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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 149920 matches for " Kanazawa H "
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Association of plasma adiponectin levels with cellular hydration state measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis in patients with COPD
Yoshikawa T, Kanazawa H
International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S34556
Abstract: ssociation of plasma adiponectin levels with cellular hydration state measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis in patients with COPD Original Research (1154) Total Article Views Authors: Yoshikawa T, Kanazawa H Published Date August 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 515 - 521 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S34556 Received: 01 June 2012 Accepted: 16 July 2012 Published: 10 August 2012 Takahiro Yoshikawa,1 Hiroshi Kanazawa2 1Department of Sports Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan Background: It is widely recognized that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) includes a variety of extra pulmonary complications and comorbidities. Recently, adiponectin was shown to regulate cellular metabolism in humans. Cellular hydration state is affected by a variety of hormonal factors and regulates cellular metabolic state. Therefore, this study was designed to determine whether adiponectin is a possible factor involved in cellular hydration state in COPD. Methods: Thirty patients with COPD and 41 age-matched controls participated in the study. Plasma levels of total and high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin were measured and anthropometry and pulmonary function tests were conducted. Intracellular water (ICW), extracellular water (ECW), and ECW/ICW ratio, which are parameters of cellular hydration state, were measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Results: Higher levels of total and HMW adiponectin in plasma were found in patients with COPD compared with levels in controls. A significant inverse correlation was observed between body mass index and plasma levels of total and HMW adiponectin in the control group. However, this significant correlation was not observed in patients with COPD. The plasma levels of total and HMW adiponectin were also not significantly correlated with any pulmonary function parameters in patients with COPD. Regarding the state of cellular hydration, the plasma levels of total adiponectin were inversely correlated with the ECW/ICW ratio and positively with ICW values in patients with COPD. Moreover, closer correlations were found between these parameters and plasma HMW adiponectin levels. Conclusion: The results of the present study suggest a novel association of the plasma adiponectin with cellular hydration state in patients with COPD. Accordingly, lower adiponectin levels may result in cellular shrinkage, leading to metabolic malfunction at a cellular level. Thus, our findings provide new insights regarding the preventive roles of adiponectin in the progression of comorbidities in COPD.
Association of plasma adiponectin levels with cellular hydration state measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis in patients with COPD
Yoshikawa T,Kanazawa H
International Journal of COPD , 2012,
Abstract: Takahiro Yoshikawa,1 Hiroshi Kanazawa21Department of Sports Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, JapanBackground: It is widely recognized that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) includes a variety of extra pulmonary complications and comorbidities. Recently, adiponectin was shown to regulate cellular metabolism in humans. Cellular hydration state is affected by a variety of hormonal factors and regulates cellular metabolic state. Therefore, this study was designed to determine whether adiponectin is a possible factor involved in cellular hydration state in COPD.Methods: Thirty patients with COPD and 41 age-matched controls participated in the study. Plasma levels of total and high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin were measured and anthropometry and pulmonary function tests were conducted. Intracellular water (ICW), extracellular water (ECW), and ECW/ICW ratio, which are parameters of cellular hydration state, were measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis.Results: Higher levels of total and HMW adiponectin in plasma were found in patients with COPD compared with levels in controls. A significant inverse correlation was observed between body mass index and plasma levels of total and HMW adiponectin in the control group. However, this significant correlation was not observed in patients with COPD. The plasma levels of total and HMW adiponectin were also not significantly correlated with any pulmonary function parameters in patients with COPD. Regarding the state of cellular hydration, the plasma levels of total adiponectin were inversely correlated with the ECW/ICW ratio and positively with ICW values in patients with COPD. Moreover, closer correlations were found between these parameters and plasma HMW adiponectin levels.Conclusion: The results of the present study suggest a novel association of the plasma adiponectin with cellular hydration state in patients with COPD. Accordingly, lower adiponectin levels may result in cellular shrinkage, leading to metabolic malfunction at a cellular level. Thus, our findings provide new insights regarding the preventive roles of adiponectin in the progression of comorbidities in COPD.Keywords: adiponectin, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), cellular hydration, COPD, extra pulmonary phenotype
Detecting Incomplete Learners in a Blended Learning Environment Among Japanese University Students
Minoru Nakayama,H. Kanazawa,H. Yamamoto
International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) , 2009, DOI: 10.3991/ijet.v4i1.659
Abstract: To examine the feasibility of identifying incomplete participants who had not eventually completed a course in a blended learning environment using current learning behavioral data, access log data of complete and incomplete participants were analyzed. There is a significant difference between the two sets, and the number of accesses correlates with the final test score. Discrimination analysis was conducted using several variables across the learning process, and the ratio of those taking part in online tests was significant. Discrimination performance improved in relation to the number of accesses. The estimation performance was determined for two disparate courses in order to detect incomplete participants.
Trilinear forms and Chern classes of Calabi-Yau threefolds
Atsushi Kanazawa,P. M. H. Wilson
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: Let X be a Calabi-Yau threefold and \mu the symmetric trilinear form on the second cohomology group H^{2}(X,\Z) defined by the cup product. We investigate the interplay between the Chern classes c_{2}(X), c_{3}(X) and the trilinear form \mu, and demonstrate some numerical relations between them. When the cubic form \mu(x,x,x) has a linear factor over \R, some properties of the linear form and the residual quadratic form are also obtained.
Hepatic infarction following abdominal interventional procedures.
Fujiwara H,Kanazawa S,Hiraki T,Mimura H
Acta Medica Okayama , 2004,
Abstract: To clarify the incidence, background, and progress of hepatic infarction following interventional procedures, cases of hepatic infarction following interventional procedures at our department during the last decade were identified by reviewing the clinical records of 1982 abdominal angiography and interventional procedures and records of abdominal CT. Nine episodes (0.5%) in 8 patients were identified as hepatic infarction following an interventional procedure. Five episodes were preceded by embolization of the hepatic or celiac artery at emergency angiography for postoperative bleeding with hemorrhagic shock. Three episodes followed the elected interventional procedure for hepatocellular carcinoma, and the remaining episode occurred after 12 months of chemoinfusion through an indwelling catheter in the hepatic artery and portal vein. Hepatic arterial occlusion in all episodes and portal venous flow abnormality in 5 episodes were observed on angiography. Four patients whose liver function was initially impaired died of hepatic infarction, although the extent of the disease on CT did not appear to be related to the mortality. Multiple risk factors, including arterial insufficiency, were observed in each patient. The incidence of hepatic infarction following interventional procedures in this series was low but sometimes fatal, and occurred most frequently in emergency embolization in hemorrhagic shock.
Percutaneous sclerotherapy for venous malformations using polidocanol under fluoroscopy.
Mimura H,Kanazawa S,Yasui K,Fujiwara H
Acta Medica Okayama , 2003,
Abstract: This retrospective study evaluated the safety and efficacy of using polidocanol with X-ray fluoroscopy for percutaneous sclerotherapy of venous malformations of the limbs, head, and neck. The subjects were 16 of 18 patients who presented to our department with venous malformations. Two patients were excluded because they were unlikely to benefit from the treatment. Of the 16 included in the study, 1 could not be treated because of inaccessibility, and another was lost to follow-up. Among the 14 cases that we were able to follow-up, 11 cases had had pain as their primary symptom. Following treatment, this symptom remained unchanged in 1 patient, was improved in 4, and had disappeared in 6; however, there was a recurrence of pain for 3 of these patients. Two patients had sought treatment for cosmetic purposes; following treatment, the lesion disappeared in one and showed a significant reduction in the other. The remaining patient presented with a primary symptom of mouth bleeding, which disappeared following treatment. There were no critical complications. Percutaneous sclerotherapy of venous malformations using polidocanol is safe and effective, and permits repeat treatments. The efficacy is especially good for resolving pain, and complications are minor. It is desirable to use fluoroscopy for these procedures
Precipitation Behavior in Liesegang Systems under Microwave Irradiation  [PDF]
Yushin Kanazawa, Yusuke Asakuma
Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology (JCPT) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcpt.2014.42009
Abstract: We studied precipitation patterns in a Liesegang system under microwave irradiation in order to investigate metal salt diffusion in an electrolyte gel. The salt species and microwave irradiation power were varied. Microwave irradiation induced periodic patterns of precipitation because polar molecules vibrate and rotate in an electromagnetic field. For example, the number of patterns increased with the irradiation power. Accordingly, microwave irradiation nonlinearly accelerated the diffusion of ionic molecules.
Recanalization 24 months after endovascular repair of a large internal iliac artery aneurysm with use of stent-graft.
Yasui K,Kanazawa S,Mimura H,Dendo S
Acta Medica Okayama , 2001,
Abstract: An 83-year-old man with a large internal iliac artery aneurysm (IIAA) was treated with the use of stent-graft, suggesting successful results at 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment. However, 24-month follow-up computed tomography showed minor peripheral opacification of the IIAA. The patient underwent surgical endoaneurysmorrhaphy. No previous report of long-term recanalization of a satisfactorily thrombosed iliac artery aneurysm at 2 years or more after stent-grafting has been previously reported. Further follow-up studies need to be performed on the present procedure before anyone can confidently recommend it in regard to its long-term safety.
A theorem concerning twisted and untwisted partition functions in U(N) and SU(N) lattice gauge theories
Takuya Kanazawa
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2008.11.017
Abstract: In order to get a clue to understanding the volume-dependence of vortex free energy (which is defined as the ratio of the twisted against the untwisted partition function), we investigate the relation between vortex free energies defined on lattices of different sizes. An equality is derived through a simple calculation which equates a general linear combination of vortex free energies defined on a lattice to that on a smaller lattice. The couplings in the denominator and in the numerator however shows a discrepancy, and we argue that it vanishes in the thermodynamic limit. Comparison between our result and the work of Tomboulis is also presented. In the appendix we carefully examine the proof of quark confinement by Tomboulis and summarize its loopholes.
Generalizing the Tomboulis-Yaffe Inequality to SU(N) Lattice Gauge Theories and General Classical Spin Systems
Takuya Kanazawa
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1016/j.aop.2009.04.002
Abstract: We extend the inequality of Tomboulis and Yaffe in SU(2) lattice gauge theory (LGT) to SU(N) LGT and to general classical spin systems, by use of reflection positivity. Basically the inequalities guarantee that a system in a box that is sufficiently insensitive to boundary conditions has a non-zero mass gap. We explicitly illustrate the theorem in some solvable models. Strong coupling expansion is then utilized to discuss some aspects of the theorem. Finally a conjecture for exact expression to the off-axis mass gap of the triangular Ising model is presented. The validity of the conjecture is tested in multiple ways.
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