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In water deficit area, judicious use of water is essential for increasing
area under crop production with limited water supply. Film Mulching has been
advocated as an effective means for conserving soil moisture in rice
production. The effects of high density polyethylene (HDPE) film on increasing
rice production, controlling weeds and residue amount of plastic were studied
under five treatments, including 5, 10, 15 and 20 μm thickness as well as bare
cultivation (CK). The results indicated that the HDPE film mulching mode had
significant effects on weed control, soil temperature, soil moisture,
photosynthetic rate, seedling biomass, yield and residues of plastic film.
Combined with economic effect, it showed that the HDPE film of 10 μm is the
best option for rice production.
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (CSF-1/M-CSF) is a key
factor for the differentiation, growth and survival of monocytes/macrophages and
osteoclasts. The functions of M-CSF have been well characterized in mammals. In
this study, we have cloned and sequenced the cDNA of M-CSF2 in grass carp. The grass
carp M-CSF2 cDNA was 1487 bp in length, containing an open reading frame of 855
bp that encodes 284 amino acids. The deduced protein of grass carp M-CSF2 possessed
same domains similar to its mammalian counterparts. Multiple alignments and phylogenetic
tree indicate that the grass carp M-CSF2 exhibits close evolutionary relationship
with its counterparts in other teleosts. Lastly, the tissue distribution results
also showed that the grass carp M-CSF2 transcript was dominantly expressed in head
kidney, kidney and spleen in vivo.
Abstract: Omphalocele is
often associated with the presence of other congenital anomalies. Isolated
minor omphaloceles are known to have a favorable prognosis. Case reports have
demonstrated nonclassical associations occurring in minor omphaloceles.
Intestinal atresia is seldom described as being associated with minor
omphaloceles. Special attention should be paid to intestinal exploration in
small omphaloceles to avoid complications. Here we report a new association of
a minor omphalocele, type IV ileal atresia and congenital ostomy.