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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 239 matches for " Kaisa Turunen "
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Health behavior after intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy  [PDF]
Kaisa Turunen, Kristiina Helander, Kari J. Mattila, Markku Sumanen
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.51013
Abstract:

Background: Pregnancy is an opportunity to adopt favorable health behaviors. We studied whether intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) promotes favorable health behavior in later life. Design: A prospective controlled cohort study. The method was a questionnaire survey in 2010 among 575 women with ICP and 1374 controls, all having delivered between the years 1969 and 1988 in Tampere University Hospital in Finland. Questionnaires were sent to 544 ICP patients and 1235 controls. Responses were received from 1178 (response rate 66.2%). The main outcome measures concerning recent or current health behavior were smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, body mass index (BMI) and special diet. Results: Current smoking was less common in the ICP group than among controls (10.5% vs 15.7%, p = 0.017). Assessed by smoking pack years there was a similar difference: in the ICP group 11.7% of women had at least 10 smoking pack years compared to 18.0% of the controls (p = 0.006). Recent alcohol consumption did not separate the two groups. The groups did not differ as to reported physical activity assessed in MET units. Fewer ICP women had had BMIs of 30 or more during pregnancy compared with controls (18.8% vs 25.1%, p = 0.023). In other points of life the BMI differences were not statistically significant. Weight-loss diet and gallbladder diet were more common in the ICP group (6.3% vs 3.6%, p = 0.044, and 3.0% vs 1.3%, p = 0.038). Conclusions: Having developed ICP two to four decades earlier seemed to constitute an effective intervention for smoking habits but not for other aspects of health behavior.

Mother’s intrahepatic cholestasis does not affect her daughter’s health  [PDF]
Tiina Vimpeli, Kaisa Turunen, Kristiina Helander, Kari J. Mattila, Markku Sumanen
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.56A1005
Abstract:

Objective: To establish whether a mother’s intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) has connections to her daughter’s health. Design: A retrospective study of daughters to ICP mothers. Setting: The region of Tampere University Hospital in Finland. Subjects: The study population comprised 575 women diagnosed with ICP during at least one pregnancy in the obstetric department of Tampere University Hospital in the period 1969-1988, and two controls chosen for each. Questionnaires were sent to these women and to their daughters: 305 daughters to ICP mothers and 642 to controls in autumn 2010. Eventually 187 daughters to ICP mothers responded (61.3%) and 373 to controls (58.1%). Main Outcome Measures: Evaluated health, symptoms and complaints, diagnosed diseases, mental health and use of medicines. Results: Only minor differences were detected between the two groups regarding the majority of items inquired. The only prominent difference between daughters to ICP mothers and those to controls concerned epilepsy, which was significantly more frequent among ICP mothers’ daughters, the prevalence being fourfold (3.2% vs 0.8%, p = 0.033). Conclusion: A mother’s ICP does not generally affect her daughter’s health. This can be considered an encouraging new finding for mothers with ICP in primary health care.

Marimekko (Tasaraita) triibus rgi fenomen
Arja Turunen
M?etagused. Hüperajakiri , 2006,
Abstract: The article discusses the history of Marimekko, which has become a classic clothes company in Finland, and the phenomenon of the striped T-shirt marketed under the Tasaraita brand. Initially Marimekko stood for elitist designer clothes, later youth apparel and, with the Tasaraita, eventually became the people's fashion. The principles of Marimekko design are representative of their period, i.e. the timeless and simple product design philosophy of the 1950s' multifunctionalism. Festive and casual clothes were no longer designed as separate products as the same items could fulfil different functions. The aim was to provide clothing for the entire nation, though Marimekko's products did not become people's clothing at the time, as the customers of the company were mainly educated and wealthy townspeople. Annika Rimala became the head designer of Marimekko in the period between the 1950s and 1960s, and developed the brand of Tasaraita in 1968. Tasaraita was a completely unique product, since the company had not produced jersey clothes before. Rimala's aim was to design a multifunctional jersey shirt that could be worn by anyone - from babies to old people, by men or women - the design concept clearly entailed the Maoist ideology of equality. Former consumers did not associate Tasaraita with Marimekko, since its sales remained rather modest. A year later Tasaraita was relaunched, but the ideological emphasis was dropped, and the sales of the product proved more successful. From the aspect of the clothing concept, this too was representative of the shaping of Marimekko's wholesome environment. The apex of the idea of equality was the unisex clothing adopted at the beginning of the 1970s. The typical example of unisex fashion was an outfit of jeans and a T-shirt. For people, the changes in the standard of living and lifestyle meant transforming from a maker of clothes to a consumer. For Marimekko the changes stood for people's growing opportunities and willingness to choose Marimekko's clothes, and on the other hand, Tasaraita was in accordance with the renewed clothing practices and ideals. While before new items were designed for each season, the basic products, such as those of the Tasaraita brand, came to be on sale all the time, with only the colour scheme altering from one season to another. This popularisation of the basic products enabled the emergence of a line of classical clothing. The success of the company in the 1970s, brought about by the success of Tasaraita product line, may be explained by Marimekko's clothing ideology being in accord with the
Marimekon tasaraita pukeutumisilmion
Arja Turunen
J@rgonia , 2004,
Abstract: Artikkelissa tarkastellaan yht Marimekko-designin tunnetuinta ilmentym , Tasaraita-paitaa etnologisen pukeutumistutkimuksen n k kulmasta. Marimekko ja Tasaraita edustavat tunnettua ja arvostettua suomalaista designia – Tasaraita jopa siin m rin, ett sit on kutsuttu jopa ”suomalaisten uudeksi kansanpuvuksi” – mutta millainen osa niill on suomalaisen pukeutumisen historiassa ja miten Marimekon vaatteiden k ytt j t niit merkityksellist v t? Aiemman tutkimuskirjallisuuden pohjalta Turunen ensin tarkastelee Tasaraitaa suomalaisen 1950–1970-lukujen pukeutumiskulttuurin ja siin tapahtuneiden muutosten n k kulmasta. T m n j lkeen h n esittelee ker m ns haastatteluaineiston pohjalta Marimekon vaatteiden k ytt jien kokemuksia ja tulkintoja Tasaraidasta. Haastattelut avaavat Marimekkoon ja Tasaraitaan uuden n k kulmaan kertomalla, miten eri-ik iset Marimekon vaatteiden k ytt j t niiden edustaman pukeutumisajattelun kokivat.
IDEAS OF SOCIAL CAPITAL IN EARLY GERMAN HISTORICAL ECONOMICS
Olli Turunen
Essays in Economic & Business History , 2009,
Abstract: The interest in the concept of social capital has generated a continuous stream of publications and new research from the 1960s onwards, as well as some interest in the origins of the concept. These conceptual histories of social capital start from the beginning of the twentieth century. Arguing that one should look further back in time, this paper shows how the earlier German historical economists — including Wilhelm Roscher (1817-1894), Bruno Hildebrand (1812-1878) and Karl Knies (1821-1898) — disagreed about capital; Roscher and Hildebrand used concepts of intangible capital that came close to the idea of modern social capital, while Knies considered such applications of the idea of capital detrimental for economics.
Evaluation as a Tool for Developing the Quality of Academic Libraries. Case Study at a Large and Traditional Research Oriented Scandinavian University
Kaisa Sinikara
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2006,
Abstract: The leaders of our universities will ask today if we offer those services that a top university requires and whether the proposed resources for the libraries are worth investing. Establishing the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) requires the establishing of quality systems. Quality assurance systems will be introduced throughout the entire European academic sector and will certainly have significant impact on the development of academic organizations. The collaborative effort to evaluate European universities is coordinated by ENQA, the European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher education (Standards, 2005). Most European countries have developed a national quality assurance system. The solutions of different countries can be divided into three different classes: 1) Auditing countries[1] (institutional audit, quality audit, evaluation of quality assurance systems, enhancement-led institutional review): England, Scotland, Ireland, France, Finland, 2) Accreditation[2]: Holland, Germany and 3) Combination or another system: Norway, Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden (Audits, 2006).
Bente Pedersen - en forfatter i marginalitet
Kaisa Lindbach
Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur , 2000,
Abstract:
Bente Pedersen - en forfatter i marginalitet
Kaisa Lindbach
Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur , 2000,
Abstract:
Skj nnlitteratur - et etnisk speil? Kvenlitteratur i Nord-Norge
Kaisa Lindbach
Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur , 1999,
Abstract:
Skj nnlitteratur - et etnisk speil? Kvenlitteratur i Nord-Norge
Kaisa Lindbach
Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur , 1999,
Abstract:
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