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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 179877 matches for " LARISSA DE;CARVALHO "
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Estudo comparativo do consumo e gasto com medicamentos em Unidades Pediátricas de Terapia Intensiva e Semi-intensiva
Zuliani, Larissa Lenotti;Jericó, Marli de Carvalho;
Revista Paulista de Pediatria , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-05822012000100016
Abstract: objectives: to describe and compare the medication consumption and expenditure on medication at pediatric intensive and semi-intensive care units. methods: we conducted a retrospective, exploratory, descriptive study using a quantitative approach based on simple descriptive statistics. data collection was conducted from june 2007 to may 2008 at the pediatric intensive and semi-intensive care units of a teaching hospital located in the state of s?o paulo ( brazil). the abc classification was used. results: the mean expenditures/bed of the cardiology unit was us$ 880.50±0.16 bed/month. the mean expenditure/bed of the neonatal unit was us$ 962.26±0.16 bed/month. the expenditure was lower in the pediatric intensive and semi-intensive care units (us$ 163.52±0.08 bed/month). there was a significant variation in the monthly expenditure on medications regardless of the occupational rate. in class a items, the ten most expensive medications accounted for 57.1, 54.3, and 46.3% of the intensive care unit (icu) budget, respectively, in the cardiology, neonatal, and pediatric icus. at the neonatal icu, class c items corresponded to the ten most used medications, accounting for 6.6% of the neonatal icu budget, whereas at the other units, class c items corresponded to the eight most used medication, accounting for 7.8% of the cardiology icu budget and 7.7% of the pediatric icu budget. conclusion: the abc classification enabled the identification of medication consumption and expenditures on medication. this method enhances the management of resources at the units assessed.
Diabetes Mellitus, Leprosy: Intensive Education Protocol in Foot at Risk, Santa Marcelina Hospital, Amazon, Brazil  [PDF]
Orlando Leite, Vanderneide Oliveria, Augiceli Rodrigues, Ticiana Albuquerque, Alexandre Carvalho, Larissa Gaspar, Alexandre Falqueti, Larissa Bianca Paiva Cunha de, Alberto Krayyem Arbex
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2017.71006
Abstract: Objective: To apply an intensive and multidisciplinary education protocol in order to decrease, improve, delay or cancel the beginning of neuropathy and the manifestation of lesions in diabetic patients. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out at the Diabetes Mellitus Outpatient Clinic and Ward of Santa Marcelina Hospital in Porto Velho. This research was based on cases of patients with Diabetes and Diabetics with Leprosy. The criteria used to include the patients were: being treated with insulin therapy, not to be amputated, being on high medication of the leprosy at the moment of the evaluation and to present nutritional risk classification by the screening. The population was divided into two groups of fifteen patients: eight diabetic patients, four male and four female. Seven diabetics associated with leprosy were 4 males and 3 females. The monofilament test (Semmes-Weinstein 10 g) was used as the classification basis. Results and Discussion: Group A, called the intensive care group, began diabetes education work with medical, nutritional and rehabilitation guidelines by a multidisciplinary team for an average period of 15 days in the ward and after discharged with biweekly monitoring. Group B, called conventional care, received the same guidelines in outpatient care and the monitoring followed the quarterly protocol. Both groups were evaluated and reassessed for a period of 180 days in the outpatient clinic. Group A consisted of 8 (100%) patients, 4 (50%) diabetics and 4 (50%) diabetics and leprosy patients. Conclusion: Intensive education in diabetes showed an improvement in the sensitivity, healing and nutritional status of the patients, leading to an improvement in quality of life and disability level, reducing or delaying the beginning of neurological complications. The protocol intensive method demonstrated a 100% improvement in patients in group A.
óleo de cravo como anestésico em adultos de tilápia-do-nilo
Sim?es, Larissa Novaes;Paiva, Genilson;Gomes, Levy de Carvalho;
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2010001200019
Abstract: the objective of this study was to test the efficiency of clove oil as an anesthetic for adult tilapia (oreochromis niloticus) and to evaluate, sensorially, the aroma and taste of fillets after anesthesia. in the first experiment, fish were exposed to different clove oil concentrations (0, 100, 150, 200, 250 and 350 mg l-1) of anesthetic baths. in the second experiment, different times of exposure (10, 20 and 30 minutes) to anesthesia were evaluated. finally, the aroma and taste of the tilapia fillets, when exposed to optimal concentration of clove oil, were tested. the concentration of 250 mg l-1 of clove oil was adequate to induce lower opercular movement in adult tilapia, and for anesthesia for biometrics and brief management, the recommended concentration is 100 mg l-1. fillets from tilapia anesthetized with clove oil showed a moderate difference in aroma and taste just after anesthesia. thus, clove oil is an effective anesthetic for the management of adult tilapia as a routine procedure in fish farming, however tilapias should be slaughtered 12 hours after exposure to the drug, so as not to change the organoleptic characteristics of anesthetized fishes
Response Proliferative Capacity of Undifferentiated Stem Cells of Obtained Human Adult Dental Follicle  [PDF]
Larissa Kim Higashi de Carvalho, Aline Vieira Pinheiro de Araujo, Manuela Garcia Laveli da Silva, Rosa Andréa Nogueira Laiso, Durvanei Augusto Maria
Stem Cell Discovery (SCD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/scd.2014.44013
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was correlation proliferative activity, markers express stem cells, and lipid peroxides of undifferentiated stem cells of human adult dental follicle (DF) following culture. Methods: For this study, we used 8 samples from DF of impacted third molars to maintain culture conditions and evaluated the growth curve, cell viability, production of lipid peroxidation, cell cycle phases, and proliferative index during 25 days of culture. Results: Cells after culture showed characteristics of fibroblast-like type following 25th day of culture. The results of lipid peroxidation showed that stem cells in culture produce 13 nmoles/ml malondialdehyde at the start of culture, increasing until the 12th day and then began a decline that lasted until the 25th day. We revealed that DFSCs presented a significantly higher percentage of cells in S + G2/M phases by the 15th day of culture compared with cells at the start of culture. Cell surface markers revealed that cell lines were negative for HLA-DR and positive for CD90, CD44, and CD105. The expression of p21 protein, involved in the regulation of the cell cycle, showed a significant increase from the 15th to 25th day of culture. Results of cell division rates show a significant increase between the 6th and 15th day of culture. Conclusions: We conclude that the culture remained stable during the 25 days of culture, presenting the markers of stem cells and markers of control, progression, and cell proliferation that there was an increased production of lipid peroxides between the 6th and 12th days; this increase is related to the increased numbers of cells that also occurs during this period. Then, there is a significantly decline in the production of lipid peroxides and the number of cells, which is accompanied by an increase in cell unviability.
The Role of Fructose in Public Health and Obesity  [PDF]
Carla Torres Carvalho, Zelia Maria Souza, Nawal Arbex, Diana Sá, Luciana Corrêa de Souza Rodrigues de Souza Rodrigues, Diana Aristotelis Rocha de, Larissa Bianca Paiva Cunha dede, Alberto Krayyem Arbex
Health (Health) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/health.2018.104035
Abstract: We are in the so-called nutritional transition, in which obesity and its comorbidities have emerged as an important research topic, and the information on food composition is fundamental to promote nutritional safety. Fructose is the sweetest carbohydrate, and this sweetness, along with its low cost, is the key factor for its use in commercial drinks and sweets. The global average consumption of fructose per capita has increased from 56 g/day in 1986 to 65 g/day in 2007. Experimental models associate high fructose intake with the development of obesity and induced insulin resistance. In recent studies, diabetic patients have been reported to use fructose more frequently than glucose. Fructose acts differently in the hypothalamus and generates less satiety than glucose; thus, fructose has a high lipogenic potential. Replacing fructose with another isocaloric carbohydrate is associated with better glycemic control.
Inibi??o de lodo biológico anaeróbio por constituintes de efluente de laboratório de controle de polui??o
Alves, Larissa de Carvalho;Cammarota, Magali Christe;Fran?a, Francisca Pess?a de;
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-41522005000300008
Abstract: in the pollution control laboratories, routine analyses for the characterization of effluents and reactors monitoring use concentrated solutions of h2so4, containing heavy metals such as chromium, silver and mercury and organic compounds as phenol. the presence of these elements in the laboratory effluent can cause inhibition of the biological activity, especially in the anaerobic treatment processes due to the sensitivity of the methanogens to some chemical compounds. this work had as objective to characterize the effluent from the federal university of rio de janeiro chemistry school environmental technology laboratory (lta/ufrj) and to determine which constituents of the effluent one would be inhibitors for anaerobic microorganisms in the treatment of the sewage generated in the campus. the effluent one presents a weekly average production of 43.4 l, with ph = 0.7, cod = 1350 mg/l, sulfate = 33500 mg/l; 28.2 mg hg/l; 82.1 mg crtotal/l; 30.8 mg cu/l; 57.4 mg fetotal/l; 16.2 mg al/l and 2.44 g na/l. the parameters analyzed presented high variability as the study was conducted in function of the analyses and researches carried out in that period. in experimental design performed, the elements sodium, chromium, phenol and sulfate, as well as the interactions sulfate-mercury and sulfate-sodium, were significantly more effective on the inhibition of the specific methanogenic activity (sma). the effects of the other elements (cupper, mercury, aluminum and iron), analyzed alone and their interactions were not significant for a confidence level of 95% in the t-student distribution. the results indicate the necessity of a specific treatment for the laboratory effluent, since universities must be examples of combating pollution and encouraging the environmental control.
Caracteriza??o da pra?a Dr. Augusto Silva localizada na Cidade de Lavras/MG
Carvalho, Larissa Martiniano de;Paiva, Patrícia Duarte de Oliveira;Coelho, Silvério José;
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-70542003000300004
Abstract: city squares present important roles in urban environment such as community integration and improvement of environmental quality. to analyze the actual situation of the dr. augusto silva city square an evaluation of its characteristics and uses was performed through a qualitative analysis and a pool within its users. urbanistic, physical aspects, and vegetation were evaluated using the qualitative analysis. the pool was applied in members of 600 families using a standardized questionnaire with direct and descriptive questions. the results showed that dr. augusto silva is the most visited city square by residents of the entire town. the activities in this square are varied including rest and sportive practices even though it lacks some basic infrastructures. based on the qualitative analysis it was observed that this square present a regular to good maintenance.
Consumo e custo de recursos materiais em unidades pediátricas de terapia intensiva e semi-intensiva Costo y consumo de recursos materiales en unidades pediátricas de terapia intensiva y semi-intensiva Costs and consumption of material resources in pediatric intensive and semi-intensive care units
Larissa Lenotti Zuliani,Marli de Carvalho Jericó,Liliana Cristina de Castro,Zaida Aurora Sperli Geraldes Soler
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: O gerenciamento de custos de materiais de consumo hospitalar é um tema atual em pesquisa, principalmente em unidades de saúde especializadas. Os enfermeiros s o destacados como os principais gestores do consumo e custo de materiais hospitalares. Neste estudo, objetivou-se caracterizar unidades pediátricas semi-intensivas e intensivas de um hospital de ensino e verificar o consumo e os custos de materiais utilizados na assistência a pacientes internados nessas unidades. Estudo descritivo, exploratório, retrospectivo, com abordagem quantitativa; os dados foram obtidos do Sistema de Informa o Hospitalar; analisados com base na classifica o ABC. O gasto médio foi semelhante entre as UTIs cardiológica e neonatal e menor nas UTI e semi-intensiva pediátricas; houve varia o significativa de consumo mensal de materiais; os materiais de maior custo tiveram mais impacto no or amento das unidades estudadas. Os dados obtidos revelaram a importancia do uso de método sistêmico de análise de consumo e gastos de materiais em unidades pediátricas e subsidiam a es administrativas de economia. La gestión de costos de materiales de consumo hospitalario es un tema actual en investigación, especialmente en unidades de salud especializadas. Los enfermeros son destacados como los principales gestores de consumo y costos de materiales hospitalarios. En este estudio, objetivó-se caracterizar Unidades Pediátricas de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) y Semi-intensiva de un hospital escuela e investigar el consumo y costo de materiales utilizados en la asistencia de pacientes ingresados en esas unidades. Estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, retrospectivo, de abordaje cuantitativo. Los datos fueron obtenidos del Sistema de Información Hospitalaria y analizados de acuerdo con la clasificación ABC. El gasto medio fue semejante entre las UTIs cardiológica y neonatal, y menor en las unidades de terapia intensiva y semi-intensiva pediátricas. Hubo variación significativa en el consumo mensual de materiales. Los materiales de mayor costo presentaron un mayor impacto en el presupuesto de las unidades estudiadas. Los datos revelan la importancia del uso de un método sistémico de análisis de consumo y gastos de materiales en unidades pediátricas y subsidian acciones administrativas de economía. Cost management of hospital material resources is a trendy research topic, especially in specialized health units. Nurses are pointed out as the main managers for costs and consumption of hospital materials resources. This study aimed to characterize Pediatric Intensive and Semi-Intensive Care Units of a teach
Xylitol production from wheat straw hemicellulosic hydrolysate: hydrolysate detoxification and carbon source used for inoculum preparation
Canilha, Larissa;Carvalho, Walter;Felipe, Maria das Gra?as Almeida;Silva, Jo?o Batista de Almeida e;
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-83822008000200025
Abstract: wheat straw hemicellulosic hydrolysate was used for xylitol bioproduction. the use of a xylose-containing medium to grow the inoculum did not favor the production of xylitol in the hydrolysate, which was submitted to a previous detoxification treatment with 2.5% activated charcoal for optimized removal of inhibitory compounds.
Efeito da rela??o cálcio e magnésio do corretivo sobre micronutrientes na alfafa
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2000001000017
Abstract: this study evaluated the effect of limestone ca:mg ratios on micronutrients in alfalfa. a randomized block design was used with five relations of ca:mg ratios (1:0, 1:1, 2:1, 3:1 and 4:1) at a recommended limestone dosage of 3,900 kg ha-1. an additional treatment was included at a ratio of 3:1 with the dosage of 7,800 kg ha-1. all treatments had four replicates in a six-cutting number, in 35 days of interval. the variables analyzed were: concentration and quantity of b, cu, fe, mn, and zn in dry matter. the decrease of the concentration of b, fe, mn and zn was obtained in the treatment that used twice the recommended dosage. the antagonic effect between ca, applied as caco3, and cu was not observed in the treatments. the concentration of micronutrients varied according to the cutting times.
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