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Psychosocial Factors Affecting the Use of Mammography Testing for Breast Cancer Susceptibility: An Eight-Month Follow-Up Study in a Middle-Aged Japanese Woman Sample  [PDF]
Keiichiro Adachi, Toshinori Kitamura, Tokumi Ueno
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2013.24024
Abstract: We examined the psychosocial factors affecting middle-aged Japanese women’s intentions to undergo mammography, as well as their actual usage of mammography by applying the Parallel Processing Model (PPM) of self regulation longitudinally. A total of 1030 middle-aged women living in all parts of Japan participated in this study through internet research from September 2010 to May 2011. The participants were evaluated on the basis of a battery of questionnaires mainly including demographics, perceived breast cancer risk, worry about breast cancer, mammography testing beliefs, intentions to use mammography, seeking information about mammography, and actual usage of mammography thrice over an eight-month period. The main results were as follows: 1) Perceived risk and cancer worry affected the intention of undergoing mammography, and this effect was mediated by beliefs about mammography testing. 2) Intention to use mammography and past mammography usage predicted future usage of mammography, with past mammography usage being the strongest predictor. 3) Information seeking about mammography was the strongest predictor of using mammography during the eight-month follow-up period of middle-aged women who had not undergone any mammography testing. PPM was a useful model to explain the mechanism behind middle-aged Japanese women’s intentions to use mammography, as well as their actual usage of mammography. In addition, past mammography experience was the strongest predictor of regular mammography usage and information seeking was a critical factor for the first-usage of mammography.
Interpersonal Dependency Inventory: Its Construct Validity and Prediction of Dysphoric Mood and Life Functioning via Negative Life Events  [PDF]
Masayo Uji, Yukihiro Takagishi, Keiichiro Adachi, Toshinori Kitamura
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.412134

Previous Dependency Inventory (JIDI) as well demonstrates how the interpersonal attitudes assessed by the JIDI generate interpersonal negative life events (NLEs) and therefore results in dysphoric moods and poor life functioning. The subjects of this study were 467 Japanese university students. The JIDI was administered at Time 1, and the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation-Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) was administered at Time 2 for the purpose of assessing dysphoric mood and life functioning. NLEs occurring between Times 1 and 2 were evaluated. The three-factor structure of the JIDI was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis. The structural equation modeling demonstrated that of the three factors, only one, “emotional reliance”, predisposed individuals to dysphoric mood and poor life functioning, both directly and indirectly, via interpersonal NLEs. Although the other two factors did not increase vulnerability to interpersonal NLEs or dysphoric mood, “lack of social self-confidence” worsened general functioning, and “assertion of autonomy” led to poor functioning in close relationships, both directly. Furthermore, “assertion of autonomy” decreased anxiety levels. As to gender differences, simultaneous analysis of multi-groups showed that female subjects were more likely to become anxious following interpersonal NLEs.

Signals for Scalar Top Quark at $ep$ Collider HERA
Tadashi Kon,Tetsuro Kobayashi,Shoichi Kitamura,Keiichiro Nakamura,Shunji Adachi
Physics , 1993, DOI: 10.1007/BF01413101
Abstract: In the framework of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) and the R-parity breaking model (RBM), we investigate production processes of the scalar top (stop) at HERA energies. These models are characterized by the possible existence of the light stop whose mass is lighter than those of the top quark and the other squarks. It is shown that in the MSSM the stop pair production via boson-gluon fusion gives a sizeable cross section and the most serious background $ep\rightarrow ec\bar{c}X$ could be suppressed by appropriate kinematical cuts. We also show that in the RBM the stop is singly produced in the neutral current processes and we have a clear signal as a sharp peak in the Bjorken parameter $x$ distribution of the scattered electron.
Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Stomach: A Case Study
Keisuke Kubota,Akihiro Okada,Junko Kuroda,Masashi Yoshida,Keiichiro Ohta,Miki Adachi,Masayuki Itabashi,Yoshiyuki Osamura,Masaki Kitajima
Case Reports in Medicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/948328
Abstract: Gastric neuroendocrine carcinomas are rare and have a poor prognosis, and the diagnostic criteria for this disease have recently changed. We herein report a case of sporadic gastric neuroendocrine carcinoma. A 75-year-old man was referred to our hospital with epigastric pain. Endoscopic examination revealed a localized ulcerative lesion (diameter, 4 cm) at the upper stomach. The diagnosis on biopsy was neuroendocrine carcinoma. Total gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy, splenectomy, and cholecystectomy was performed. Pathologically, the tumor infiltrated the subserosal layer, and 6/49 lymph nodes were involved. The tumor was uniform in shape and arranged in a rosette-like structure to form solid nests, with medium-sized, round-to-cuboid-shaped tumor cells and intense mitosis 46/10 HPF. It was positive for synaptophysin and chromogranin A, and the Ki-67 labeling index was 70–80%. The diagnosis of neuroendocrine carcinoma was made according to the WHO 2010 criteria. The patient was followed up for three years without recurrence.
A New Algorithm for Generalized Least Squares Factor Analysis with a Majorization Technique  [PDF]
Kohei Adachi
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2015.53020
Abstract: Factor analysis (FA) is a time-honored multivariate analysis procedure for exploring the factors underlying observed variables. In this paper, we propose a new algorithm for the generalized least squares (GLS) estimation in FA. In the algorithm, a majorization step and diagonal steps are alternately iterated until convergence is reached, where Kiers and ten Berge’s (1992) majorization technique is used for the former step, and the latter ones are formulated as minimizing simple quadratic functions of diagonal matrices. This procedure is named a majorizing-diagonal (MD) algorithm. In contrast to the existing gradient approaches, differential calculus is not used and only elmentary matrix computations are required in the MD algorithm. A simuation study shows that the proposed MD algorithm recovers parameters better than the existing algorithms.
Endoscopic mucosal resection and endoscopic submucosal dissection for early gastric cancer: Current and original devices
Keiichiro Kume
World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy , 2009,
Abstract: Compared with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is easier to perform and requires less time for treatment. However, EMR has been replaced by ESD, because achieving en bloc resection of specimens > 20 mm in diameter is difficult with EMR. The technique of ESD was introduced to resect large specimens of early gastric cancer in a single piece. ESD can provide precise histological diagnosis and can also reduce the rate of recurrence, but has a high level of technical difficulty, and is consequently associated with a high rate of complications, a need for advanced endoscopic techniques, and a lengthy procedure time. To overcome disadvantages in both EMR and ESD, various advances have been made in submucosal injections, knives, other accessories, and in electrocoagulation systems.
Credit, Externalities, and Nonoptimality of the Friedman Rule  [PDF]
Keiichiro Kobayashi, Masaru Inaba, Kengo Nutahara
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.22036
Abstract: We construct a cash-credit model with positive externalities in the production of credit goods. It is shown that under suitable conditions, the Friedman rule is not optimal and there exists an optimal nominal interest rate that maximizes the social welfare and output. This is because increasing the nominal interest rate improves sectoral misallocations caused by externalities in our economy.
Visualization of Traveling Vortices in the Boundary Layer on a Rotating Disk under Orbital Motion  [PDF]
Mizue Munekata, Keiichiro Kubo, Hiroyuki Yoshikawa
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2015.51003
Abstract: The objective of this study is to experimentally visualize traveling vortices in the boundary layer on a rotating disk under orbital motion. The orbital radius is half of the disk’s diameter (200 mm) and the maximum speed of orbital motion is 500 revolutions per minute. The Reynolds number in the pure-rotation case is 2.77 × 105. The characteristics of two types of traveling vortices are visualized by a smoke-wire method. The first type is transition vortices. In the pure-rotation case, they arise at circumferentially equal intervals, and are not traveling but stationary relative to the rotational disk. The result of visualization of this type shows that the intervals between transient vortices change in a circumferential direction, or in an orbital radial direction, on the rotating disk under orbital motion. The second type is new arc-shaped vortices that correspond to low-frequency disturbances. As orbital speed increases, the radial traveling velocities of the low-frequency disturbances increase and the intervals between low-frequency disturbances decrease.
Electrode Property of Sintered Ceramic Based on CaMnO3 in LiOH Aqueous Solution  [PDF]
Takao Esaka, Yuhta Adachi
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2014.24002
Abstract: Sintered ceramics of Ca0.9A0.1MnO3-δ(A = La, Nd, Sm, Gd and Y) were studied on their cathode properties in LiOHaq. solution. After firing, the samples were obtained as high conductivity sintered (porous) materials composed of an orthorhombic perovskite-type phase. Next, charge discharge performances of the electrodes consisting of the sintered sample were investigated. The discharge capacity of Ca0.9Y0.1MnO3-δwas 185 mAh·g-1on the 1st cycling, and the 1st charging was possible by 130 mAh·g-1. However, the 2nd discharge capacity remarkably decreased to lower than 50 mAh·g-1. Considering no obvious charging property on the previous La-substituted sample of Ca0.9La0.1MnO3-δ, it would mean that change of the substituent for CaMnO3 affects the electrochemical property. The roll of lithium ions, the effect of the cut-off potential range on the cycle performance would be discussed leading to the charge/discharge results of the cell (-)Zn/LiOHaq./Ca0.9Y0.1MnO3-δ(+).
A Multi-Secret Sharing Scheme with Many Keys Based on Hermite Interpolation  [PDF]
Tomoko Adachi, Chie Okazaki
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2014.213140
Abstract: A secret sharing scheme is one of cryptographies. A threshold scheme, which is introduced by Shamir in 1979, is very famous as a secret sharing scheme. We can consider that this scheme is based on Lagrange's interpolation formula. A secret sharing scheme has one key. On the other hand, a multi-secret sharing scheme has more than one keys; that is, a multi-secret sharing scheme has p (2) keys. Dealers distribute shares of keys among n participants. Gathering t (n) participants, keys can be reconstructed. In this paper, we give a scheme of a (t,n) multi-secret sharing based on Hermite interpolation, in the case of pt.
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