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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5006 matches for " Kuay Kuang Lim "
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Prevalence of Truancy and Its Associated Factors among School-Going Malaysian Adolescents: Data from Global School-Based Health Survey 2012  [PDF]
Norzawati Yoep, Leni Tupang, Ahmad Nadzri Jai, Lim Kuang Kuay, Faizah Paiwai, Noor Safiza Mohd Nor
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.78106
Abstract: This study aimed to examine the prevalence of truancy and its associated factors among school going Malaysian adolescents. The Malaysia Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS) was conducted from February to April 2012 involving 28,933 students aged 12 - 17 years old. A two-stage cluster sampling was used to select the schools and students with an overall response rate of 88.6%. The data were obtained using the GSHS questionnaire. The prevalence of truancy was 30.8% and significantly higher among male than female (32.9% vs 28.7%). The factors associated with truancy were current smoker (aOR: 2.23; 95% CI: 2.03 - 2.46), current drug user (aOR: 2.23; 95% CI: 1.52 - 3.29), current alcohol use (aOR: 1.39; 95% CI: 1.24 - 1.56), having been bullied (aOR: 1.31; 95% CI: 1.22 - 1.42) and not currently live with both parents (aOR: 1.25; 95% CI: 1.16 - 1.35). High truancy among school going adolescents warrants a new effective strategy to control truancy in Malaysia.
Prevalence of iodine deficiency disorder Amongst Orang Asli in Hulu Selangor, Malaysia
Lim Kuang Kuay,Wong Ming,Wan Nazaimoon Wan Mohamud,Nor Azmi Kamaruddin
Medical and Health Science Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) remains a significant global public health problem. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of IDD amongst Orang Asli in semi-urban areas. A cross sectional study was conducted in April of 2006 in whom 346 children and adult women participated. UIC was performed in 97 (28.0%) pre-school children (PSC) aged 1-6 years old, 115 (33.2%) primary school going children (SGC) aged 7-12 years old and 134 (38.8%) adult women (≥ 15 years old). The median UIC of the studied population was 45.11 μg/L while the median UIC was 49.43 μg/L, 47.81 μg/L and 38.98 μg/L for PSC, SGC and adult women respectively. Moderate to severe IDD was present in 50% of PSC, 53.9% of SGC and 70.1% of adult women. Therefore, the Universal salt Iodization (USI) approach may have eliminate IDD in the areas.
Association of Truancy and Health Risk Behaviours among School-Going Adolescents in Malaysia  [PDF]
Nur Azna Mahmud, S. Maria Awaluddin, Norzawati Yoep, Wan Shakira Rodzlan Hasani, Jane Ling Miaw Yn, Lim Kuang Kuay
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.77021
Abstract: Truancy may act as a precursor or a consequence of many behavioural problems that might have potentially deleterious effects. This study examined factors associated with truancy among 27,497 school-going adolescents. Data were obtained from the National Health and Morbidity Survey 2017, a cross-sectional survey which targeted Malaysian school-going adolescents aged 13 to 17 years. A two-stage stratified cluster sampling was applied and data collection was conducted using validated self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive and multiple variables logistic regression analysis was applied and p value < 0.05 was considered as a statistically significant result. Overall prevalence of truancy among school-going adolescents in Malaysia was 29.4% (27.78, 31.06). Truancy among Malaysian adolescent is associated with ever drug user [AOR = 2.51; 95% CI: (2.18, 2.90)], current cigarette smoker [AOR = 2.02; 95% CI: (1.86, 2.19)], other ethnicity [AOR = 1.41; 95% CI: (1.18, 1.68)], adolescent’s parents who live apart [AOR = 1.38; 95% CI: (1.28, 1.47)], being bullied [AOR = 1.37; 95%-CI = (1.28, 1.47)], older aged [AOR = 1.37; 95% CI: (1.30, 1.45)] and male [AOR = 1.09; 95% CI: (1.03, 1.15)]. Truancy has been associated with various health risk behaviours that may influence its development and adulthood health status. Investigation on the true cause of truancy among adolescent may highlight the underlying problems and plan for further intervention.
Epidemiology of smoking among Malaysian adult males: prevalence and associated factors
Hock Kuang Lim, Sumarni Mohd Ghazali, Cheong Chee Kee, Kuay Kuang Lim, Ying Ying Chan, Huey Chien Teh, Ahmad Faudzi Mohd Yusoff, Gurpreet Kaur, Zarihah Mohd Zain, Mohamad Haniki Nik Mohamad, Sallehuddin Salleh
BMC Public Health , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-8
Abstract: A cross-sectional study among 15,639 Malaysian adult males aged 18 years and above was conducted using proportional to size stratified sampling method. The socio-demographic variables examined were level of education, occupation, marital status, residential area, age group and monthly household income.The prevalence of smoking among adult males in Malaysia was 46.5% (95% CI: 45.5–47.4%), which was 3% lower than a decade ago. Mean age of smoking initiation was 18.3 years, and mean number of cigarettes smoked daily was 11.3. Prevalence of smoking was highest among the Malays (55.9%) and those aged 21–30 years (59.3%). Smoking was significantly associated with level of education (no education OR 2.09 95% CI (1.67–2.60), primary school OR 1.95, 95% CI (1.65–2.30), secondary school OR 1.88, 95% CI (1.63–2.11), with tertiary education as the reference group). Marital status (divorce OR 1.67, 95% CI (1.22–2.28), with married as the reference group), ethnicity (Malay, OR 2.29, 95% CI ( 1.98–2.66; Chinese OR 1.23 95% CI (1.05–1.91), Other Bumis OR 1.75, 95% CI (1.46–2.10, others OR 1.48 95% CI (1.15–1.91), with Indian as the reference group), age group (18–20 years OR 2.36, 95% CI (1.90–2.94); 20–29 years OR 3.31 , 95% CI 2.82–3.89; 31–40 years OR 2.85 , 95% CI ( 2.47–3.28); 41–50 years OR 1.93, 95% CI (1.69–2.20) ; 51–60 years OR 1.32, 95% CI (1.15–1.51), with 60 year-old and above as the reference group) and residential area (rural OR 1.12 , 95% CI ( 1.03–1.22)) urban as reference.The prevalence of smoking among Malaysian males remained high in spite of several population interventions over the past decade. Tobacco will likely remain a primary cause of premature mortality and morbidity in Malaysia. Continuous and more comprehensive anti-smoking policy measures are needed in order to further prevent the increasing prevalence of smoking among Malaysian men, particularly those who are younger, of Malay ethnicity, less educated, reside in rural residential area and with lower
Weather Impact on Heat-Related Illness in a Tropical City State, Singapore  [PDF]
Hai-Yan Xu, Xiuju Fu, Chin Leong Lim, Stefan Ma, Tian Kuay Lim, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah, Mohd Salahuddin Habibullah, Gary Kee Khoon Lee, Lee Ching Ng, Kee Tai Goh, Rick Siow Mong Goh, Lionel Kim Hock Lee
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences (ACS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/acs.2018.81007
Abstract: In this article we propose a novel hurdle negative binomial (HNB) regression combined with a distributed lag nonlinear model (DLNM) to model weather factors’ impact on heat related illness (HRI) in Singapore. AIC criterion is adopted to help select proper combination of weather variables and check their lagged effect as well as nonlinear effect. The process of model selection and validation is demonstrated. It is observed that the predicted occurrence rate is close to the observed one. The proposed combined model can be used to predict HRI cases for mitigating HRI occurrences and provide inputs for related public health policy considering climate change impact.
Statistical Modeling Reveals the Effect of Absolute Humidity on Dengue in Singapore
Hai-Yan Xu,Xiuju Fu ,Lionel Kim Hock Lee,Stefan Ma,Kee Tai Goh,Jiancheng Wong,Mohamed Salahuddin Habibullah,Gary Kee Khoon Lee,Tian Kuay Lim,Paul Anantharajah Tambyah,Chin Leong Lim,Lee Ching Ng
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002805
Abstract: Weather factors are widely studied for their effects on indicating dengue incidence trends. However, these studies have been limited due to the complex epidemiology of dengue, which involves dynamic interplay of multiple factors such as herd immunity within a population, distinct serotypes of the virus, environmental factors and intervention programs. In this study, we investigate the impact of weather factors on dengue in Singapore, considering the disease epidemiology and profile of virus serotypes. A Poisson regression combined with Distributed Lag Non-linear Model (DLNM) was used to evaluate and compare the impact of weekly Absolute Humidity (AH) and other weather factors (mean temperature, minimum temperature, maximum temperature, rainfall, relative humidity and wind speed) on dengue incidence from 2001 to 2009. The same analysis was also performed on three sub-periods, defined by predominant circulating serotypes. The performance of DLNM regression models were then evaluated through the Akaike's Information Criterion. From the correlation and DLNM regression modeling analyses of the studied period, AH was found to be a better predictor for modeling dengue incidence than the other unique weather variables. Whilst mean temperature (MeanT) also showed significant correlation with dengue incidence, the relationship between AH or MeanT and dengue incidence, however, varied in the three sub-periods. Our results showed that AH had a more stable impact on dengue incidence than temperature when virological factors were taken into consideration. AH appeared to be the most consistent factor in modeling dengue incidence in Singapore. Considering the changes in dominant serotypes, the improvements in vector control programs and the inconsistent weather patterns observed in the sub-periods, the impact of weather on dengue is modulated by these other factors. Future studies on the impact of climate change on dengue need to take all the other contributing factors into consideration in order to make meaningful public policy recommendations.
A Strategy-Oriented Enterprise Internal Audit Organizational Structure—Based on Case Study of CPIC  [PDF]
Puying Kuang
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.75058
Abstract: This paper takes China Pacific Insurance (Group) Co., Ltd. (“CPIC”) as an example. According to the three turning points, from its going public at 2007 to its strategic change at 2010 and to the last whole audit organizational structure, this paper is detailed to introduce the development and adjustment of CPIC’s internal audit organizational structure (hereinafter referred to as IAOS) as the change of corporate strategy. Moreover, it examines the advantages and disadvantages of present internal audit organizational structure both from governance layer and management layer. This paper also provides several practical advice on the problems existing in current internal audit organizational structure.
A Local Currency in a Dollarized Economy  [PDF]
Sokchea Lim
Modern Economy (ME) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/me.2012.35086
Abstract: The paper uses a dual-currency search theoretic approach to demonstrate that it is possible to induce the acceptance of a local currency in a dollarized economy. In the model, we assume that a foreign currency is in full circulation and the government policy tool is the convertibility of the local currency to the foreign currency. We show that the economy can achieve equilibria where two monies are in circulation if the government can raise a sufficiently high probability of exchange between the two currencies.
Taijin-Kyofu-Sho: A subtype of social anxiety  [PDF]
Leslie Lim
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.34042
Abstract:

Taijin-Kyofu-Sho (TKS) has long been considered as a Japanese culture-bound form of social anxiety disorder, although subsequent case-reports from countries outside Japan have dispelled this notion. There are subtle yet distinct differences between TKS and DSM-defined social anxiety disorder (SAD). For instance, the TKS subject fears causing offence to others, whereas the SAD subject is more fearful of causing embarrassment to him/herself. Four sub-categories of TKS have been recognised of which the Jikoshu-kyofu variety resembles the olfactory reference syndrome (ORS) known to Western psychiatrists. There are two TKS subtypes, general (or simple) and offensive (delusional). The general subtype resembles social anxiety disorder, whereas the offensive subtype is characterised by delusions. True community-wide prevalence is unknown, although clinic studies estimate between 7.8% to 45.5% patients have a diagnosis of TKS, with a slight male preponderance. Cultural and societal norms engendering guilt, shame, and embarrassment are likely etiological factors. Treatment may consist of antidepressant and/or antipsychotic medications, while some patients may also benefit from cognitive behavior therapy.

An Analysis of the Jonsei and Purchase Prices in the Korean Housing Market  [PDF]
Gieyoung Lim
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.61007
Abstract: The primary purpose of this paper is to construct and estimate an econometric model for the Jonsei-to-Purchase price ratio (JPR), and to draw implications for the development in the Korean housing market. In particular, we are interested in: a) identifying regimes across which the ratio shows markedly different dynamic behavior; and b) drawing implications from the model for the recent increases in the ratio. Estimation of the model for the period 1987:Q1-2011:Q3 confirms the presence of two different regimes: one with the zero trend in the JPR, and the other with positive trend. Furthermore, it is found that cyclical variations play nontrivial role only in the first regime, while the movements of the JPR in the other regime are mostly governed by the trend component. We also find that the cyclical deviations of the ratio from its trend are corrected, if any, by the changes in the future purchase price.
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