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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1281 matches for " Kamran Mirza "
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Assessment of Rock Mass Quality and Deformation Modulus by Empirical Methods along Kandiah River, KPK, Pakistan  [PDF]
Mian Sohail Akram, Kamran Mirza, Muhammad Zeeshan, Muhammad Asad Jabbar
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2018.810057
Abstract: The pivotal aim of this study is to evaluate the rock mass characterization and deformation modulus. It is vital for rock mass classification to investigate important parameters of discontinuities. Therefore, Rock Mass Rating (RMR) and Tunneling quality index (Q) classification systems are applied to analyze 22 segments along proposed tunnel routes for hydropower in Kandiah valley, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. RMR revealed the range of fair to good quality rocks, whereas Q yielded poor to fair quality rocks for investigated segments of the rock mass. Besides, Em values were acquired by empirical equations and computer-aided program RocLab, and both methods presented almost similar variation trend of their results. Hence, the correlations of Em with Q and RMR were carried out with higher values of the regression coefficient. This study has scientific significance to initially understand the rock mass conditions of Kandiah valley.
Geotechnical Investigation and Prediction of Rock Burst, Squeezing with Remediation Design by Numerical Analyses along Headrace Tunnel in Swat Valley, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan  [PDF]
Mian Sohail Akram, Kamran Mirza, Muhammad Zeeshan, Muhammad Ali, Luqman Ahmed
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2018.810058
Abstract: This study illustrates the classification of the rock mass and evaluation of rock squeezing, rock burst potential, deformation modulus along the proposed tunnel alignment of small hydropower in Swat Valley, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. The field and laboratory studies were conducted to classify the rock mass by using geomechanical classification systems i.e. Rock Mass Rating (RMR), tunneling quality index (Q), Rock Mass Index (RMi). The empirical relations classified the ground as non-squeezing and minor to non-squeezing conditions, respectively. Whereas, other methods depict minor to medium bursting potential along chainage 1+000 to 4+000 m, while results along chainage 2+400 - 2+800 m present medium to high bursting potential. Furthermore, numerical analyses were carried out by RS3 for elastic and plastic conditions in order to assess the total displacement of each section in unsupported and supported conditions. The results gave maximum displacement along chainage 2+400 - 2+800 m (19.2 mm in unsupported and 16mm in supported condition) and minimum displacement along chainage 0+876 - 1+000 m (1.4 mm in unsupported and 1.3 mm in supported condition). Hence, the estimated support by empirical methods has been optimized by using numerical analyses for the stability of rock mass along the tunnel.
The role of perioperative warming in surgery: a systematic review
Sajid, Muhammad Shafique;Shakir, Ali Jabir;Khatri, Kamran;Baig, Mirza Khurrum;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31802009000400009
Abstract: objective: the objective of this review was to systematically analyze the trials on the effectiveness of perioperative warming in surgical patients. methods: a systematic review of the literature was undertaken. clinical trials on perioperative warming were selected according to specific criteria and analyzed to generate summative data expressed as standardized mean difference (smd). results: twenty-five studies encompassing 3,599 patients in various surgical disciplines were retrieved from the electronic databases. nineteen randomized trials on 1785 patients qualified for this review. the no-warming group developed statistically significant hypothermia. in the fixed effect model, the warming group had significantly less pain and lower incidence of wound infection, compared with the no-warming group. in the random effect model, the warming group was also associated with lower risk of post-anesthetic shivering. both in the random and the fixed effect models, the warming group was associated with significantly less blood loss. however, there was significant heterogeneity among the trials. conclusion: perioperative warming of surgical patients is effective in reducing postoperative wound pain, wound infection and shivering. systemic warming of the surgical patient is also associated with less perioperative blood loss through preventing hypothermia-induced coagulopathy. perioperative warming may be given routinely to all patients of various surgical disciplines in order to counteract the consequences of hypothermia.
Z. Kamran, M. Aslam Mirza, Ahsan-ul-Haq1 and S. Mahmood1
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2004,
Abstract: A six-week trial was conducted to study the effect of decreasing dietary crude protein (CP) level on the performance of broilers in hot climatic conditions. Four experimental rations having CP 23 (control group), 22, 21 and 20%, with optimal amino acid balance were prepared. All the four rations were isocaloric having ME 3200 kcal/kg with Energy: Protein (E:P) 139.0, 146.5, 152.4 and 160 in diets A, B, C and D respectively. One hundred and twenty day-old chicks were randomly distributed into 12 experimental units, each having 10 chicks. Rations were randomly allotted to experimental units such that each unit received three replicates. The experimental diets were fed to birds from day 1st to 42nd. Performance of birds was monitored in terms of weight gain, feed consumption and feed conversion ratio (FCR). At the end of experiment, two birds per each replicate were randomly selected and slaughtered to record the data on carcass yield, breast meat yield, abdominal fat and composition of breast meat. Results of the trial suggested that weight gain was significantly (P<0.01) increased in birds on diets with CP 20 and 21%. Feed consumption and FCR remained un-changed for all the treatment groups. Eviscerated carcass yield was significantly (P<0.05) higher for the group fed on diet with 20% CP. Breast meat yield, abdominal fat and composition of breast meat also remained un-changed. Economic evaluation of the trial revealed that decreasing CP levels from 23 to 20% resulted in reduced feed cost per kg of live weight gain, which clearly indicated that this approach was useful especially in severe summer conditions. The overall picture of the study suggests that dietary protein level of broilers could be reduced from 23 to 20%, with beneficial effects on growth performance and carcass characteristics and increased economic returns in hot environmental conditions, provided that levels of essential amino acids are closely looked after.
“Kurdistan” Technique for the Treatment of Unprotected Trifurcation Left Main Stem Coronary Artery Lesion: Case Report  [PDF]
Aram J. Mirza
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2014.49058

The left main coronary artery (LMCA) is responsible for supplying about 75% to 100% of the left ventricular cardiac mass. Left main stem coronary artery (LMCA) disease reduces flow to a large portion of the myocardium, placing the patient at high risk for life-threatening events such as left ventricular dysfunction and arrhythmias with a high mortality approaching 50% in those treated medically. For several decades, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been considered as a gold standard treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA). However, successful percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) have been increasingly reported recently due to improved stent technology and better operator expertise. In spite of these factors, management can be challenging especially in LMCA bifurcational & trifurcational lesions, and therefore an integrated approach combining special techniques, physiological evaluation and adjunctive pharmacological agents should be combined for better clinical outcome. Herein, we describe a new promising technique named (Kurdistan technique) for the treatment of trifurcation unprotected left main stem lesion. In the last 18 months, 21 patients with significant trifurcational LMS had underwent PCI using this technique in our hospital (Sulaimany Heart Hospital/Kurdistan). The procedural success rate was 100%, follow up coronary angiography done between 6 - 12 months after the procedure for all the patients with no significant in-stent restenosis in any patient. One case is presented here demonstrating the technique.

Incidence, Predictors, Treatment, and Long-Term Prognosis of Patients with Restenosis after Long Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation for Coronary Arteries  [PDF]
Aram J Mirza
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2014.413075
Abstract: Background: Few data on the clinical course and management of patients experiencing restenosis after implantation of long drug-eluting stents treatment for coronary arteries was available. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, predictors, and long-term outcomes of patients with in-stent restenosis (ISR) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with long (33 mm & 38 mm) drug-eluting stents (DES) for long lesions in coronary arteries including left anterior descending artery (LAD), Lt circumflex artery (Lt Cx), right coronary artery (RCA), obtuse marginal artery (OM) & posterior descending artery (PDA). Methods: Between July 2009 and October 2010, 421 long DES had being implanted in 421 consecutive patients with significant coronary artery stenosis, with 371 patients (88%) undergoing routine follow up, clinical follow up done by exercise stress test at 6 & 12 months after stenting for 126 patients (34%), in 124 patients (33.5%) follow up was done by Computed Tomography angiography & 121 patients (32.5%) with clinically driven angiographic follow-up. A major adverse cardiac event was defined as the composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), or target-lesion revascularization (TLR) within 15 months. Results: All patients who underwent clinical follow up were asymptomatic. The overall incidence of angiographic (CT or conventional) ISR with long (33 mm & 38 mm) DES was 4% (15 out of 371 stents) with 8 (53.3%) focal-type and 7 (46.7%) with diffuse-type ISR. Six patients (40%) under-went repeated PCI, seven (46.7%) underwent bypass surgery, and 2 (13.3%) were treated medically. During long-term follow-up (ranging from 12 - 26 months), there were no deaths, 3 (0.8%) MI, and 13 (3.5%) repeated target-lesion revascularization (PCI or CABG) cases. The incidence of major adverse cardiac event was 5.3% in the medical group, 10.1% in the repeated PCI group, and 21.4% in the bypass surgery group. Multivariate analysis showed that the occurrence of DES-ISR did not affect the risk of death or MI. Conclusions: The incidence of ISR was 4% after long DES stenting for coronary arteries. The long-term clinical prognosis of patients with long DES-ISR associated with coronary artery stenting might be benign, if the patient has optimal treatment.
Spatio-Temporal Analysis on Urban Traffic Accidents: A Case Study of Tehran City, Iran  [PDF]
Niloofar Haji Mirza Aghasi
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2018.105032
Abstract: Urban Traffic Accidents (UTAs) may be seen as discrete events, localized in space and time. UTAs rates all over the world show great disparity, especially between developed and developing countries. Today, the most negative results of urban transportation are UTAs with many side effects such as injuries and loss of lives. UTAs lead to injury, death, disability and pain, loss of productivity, grief, social and mental problems. Proper and deep study and planning can enhance transport and driving safety and reduce number and severity of accidents. Traffic safety crises, death, damage and costs resulting from road UTAs are some of the most important public health and police organization challenges. In particular, UTA’s victims are often people who are aged 15 - 44 years old in Iran, and UTAs are the second cause of death after heart disease in Tehran. UTAs’ statistics in Tehran reveal a serious problem with significant fatality and injury rate. This study aims to identify the spatial pattern of UTAs in the city of Tehran in order to find the causes and consequences as well as the temporal and spatial or spatio-temporal variation of accidents. The relationship between the space and time of daily activities that generate urban daily trips and UTA, is examined in Tehran city for 2010 to 2011. The analysis is based on different primary and secondary data sources, which include locations of accidents and different attributes such as date, reason, kind, etc. Based on the data analysis, the study also attempted to show some light on the major causes, factors and types of accidents in order to identify the problem and suggest appropriate suggestions which reduce UTAs. As this study considered different factors of UTA, urban environment, land use, population, human activities and culture point considered as the most important pillars of this study. In order to understand knowledge, culture and attitudes of drivers towards traffic regulations, questionnaires were distributed to 1500 drivers in the study area to gather data about the drivers’ knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors and 1177 of them returned. The results express that culture and knowledge of drivers have direct effects on localizing accidents. Furthermore, the concentration of educational, commercial and cultural activities that make up a large number of urban trips and urban dynamics, road usage, and time are among the main considerations of this study. The relationships between population, land use and dynamic patterns of city which constitute the urban structure, are used to establish a link
Bonding Characteristics of TiC and TiN  [PDF]
Kuiying Chen, Sami Kamran
Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Material Science (MNSMS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/mnsms.2013.31002

Using ab initio density functional theory calculations, the electron localization function (ELF) of typical transition metal carbide TiC and nitride TiN were computed and analyzed to reveal their nature of the chemical bonds. The ELF approach was initially validated through typical examples of covalent-bonding Diamond (C) and ionic-bonding sodium chloride NaCl. Our results clearly demonstrate the dominantly ionic bonding characteristics of TiC and TiN. It is also suggested that the high mechanical hardness of TiC and TiN can be explained without evoking strong covalence.

Time-Spectral Solution of Initial-Value Problems—Subdomain Approach  [PDF]
Jan Scheffel, Ahmed A. Mirza
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2012.22010
Abstract: Temporal and spatial subdomain techniques are proposed for a time-spectral method for solution of initial-value problems. The spectral method, called the generalised weighted residual method (GWRM), is a generalisation of weighted residual methods to the time and parameter domains [1]. A semi-analytical Chebyshev polynomial ansatz is employed, and the problem reduces to determine the coefficients of the ansatz from linear or nonlinear algebraic systems of equations. In order to avoid large memory storage and computational cost, it is preferable to subdivide the temporal and spatial domains into subdomains. Methods and examples of this article demonstrate how this can be achieved.
Resettlement for disabled refugees
Mansha Mirza
Forced Migration Review , 2010,
Abstract: Over the past few decades there have been some positive (albeit inconsistent) changes in US refugee admissions policy as well as in UNHCR’s guidelines for resettlement, especially relating to refugees with disabilities.
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