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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 362901 matches for " Lídio de; "
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Judiciário e exclus?o: O linchamento como mecanismo de reafirma??o de poder
Souza,Lídio de;
Análise Psicológica , 1999,
Abstract: the objective of this work was to identify the implications of police and judiciary institutions in a lynching case occurred in a brazilian small town, in which three suspects of a local homicide were executed. the methodology utilized was the case study, accomplished through content analysis of the legally instituted processes (established to clarify the occurrence) and through information collected in the media, interviews, and informal conversations with local residents. the legal evidences which would permit the identification of those involved in the lynching were blurred by a set of technical faults, untrue depositions, and negligence, which transformed the processes into supports for the impunity of the authors of the crimes, protected by the community and the authorities. the analysis of the processes pointed out the construction of a judicial truth which furthered itself from the factual truth and, furthermore, revealed the involvement of the judiciary and police institutions with local political interest. in the occurrence analyzed the judiciary abdicated of its prerogatives with respect to the monopoly of revenge and entrusted the local elite members the power to make justice. the lynching case studied constituted an instrument of social control, similar to those occurred in brazil by the end of nineteenth century.
Guarda paterna e representa??es sociais de paternidade e maternidade
Vieira,Elaine Novaes; Souza,Lídio de;
Análise Psicológica , 2010,
Abstract: the “new fatherhood” is one of the themes in studies about men’s condition and it is characterized by the improvement of the father’s participation in children’s daily care and the expression of affection in fathers’ relationship with their children. this study aimed to investigate social representations of fatherhood and motherhood of fathers who have children’s custody and live alone with them at least for one year. eleven men separated were interviewed about the following topics: personal data, social representations of fatherhood and motherhood, marital relationship, children’s custody, daily activities and evaluation. alceste software and content analysis were used to analyze the data. social representations elements of fatherhood were: responsibility and accompaniment, affectivity and friendship, orientations and correction, material provider, equilibrium and the same as materhood. materhood’s elements involves: biological aspects, being present, affectivity and friendship, the same as fatherhood, superior to fatherhood, not leaving children and equilibrium. in these representations it is possible to identify traditional elements of fatherhood (authority and provider) and materhood (biological aspects, affectivity and superiority). at the same time, these indicates the emergence of elements related to new fatherhood (involved and caretaker father and the materhood being the same as fatherhood).
Identidade social em movimento: a comunidade japonesa na grande Vitória (ES)
Suda, Joyce Rumi;Souza, Lídio de;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822006000200010
Abstract: the objective of the present work was to identify the social identity of japanese residents in the greater vitória area (state of espírito santo, brazil), from discourses about the group itself and its everyday relations, also verifying the existence of indications of prejudice or discriminatory treatment. twenty subjects, japanese or descendants, from both sexes, young and adult, participated in the research. data was collected through interviews that explored the following themes: dating and conjugality, aesthetic patterns, prejudice and stereotype, social identity and adaptation. the results indicated the existence of similarities and differences with respect to the identity of capixaba japanese (capixaba being the designation of people from espírito santo state), defined through comparison with the identitarian characteristics of japanese in other states.
Os dilemas da nomea??o: prostitui??o infanto-juvenil e conceitos relacionados
Souza, Rafaela Assis de;Souza, Lídio de;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2009000200012
Abstract: based on a brief review of the bibliography, this paper relates some of the main controversies related to the labeling of the phenomenon of female child and adolescent prostitution. in the last two decades, the phenomenon has gone through a reinterpretation, being reduced to an image of victimization and the social marginalization of sexually exploited children and adolescents. the paper examines if the homogenized picture that this image presents assumes a considerable level of stigmatization and is condensed into a stereotyped form of production of knowledge that reinforces the idea of submission in these subjects. the article looks to bring new content to the phenomenon, by presenting a psychosocial analysis that seeks to contribute to the critical discussion concerning the productions that have child and adolescent prostitution as their object of study.
Representa??es sociais de policiais civis sobre profissionaliza??o
Brito, Alexandre Sant'Ana de;Souza, Lídio de;
Sociologias , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-45222004000200011
Abstract: the study aimed at identifying social representations about professionalization of civilian policemen and their relations with the increment and maintenance of the democratic state. semi-structured questionnaires were applied to a sample of police agents and investigators, focusing on professionalization at personal, institutional and political levels. representational elements identified were: 1) lack of investment in the institution; 2) subservience of the police force to conservative technical groups; 3) professionalization seen as the acquisition of technical contents that aim at financial gains and criminal classification of socially excluded segments. the study concludes that those elements act as obstacles to implementing and maintaining the rule of law in the state of espírito santo.
Representa es sociais de policiais civis sobre profissionaliza o
Brito Alexandre Sant'Ana de,Souza Lídio de
Sociologias , 2004,
Abstract: O estudo objetivou identificar as representa es sociais sobre a profissionaliza o de policiais civis e suas rela es com o incremento e a manuten o do Estado democrático. Foram aplicados questionários semi-estruturados a uma amostra de agentes e investigadores de polícia, focalizando a profissionaliza o nos níveis pessoal, institucional e político. Os elementos representacionais identificados foram: 1) a falta de investimento na institui o; 2) a subserviência da polícia aos interesses de grupos políticos conservadores; 3) a profissionaliza o como aquisi o de conteúdos técnicos que objetivam o ganho pecuniário e a categoriza o criminal de segmentos socialmente excluídos. O estudo conclui que esses elementos atuam como obstáculos para a implanta o e a manuten o do Estado de direito no Espírito Santo.
Mulheres (in)subordinadas: o empoderamento feminino e suas repercuss?es nas ocorrências de violência conjugal
Cortez, Mirian Béccheri;Souza, Lídio de;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722008000200006
Abstract: on this article, the effects of gendering conception and gender roles practices on violence (physical, psychological and sexual) against spouses are explored. four women that had registered declaration of suffering physical abuse from their partners and that still live with them were interview based on a script with search for personal data and information about marital relationship, men and women conceptions. interviews were submitted to alceste software, that was the content analysis used as a complementary method analysis. data show that gendering traditional conceptions and insubordination acts share places (such as paid work, friendships, and judgments about sexual life). these aspects, signal of women empowerment, are related to partners' aggressiveness, which were excluded of feminist debates and are trying to protect their masculinity by using violence to suppress feminine manifestations of power.
Princípios organizadores das representa es de rural e cidade
Mariana Bonomo,Lídio de Souza,Giannino Melotti,Augusto Palmonari
Sociedade e Estado , 2013,
Abstract: O estudo foi desenvolvido com o propósito de conhecer os princípios que organizam as tomadas de posi o de integrantes de um grupo rural em frente às representa es de rural e cidade, a partir da análise dos processos de ancoragem psicológica, social e psicossocial. Foram realizadas entrevistas individuais com 200 integrantes de uma comunidade rural, distribuídos em quatro gera es. O roteiro foi composto por quest es que focalizavam: (1) dados sociodemográficos referentes ao sexo, idade, gera o e se o participante já havia vivido em áreas urbanas; (2) experiência de preconceito, expectativa de vida na cidade para n o migrados e recomenda o para viver na cidade pelos participantes que já tinham vivido em território urbano; (3) valores sociais do rural; e (4) evoca es livres associadas aos objetos de representa o. Os resultados, sistematizados por meio da Análise de Conteúdo e processados por meio do software SPAD-T, indicaram a presen a de três princípios organizadores dos significados vinculados aos objetos rural vs. cidade: mundo natural vs. mundo artificial, vida feliz vs. vida ruim e quase autossuficiente vs. centro dos recursos. As discuss es focalizaram as fun es das representa es nos processos de elabora o da identidade social, destacando-se entre elas a de produzir equilíbrio e sustentar a defesa do espa o de pertencimento. From the analysis of the anchorage process, the study was designed to assess the principles that organize the positions taken by members of a rural group faced with rural/city representations. 200 representatives of four generations of a brazilian rural community took part in the study. The script for the interview was made up of questions which focused on: (1) socio-demographic data relating to sex, age, generation groups and previous experience of living in urban areas; (2) contact with prejudice, life expectancy in the city for non-migrants and recommendations on life in the city from participants who have already lived in urban areas; (3) rural social values; and (4) free evocations associated with objects of rural-urban representation. The results, synthesized using Content Analysis and SPAD-T software, indicated the presence of three organizing principles of the meaning of rural vs. city objects: natural world vs. artificial world, happy life vs. bad live and almost self-sufficient vs. resource centred. The function of the process of social identity, which aims to preserve the rural community way of life and guarantees the survival of its sociability through new generations, is discussed.
O Programa de Saúde da Família no cuidado à grávida do município de Francisco Morato, S o Paulo - Brasil
Tais Izídio de Oliveira,Ana Lúcia da Silva
Saúde Coletiva , 2008,
Abstract: Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo, describir actividades educativas logradas en grupo de prenatal; conocer las opiniones de los profesionales y de las embarazadas con respecto a las prácticas educativas en grupo y analizar y discutir prácticas educativas. La colecta de datos fue cumplida por medio de observaciones estructuradas, ruta semi-estructurada, entrevista abierta con grabador. Se documentaron cuatro reuniones de prácticas educativas en grupos de embarazadas y nueve entrevistas. El análisis de datos tuvo como base el análisis de contenido temático. Las categorías encontradas fueron: la dinámica educativa; los sentimientos; las madres marineras de primera viaje ; la práctica educativa generando autonomía; El espacio educativo y el Programa de Salud de la Familia, entre otras. Se considera que los profesionales y las embarazadas valorizan el Programa de Salud de la Familia. En este sentido, la planificación, el desarrollo y la evaluación del grupo de prenatal debe tener métodos que motivan la participación activa de las embarazadas para la vinculación existente y el conocimiento popular.
Desenvolvimento e calibra??o de guias de onda para TDR
Andrade, Camilo de L. T. de;Costa, édio L. da;Albuquerque, Paulo E. P. de;
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-43662003000100028
Abstract: soil-water content measurement is critical for irrigation research and management. time domain reflectometry (tdr) is among the newly developed methods for determination of soil-water content which relies on the relation between the soil dielectric property and water content. in order to obtain a soil water content profile, a large number of wave guides is necessary which raises the cost. on the other hand, calibration curves relating dielectric capacity to soil-water content have been developed mainly for soils of temperate regions. the objectives of this work were the development of a buriable wave guide using available materials and its calibration for tropical soils. calibration curves developed for psament and haplustox soils are distinct and different from those found in the literature. a modification of a physically-based mathematical model fits well to the data of each soil type independently.
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