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Recently, nanostructures such as nanocrystals and nanoaggregates have attracted much attention in many quarters of materials, electronics, and biology to create higher-value-added functional nanoscale materials and films. In this research, the fabrication of nanoaggregates on ultrathin photoconductive films of poly(N-vinylcarbazole) (PVCz) by applying thermal treatment is demonstrated. The structure and size are discussed on the basis of the results of atomic force microscope images. As a result, after thermal treatment of these films above the glass transition temperature (Tg) of PVCz, different types of surface morphological changes were induced showing a dependence on the tacticity of PVCz. Radically polymerized PVCz(r) ultrathin film showed small aggregates with heights of ~8 nm on the film surface after thermal treatment, while cationically polymerized PVCz(c), which has higher isotactic diad fractions than PVCz(r), indicated similar aggregates on the film surface, although the number of aggregates was smaller than PVCz(r). It is considered that these different phenomena depend on the tacticity of PVCz and the interaction between PVCz molecules and the substrate surface.
In general, high mechanical properties such as higher
impact strength and thermal resistance are required for injection molded
applications. Recycled PET (RPET) is well known to exhibit brittle behavior in
the presence of notches and indicated the low heat distortion temperature.
Therefore, we tried to improve the toughness and thermal resistance properties
of RPET by incorporating E-GMA, talc filler and engineering plastics as an
impact modifier and talc to increase the rigidity and heat distortion
temperature of RPET. As a result, these blends with E-GMA exhibited
significantly higher stiffness and strength especially with increasing E-GMA
content. In addition, these blends with talc filler indicated the high heat
distortion temperature due to the increase of the crystalinity of RPET blends.
Therefore, it was found that talc played an important role in enhancing the
heat resistance of RPET.
In this study, the relationship between skin structure and shear strength distribution of thin-wall injection molded polypropylene (PP) molded at different molecular weight and molecular distribution was investigated. Skin-core structure, cross-sectional morphology, crystallinity, crystal orientation, crystal morphology and molecular orientation were evaluated by using polarized optical microscope, differential scanning calorimeter, X-ray spectroscopic analyzer and laser Raman spectroscopy, respectively, while the shear strength distribution was investigated using a micro cutting method called SAICAS (Surface And Interfacial Cutting Analysis System). The results indicated that the difference of molecular weight and molecular weight distribution showed own skin layer thickness. Especially, high molecular weight sample showed thicker layer of the lamellar orientation and molecular orientation than low molecular weight sample. In addition, wide molecular distribution sample showed large crystal orientation layer.
The Maki-e technique with eggshell powder is one of techniques of Japanese traditional Urushi (Japanese lacquer) crafts. However, this technique is relatively new in the history of Maki-e, and there are no prior researches in terms of materials, structure, and properties. In this research, therefore we have aimed to evaluate the relationship between the eggshell powder sizes, dispersion, and color shade in Maki-e with eggshell powder. The difference between hen’s and quail’s eggshell characteristics and the effect of their powder particle size on appearance of eggshell Maki-e were discussed on the basis of the results of the particle size, circularity, particle number, and RGB value. As a result, it was found that the occupancy of the eggshell powder on the surface depends on not particle number but the particle size, whereas the whiteness of both eggshell powders depends on the particle size.