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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 27245 matches for " Kun Kim "
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A non-perturbative expression for the transmission through a leaky chiral edge mode
Kun W. Kim,Israel Klich,Gil Refael
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.89.104204
Abstract: Chiral edge modes of topological insulators and Hall states exhibit non-trivial behavior of conductance in the presence of impurities or additional channels. We will present a simple formula for the conductance through a chiral edge mode coupled to a disordered bulk. For a given coupling matrix between the chiral mode and bulk modes, and a Green function matrix of bulk modes in real space, the renormalized Green function of the chiral mode is expressed in closed form as a ratio of determinants. We demonstrate the usage of the formula in two systems: i) a 1d wire with random onsite impurity potentials for which we found the disorder averaging is made simpler with the formula, and ii) a quantum Hall fluid with impurities in the bulk for which the phase picked up by the chiral mode due to the scattering with the impurities can be conveniently estimated.
Binary Ethylenimine Inactivated Japanese Encephalitis Virus Antigen Reveals Hemagglutination  [PDF]
Dong Kun Yang, Ha Hyun Kim, Jin Ju Nah, Kyoung Woo Lee, Jae Young Song
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2012.23020
Abstract: Severe climate change and global warming may impact significantly on vector-borne disease including Japanese encephalitis (JE) infection in human and animals. Thus, veterinary authority requires large quantity of diagnostic tools to survey vector-borne diseases. New producing method having a relation with JE antigen is needed to substitute conventional sucrose-acetone extraction method using suckling mouse. So, we developed new manufacturing method using polyethylene glycol (PEG) precipitation. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) was propagated in roller bottle containing Vero cell and inactivated with two kinds of inactivating reagents. Viability of the supernatant of bulk containing antigen was checked using Vero cell after inactivation. The supernatant did not show hemagglutination (HA) activity with goose erythrocytes. The antigen inactivated by binary ethylenimine (BEI) and concentrated by PEG precipitation method was found to be 2048 HA, but the antigen inactivated by 0.3% formaldehyde solution and concentrated by PEG precipitation method did not show HA titer. The antigen prepared from mice brain using sucrose-acetone extraction method showed 256 HA titer. This BEI inactivation method does not evoke animal welfare problem and can replace the conventional method that required biological hazardous reagents and suckling mice in preparing HA antigen. This new BEI inactivation method was safe in producing HA antigen against JEV in laboratory and can reduce environmental contamination of acetone.
Rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis complicated with an ophthalmic artery occlusion followed by subarachnoid hemorrhage  [PDF]
Kun Wook Kang, Young Ki Kwon, Jae Pil Shin, In Taek Kim, Dong Ho Park
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2013.26093
Abstract: A 70-year-old female with poorly controlled diabetes developed sudden visual loss, ptosis and complete ophthalmoplegia of the right eye. Funduscopic examination showed the pale retina and the cherry red spot in the right eye. Fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography demonstrated the absence of retinal arterial filling and choroidal perfusion in the right eye even 20 minutes after injecting the dye. The patient was diagnosed with right ophthalmic artery occlusion. Computed tomography (CT) showed diffuse mucosal thickening in the right ethmoidal sinus. Based on the clinical findings and endoscopic biopsy result, mucormycosis was confirmed. Amphotericin B (40 mg/day) and ceftriaxone (2 g/day) were intravenously administered. Despite the improvement of the right ethmoidal sinusitis and the right proptosis, the patient deteriorated into a comatose state after 19 days of systemic amphotericin B therapy. Although the previous CT showed no cerebral aneurysm, a repeated CT showed newly developed posterior communicating artery aneurysm and the subarachnoid hemorrhage. Despite the amphotericin B treatment and the improvement of the sinusitis, mucormycosis could cause sudden cerebral aneurysm rupture and subarachnoid hemorrhage resulting in coma.
Feasibility of Carbonaceous Nanomaterial-Assisted Photocatalysts Calcined at Different Temperatures for Indoor Air Applications
Wan-Kuen Jo,Kun-Hwan Kim
International Journal of Photoenergy , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/939237
Abstract: This study examined the characteristics and photocatalytic activity of multiwall carbon nanotube-assisted TiO2 (MWNT-TiO2) nanocomposites calcined at different temperatures to assess their potential indoor air applications. It was confirmed that the composites calcined at low temperatures (300 and 400°C) contained TiO2 nanoparticles bound intimately to the MWNT networks. Meanwhile, almost no MWNTs were observed when the calcination temperature was increased to 500 and 600°C. The MWNT-TiO2 composites calcined at low temperatures showed higher photocatalytic decomposition efficiencies for aromatic hydrocarbons at indoor concentrations than those calcined at high temperatures. The mean efficiencies for benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, and o-xylene (BTEX) by the composite calcined at 300°C were 32, 70, 79, and 79%, respectively, whereas they were 33, 71, 78, and 78% for the composite calcined at 400°C, respectively. In contrast, the efficiencies decreased to close to zero when the calcination temperature was increased to 600°C. Moreover, the MWNT-TiO2 exhibited superior photocatalytic performance for the decomposition efficiencies compared to TiO2 under conventional UV-lamp irradiations. Consequently, these carbonaceous nanomaterial-assisted photocatalysts can be applied effectively to indoor air applications depending upon the calcination temperature. 1. Introduction The photocatalytic process using titanium dioxide (TiO2) has become an attractive advanced oxidation technology for addressing a variety of environmental problems owing to its potential to oxidize a wide range of environmental pollutants and long-term thermodynamic stability under certain operating conditions [1, 2]. However, the current bottleneck for TiO2 photocatalysis lies in its low quantum yield and low photodegradation efficiency. Therefore, a range of modifying methods were attempted to enhance the photocatalytic properties of TiO2 for the decomposition of several environmental pollutants. The methods include nonmetallic doping, metallic doping, cocatalysts, dye sensitization, and adsorbent assistance [3–8]. Among these methods, carbonaceous adsorbent-assisted photocatalysts have attracted considerable attention because of their superior performance. Initially, granular- and fibrous-type activated carbons (ACs) were used as TiO2 supporters for certain environmental applications [9–11]. Later, other types of carbonaceous nanomaterials (particularly carbon nanotubes (CNTs)) were suggested as alternative supporters of mainly TiO2 due to the combined effect of the electronic and adsorption
Absolute Upper Bound on the 1-loop Corrected mass of $S_1$ in the NMSSM
Seung Woo Ham,Sun Kun Oh,Bjong Ro Kim
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/22/11/005
Abstract: We examine in detail radiative corrections to the lightest scalar Higgs boson mass due to the top quark and scalar quark loops in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM). We take into account the nondegenerate state for the top scalar quark masses. In our analysis, the mass matrix of the top scalar quark contains the gauge terms. Therefore our formula for the scalar Higgs boson mass matrix at the 1-loop level includes the contribution of the gauge sector as well as the effect of the top scalar quark mass splitting. Thus we calculate the upper bound on the lightest scalar Higgs boson mass using our formula. We find that the absolute upper bound on the 1-loop corrected mass of the lightest scalar Higgs boson is about 156 GeV.
Experimental constraints on the parameter space of the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model at LEP 2
Seung Woo Ham,Sun Kun Oh,Bjong Ro Kim
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(97)01175-1
Abstract: We search for the neutral Higgs sector of the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model at LEP 2. At the tree level any experimental constraints on $\tan \beta$ cannot be set by the Higgs search at LEP 2 with $\sqrt{s}$ = 175 GeV, whereas at LEP 2 with $\sqrt{s}$ = 192 GeV $\tan \beta$ can be set by an experimental constraint. Furthermore the tree level parameter space of the model can be completely explored by the Higgs search at LEP 2 with $\sqrt{s}$ = 205 GeV. Radiative corrections both to the neutral Higgs boson masses and to the relevant couplings for the scalar Higgs productions give large contributions to the production cross sections of the scalar Higgs bosons at the tree level. The tree level situation at LEP 2 with $\sqrt{s}$ = 192 GeV as well as with $\sqrt{s}$ = 205 GeV can be drastically changed by these effects. We expect that a small region of the 1-loop level parameter space of the model via the scalar Higgs production can be explored by the Higgs search at LEP 2.
The gauge boson contributions to the radiatively corrected mass of the scalar Higgs boson in the minimal supersymmetric standard model
Seung Woo Ham,Sun Kun Oh,Bjong Ro Kim
Physics , 1996,
Abstract: We derive analytic formulas for the radiatively corrected mass of the scalar Higgs boson in the framework of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). Since the scalar-top-quark mass in our analysis include terms proportional to the gauge couplings in the 1-loop effective potential, the radiatively corrected mass of the scalar Higgs boson partially contains the gauge boson contributions. At the 1-loop level, the upper bound on the lighter scalar Higgs boson mass can be increased about 20 GeV in favor of the partial contributions of the gauge bosons. Thus the improved absolute upper bound on the lighter scalar Higgs boson mass is about 150 GeV.
Semiclassical approach to 2d impurity bound states in Dirac systems
Kun W. Kim,T. Pereg-Barnea,G. Refael
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: The goal of this paper is to provide an intuitive and useful tool for analyzing the impurity bound state problem. We develop a semiclassical approach and apply it to an impurity in two dimensional systems with parabolic or Dirac like bands. Our method consists of reducing a higher dimensional problem into a sum of one dimensional ones using the two dimensional Green functions as a guide. We then analyze the one dimensional effective systems in the spirit of the wave function matching method as in the standard 1d quantum model. We demonstrate our method on two dimensional models with parabolic and Dirac-like dispersion, with the later specifically relevant to topological insulators.
Enhancement of Tumor Regression by Coulomb Nanoradiator Effect in Proton Treatment of Iron-Oxide Nanoparticle-Loaded Orthotopic Rat Glioma Model: Implication of Novel Particle Induced Radiation Therapy  [PDF]
Seung-Jun Seo, Jae-Kun Jeon, Eun-Ju Jeong, Won-Seok Chang, Gi-Hwan Choi, Jong-Ki Kim
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2013.411A004

Background: Proton-impact metallic nanoparticles, inducing low-energy electrons emission and characteristic X-rays termed as Coulomb nanoradiator effect (CNR), are known to produce therapeutic enhancement in proton treatment on experimental tumors. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the effect of CNR-based dose enhancement on tumor growth inhibition in an iron-oxide nanoparticle (FeONP)-loaded orthotopic rat glioma model. Methods: Proton-induced CNR was exploited to treat glioma-bearing SD rat loaded with FeONP by either fully-absorbed single pristine Bragg peak (APBP) or spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) 45-MeV proton beam. A selected number of rats were examined by MRI before and after treatment to obtain the size and position information for adjusting irradiation field. Tumor regression assay was performed by histological analysis of residual tumor in the sacrificed rats 7 days after treatment. The results of CNR-treated groups were compared with the proton alone control. Results: Intravenous injection of FeONP (300 mg/kg) elevated the tumor concentration of iron up to 37 μg of Fe/g tissue, with a tumor-to-normal ratio of 5, 24 hours after injection. The group receiving FeONP and proton beam showed 65% - 79% smaller tumor volume dose-dependently compared with the proton alone group. The rats receiving FeONP and controlled irradiation field by MR imaging demonstrated more than 95% -

Dimension of Phase Point Trajectory  [PDF]
Kun Yao
International Journal of Modern Nonlinear Theory and Application (IJMNTA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijmnta.2015.44019
Abstract: In a physical system, phase point trajectory is impossible to be space-filling curve, of which the dimension is not greater than one. Equipotential map concept is proposed. When phase point trajectory dimension is 0, calculus tool is no longer applicable. System state can be changed instantly. When phase point trajectory dimension is 1, differential equation can be used to handle this case.
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