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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 199279 matches for " Kevork N.;Agrawal "
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Chaos, Determinacy and Fractals in Active-Sterile Neutrino Oscillations in the Early Universe
Abazajian, Kevork N.;Agrawal, Prateek
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2008, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2008/10/006
Abstract: The possibility of light sterile neutrinos allows for the resonant production of lepton number in the early universe through matter-affected neutrino mixing. For a given a mixing of the active and sterile neutrino states it has been found that the lepton number generation process is chaotic and strongly oscillatory. We undertake a new study of this process' sensitivity to initial conditions through the quantum rate equations. We confirm the chaoticity of the process in this solution, and moreover find that the resultant lepton number and the sign of the asymmetry produces a fractal in the parameter space of mass, mixing angle and initial baryon number. This has implications for future searches for sterile neutrinos, where arbitrary high sensitivity could not be determinate in forecasting the lepton number of the universe.
Conservative Constraints on Dark Matter from the Fermi-LAT Isotropic Diffuse Gamma-Ray Background Spectrum
Kevork N. Abazajian,Prateek Agrawal,Zackaria Chacko,Can Kilic
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2010/11/041
Abstract: We examine the constraints on final state radiation from Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) dark matter candidates annihilating into various standard model final states, as imposed by the measurement of the isotropic diffuse gamma-ray background by the Large Area Telescope aboard the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope. The expected isotropic diffuse signal from dark matter annihilation has contributions from the local Milky Way (MW) as well as from extragalactic dark matter. The signal from the MW is very insensitive to the adopted dark matter profile of the halos, and dominates the signal from extragalactic halos, which is sensitive to the low mass cut-off of the halo mass function. We adopt a conservative model for both the low halo mass survival cut-off and the substructure boost factor of the Galactic and extragalactic components, and only consider the primary final state radiation. This provides robust constraints which reach the thermal production cross-section for low mass WIMPs annihilating into hadronic modes. We also reanalyze limits from HESS observations of the Galactic Ridge region using a conservative model for the dark matter halo profile. When combined with the HESS constraint, the isotropic diffuse spectrum rules out all interpretations of the PAMELA positron excess based on dark matter annihilation into two lepton final states. Annihilation into four leptons through new intermediate states, although constrained by the data, is not excluded.
Lower Limits on the Strengths of Gamma Ray Lines from WIMP Dark Matter Annihilation
Kevork N. Abazajian,Prateek Agrawal,Zackaria Chacko,Can Kilic
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.85.123543
Abstract: We study the spectra of gamma ray signals that arise from dark matter annihilation in the universe. We focus on the large class of theories where the photon spectrum includes both continuum spectrum of gamma rays that arise from annihilation into Standard Model states at tree level, as well as monochromatic gamma rays arising from annihilation directly into two photons at the one loop level. In this class of theories we obtain lower bounds on the ratio of the strength of the gamma ray line relative to the gamma ray continuum as a function of the dark matter mass and spin. These limits are obtained from the unitarity relation between the tree level amplitude of the primary annihilation channel and the imaginary part of the loop level amplitude for annihilation directly into photons, with the primary decay products running in the loop. These results are exact in the limit that dark matter annihilation is exclusively to a single Standard Model species, occurs through the lowest partial wave and respects CP. Away from this limit the bounds are approximate. Our conclusions agree with the known results in the literature in the case of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). We use the Fermi-LAT observations to translate these limits into upper bounds on the dark matter annihilation cross section into any specific Standard Model state.
Detection of Dark Matter Decay in the X-ray
Abazajian, Kevork N.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2013,
Abstract: There exists considerable interest in dark matter candidates that can reduce cosmological structure at sub-galactic scales through a suppression of the power spectrum of primordial perturbations as well as have a primordial velocity distribution to produce cores in the smallest-scale dwarf halos. Light keV-mass-scale sterile neutrinos can be such a "warm" dark matter candidate and are still viable candidates in broad regions of their parameter space. We review the status of this candidate and the current constraints from its radiative decay in the X-ray and from structure formation. We also provide a forecast for the sensitivity of the International X-ray Observatory to this decay, which we show may have the ability to detect or exclude sterile neutrinos within its full parameter space of interest as a dark matter candidate.
Detection of Dark Matter Decay in the X-ray
Kevork N. Abazajian
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: There exists considerable interest in dark matter candidates that can reduce cosmological structure at sub-galactic scales through a suppression of the power spectrum of primordial perturbations as well as have a primordial velocity distribution to produce cores in the smallest-scale dwarf halos. Light keV-mass-scale sterile neutrinos can be such a "warm" dark matter candidate and are still viable candidates in broad regions of their parameter space. We review the status of this candidate and the current constraints from its radiative decay in the X-ray and from structure formation. We also provide a forecast for the sensitivity of the International X-ray Observatory to this decay, which we show may have the ability to detect or exclude sterile neutrinos within its full parameter space of interest as a dark matter candidate.
Resonantly-Produced 7 keV Sterile Neutrino Dark Matter Models and the Properties of Milky Way Satellites
Kevork N. Abazajian
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.161303
Abstract: Sterile neutrinos produced through a resonant Shi-Fuller mechanism are arguably the simplest model for a dark matter interpretation origin of the recent unidentified X-ray line seen toward a number of objects harboring dark matter. Here, I calculate the exact parameters required in this mechanism to produce the signal. The suppression of small scale structure predicted by these models is consistent with Local Group and high-$z$ galaxy count constraints. Very significantly, the parameters necessary in these models to produce the full dark matter density fulfill previously determined requirements to successfully match the Milky Way Galaxy's total satellite abundance, the satellites' radial distribution and their mass density profile, or "too big to fail problem." I also discuss how further precision determinations of the detailed properties of the candidate sterile neutrino dark matter can probe the nature of the quark-hadron transition, which takes place during the dark matter production.
The Consistency of Fermi-LAT Observations of the Galactic Center with a Millisecond Pulsar Population in the Central Stellar Cluster
Kevork N. Abazajian
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2011/03/010
Abstract: I show that the spectrum and morphology of a recent Fermi-LAT observation of the Galaxy center are consistent with a millisecond pulsar population in the nuclear Central stellar cluster of the Milky Way. The Galaxy Center gamma-ray spectrum is consistent with the spectrum of four of eight globular clusters that have been detected in the gamma-ray. A dark matter annihilation interpretation cannot be ruled out, though no unique features exist that would require this conclusion.
Telling Three from Four Neutrinos with Cosmology
Kevork N. Abazajian
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1016/S0927-6505(02)00204-9
Abstract: New results, namely the independent determination of the deuterium abundance in several quasar absorption systems, and the complementary determination of the cosmological baryon density by observations of anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB), allow for a reevaluation of the constraints on the relativistic particle content of the universe at primordial nucleosynthesis. Expressed in terms of the neutrino energy density, we find 1.7 < N_\nu < 3.5 (95% CL). In particular, we show that phenomenological four neutrino models including a sterile state (not participating in SU(2)_L x U(1)_Y interactions) unavoidably thermalize a fourth neutrino, and are highly disfavored in the standard minimal model of primordial nucleosynthesis, if the systematic uncertainty in the primordial helium abundance is small. We describe plausible extensions of the minimal model which evade this constraint.
Detection of a Gamma-Ray Source in the Galactic Center Consistent with Extended Emission from Dark Matter Annihilation and Concentrated Astrophysical Emission
Kevork N. Abazajian,Manoj Kaplinghat
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.083511
Abstract: We show the existence of a statistically significant, robust detection of a gamma-ray source in the Milky Way Galactic Center that is consistent with a spatially extended signal using about 4 years of Fermi-LAT data. The gamma-ray flux is consistent with annihilation of dark matter particles with a thermal annihilation cross-section if the spatial distribution of dark matter particles is similar to the predictions of dark matter only simulations. We find statistically significant detections of an extended source with gamma-ray spectrum that is consistent with dark matter particle masses of approximately 10 GeV to 1 TeV annihilating to b/b-bar quarks, and masses approximately 10 GeV to 30 GeV annihilating to tau+ tau- leptons. However, a part of the allowed region in this interpretation is in conflict with constraints from Fermi observations of the Milky Way satellites. The biggest improvement over the fit including just the point sources is obtained for a 30 GeV dark matter particle annihilating to b/b-bar quarks. The gamma-ray intensity and spectrum are also well fit with emission from a millisecond pulsar (MSP) population following a density profile like that of low-mass X-ray binaries observed in M31. The greatest goodness-of-fit of the extended emission is with spectra consistent with known astrophysical sources like MSPs in globular clusters or cosmic ray bremsstrahlung on molecular gas. Therefore, we conclude that the bulk of the emission is likely from an unresolved or spatially extended astrophysical source. However, the interesting possibility of all or part of the extended emission being from dark matter annihilation cannot be excluded at present.
Comment on "Joint Anisotropy and Source Count Constraints on the Contribution of Blazars to the Diffuse Gamma-Ray Background"
J. Patrick Harding,Kevork N. Abazajian
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: We show the conclusions claimed in the manuscript arXiv:1202.5309v1 by Cuoco, Komatsu and Siegal-Gaskins (CKS) are not generally valid. The results in CKS are based on a number of simplifying assumptions regarding the source population below the detection threshold and the threshold flux itself, and do not apply to many physical models of the blazar population. Physical blazar population models that match the measured source counts above the observational threshold can account for 60% of the diffuse gamma-ray background intensity between 1-10 GeV, while the assumptions in CKS limit the intensity to <30%. The shortcomings of the model considered in CKS arise from an over-simplified blazar source model. A number of the simplifying assumptions are unjustified, including: first, the adoption of an assumed power-law source-count distribution, dN/dS, to arbitrary low source fluxes, which is not exhibited in physical models of the blazar population; and, second, the lack of blazar spectral information in calculating the anisotropy of unresolved gamma-ray blazar emission. We also show that the calculation of the unresolved blazars' anisotropy is very sensitive to the spectral distribution of the unresolved blazars through the adopted source resolution threshold value, and must be taken into account in an accurate anisotropy calculation.
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