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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 20437 matches for " Kim "
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Design of Quantification Model for Ransom Ware Prevent  [PDF]
Donghyun Kim, Seoksoo Kim
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2015.33C030
Abstract:

The growth of ICT within the society has become increasingly digitized, thus, the overall activity has amounted to various researches for protecting any data from malicious threats. Recently, ransomware has been a rapidly propagated subject for social engineering techniques especially the ransomware. Users can delete a ransomeware code using an antivirus software code. However, the encrypted data would be impossible to recover. Therefore, ransomware must be prevented and must have early detection before it infects any data. In this paper, we are proposing a quantification model to prevent and detect any cryptographic operations in the local drive.

Trends of Noninvasive Radiofrequency and Minimally Invasive Treatment for the Management of Facial Aging  [PDF]
Sunghee Kim, Moonjong Kim
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2019.91003
Abstract: Various treatments for the management of facial aging have been performed among which noninvasive radio-frequency (RF; i.e., thermage) treatment and minimally invasive treatments are on the rise. The purpose of this study was to analyze trends of the treatment of facial aging in Korea and to investigate relationships between the use of noninvasive RF and minimally invasive treatments. A retrospective analysis conducted on data from 4021 patients showed that thermage treatment increased by 134.9% over 5 years. As a person ages, the rate of facial treatment with both the botulinum toxin (for the masseter and lines of the glabella, lateral canthus, and forehead) and the PDO thread lift increases. The use of the treatments, nasolabial fold filler and Silhouette Soft Thread, however, was not associated with aging. The patients receiving thermage treatment were less likely to undergo any of the other treatments including PDO thread lift, Silhouette Soft Thread, nasolabial fold filler, or any of the botulinum toxin treatments. Overall, the results showed that patients who had received noninvasive RF tended to receive less minimally invasive treatment.
The Effect of Prunella on Anti-Inflammatory Activity in RAW264.7 Mouse Macrophage Cells  [PDF]
Meehye Kim
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.39170
Abstract: The extracts of Prunella vulgaris L. (Labiatae), a popular Western and Chinese herbal medicine, was shown to have anti-inflammatory properties, which might be due to partially, their rosmarinic acid content. Inhition of prostaglandine E2 (PGE2) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated RAW264.7 mouse macrophage cells was assessed with an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) following 8-hour treatments with Prunella vulgaris extracts or fractions. Results showed that 95% ethanol extracts from P. vulgaris significantly inhibited PGE2 production. In further studies, fraction 2 from the 95% ethanol extract of P. vulgaris significantly reduced PGE2 production at 66 µg/ml (72% reduction). Cytotoxic-ity did not play a role in the noted reduction of PGE2 seen in either the extracts or fractions from P. vulgaris. High performance liquid chromatography analysis showed that there was 1.4 mM rosmarinic acid in 95% ethanol Prunella extract (201 mg/ml crude extract). Our results suggest that rosmarinic acid may contribute toward the anti-inflammatory activity of Prunella in a dose-response manner. Prunella might have a potential to be used as a functional food for anti-inflammatory activity.
An Effect of the Elastic Energy Stored in the Muscle-Tendon Complex at Two Different Coupling-Time Conditions during Vertical Jump  [PDF]
Sukwon Kim
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2013.31002
Abstract:

A study was performed to evaluate effects of elastic energy stored pre-stretch on the mechanical work output while performing vertical jump. Eight male volunteers of age between 21-29 years old participated in the present study. The present study hypothesized that the vertical jump height during countermovement jumps (CMJ) would be higher than that during squat jump (SJ). During squat jump, a volunteer paused 0.5 sec before making upward movement. The results showed that ground reaction forces and vertical jump displacements were higher in CMJ in comparison to SJ. The study concluded that part of the positive work measured did derive from the recoil of the elastic component of the muscle-tendon complex.

Material Resource Planning (MRP): Will You Need MRP without the Customer?  [PDF]
Kwahng Kim
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.24027
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to introduce a new philosophy that when integrated with existing methodologies, will improve customer service within the manufacturing sector. This paper intends to provide the reader with an understanding that the entire operation has to be involved and collectively focused in order to continuously exceed customer expectations. Short falls of existing systems will be examined with a key focus on the importance of not tying all expectations on MRP, a historical algorithmic electronic scheduling system.
A Study for Building Smart Home Environment Based on Modular Equipment Design Concept  [PDF]
Seokjin Kim
Art and Design Review (ADR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/adr.2015.32007
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a modular equipment design concept for building smart-home environment, which can deal with the problems such as life expectancy and complicated cable networks. Recently, the advancement of digital technology in residential networking and connections (i.e., internet cables, power cables, and network cables) has made a positive alteration to the interspatial relationship between appliances. Moreover, the interaction and communication between user and application has understood progressive changes. In future home environment, the living room is a place that has become a haven for the family and a place for entertainment as well. The downside of the new technologies is the life expectancy of the product, which is affected by a simple change to the development of digital technology.
The Impacts of Nonnative Japanese Eelgrass (Zostera japonica) on Commercial Shellfish Production in Willapa Bay, WA  [PDF]
Kim Patten
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.57066
Abstract:

Eelgrass species worldwide are valued for the ecosystem service they provide to estuarine and marine habitats. One species, Zostera japonica, however, has some negative impacts outside its native range and is considered invasive. In Willapa Bay WA, USA, the nonnative eelgrass has expanded to the level where the shellfish industry is concerned about its potential impacts on its livelihood. Studies were conducted using paired plots, Z. japonica controlled with the herbicide imazamox vs. untreated controls, to assess the effects of Z. japonica on Manila clams (Ruditapes philippinarum) and Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas). Recruitment of new Manila clams was not affected by Z. japonica. The growth of young clams, total commercial clam harvests, clam quality and clam harvest efficiency, however, were greater on plots where Z. japonica was chemically controlled than where it was not treated. The response of oysters to Z. japonica control varied by site; there was no effect at one site, while the other sites had a 15% increase in shucked meat with Z. japonica control. The potential economic impact of a

Better Refined Adsorption Isotherm than BET Equation  [PDF]
Daekyoum Kim
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2016.75039
Abstract: During studying the heat capacity of metals and brightening more than the original Lena’s image, the temperature increasing term obtained in binomial expansion is transformed into the adsorption increasing term and thereafter we have derived the total adsorption rate equation with it. In the first layer the quantization does not occur and from 2nd layer to nth layer the quantization occurs. So as to get the total adsorption rate equation we add the quantized terms of the second to nth layers to the non-quantized term of the first layer. All terms are based on the unit surface sites. Instead of the unit surface sites, the new adsorption site term appears in the denominator of the adsorption equation. Hence the adsorption equations come out much better than BET equation. The surface area is also calculated through the integration of the adsorption isotherm equation excluding the first layer adsorption equation from the inflection point to the wanted relative pressure.
Adjustment Costs and Investment Efficiency of Business Groups in Korea  [PDF]
Taegi Kim
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.76073
Abstract: This paper investigates investment efficiency of business groups in Korea. Business groups can centralize knowledge and group resources, which reduces the cost of entering a new industry. In view of Tobin’s q, the adjustment costs of investment of business group firms are lower than those of independent firms. The empirical results show that the adjustment costs of business group firms are lower than those of independent firms, and that the output-capital ratio of business group firms is greater than that of independent firms. The results suggest that business group firms contribute to lowering the adjustment cost and to increasing investment, which, in turn, contribute to the growth of the Korean economy.
Understanding the Etiology and Treatment Approaches of Schizophrenia: Theoretical Perspectives and Their Critique  [PDF]
Minjeong Kim
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2016.64030
Abstract: This paper reviewed genetic, neurodevelopmental, and neurobiological perspectives to understand the etiology and relevant treatment approaches of schizophrenia. Although genetic and neurodevelopmental theories provide a substantial contribution to the etiology of schizophrenia, neurobiological one has its dominant stance in which it can explain causative mechanisms of schizophrenia, identify targets for treatment, and predict outcomes well. According to the neurobiology, onset and course of schizophrenia are well supported by the alterations in neurotransmitters such as dopamine or serotonin. Based on this mechanism, antipsychotics have been widely used as one of the treatment approaches for schizophrenia. By following up the degree of patients’ responses to antipsychotics, treatment outcomes could be evaluated or predicted. Although neurobiology seldom provides information about identification or prevention of risk factors about schizophrenia compared to genetic and neurodevelopmental approaches, it has well-established scientific foundations, ability to guide treatment, applicability across age and culture, and usefulness as a research framework.
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