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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 394947 matches for " Lénia Sofia de Almeida;Silva "
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Consequências sociais e emocionais da dislexia de desenvolvimento: um estudo de caso
Carvalhais, Lénia Sofia de Almeida;Silva, Carlos;
Psicologia Escolar e Educacional , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-85572007000100003
Abstract: developmental dyslexia is a specific learning disability characterized by difficulty in learning how to read and write. this difficulty affects the auto-concept and the relationships that dyslexics establish with pairs, teachers and parents. to evaluate the social and emotional consequences of development dyslexia diagnosis we did two interviews, oriented by inquiries built for the effect, to a portuguese pupil and to its foreman of education, as a result of a study case, of longitudinal character. the results showed us the necessity of a dyslexia evaluation which will allow us to detect it at an early age and will permit us to make a proper intervention in order to fight school failure. on the other hand, we came to the conclusion that it is fundamental to bring this learning disability to teachers' and other education professionals' attention, so as to avoid situations of discrimination, such as the ones we came across in the course of this study.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF READING SKILLS IN A SAMPLE OF PORTUGUESE NORMAL READERS AND DYSLEXIC CHILDREN
LéNIA SOFIA DE ALMEIDA CARVALHAIS,CARLOS FERNANDES DA SILVA
L1 Educational Studies in Language and Literature , 2009,
Abstract: The aim of this article is to discuss the theoretical issues behind reading processes, the relationbetween this skill and dyslexia, and to present some results from a pseudowords reading test with Portuguesechildren. Developmental dyslexia is a specific learning disability characterized by difficulty inlearning to read, and there is strong evidence that dyslexia is related to underlying deficiencies in phonologicalskills. Phonological deficits establish robust differences between dyslexic and normal readers and,according to the theoretical background, phonological awareness can be assessed with pseudowords tests.In this study, we applied the Pseudo words Reading Test, one of twenty tests of the Battery of Tests toAssess Developmental Dyslexia (BADD) constructed to assess dyslexia in Portuguese children between 7and 12 years old. We gave the Pseudo words Reading Test to 555 Portuguese children, aged 8 to 12.Fifty-seven of these children had been previously assessed by other professionals as dyslexics. We triedto verify how factors like age, gender and learning disabilities influence the acuity in pseudo words readingand if this test can be used to assist in an early diagnosis of developmental dyslexia. The results provethat there are significant differences between dyslexic children and normal readers in reading pseudowords in Portuguese language.
Mycoplasma synoviae infection on Newcastle disease vaccination of chickens
Silva, Rita de Cássia Figueira;Nascimento, Elmiro Rosendo do;Pereira, Virgínia Léo de Almeida;Barreto, Maria Lúcia;Nascimento, Maria da Gra?a Fichel do;
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-83822008000200033
Abstract: newcastle disease is characterized by respiratory manifestations in association with nervous and/or digestive symptoms. its prevention is done by vaccination with live attenuated (lentogenic strains) and/or killed vaccines. the lentogenic strains can lead to strong post-vaccination reaction, principally due to the presence of other pathogenic agents. among them, mycoplasma synoviae is worldwide important, mainly in brazil. the dissemination of this agent in poultry flocks has been achieved due to difficulties in diagnosis and disease reproduction, virulence variations among different m.synoviae strains, and attribution of typical m.synoviae disease manifestation to other disease agents. this experimental study in spf chicks (gallus gallus), previously infected by m.synoviae and thereafter vaccinated against newcastle disease, was done with the objective of evaluating m.synoviae pathogenicity through assessment of post-vaccinal respiratory reactions and serologic responses to newcastle disease virus vaccine in the absence of environmental factors. a total of 86 three days old chicks were used, being 57 infected by eye and nostril drop, with chicken activated m. synoviae strain wvu 1853. seven days later, 21 mycoplasma infected birds plus 29 not mycoplasma infected ones were vaccinated against newcastle disease. as results, the not infected and vaccinated birds yielded, significantly, higher and longer lasting serologic responses to newcastle disease vaccine virus than those infected and vaccinated. similarly, the infected and vaccinated birds yielded lower serologic reactions to m.synoviae than those only mycoplasma infected. no post-vaccinal respiratory reaction was observed in the vaccinated birds.
Reabilita??o psicossocial dos usuários de álcool e outras drogas: a concep??o de profissionais de saúde
Pinho, Paula Hayasi;Oliveira, Márcia Aparecida Ferreira de;Vargas, Divane de;Almeida, Marilia Mastrocolla de;Machado, Ana Lúcia;Silva, Ana Luísa Aranha e;Colvero, Luciana de Almeida;Barros, S?nia;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342009000600020
Abstract: exploratory study with qualitative approach that had as its main objective to identify the conception of the health professionals about psychosocial rehabilitation from a reference center for the treatment of alcohol and other drugs related problems. the sample consisted of eleven health professionals with an academic degree, submitted to semi-structured interviews. the data analysis was made according to the hermeneutic dialectic method which originated the psychosocial rehabilitation category. the data demonstrated that in the professional's conception, the psychosocial rehabilitation is given in the realization of therapeutic workshops, outdoor activities, and the estabilishment of a partnership with other foundations. it is concluded that the concept of psychosocial rehabilitation that was made clear in the conception of these subjects is still associated to the traditional psychiatric model, which is attached to the logic of social normality, the main challenge to the psychosocial model of assistance to the alcohol and other drugs users.
Envolvimento renal na púrpura de Henoch-Sch?nlein: uma análise multivariada de fatores prognósticos iniciais
Almeida, José Luiz J. de;Campos, Lúcia Maria A.;Paim, Luciana B.;Leone, Claudio;Koch, Vera Hermínia K.;Silva, Clovis Artur A.;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572007000400012
Abstract: objectives: to identify initial predictive factors of renal involvement in children and adolescents with henoch-sch?nlein purpura. methods: we reviewed the medical records of 142 patients admitted to our university hospital over a 21-year period with a diagnosis of henoch-sch?nlein purpura. the initial predictive factors assessed, observed during the first 3 months, included: demographic data, clinical manifestations (persistent palpable purpura, arthritis, abdominal pain, severe abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, orchitis, central nervous system involvement and pulmonary hemorrhage), laboratory tests (serum iga levels) and treatment given (corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin and immunosuppressive drugs). patients were divided into two groups (presence or absence of nephritis) and assessed by univariate and multivariate analysis. results: evidence of nephritis was detected in 70 patients (49.3%). the univariate analysis revealed that severe abdominal pain (p = 0.0049; or = 1.6; 95%ci 1.18-2.21), gastrointestinal bleeding (p = 0.004; or = 1.6; 95%ci 1.10-2.26) and corticosteroid use (p = 0.0012; or = 1.7; 95%ci 1.28-2.40) were all associated with increased incidence of renal involvement. in the multivariate analysis, logistic regression demonstrated that the only independent variable that predicted nephritis was intense abdominal pain (p < 0.012; or = 2.593; 95%ci 1.234-5.452). conclusions: severe abdominal pain was a significant predictor of nephritis in henoch-sch?nlein purpura. consequently, pediatric patients exhibiting this clinical manifestation should be rigorously monitored, due to the increased risk of renal involvement.
Diagnósticos de enfermagem presentes em familiares de pacientes vítimas de queimaduras
Rossi, Lídia Aparecida;Santos, Clarínia Maria das Neves Martins de Almeida;Ferreira, Enéas;Dalri, Maria Célia Barcelos;Carlucci, Viviane Dias da Silva;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342006000300007
Abstract: this study is aimed at investigating the nursing diagnoses of family members of burn victims. seventeen family members were evaluated through observation and interviews. nursing diagnoses were established on the basis of nanda taxonomy ii. eighteen different nursing diagnoses were identified. the diagnoses: anxiety, fear and anticipatory grieving were characterized through the manifestation of despair in the face of the possibility of losing a loved one. some diagnoses possibly had already been present before the occurrence of the accident, such as, for example: inefficient role performance, impaired home maintenance, altered parenting.
Nefrotoxicidade por lítio
Oliveira, Jobson Lopes de;Silva Júnior, Geraldo Bezerra da;Abreu, Krasnalhia Lívia Soares de;Rocha, Natália de Albuquerque;Franco, Luiz Fernando Leonavicius G;Araújo, S?nia Maria Holanda Almeida;Daher, Elizabeth de Francesco;
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-42302010000500025
Abstract: lithium is widely used in the therapy of bipolar disorder. its toxicity includes urinary concentration deficit and natriuresis, renal tubular acidosis, tubulointerstitial nephritis which complicates with chronic kidney disease and hypercalcemia. the most common adverse effect is diabetes insipidus, which occurs in 20-40% of patients some weeks after initiation of treatment. such chronic nephropathy correlates with duration of lithium use. early detection of renal dysfunction should be achieved by rigorous monitoring of patients and collaboration between the psychiatrist and nephrologist. recent experimental and clinical studies are now clarifying the mechanisms by which lithium induces renal abnormalities. the aim of this work is to review the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, histopathologic aspects and treatment of lithium nephrotoxicity.
Williams-Beuren syndrome: cardiovascular abnormalities in 20 patients diagnosed with fluorescence in situ hybridization
Sugayama, Sofia Mizuho Miura;Moisés, Regina Lúcia;Wag?nfur, Jaqueline;Ikari, Nana Miura;Abe, Kikue Terada;Leone, Cláudio;Silva, Clóvis Artur Almeida da;Chauffaille, Maria de Lourdes Lopes Ferrari;Chong, Ae Kim;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2003001300003
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the cardiovascular findings and clinical follow-up of patients with williams-beuren syndrome. methods: we studied 20 patients (11 males, mean age at diagnosis: 5.9 years old), assessed for cardiovascular abnormalities with electrocardiography and doppler echocardiography. fluorescence in situ hybridization (fish) was used to confirm the diagnosis of the syndrome. results: elastin gene locus microdeletion was detected in 17 patients (85%) (positive fish), and in 3 patients deletion was not detected (negative fish). sixteen patients with a positive fish (94%) had congenital cardiovascular disease (mean age at diagnosis: 2,3 years old). we observed isolated (2/16) supravalvular aortic stenosis and supravalvular aortic stenosis associated (11/16) with pulmonary artery stenosis (4/11); mitral valve prolapse (3/11); bicuspid aortic valve (3/11); aortic coarctation (2/11), thickened pulmonary valve (2/11); pulmonary valvular stenosis (1/11); supravalvular pulmonary stenosis (1/11); valvular aortic stenosis (1/11); fixed subaortic stenosis (1/11); pulmonary artery stenosis (2/16) associated with pulmonary valvar stenosis (1/2) and with mitral valve prolapse (1/2); and isolated mitral valve prolapse (1/16). four patients with severe supravalvular aortic stenosis underwent surgery (mean age: 5.7 years old), and 2 patients had normal pressure gradients (mean follow-up: 8.4 years). conclusion: a detailed cardiac evaluation must be performed in all patients with williams-beuren syndrome due to the high frequency of cardiovascular abnormalities.
k-Casein, b-lactoglobulin and growth hormone allele frequencies and genetic distances in Nelore, Gyr, Guzerá, Caracu, Charolais, Canchim and Santa Gertrudis cattle
Kemenes, Paola Augusta;Regitano, Luciana Correia de Almeida;Rosa, Artur Jord?o de Magalh?es;Packer, Irineu Umberto;Razook, Alexander George;Figueiredo, Leopoldo Andrade de;Silva, Nirlei Aparecida;Etchegaray, Maria Ant?nia L.;Coutinho, Luiz Lehmann;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47571999000400012
Abstract: the genotypes for k-casein (k-cn), b-lactoglobulin (b-lg) and growth hormone (gh) were determined by polymerase chain reaction (pcr) and restriction enzyme digestion in seven breeds of cattle (nelore, gyr, guzerá, caracu, charolais, canchim and santa gertrudis). k-casein had two alleles with the a allele occurring at a higher frequency in bos indicus breeds (0.93, 0.92 and 0.91% for gyr, guzerá and nelore, respectively). the b-lactoglobulin locus had two alleles in all of the breeds. european breeds had a higher frequency of the b-lg a allele than zebu breeds. the gh locus had two alleles (l and v) in bos taurus and was monomorphic (l allele only) in all of the bos indicus breeds evaluated. the highest frequency for the v allele was observed in charolais cattle. the markers used revealed a considerable similarity among breeds, with two main groups being discernible. one group consisted of zebu and santa gertrudis breeds and the other consisted of european and canchim breeds.
O conhecimento produzido no Programa de Pós-Gradua??o em Enfermagem: a enfermagem psiquiátrica
Barros, S?nia;Oliveira, Márcia Aparecida Ferreira de;Aranha e Silva, Ana Luisa;Carvalho, Rosangela Katia de;Machado, Ana Lúcia;Colvero, Luciana de Almeida;Arantes, Evalda Can?ado;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342005000500008
Abstract: after almost 30 years since the creation of the psychiatric nursing concentration area in the graduate program of the university of s?o paulo nursing school, it is important to take a look at its scientific production in order to substantiate reflection about teaching. this is a descriptive-exploratory study. it used as sources the registers of the graduate service, abstracts from theses and dissertations, and memoranda and official correspondence. the data collected were analyzed in the light of the transformations occurred in this structure that has graduated 60 students, of which 50 obtained a master's degree and 10 a phd, and that has been restructuring its disciplines, research lines and projects with the objective of responding to internal and external evaluations and adjusting to the guidelines of the country's fostering agencies. current scientific production points out to an alignment with the guidelines of the psychiatric reform, and a tendency to produce knowledge through the concrete practice of the workers in the assistance field, the management and the teaching of mental health.
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