretive frame. After a brief history of the Integrated Colonization Project (PIC) in Ouro Preto do Oeste, we describe the social origin of the settlers, their political culture and social capital as well as the logic of the institutions engaged in the projects' management. The relations between the different institutional actors are presented as a connection of multilevel social-ecological systems (local, regional, national and international). The paper intends to show the discrepancy between the mere economic logic of the supporting institutions and the APA producers' aspirations. Our conclusion is that the bankruptcy may have been caused by two interconnected factors: the lack of trust of APA's farmers towards agricultural support agencies (Comiss o Executiva do Plano da Lavoura Cacaueira, Agência de Defesa Sanitária Agrosilvopastoril do Estado de Rond nia, Empresa de Assistência Técnica e Extens o Rural) and the failure of the State and the Municipality to act in the multi-level network above mentioned, which could have been a mediator amongst the different aspirations. Finally, our paper discusses the notion of 'failure' associated to bankruptcy.
A Preliminary Examination of Risk in the Pharmaceutical Supply Chain (PSC) in the National Health Service (NHS)  [PDF]
Liz Breen
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2008, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2008.12020
Abstract: The effective management of pharmaceuticals in the National Health Service (NHS) is critical to patient welfare thus any risks attached to this must be identified and controlled. At a very basic level, risks in the pharmaceutical supply chain are associated with product discontinuity, product shortages, poor performance, patient safety/dispensing errors, and technological errors (causing stock shortages in pharmacies) to name but a few, all of which incur risk through disruption to the system. Current indications suggest that the pharmaceutical industry and NHS practitioners alike have their concerns as to the use of generic supply chain strategies in association with what is perceived to be a specialist product (pharmaceuticals). The aim of the study undertaken was to gain a more realistic understanding of the nature and prevalence of risk in the Pharmaceutical Supply Chain (PSC) to be used as a basis for a more rigorous research project incorporating in-vestigation in the UK, Europe and USA. Data was collected via a workshop forum held in November 2005. The outputs of the workshop indicated that there were thirty-five prevalent risks. The risks were rated using risk assessment catego-ries such as impact, occurrence and controllability. The findings indicated that the risks identified are similar to those prevalent in industrial supply chains, regardless of the idiosyncrasies of pharmaceuticals. However, the group consen-sus was that caution must be applied in how such risks are addressed, as there are aspects of the product that highlight its uniqueness e.g. criticality.
Conceptualizing an expanded role for RNs  [PDF]
Glenn Donnelly, Liz Domm
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.42011
Abstract:

In our changing health care system, the role of registered nurses (RNs) has become indistinguishable from other nursing and health care providers’ roles. The purpose of this research was to explore the perspectives of nurse leaders and direct care RNs about the existing and future RN scope of practice. This research used an interpretive description analysis on data that was garnered from nurse leaders and RNs through separate focus groups. Participants identified existing threats to their roles, examined their scope of practice and proposed changes to the RN scope of practice. Specific areas that were identified included leadership, advocacy and expansion of RNs practices were dominant themes.

Similarity in Superstitions in Anatolian and Chinese Cultures  [PDF]
liz Ulu
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2016.63005
Abstract: This article aims at exploring similarity between Anatolian and Chinese prevalent superstitions, the reasons behind them and contributing to literature concerning superstitions. In this comparative study, marriage, birth, and death superstitions and their impacts on people’s life have been investigated individually in Anatolian and Chinese cultures. As a result, the study concluded that superstitions have been a tradition, which is transferred from one generation to another. In both Anatolia and China, superstitions are mostly towards expelling evil spirits, avoiding bad things, and bringing good luck. In China, the most widespread superstitions are related to homophonic numbers whereas in Anatolia, wearing an evil eye talisman against evil eye is the most popular one. However, visiting a fortuneteller is very common superstition in both cultures and the most similar superstitions appear on birth customs. Results indicated that many superstitions originated from Shamanism, which is pre Islamic Asian origin Turkic religion. It is assumed that innumerable Anatolian and Chinese superstitions come from same ancient Shamanism and have survived until nowadays.
The prevalence of renal anaemia in new dialysis patients before and after routine eGFR reporting: A single centre experience  [PDF]
Senyo K. Tagboto, Liz Cropper
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2012.22017
Abstract: Background: In March 2006, evidence-based guidelines for the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults in the UK were published including the recommendation that kidney function should be assessed by formula-based estimation of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), using the 4-variable modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) equation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether or not improved assessment of renal function by eGFR reporting followed by an intensive local education programme and local protocols affected the prevalence of renal anaemia at the time of starting dialysis for the first time. Methods: To do this, we collected data on haemoglobin levels in people starting renal replacement therapy (RRT) for the first time, during the 12 months immediately preceding eGFR reporting. We collected data for a further 12 months after eGFR was introduced; starting 6 months after the official date of introduction. Results: The proportion of people with Haemoglobin (Hb) levels ≥ 11 g/dl increased from 25.4% in the pre-eGFR era to 41.1% in the post eGFR era. In addition, average Hb levels were better in the post eGFR era (9.89 vs. 10.2 g/dl) although this did not reach statistically significance. In general, in the post eGFR era, people known to the renal services for less than 1 month prior to starting RRT had the worst Hb levels (8.7 g/dl). Hb levels were higher according to time of referral prior to RRT with peak Hb levels in people referred 6 - 9 months (11.5 g/dl) beforehand. Conclusions: It has been suggested that estimated GFR reporting may be associated with earlier recognition of kidney disease. This may have contributed to the increase in the proportion of people with optimal haemoglobin (≥11 g/dl) levels prior to starting renal replacement therapy. However a large number still start renal replacement therapy with severe anaemia. The increase in Hb levels in the post eGFR era could also result from better anaemia care which could be an effect of other guideline implementation.
A New Way of Measuring Openness: The Open Governance Index
Liz Laffan
Technology Innovation Management Review , 2012,
Abstract: Open source software is now "business as usual" in the mobile industry. While much attention is given to the importance of open source licenses, we argue in this article that the governance model can be as necessary to a project’s success and that projects vary widely in the governance models – whether open or closed – that they employ. Open source governance models describe the control points that are used to influence open source projects with regard to access to the source code, how the source code is developed, how derivatives are created, and the community structure of the project. Governance determines who has control over the project beyond what is deemed legally necessary via the open source licenses for that project. The purpose of our research is to define and measure the governance of open source projects, in other words, the extent to which decision-making in an open source project is "open" or "closed". We analyzed eight open source projects using 13 specific governance criteria across four areas of governance: access, development, derivatives and community. Our findings suggest that the most open platforms will be most successful in the long term, however we acknowledge exceptions to this rule. We also identify best practices that are common across these open source projects with regard to source code access, development of source code, management of derivatives, and community structure. These best practices increase the likelihood of developer use of and involvement in open source projects.
A Review of 'Every Other Thursday: Stories and Strategies from Successful Women Scientists'. Author: Ellen Daniell
Liz Sourbut
International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology , 2010,
Abstract:
Should the entire clinical trial protocol always be translated into the local investigators' first language?
Liz Wager
Panace@ : Revista de Medicina, Lenguaje y Traducción , 2008,
Abstract: On the basis of her professional experience with clinical trial documentation for multinational pharmaceutical industries and not-for-profit organisms, the author argues that the motivation to read the clinical trial protocol closely may be compromised if the information is not in the reader's native language. Vital instructions about running the trial correctly may be misunderstood, and physicians may find it difficult to answer participants' questions clearly if they find it hard to understand the information provided in English. She concludes that it is vital that the complete protocol be available in the investigators' native (or at least working) language. ----------------------------------------------- Debería traducirse siempre todo el protocolo al primer idioma de los investigadores? Basándose en su experiencia profesional con la documentación relacionada con los ensayos clínicos para empresas farmacéuticas multinacionales y organismos sin ánimo de lucro, la autora propone que la motivación de leer el protocolo de un ensayo clínico con atención puede verse comprometida si la información no se presenta en el primer idioma del lector. Cabe la posibilidad de que se interpreten mal las instrucciones para la implementación del ensayo, y los médicos pueden encontrar dificultades a la hora de responder con precisión a las preguntas de los participantes, si aquellos tienen problemas a la hora de entender la información proporcionada en inglés. La autora concluye que es de vital importancia que el protocolo entero esté disponible en el primer idioma del investigador, o por lo menos en su idioma habitual de trabajo.
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