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This study examined whether low-density co-inoculation of Myanmar Bradyrhizobium yuanmingense strain MAS34 and Streptomyces griseoflavus P4 would enhance nodulation, N2 fixation, and seed yield in two soybean varieties. A field experiment was
conducted during the July to November 2012 growing season at Kyushu University
Farm, Japan, using a split-plot design with three replications and the
following four treatments: T1, an uninoculated treatment with peat moss
(uninoculated); T2, a single inoculation with S. griseoflavus P4 (P4); T3, a single inoculation of B. yuanmingense MAS34 (MAS34); and T4, a dual inoculation of P4 with MAS34 (P4 + MAS34). Two
varieties of soybean, Yezin-3 (Rj4) and Yezin-6 (non-Rj), were used. The N2 fixation activity of soybean was evaluated by the relative ureide method using
xylem solute from root bled sap at the early pod-fill stage (R3.5). Dry matter
production, N2 fixation, and seed yield were significantly (P < 0.01) different between the inoculated treatments.
The effect of variety was also sig
The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is becoming a de-facto standard for exchanging information among the web applications. Efficient implementation of web application needs to be efficient implementation of XML and XML schema document. The quality of XML document has great impact on the design quality of its schema document. Therefore, the design of XML schema document plays an important role in web engineering process and needs to have many schema qualities: functionality, extensibility, reusability, understandability, maintainability and so on. Three schema metrics: Reusable Quality metric (RQ), Extensible Quality metric (EQ) and Understandable Quality metric (UQ) are proposed to measure the Reusable, Extensible and Understandable of XML schema documents in web engineering process respectively. The base attributes are selected according to XML Quality Assurance Design Guidelines. These metrics are formulated based on Binary Entropy Function and Rank Order Centroid method. To check the validity of the proposed metrics empirically and analytically, the self-organizing feature map (SOM) and Weyuker’s 9 properties are used.