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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16025 matches for " Kouamé Yao Francis "
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Unsaturated Flow Drying Bed (UFDB): An Alternative for Treatment of Septic Tanks Sludge  [PDF]
Gnagne Théophile, Yéo Ténénan Martial, Kouamé Yao Francis, Konan Koffi Félix
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.65045

Unsaturated Flow Drying Bed (UFDB) principles are based on the ones of wastewater treatment by infiltration-percolation on the one hand and septic tanks sludge solar-drying beds on the other hand. With UFDB, sludge charges are split with low heights, leading to the drying of suspended solids in 2 days, and the infiltration of the flow of liquid in unsaturated middle. For average charges reaching 12.5 cm/d, the treatment efficiency of total oxygen demand and Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen, respectively 95 and 96%, correspond to a treatment capacity of 0.5 kg of O2/d/m2 of drying area. Bacteria reductions of 4 Ulog are obtained from filtrates outlet, with average fecal coliforms charges less than 103 CFU/100 ml. Monitoring the hydrodynamic behavior through rates, moisture, organic matter and respiratory activity demonstrates that the clogging of the massifs is linked to a biofilm growth within them. A four week resting period allows biofilm resorption. Thus, the drying of the infiltration surface in two days, the elimination of carbon, nitrogen and bacterial pollutions, as well as the reversibility of clogging show that UFDB is a credible alternative for the treatment of septic tank sludge in the socio-economic context and climate of tropical Africa.

Evaluation statistique et spatiale de la fertilité rizicole des sols hydromorphes (gleysols) de la région du Bélier (C te d'Ivoire)
Zro Bi, GF.,Yao-Kouamé, A.,Kouamé, KF.
Tropicultura , 2012,
Abstract: Statistical and Spatial Evaluation of the Belier Region (Ivory Coast) Hydromorphic Soils Fertility for Paddy Field Cultivation. In the region of Belier localized in the centre of Ivory Caost, the agricultural production can be increased and diversified thanks to hydromorphic soils, but these soils are deserted most of the times by farmers. So, it appears very important to evaluate the fertility of these soils, in particular their fertility for paddy field cultivation. The method we adopted is based on parametric method of soils evaluation using GIS. The results show that 40%, 50% and 10% of the whole studied soils which covers 474,06 km2, are, respectively, not favourable, little favourable and very favourable for paddy field cultivation.
Aseptic Pseudoarthrosis of Olecranon: Epidemiological Features and Therapeutic Assessment  [PDF]
Raphael Dallo Gogoua, Moctar Traoré, Bi Yao, Armand Yépié, Maurice Kouamé, Michel Anoumou
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2017.74014
Abstract: Introduction: Pseudoarthrosis is one of the most dreadful complications of olecranon fractures. It seriously compromises the function of the elbow. Objectives: To determine the epidemiological factors of this complication in order to prevent them and to assess the results of the therapeutic management. Material and method: This was a retrospective study that involved patients with olecranon pseudoarthrosis who were treated in the department between January 2006 and December 2016. The diagnosis of pseudoarthrosis was made at least 6 months after the management of the fracture. There were 16 men and 5 women. We analyzed the epidemiological factors, the treatment of pseudoarthrosis, and the postoperative outcome. Results: The incriminated factors were the complexity of the fracture line and the quality of treatment of the recent fracture. The osteosynthesis of pseudoarthrosis is similar to that of recent fractures. It requires in some cases a bone graft. The results of the treatment are satisfactory with 100% of consolidation, and a good functional result in 75% of the cases. Conclusion: The treatment of olecranon pseudoarthrosis is based above all on prevention by an optimal management of the recent fractures. The curative treatment gives satisfactory functional results.
Determination of the Minerals of the Herbal Tea and Tea Green from Lippia multiflora  [PDF]
Ekissi Alice Christine, Yao-Kouamé Albert, Kati-Coulibaly Séraphin
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2017.811176
Abstract: This study aims to determine the mineral composition of green teas and herbal tea in the savannah tea plant. Samples of buds, young leaves and broadleaf stems were collected from wild plants of Lippia multiflora in three localities, including two from the Center (Yamoussoukro, Toumodi) and one from the northeast (Bondoukou) of Côte dIvoire. The lipid and ash contents were carried out by the AOAC method. The total protein and sugar contents were determined by the Kjeldahl and Agbo methods, respectively. Nine minerals (potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, sodium, manganese, zinc, copper and cadmium) were quantitated by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS) from green teas (buds and young leaves) and herbal tea of Lippia multiflora. The results showed that ash levels (7.05% - 13.94%) and protein (6.22% - 9.97%) were high, however the lipid contents (1.01% - 2.98%) and total sugars (1.43% - 4.51%) are low. Majority of the minerals are calcium (2320.91 to 36150.10 mg/kg), potassium (2110.71 to 12174.67 mg/kg) and magnesium (3620.87
Dermatomyositis: Epidemio-Clinical Profile, Therapeutic and Evolutive Aspects in C?te d’Ivoire  [PDF]
Kouadio Célestin Ahogo, Kanga Kouame, Kouassi Yao Isidore, Kouassi Kouamé Alexandre, Allou Ange Sylvain
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2018.84025
Abstract: Introduction: Dermatomyositis is a rare pathology with severe prognosis. Its prevalence varies from one part of the earth to another and its clinical aspects are multiple. In Western countries, they have been the subject of several studies. However few studies have been devoted to this disease in sub-Saharan Africa. We initiated this work to contribute to a better knowledge of dermatomyositis in our work context. Material and Methods: This is a retrospective, descriptive and analytical study carried out in the Dermatology Department of the University Hospital Center of Treichville from January 2006 to December 2015. All Patients with dermatomyositis have been taken into account in the study. Results: The hospital prevalence of dermatomyositis in our work was 1.38%. The age of our patients ranged from 11 to 79 years with an average of 41 years. The sex ratio was 0.48. The delay before the first consultation ranged from 1 week to 1 year 9 months with an average of 5 months. Cutaneous manifestations were the first signs observed including post-in-flammatory hyperpigmentation and erythro-eodema. Muscular manifestations were dominated by muscular pain (81.08%). muscular enzymes were consistently elevated in biological examinations. The duration of hospitalization was 3 weeks in average. Oral corticotherapy (94.59%) was the most used therapy. A clinical improvement was observed on average 4 months after treatment. The death rate was 16.22%. Conclusion: Dermatomyositis is infrequent in C
Occurrence of Enterobacter sakazakii (Cronobacter) and Other Enterobacteriaceae in Commercial Powdered Infant Formula in Abidjan, Ivory Coast  [PDF]
Kouadio Yao, Nanga Yessé Zinzendorf, Guichard Bohoua, Kra Athanase Kouassi, Amian Koua, Luc Kouakou Kouadio, Patrice Kouamé, Guillaume Yao Loukou
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.36110
Abstract: To determine the occurrence of Enterobacter sakazakii and other Enerobateriaceae in commercial powdered infant formula (PIF), 185 packages of PIF from different manufacturers, supermarkets and drug-stores in Abidjan were analyzed. Ten g of sample was homogenized in 90 ml of buffered peptone water (PBW, Biorad, Paris) for further studies. Enterobacteriaceae (coliforms) were enumerated according to French Association of Standardization methods. E. sakazakii was detected according to Kandhai’s method. Bacteria were identified using API20 system. Thirty-eight samples (20.5%) were positive for Enterobacteriaceae. Twenty-four samples (13%) yielded Enterobacter sakazakii. Other Enterobacteriaceae isolated included Pantoea spp. 21 (11.5%), Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. Pneumonia 8 (4.3%), Citrobacter diversus 1 (0.5%), Citrobacter freundii 1 (0.5%), Enterobacter cloacae 1 (0.5%), Salmonella reading 1 (0.5%), Serratia ficara 1 (0.5%) Serratia odorifera 1 (0.5%). This study is the first report to describe the contamination of PIF from Abidjan with E. sakazakii and several other Enterobacteriaceae that could be opportunistic pathogens. Therefore, well-controlled studies need to be conducted to assess the extent of risk associated with contaminated PIF for infants in Abidjan.
Major Limb Amputation Secondary to Locally Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Tropical Environments: Determinants  [PDF]
Kouassi Kouamé Jean Eric, Yao Loukou Blaise, Sery Bada Justin Leopold Niaoré, M’bra Kouamé Innocent, Krah Koffi Léopold, Kouassi Aya Adelaide Nathacha, Assere Yao Aboh Ganyn Robert Arnaud, Kodo Michel
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2018.84017
Abstract: Objective: To identify the determinants of secondary limb amputation in advanced squamous cell carcinoma. Material and Methods: This was a retrospective study carried out in the Orthopedic Traumatology Department of the Bouaké University Hospital in Côte d’Ivoire from January 2013 to December 2016. It involved ten patients with locally advanced skin squamous cell carcinoma, confirmed by histology and having amputated limbs. The parameters studied were: demographic data (gender, age), socio-economic conditions (occupation, place of residence), the risk factors involved, the use of topical self-medication and the use of traditional medicine, antecedents and comorbidities factors, lifestyle, clinical aspects (seat, size), extension assessment (X-ray), anatomo-pathological examination data, duration of evolution of squamous cell carcinoma, the function of the affected limb, the treatment performed, the evolutionary modalities and the equipment. Results: Between 2013 and 2016, ten patients underwent either upper or lower limb amputations following locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma. The average age was 34.1 years (19 - 64 years). There were 7 men (70%) and 3 women (30%) and all our patients were black (sub-Saharan Africa). The majority of our patients were farmers (70%). The risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma were neglected chronic wounds. All our patients recognized during the interrogation a large use of the topicals of traditional medicine for the treatment of the initial cutaneous lesions. In terms of lifestyle, five (50%) were smokers and alcoholics. The mean time to progression of squamous cell carcinoma was 5.9 years. Lesions were localized preferentially to the pelvic limbs six (60%) cases and four (40%) to the limbs chest. The lesion was diagnosed late in all our patients. The size of the tumor in all our patients was greater than 5 cm and had a deep invasion (nerves, vessels and bone). The proximal ipsilateral ganglionic invasion was constant. The extension assessment (chest X-ray) showed two cases of pulmonary metastases. Seven patients (70%) had well-differentiated tumors. All patients underwent amputation of the affected limb, sometimes coupled with an accessible lymph node dissection. The evolution was favorable (no recurrence and infection of the amputation stump). The function of the affected limb was limited in all our patients. Seven patients (70%) survive, three of whom have been fitted to the lower limb and are regularly followed on an outpatient basis.
Results of the Management of Urogenital Fistulae from Community Caravans  [PDF]
Eric Bohoussou, Jean Marc Dia, Gerard Okon, Lydie Djanhan, Bilé Kouamé, Yao Djanhan, Gabriel Gnanazan, Serges Boni
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2017.78086
Objective: To report the experience of surgical caravans for urogenital fistulas care. Methodology: This was a retrospective study covering the period from January 2014 to December 2014 and which took place on 7 sites of fistula care. The epidemiological, anatomoclinical, therapeutic and evolutionary aspects were studied. Results: 346 patients were operated during 14 caravans. Their average age was 33.11 years (range: 12 to 70 years). Most of these patients were without remunerative activities (80%) and without education (63.3%). The average duration of fistula progression was 6.08 years (range: 0 to 42 years). Obstetrical etiology was predominant (87.9%). According to the classification of Kees Waaldijk, fistulas were divided into type I (67.4%), type II (21.1%), and type III (11.5%). The most common surgical approach was the transvaginal route (82.1%). The vesicovaginal splitting with separated suture of the bladder and the vagina was the basic technique (94.7%). The therapeutic results were judged after a follow-up of 1 month and 3 months. Across the cohort, 80 patients (23.1%) were lost of sight for follow-up at 1 month and 245 (70%) at 3 months. The success rates evaluated in patients reviewed at 1 month and 3 months were respectively 70% and 64%. Conclusion: The incidence of urogenital fistulas is still high in Cote d'Ivoire. Various anatomoclinical varieties have been identified and treated with satisfactory results in poorly equipped local structures.
Macrosomia at the Center Hospital of Montelimar (France): 141 Cases Report  [PDF]
Ignace N’guessan Yao, Paul Eric Kouamé Bohoussou, Michelle Messou Menin, Gaia Gianola, Eva Bazan, Pierre Dirix
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2017.79098
Abstract: Introduction: Macrosomia is usually defined by the delivery of a child over 4000 g at term. Because of the margins of error, the obstetrician must take into account, in addition to ultrasound, the constitutional and acquired factors of the mother in order to be able to prevent the complications expected during the delivery of a large fetus. Material and method: We carried out a cross-sectional, descriptive, 12-month study in a level 2 hospital in southern France (Montélimar). The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of macrosomia, to identify the epidemiological characteristics of the patients, to specify the management of obstetrics and complications in this hospital. Results: We recorded 141 births with a weight greater than or equal to 4000 g. That is a rate of 7.95%. The average age of our patients is 30 years. Half of them had a BMI of less than 25 and were not diabetic. 75% of the patients gave birth by a low-dose route. The sex ratio of the children is male to female 2:1. The main maternal complications were the perineovaginal tears (39 cases) and the hemorrhages of the deliverance (6 cases). Conclusion: The delivery of macrosomia is not uncommon at the Hospital Center of Montélimar. It predominates among Caucasians. Usual risk factors have rarely been found. Overall management was without major complications for both the mother and the child.
Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of Juice from Edible Wild Fruits (Adansonia digitata, Tamarindus indica and Parkia biglobosa) Consumed in Côte d’Ivoire  [PDF]
Antoine Kouamé Kouassi, Nestor Kouakou Kouassi, Maxwell Avit Grah Beugré, Denis Yao N’Dri, Georges N’Guessan Amani, Dago Gnakri
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2018.61007
Abstract: The diabetes mellitus is a public health problem in C?te d’Ivoire. The Glycemic index (GI) and the Glycemic load (GL) determination of commonly consumed foods such as juice fruits is an alternative to prevent metabolic diseases. This study carried out three wild fruits locally named Baobab (Adansonia digitata), Tomi (Tamarindus indica) and Néré (Parkia biglobosa) collected at maturity stage. The juices from the pulp of fruits have been elaborated, pasteurized, submitted to microbiological and physicochemical analysis before GIs/GLs determination. Ten healthy subjects with body mass index and age average respectively 21.57 ± 1.06 and 28 ± 2 years old tested the three juices and glucose (50 g) as reference food. Blood samples have been collected at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 min after foods consumption. The GIs/GLs has been determined according to ISO/FDI 26642:2010 protocol. Data showed that pasteurized juices has a weak microbiologic load (1.0102 - 2.4102 of Mesophylls Aerobic Germs) and not contain pathogen germs. The GI and GL of Néré juice are high with respective values of 89.54 ± 1.63 and 29.22 ± 4.09 whereas those of Baobab and Tomi juice are moderate with respective GI/GL values of 66.48 ± 2.12/13.24 ± 1.99 and 60.41 ± 2.63/12.87 ± 1.67. The juice of Néré should be consumed occasionally when those of Baobab and Tomi should be consumed with moderation. It would be suitable to know more about the GI and GL of all the juice fruits produced locally so as to prevent efficiently diabetes mellitus in the country.
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