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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3595 matches for " Kenji Sakai "
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Endovascular Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with an Ectopic Pelvic Kidney: Case Report and Procedural Consideration of the Aberrant Renal Artery  [PDF]
Kenji Sakai, Taiju Watanabe, Tetsuya Yoshida
World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (WJCS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/wjcs.2018.86010
Abstract:

A 91-year-old female presented with a pulsatile abdominal mass. Her past medical history included hypertension and hyperlipidemia. A 6.9 cm infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm, with a left ectopic pelvic kidney and two aberrant renal arteries, one each from the left and right common iliac arteries was found on computed tomography. Because of the high risk of rupture, surgery was recommended and an endovascular aneurysm repair was performed. The antegrade flow of the aberrant renal artery from the left common iliac artery was preserved. The right aberrant renal artery was covered with stent graft. The patient’s serum creatinine level remained unchanged throughout the postoperative course, with an uneventful postoperative recovery.

Incidental Uptake of In-111 Ibritumomab Tiuxetan in Surgically Treated Fracture  [PDF]
Hidenari Hirata, Makoto Nakagawa, Kenji Shinozaki, Ilseung Choi, Koichiro Abe, Takashi Okafuji, Naokuni Uike, Shuji Sakai
Advances in Molecular Imaging (AMI) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ami.2011.11002
Abstract: In-111 ibritumomab tiuxetan pretherapy imaging is performed prior to radioimmunotherapy with Y-90 ibritumomab tiuxetan in patients with lymphoma in order to estimate the biodistribution of the radiolabeled antibodies. We report the case of a 61-year-old woman with relapsed follicular lymphoma. In-111 ibritumomab tiuxetan pretherapy imaging showed tracer accumulation in a surgically treated fracture of the left calcaneus as well as in the involved lesions. The patient had fractured her left calcaneus 6 months before the radioimmunotherapy, and fracture of the left calcaneus without lymphoma involvement had been revealed operatively at that time. Clinical features and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicated an inflammatory response in the left heel. We concluded that this inflammation played an important role in the uptake on pretherapy imaging. It should be kept in mind that the inflammation is a differential diagnosis of lymphoma involvement in In-111 ibritumomab tiuxetan pretherapy imaging. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of In-111 ibritumomab tiuxetan uptake in a surgically treated fracture.
Evidence of Quasi-linear Super-Structures in the Cosmic Microwave Background and Galaxy Distribution
Kaiki Taro Inoue,Nobuyuki Sakai,Kenji Tomita
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/724/1/12
Abstract: Recent measurements of hot and cold spots on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) sky suggest a presence of super-structures on (>100 h^{-1}Mpc) scales. We develop a new formalism to estimate the expected amplitude of temperature fluctuations due to the integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect from prominent quasi-linear structures. Applying the developed tools to the observed ISW signals from voids and clusters in catalogs of galaxies at redshifts z<1, we find that they indeed imply a presence of quasi-linear super-structures with a comoving radius 100~300 h^{-1}Mpc and a density contrast ~O(0.1). We find that the observed ISW signals are at odd with the concordant \Lambda cold dark matter (CDM) model that predicts Gaussian primordial perturbations at equal to or larger than 3 sigma level. We also confirm that the mean temperature around the CMB cold spot in the southern Galactic hemisphere filtered by a compensating top-hat filter deviates from a mean value at ~3 sigma level, implying that a quasi-linear supervoid or an underdensity region surrounded by a massive wall may reside at low redshifts z<0.3 and the actual angular size (16^\circ-17^\circ) may be larger than the apparent size (4^\circ-10^\circ) discussed in literature. Possible solutions are briefly discussed.
On a move reducing the genus of a knot diagram
Kenji Daikoku,Keiichi Sakai,Masamichi Takase
Mathematics , 2011, DOI: 10.1512/iumj.2012.61.4666
Abstract: For a knot diagram we introduce an operation which does not increase the genus of the diagram and does not change its representing knot type. We also describe a condition for this operation to certainly decrease the genus. The proof involves the study of a relation between the genus of a virtual knot diagram and the genus of a knotoid diagram, the former of which has been introduced by Stoimenow, Tchernov and Vdovina, and the latter by Turaev recently. Our operation has a simple interpretation in terms of Gauss codes and hence can easily be computer-implemented.
Further Stabilization and Power Density Improvement of Stack-Type Thermoelectric Power Generating Module with Biphasic Medium by Using Various Flexible Metals as Electrodes  [PDF]
Seiichi Deguchi, Shoichiro Imaizumi, Hajime Arimura, Keisuke Sawada, Noriyuki Kobayashi, Norifumi Isu, Kenji Sakai, Kentaro Kimoto
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2018.611007
Abstract: In order to realize further stability of a stack-type thermoelectric power generating module (i.e. no electrical connections inside), flexible materials of metal springs and/or rods having restoring forces were installed between lower-temperature-sides of thermoelectric elements. These flexible materials were expected to play three important roles of interpolating different thermal expansions of the module components, enlarging heat removal area and penetration of any media through themselves. Then, a low-boiling-point medium (i.e. NOVEC manufactured by 3M Japan Ltd.) was also applied for a high-speed direct heat removal via its phase change from the lower-temperature-sides of the thermoelectric elements in the proposing stack-type thermoelectric power generating module. No electrical disconnections inside the module were confirmed for more than 9 years of use, indicating further module stability. The power generating density was improved to about 120 mW·m-2 with SUS304 springs having 0.7 mm diameter. Increasing power generating density can be expected in terms of suitable selection of flexible metal with high Vickers hardness, cavities control on the spring surface, more vigorous multiphase flow with adding powders to the medium and optimization of the module configurations according to numerical simulations.
Transformation of Tri-Titanium(IV)-Substituted α-Keggin Polyoxometalate (POM) into Tetra-Titanium(IV)-Substituted POMs : Reaction Products of Titanium(IV) Sulfate with the Dimeric Keggin POM Precursor under Acidic Conditions
Yuki Mouri,Yoshitaka Sakai,Yoshitaka Kobayashi,Shoko Yoshida,Kenji Nomiya
Materials , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/ma3010503
Abstract: Reaction products of titanium(IV) sulfate in HCl-acidic aqueous solution with the dimeric species linked through three intermolecular Ti-O-Ti bonds of the two tri-titanium(IV)-substituted α-Keggin polyoxometalate (POM) subunits are described. Two novel titanium(IV)-containing α-Keggin POMs were obtained under different conditions. One product was a dimeric species through two intermolecular Ti-O-Ti bonds of the two tetra-titanium(IV)-substituted α-Keggin POM subunits, i.e., [[{Ti(H 2O) 3} 2(μ-O)](α-PW 9Ti 2O 38)] 2 6- ( 1). The other product was a monomeric α-Keggin species containing the tetra-titanium(IV) oxide cluster and two coordinated sulfate ions, i.e., [{Ti 4(μ-O) 3(SO 4) 2(H 2O) 8}(α-PW 9O 34)] 3- ( 2). Molecular structures of 1 and 2 were also discussed based on host (lacunary site)-guest (titanium atom) chemistry.
Quickly Updatable Hologram Images Using Poly(N-vinyl Carbazole) (PVCz) Photorefractive Polymer Composite
Naoto Tsutsumi,Kenji Kinashi,Asato Nonomura,Wataru Sakai
Materials , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/ma5081477
Abstract: Quickly updatable hologram images using photorefractive (PR) polymer composite based on poly( N-vinyl carbazole) (PVCz) is presented. PVCz is one of the pioneer materials of photoconductive polymers. PR polymer composite consists of 44 wt % of PVCz, 35 wt % of 4-azacycloheptylbenzylidene-malonitrile (7-DCST) as a nonlinear optical dye, 20 wt % of carbazolylethylpropionate (CzEPA) as a photoconductive plasticizer and 1 wt % of 2,4,7-trinitro-9-fluorenone (TNF) as a sensitizer. PR composite gives high diffraction efficiency of 68% at E = 45 V μm ?1. Response speed of optical diffraction is the key parameter for real-time 3D holographic display. The key parameter for obtaining quickly updatable holographic images is to control the glass transition temperature lower enough to enhance chromophore orientation. Object image of the reflected coin surface recorded with reference beam at 532 nm (green beam) in the PR polymer composite is simultaneously reconstructed using a red probe beam at 642 nm. Instead of using a coin object, an object image produced by a computer was displayed on a spatial light modulator (SLM) and used for the hologram. The reflected object beam from an SLM was interfered with a reference beam on PR polymer composite to record a hologram and simultaneously reconstructed by a red probe beam.
Synthetic metabolic engineering-a novel, simple technology for designing a chimeric metabolic pathway
Ye Xiaoting,Honda Kohsuke,Sakai Takaaki,Okano Kenji
Microbial Cell Factories , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2859-11-120
Abstract: Background The integration of biotechnology into chemical manufacturing has been recognized as a key technology to build a sustainable society. However, the practical applications of biocatalytic chemical conversions are often restricted due to their complexities involving the unpredictability of product yield and the troublesome controls in fermentation processes. One of the possible strategies to overcome these limitations is to eliminate the use of living microorganisms and to use only enzymes involved in the metabolic pathway. Use of recombinant mesophiles producing thermophilic enzymes at high temperature results in denaturation of indigenous proteins and elimination of undesired side reactions; consequently, highly selective and stable biocatalytic modules can be readily prepared. By rationally combining those modules together, artificial synthetic pathways specialized for chemical manufacturing could be designed and constructed. Results A chimeric Embden-Meyerhof (EM) pathway with balanced consumption and regeneration of ATP and ADP was constructed by using nine recombinant E. coli strains overproducing either one of the seven glycolytic enzymes of Thermus thermophilus, the cofactor-independent phosphoglycerate mutase of Pyrococcus horikoshii, or the non-phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of Thermococcus kodakarensis. By coupling this pathway with the Thermus malate/lactate dehydrogenase, a stoichiometric amount of lactate was produced from glucose with an overall ATP turnover number of 31. Conclusions In this study, a novel and simple technology for flexible design of a bespoke metabolic pathway was developed. The concept has been testified via a non-ATP-forming chimeric EM pathway. We designated this technology as “synthetic metabolic engineering”. Our technology is, in principle, applicable to all thermophilic enzymes as long as they can be functionally expressed in the host, and thus would be potentially applicable to the biocatalytic manufacture of any chemicals or materials on demand.
Carbon Isotope and Isotopomer Fractionation in Cold Dense Cloud Cores
Kenji Furuya,Yuri Aikawa,Nami Sakai,Satoshi Yamamoto
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/731/1/38
Abstract: We construct the gas-grain chemical network model which includes carbon isotopes (12C and 13C) with an emphasis on isotopomer-exchange reactions. Temporal variations of molecular abundances, the carbon isotope ratios (12CX/13CX) and the isotopomer ratios (12C13CX/13C12CX) of CCH and CCS in cold dense cloud cores are investigated by numerical calculations. We confirm that the isotope ratios of molecules, both in the gas phase and grain surfaces, are significantly different depending on whether the molecule is formed from the carbon atom (ion) or the CO molecule. Molecules formed from carbon atoms have the CX/13CX ratios greater than the elemental abundance ratio of [12C/13C]. On the other hand, molecules formed from CO molecules have the CX/13CX ratios smaller than the [12C/13C] ratio. We reproduce the observed C13CH/13CCH ratio in TMC-1, if the isotopomer exchange reaction, 13CCH + H <-> C13CH + H + 8.1 K, proceeds with the forward rate coefficient kf > 10^-11 cm3 s-1. However, the C13CS/13CCS ratio is lower than that observed in TMC-1. We then assume the isotopomer exchange reaction catalyzed by the H atom, 13CCS + H <-> C13CS + H + 17.4 K. In the model with this reaction, we reproduce the observed C13CS/13CCS, CCS/C13CS and CCS/13CCS ratio simultaneously.
An Exact Solution of BPS Domain Wall Junction
Hodaka Oda,Kenji Ito,Masashi Naganuma,Norisuke Sakai
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(99)01355-6
Abstract: An exact solution of domain wall junction is obtained in a four-dimensional N=1 supersymmetric U(1) X U(1)' gauge theory with three pairs of chiral superfields which is motivated by the N=2 SU(2) gauge theory with one flavor perturbed by an adjoint scalar mass. The solution allows us to evaluate various quantities including a new central charge Y_k associated with the junction besides Z_k which appears already in domain walls. We find that the new central charge Y_k gives a negative contribution to the mass of the domain wall junction whereas the central charge Z_k gives a dominant positive contribution. One has to be cautious to identify the central charge Y_k alone as the mass of the junction.
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