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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1341 matches for " Kazuyuki Uchida "
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An Experiment of Evaluating Software Understandability
Shinji UCHIDA,Kazuyuki SHIMA
Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics , 2004,
Abstract: Software understandability is one of important characteristics of software quality because it can influence cost or reliability at software evolution in reuse or maintenance. But it is difficult to evaluate software understandability because understanding is an internal process of humans. So, we propose "software overhaul" as a method for externalizing process of understanding software systems and propose a probability model for evaluating software understandability based on it. This paper presented the experiment of evaluating software understandability using a probabilistic model.
New Identification of Metallic Phases of In Atomic layers on Si(111) Surfaces
Kazuyuki Uchida,Atsushi Oshiyama
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.165433
Abstract: We report first-principles calculations that clarify atomic structures and coverage of the metallic phases of In overlayers on Si (111) surfaces. Calculated energy bands and scanning tunneling microscopy images along with the obtained energetics of various phases reveal that the two metallic phases with the $\sqrt{7} \times \sqrt{3}$ periodicity observed experimentally are single and double In overlayers, as opposed to prevailing assignments.
Nonresonant entrainment of detuned oscillators induced by common external noise
Kazuyuki Yoshimura,Peter Davis,Atsushi Uchida
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: We have found that a novel type of entrainment occurs in two nonidentical limit cycle oscillators subjected to a common external white Gaussian noise. This entrainment is anomalous in the sense that the two oscillators have different mean frequencies, where the difference is constant as the noise intensity increases, but their phases come to be locked for almost all the time. We present a theory and numerical evidence for this phenomenon.
Consistency in the driven butterfly
Atsushi Uchida,Kazuyuki Yoshimura,Peter Davis,Shigeru Yoshimori,Rajarshi Roy
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: We study the consistency of the responses in the chaotic Lorenz model driven by chaotic and colored-noise signals. A measure is introduced for the consistency of the response in the system for repeated applications of the same drive signal, starting at different initial conditions of the response system. The convergence of responses is analyzed in dynamical phase space in terms of the local conditional Lyapunov exponent. The dependence of the local conditional Lyapunov exponent on drive signal, and the existence of multiple basins of consistency depending on strength of drive signal, are shown.
Advances in Angioscopic Imaging of Vascular Disease  [PDF]
Yasumi Uchida, Yasuto Uchida
World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (WJCS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjcs.2012.24021

Percutaneous angioscopy, using high resolution fiberoptic imaging, allows direct and two-dimensional visualization of the vascular interior, thereby enabling macroscopic pathological diagnosis. Percutaneous angioscopy has revealed that the vascular luminal surface exhibits various colors and morphologies characteristic of different vascular diseases. This imaging technique is used for evaluation of the severity of vascular diseases, staging of atherosclerosis, analysis of thrombus composition, evaluation of interventional and surgical therapies, and for guidance of intravascular interventions such as angioplasty, venous valvuloplasty and aortic stentgrafting. Recently, dye-image angioscopy has been used clinically for analyses of thrombus composition, endothelial damage and plaque composition. Intravascular microscopy was also developed for cellular imaging of vascular disease. Furthermore, fluorescent angioscopy was developed for molecular imaging of substances comprising atherosclerotic plaques. In this article, we describe the history of the development of angioscopy, angioscopic systems and techniques, angioscopic changes associated with vascular diseases, angioscope-guided intravascular therapies, and evaluation of intravascular and surgical therapies. Angioscopic pictures, except those of the coronary arteries, have rarely been published in the literature, so we have included many representative angioscopic pictures obtained by the authors in this article.

Magnetic Resonance Findings of the Corpus Callosum in Canine and Feline Lysosomal Storage Diseases
Daisuke Hasegawa, Shinji Tamura, Yuya Nakamoto, Naoaki Matsuki, Kimimasa Takahashi, Michio Fujita, Kazuyuki Uchida, Osamu Yamato
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083455
Abstract: Several reports have described magnetic resonance (MR) findings in canine and feline lysosomal storage diseases such as gangliosidoses and neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Although most of those studies described the signal intensities of white matter in the cerebrum, findings of the corpus callosum were not described in detail. A retrospective study was conducted on MR findings of the corpus callosum as well as the rostral commissure and the fornix in 18 cases of canine and feline lysosomal storage diseases. This included 6 Shiba Inu dogs and 2 domestic shorthair cats with GM1 gangliosidosis; 2 domestic shorthair cats, 2 familial toy poodles, and a golden retriever with GM2 gangliosidosis; and 2 border collies and 3 chihuahuas with neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses, to determine whether changes of the corpus callosum is an imaging indicator of those diseases. The corpus callosum and the rostral commissure were difficult to recognize in all cases of juvenile-onset gangliosidoses (GM1 gangliosidosis in Shiba Inu dogs and domestic shorthair cats and GM2 gangliosidosis in domestic shorthair cats) and GM2 gangliosidosis in toy poodles with late juvenile-onset. In contrast, the corpus callosum and the rostral commissure were confirmed in cases of GM2 gangliosidosis in a golden retriever and canine neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses with late juvenile- to early adult-onset, but were extremely thin. Abnormal findings of the corpus callosum on midline sagittal images may be a useful imaging indicator for suspecting lysosomal storage diseases, especially hypoplasia (underdevelopment) of the corpus callosum in juvenile-onset gangliosidoses.
Integral Sequences of Infinite Length Whose Terms Are Relatively Prime  [PDF]
Kazuyuki Hatada
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2013.31005

It is given in Weil and Rosenlicht ([1], p. 15) that \"\" (resp. 2) for all non-negative integers m and n with m≠n if c is any even (resp. odd) integer. In the present paper we generalize this. Our purpose is to give other integral sequences \"\" such that G.C.D.(ym,yn)=1 for all positive integers m and n with m≠n. Roughly speaking we show the following 1) and 2). 1) There are infinitely many polynomial sequences \"\" such that G.C.D.(fm(a),fn(a))=1 for all positive integers

Single Exposure to Antidepressants during Infancy Is Associated with Delayed Behavioral Changes in C57BL/6 Mice  [PDF]
Kazuyuki Yamada
World Journal of Neuroscience (WJNS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2016.62019
Abstract: As serotoninergic transmission plays a crucial role in higher brain function in mammals, the disturbance of this system will likely have significant effects on emotion and cognition. Previous studies have reported that chronic treatment with Specific Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) during both late pregnancy and lactation was associated with abnormal behavior in adult rats. These data imply that disturbances in serotoninergic transmission during neurodevelopment may have negative effects on both the structure and function of the resultant adult brain. Therefore, the effect of a single exposure to an SSRI or a tricyclic antidepressant that preferentially inhibits serotonin reuptake during the pre-weaning period was examined in adult mice. An oral infusion of paroxetine (70 mg/kg), fluvoxamine (250 mg/kg), clomipramine (180 mg/kg), or saline was administered on postnatal day 14. Starting at 11 weeks of age, mice were assessed using a comprehensive behavioral test battery. Mice treated with paroxetine demonstrated altered behavior on the open field and hole-board tasks; those treated with fluvoxamine had behavioral changes on the light-dark box, hole-board, and sucrose preference tasks, while alteration in forced swimming and cued fear behavior were noted in mice treated with clomipramine. These results suggest that even a single administration of an antidepressant could have profound effects on behavior in adulthood, although the effects might differ dependent on the specific drug that was administered.
Introduction to the Rotating Wave Approximation (RWA): Two Coherent Oscillations  [PDF]
Kazuyuki Fujii
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2017.812124
Abstract: In this note, I introduce a mysterious approximation called the rotating wave approximation (RWA) to undergraduates or non-experts who are interested in both Mathematics and Quantum Optics. In Quantum Optics, it plays a very important role in order to obtain an analytic approximate solution of some SchrÖdinger equation, while it is curious from the mathematical point of view. I explain it carefully with two coherent oscillations for them and expect that they will overcome the problem in the near future.
Mathematical Reinforcement to the Minibatch of Deep Learning  [PDF]
Kazuyuki Fujii
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2018.83016
Abstract: We elucidate a practical method in Deep Learning called the minibatch which is very useful to avoid local minima. The mathematical structure of this method is, however, a bit obscure. We emphasize that a certain condition, which is not explicitly stated in ordinary expositions, is essential for the minibatch method. We present a comprehensive description Deep Learning for non-experts with the mathematical reinforcement.
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