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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1835 matches for " Karim Ibnmajdoub "
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A solitary primary subcutaneous hydatid cyst in the abdominal wall of a 70-year-old woman: a case report
Abdelmalek Ousadden, Hicham Elbouhaddouti, Karim Ibnmajdoub, Khalid Mazaz, Khalid AitTaleb
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-5-270
Abstract: We report a case of a 70-year-old Caucasian woman who presented to our hospital with a subcutaneous mass in the para-umbilical area with a non-specific clinical presentation. The diagnosis of subcutaneous hydatid cyst was suspected on the basis of radiological findings. A complete surgical resection of the mass was performed and the patient had an uneventful post-operative recovery. The histopathology confirmed the suspected diagnosis.Hydatid cyst should be considered in the differential diagnosis of every subcutaneous cystic mass, especially in regions where the disease is endemic. The best treatment is the total excision of the cyst with an intact wall.Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation that is caused by Echinococcus granulosis, the life cycle of which has been well described [1]. Endemic areas are countries of the temperate zones, where the common intermediate hosts, sheep, goats, and cattle, are raised, such as in North Africa, the Middle East, Central Europe, Australia, and South America [1,2]. The liver is the most frequently involved organ (75%), followed by the lung (15%) [2,3]. The solitary primary subcutaneous localization is extremely rare, and its incidence is unknown [2]. In our patient, the hydatid cyst was located in the abdomen anterior wall without any other involvement, which makes this an interesting case.A 70-year-old Moroccan Caucasian woman presented to our hospital with a subcutaneous cystic mass in the right para-umbilical abdominal wall which had been evolving for six months. Her physical examination revealed an abdominal parietal mass 6 cm in diameter that was palpated 5 cm to the right of the umbilicus. It was cystic, fluctuant, mobile, and painless. The overlying skin was normal. An abdominal ultrasound showed a rounded cystic mass that was limited within the right para-umbilical abdominal wall and measured 60 mm. No other abdominal cystic mass was found. The pre-operative examinations (chest radiograph, complete blood count, urin
A giant peritoneal simple mesothelial cyst: a case report
Abdelmalek Ousadden, Hicham Elbouhaddouti, Karim Ibnmajdoub, Taoufiq Harmouch, Khalid Mazaz, Khalid AitTaleb
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-5-361
Abstract: A 21-year-old Caucasian Moroccan woman with vague abdominal discomfort and associated distention, during the previous 2 years, without other symptoms, presented to our hospital. Her past medical history was unremarkable. On physical examination, a mobile, painless and relatively hard abdominal mass was palpated. The laboratory examination and abdominal radiograph were unremarkable. Abdominal radiologic imaging showed a cystic mass of 35 × 20 × 10 cm that occupied the entire anterior and right abdominal cavity. Radical excision of the cyst was performed by midline laparotomy without any damage to the adjacent abdominal organs. The histopathological diagnosis was simple mesothelial cyst. The postoperative course was uneventful with no recurrence.A peritoneal simple mesothelial cyst is a quite rare abdominal tumor, that must always be considered in differential diagnosis of pelvic cystic lesions and other mesenteric cysts. The treatment of choice is the complete surgical excision of the cyst.According to Perrot classification, the peritoneal simple mesothelial cyst (PSMC), benign cystic mesothelioma and malignant cystic mesothelioma are mesenteric cysts (MC) of mesothelial origin [1]. The other MC types are non-pancreatic pseudocysts, dermoid cysts and cysts of lymphatic, enteric or urogenital origin [1]. PSMC is very rare, with only about 900 reported MC cases in the literature [2,3]. The cyst size ranges from a few centimeters to 40 cm [2,4,5]. The PSMC is usually asymptomatic, but occasionally presents with various, non-specific symptoms. The lack of specific symptoms and the rarity of PSMC, makes correct pre-operative diagnosis difficult.We present the case of a woman with a giant PSMC that was successfully managed by complete surgical excision, which is the treatment of choice of this lesion.A 21-year-old Caucasian Moroccan woman with vague abdominal discomfort and associated distention, during the previous two years, without other symptoms was admitted to our hos
Small bowel intussusception with the Meckel's diverticulum after blunt abdominal trauma: a case report
El Bachir Benjelloun, Abdelmalek Ousadden, Karim Ibnmajdoub, Khalid Mazaz, Khalid Taleb
World Journal of Emergency Surgery , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1749-7922-4-18
Abstract: Intususception is invagination of a proximal segment of bowel (intussusceptum) into the lumen of the adjacent distal segment (intussuscipiens). While intusussception is relatively common in the childhood, it is infrequently seen in adults [1]. Whereas most cases in childhood occur idiopathically, in adults, an underlying cause is present in 80% of cases [2]. Causes include tumours and polyps as well oedema and fibrosis from recent or previous surgery, and Meckel's diverticula. Cases following blunt abdominal trauma are rare. We present a case of 28-year previously healthy man presenting with abdominal pain and vomiting after blunt abdominal trauma, and developing four days later signs of small bowel obstruction as a cause of ileoileal intussusception with the Meckel's diverticulum. From an extensive review of the literature, intussusception at the site of a Meckel's diverticulum following blunt abdominal trauma has not been previously reported.A 28-year-old previously healthy man presented at the emergency department (ED) 48 hours after a hit in the left side of the abdomen by a fist, with gradual worsening of pain, nausea and bilious vomiting. Physical examination revealed a temperature of 37,6°C, a pulse rate of 80 beat per minute (bpm), a blood pressure of 110/70 mm Hg. The epigastrium, left upper and left lower abdominal quadrants were tender on palpation. On rectal examination the rectum contained no stool. Initial management of the patient involved intravenous fluid resuscitation, and nasogastric tube insertion, routine blood tests and supine abdominal x-rays. Initial laboratory values, including complete blood cell count, serum electrolytes, glucose, blood urea, creatinine, liver function tests, and lipase were all normal. Initially supine abdominal x-ray revealed dilated small-bowel loops with air-fluid levels, but no gas under diaphragm (Fig. 1). Ultrasonography (US) of the abdomen showed free fluid in the peritoneal cavity with dilated small bowel loops wi
Iléus biliaire avec évacuation spontanée d’un gros calcul : a propos d’un cas
Karim Ibnmajdoub Hassani,Julie Rode,Jane Poincenot,Jean-Manuel Gruss
Pan African Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: L’iléus biliaire est une complication rare de la lithiase biliaire; Il est caractérisé par la triade radiologique, syndrome occlusif, aérobilie et localisation ectopique d’un calcul dans le tube digestif. La cause est généralement une fistule bilio-digestive. En dehors de l’évacuation spontanée du calcul qui est rare et intéresse surtout les calculs de moins de 2 cm, le traitement reste dans la majorité des cas chirurgical. Nous rapportons le cas d’une patiente de 80ans, admise pour occlusion, chez qui le bilan étiologique retrouve la triade caractéristique de l’iléus biliaire ; L’évolution a été marquée par l’émission spontanée par l’anus d’un gros calcul de 5 cm, suivie d’une nette amélioration clinique avec disparition des signes de l’occlusion.
Conceptual Analysis and Fieldwork in Macroeconometric Methodology: Modeling Unemployment, Inflation and Production  [PDF]
Karim Errouaki
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2014.53015
Abstract:

The recent failure of commonly accepted, inductive, econometric models to provide insights into real, macroeconomic phenomenon during economic crises has provoked a debate concerning contemporary econometric methodology. Based on the foundations laid by Haavelmo, and Hollis and Nell, an assessment of Edward J. Nell’s (1998) “unifying methodological framework” (UMF) is offered. Nell’s UMF places socioeconomic institutions and interdependencies, and technological realities as basis of analysis. Using “conceptual analysis” and “fieldwork” Nell presents an alternative to generally accepted, mainstream, econometric methodology. The purpose of this paper is to look at some examples of the way, and this can help develop useful theory and improve macroeconometric model building. Applying Nell’s UMF to unemployment, inflation, and production reveals a methodological advance that promises more realistic insights into macroeconomic phenomena than is offered by contemporary, mainstream, econometric models.

Solving the Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimation Problem: An Artificial Neural Network Model  [PDF]
Abdel Karim Baareh
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.67042
Abstract:

Climate Pollution due to the Carbon Emission (CO2) from the different fossil fuels is considered as a great and important international challenge to many researchers. In this paper we are providing a solution to forecast the poison CO2 gas emerged from energy consumption. Four inputs data were considered the global oil, natural gas, coal, and primary energy consumption to build our system. In this paper, we used the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) as successful and powerful tool in handling a time series modeling problem. The proposed ANN model was used to train and test the yearly CO2 Emission. The data were trained from year 1982 to 2000, and tested for the year 2003 to 2010. From the results obtained we can see that ANN performance was Excellent and proved its efficiency as a useful tool in solving the climate pollution problems.

Kainic Acid, NMDA and Bicuculline Induce Elevation in Concentrations of Glutathione and Amino Acids in Vivo: Biomarkers for Seizure Predisposition?  [PDF]
Abdul-Karim Abbas
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2015.55017
Abstract: The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of NMDA, bicuculline and kainic acid (KA) on the extracellular concentration of glutathione, phosphoethanolamine (PEA) and taurine in rat hippocampus in vivo. Rats were implanted with intrahippocampal microelectrodes perfused with free-glucose Krebs-Ringer solution and allowed to recover for about 2 h. After assaying baseline concentrations of amino acids, NMDA or bicuculline was administered intrahippocampally, whereas KA was given systemically. Either treatment resulted in significant high extracellular concentrations of glutathione, but only NMDA or KA resulted in high concentrations of PEA and taurine. Interestingly, the increase in glutathione concentration due to KA was followed by a delayed increase of glutamate and PEA. Our results demonstrated that increased efflux of glutathione, a common consequence of different neuroexcitotoxic agents, occurs in vivo. Given that the agents used in the present study were also convulsunts, the implication of the findings on seizure predisposition was also considered.
Effect of Fasting of Ramadan on Infertile Women Undergoing In-Vitro Fertilization/Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection Cycles: A Prospective Cohort Study  [PDF]
Karim A. Wahba
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2016.63022
Abstract: Objective: To determine the effects of fasting of Ramadan in patients undergoing in-vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. Design: A prospective cohort study conducted during Ramadan. Setting: Ain Shams University IVF centre. Population: Three hundred fasting, infertile women undergoing their first trial of IVF/ICSI and 300 non-fasting matched controls undergoing the same procedure during Ramadan. Methods: Anxiety and depression were measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, at the start of the induction protocol. All the successful pregnant women were followed up until delivery. Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome measure was the live birth rate. Results: The live birth rate was higher in the fasting group than in the non-fasting group; this was not significant (43% vs. 40%, P = 0.46). The fasting group needed higher doses and durations of induction. Embryo quality did not differ between both groups. The pregnancy complication rate among successful cases was higher in the fasting group (52.9% vs. 40.4%, P = 0.03); however, the frequencies of anxiety and depression were significantly lower than those in the non-fasting group (18% vs. 38%, P < 0.00001 and 16% vs. 37%, P < 0.00001, respectively). Conclusion: Fasting during Ramadan does not seem to significantly affect the IVF/ICSI outcome; however, it significantly decreased the anxiety and depression usually associated with these procedures.
Mammalian Fauna and Conservational Issues of the Baraiyadhala National Park in Chittagong, Bangladesh  [PDF]
Rezaul Karim, Farid Ahsan
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2016.62011
Abstract: Mammals were studied at the Baraiyadhala National Park, Chittagong from August 2012 to July 2013. Twenty nine species of mammals belonging to 26 genera, 17 families and 9 orders were recorded. Of the recorded species, 2 were primates, 10 rodents, 1 lagomorph (hare), 5 chiropterans (bats), 1 manid, 7 carnivores and 3 ungulates. Rodentia appeared as the largest family contained 10 speices. The overall mammalian population density was 239.12/km2. Irrawardy squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus) scored the highest density (112.97/km2) and several species attained the lowest (1/km2 each). Local status (relative abundance) of mammals assessed where 15 (51.72%) species were rare, and according to National Conservation Status, 13 (44.82%) were remarked as threatened species of that area. There were some major threats to the park such as forest fire, encroachment of forest and forest edges by both tribal and landless people, illegal exploitation of forest resources, grazing of livestock and unavailable water reservoirs.
Assessment of Constraints to the Adoption of Technologies Promoted by the Integrated Pest Management Training Program in Cotton-Based Cropping Systems in Western Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Souleymane Nacro, Karim Sama
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2018.62011
Abstract: Our study was conducted from August 2008 to March 2009 in the Houet province, western Burkina Faso. It consisted in the assessment of the constraints to the adoption by cotton growers of technologies promoted by the IPM program through Farmers’ Field Schools in cotton-cereals-livestock systems. We did so by surveying a sample of 185 farmers trained in IPM and by describing farmers’ practices before and after the training in IPM. The results showed that the average dose of organic manure, NPK and urea used by famers after their training were respectively 3.8 tons/ha, 163 kg/ha and 65 kg /ha as compared with 2.4 tons/ha, 140 kg/ha and 51 kg/ha before the training. Regarding the use of pesticides, 94.6% of farmers used protection equipment during the sprayings after the training against 21.6% of them before the training. However, the average number of sprays did not vary significantly. It was 6 before the training and only 5 after. The botanical pesticides were used by 31% of farmers after the training as compared with 0% of users before the training in IPM. The training did not affect much crop yields. The constraints identified and classified according to their relative importance included the lack of agricultural equipment, and animals for ploughing, difficulties in inputs access, labor shortage, the lack of organic manure, and marketing problems. These technical, social and economic constraints have been analyzed and recommendations have been made to work them out.
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