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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3508 matches for " Kabange Umba Irène "
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Barriers to the Implementation of the Nursing Approach in Public Hospitals in Lubumbashi in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study  [PDF]
Ndayi Kabamba Julie, Ilunga Kandolo Simon, Kabange Umba Irène, Matungulu Matungulu Charles, Abdulu Mahuridi, Mwinkeu Kasongo Narcisse, Malonga Kaj Francoise
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103721
Introduction: The nursing approach (NA) is the essence of the nursing profession. However, its implementation is almost absent in the hospitals of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine nurses’ knowledge, attitudes and practices in relation to the nursing approach and to identify barriers to the implementation of this approach. Methods: To achieve these objectives, we carried out a cross-sectional descriptive study among the nurses of the 11 public hospitals of Lubumbashi, from June to September 2015. Thanks to a validated questionnaire, we collected the data by interview, supported by participatory observation. Results: The results showed that 67.6% of respondents were trained on NA; However, 99.3% did not know the exact number of NA steps and 62.6% did not cite any steps; The majority (93.5%) of trainees on NA find that this process provides quality patient care; 100% of the sample wish to put it into practice; 100% of the sample need continuous training on NA including 67.6% to improve knowledge and 32.4% to learn; 89.1% of those trained reported not practicing NA, but participating direct observation gave 100% of non-practice. The barriers to implementation of the NA were inadequate nursing staff (75.6%), inadequate equipment (71.5%), lack of time (62.6%), lack of theoretical and practical knowledge (47.2%), lack of nursing records (26%) and lack of institution for nursing care within the hospital (17%). Conclusion: Therefore, capacity building of nurses through continuing education, as well as initial training on NA, would increase their knowledge, reinforce positive attitude and promote its implementation, all supported by improved working conditions and the implementation of a professional nursing quality assurance organization.
Factors Associated with the Implementation of the Nursing Process in the Public Hospitals of Lubumbashi in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study  [PDF]
Ndayi Kabamba Julie, Ilunga Kandolo Simon, Matungulu Matungulu Charles, Kabange Umba Irène, Abdulu Mahuridi, Mwinkeu Kasongo Narcisse, Mundongo Tshamba Henry, Omanyondo Ohambe Marie Claire, Malonga Kaj Francoise
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104054
Introduction: The nursing process is an organized method that focuses on the individual reactions of a person (or group) in order to produce a clinical judgment about the person’s state of health in order to make decisions about to the care to be given [1]. Method: The qualitative study has been carried out in this work. This involves exploring the factors related to their experience and the feelings of each caregiver in order to identify possible pathways for the implementation of the nursing process in public hospitals in Lubumbashi. Results: The results showed that the factors that can favor the implementation of the nursing process according to the expression of the nurses surveyed are: updating knowledge on the nursing procedure, setting up the nursing file, availability nursing staff (sufficient staff and permanence in the workplace), motivation of nurses (salary, promotion, bonus, etc.), availability of work equipment. Conclusion: Ultimately, the main challenges remain the training, the equipment of the hospitals and the financial motivation of the nurses.
Doctors Perception of Nursing Care in Lubumbashi City Public Hospitals  [PDF]
Ndayi Kabamba Julie, Ilunga Musaya Pierrot, Nyembo Shimba André, Kabange Umba Irène, Mwinkeu Kasongo Narcisse, Ilunga Kandolo Simon, Omanyondo Ohambe Marie Claire, Malonga Kaj Francoise
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105579
Introduction: Teamwork is an issue that hospitals must encourage. But the fact is that many hospitals do not promote mutual knowledge of different professions for complementarity in order to meet the needs of patients or the population. Our study pursued a three-fold objective: to explore physicians’ perceptions of nursing care, to describe physicians’ perceptions of the role of nurses, and to identify some characteristics of physician-nurse collaboration. Method: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study with 14 doctors at Lubumbashi General Reference Hospitals (Sendwe, South Gecamines and University teaching hospital). Data collection took three months, from May 1 to July 31, 2018. Of the exhaustive sample of a population of 25 physicians, only 14 physicians freely consented and participated in the study and constituted the final size of our study sample. The data has been processed with Excel 2013 and Epi-info 7 software version Results: At the end of our study, we found that no doctor has been able to define either the term nurse or nursing. In addition, 21.5% of the doctors thought that the role of the nurse is to execute the decisions of the doctor. Although 78.6% and 64.3% respectively strongly agreed on the nurse’s consideration as a collaborator and staff needing to clarify a medical prescription; 71.4% reported that the nurse did not have an independent role, 100% had no knowledge of the nursing approach, and 100% found that respect for the role of physicians is one of the elements of their collaboration. In the end, all these results showed the ignorance of the term nurse, nursing care and the nursing approach by the doctors of the public hospitals of the city of Lubumbashi. Conclusion: At the end of our research, we found a negative perception of the nurse and nursing care by the physicians participating in our survey. Awareness within the multidisciplinary team about recognizing the role and limitations of the nurse’s skills becomes a necessity. The quality of the doctor and nurse relationship will certainly improve the quality of patient care.
A New Biological Strategy for Drug Delivery: Eucaryotic Cell-Derived Nanovesicles  [PDF]
Irène Tatischeff, Annette Alfsen
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2011.225060
Abstract: An efficient drug delivery is the prerequisite of the successful chemotherapeutic treatments of many human diseases. Despite a great number of approaches, the improvement of drug cell internalization remains an actual research challenge. We propose a new biological delivery system based on the extracellular vesicles released by a non-pathological eukaryotic microorganism, Dictyostelium discoideum. After a summary of the main characteristics of these extracellular vesicles, including of their lipid bilayer that appears as a good candidate for initiating membrane fusion, followed by delivery of their encapsulated drug, the capacity of these vesicles to convey drugs into human cells was demonstrated in vitro on two tumor cell lines, resistant leukaemia K562r and cervix carcinoma HeLa cells. A comparison with other extracellular vesicles, like exosomes or bacteria-derived particles, stresses the unique properties of Dictyostelium extracellular nanovesicles for drug delivery.
The Lipid Bilayer of Biological Vesicles: A Liquid-Crystalline Material as Nanovehicles of Information  [PDF]
Annette Alfsen, Irène Tatischeff
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2014.52013

The biological intracellular vesicles, formed from the cell membrane or from different cell organelles, play a main role in the intracellular transport, transfer and exchange of molecules and information. Extracellular vesicles are also detected in organisms belonging to any of the three main branches of evolution, Archaea, Bacteria and Eukarya. There is an increasing consensus that these vesicles are important mediators of intercellular communication. All the intracellular and extracellular vesicles present a characteristic lipid composition and organization that governs their formation, targeting and function. This paper gives an overview of the lipid chemical and physical structure, strongly related to their biological function. The properties and role of the different types of lipids from membranes and vesicles are described. Then, their physical structure is shown as self-associated in a bilayer and organized as a lyotropic liquid crystal. The present paper underlies the structural similarity between these biological vesicles and a new synthetic material, theliquid crystalline fullerodendrimers” obtained from the biological model. It is composed of a basket of carbon associated with a liquid crystalline material and has been shown to exhibit highly efficient properties of information transfer. Our observation stresses the essential role of the liquid crystalline structure of lipids in their function as biological nanovehicles of information. The comparison with the synthetic material contributes to a better understanding of the role of lipids for cell communication in living organisms.

Fictions industrielles et apprentissage du temps : les jeux LEGO Bionicles
Irène Langlet
Strenae : Recherches sur les Livres et Objets Culturels de l'Enfance , 2011, DOI: 10.4000/strenae.314
Abstract: Il y a un paradoxe LEGO : venue tard aux nouveaux jouets médiatiques et numériques, la firme danoise a pourtant lancé l’un des phénomènes les plus exemplaires des années 2000 : la gamme Bionicle, qui mêle figurines, jeux de construction, fictions populaires multi-supports (imprimé, télévision, jeux vidéo, CD-Rom, cinéma), communautés de joueurs sur internet, univers partagé, et tous les produits non ludiques dérivés. Une description fine de la gamme Bionicle fait appara tre d’emblée, non seulement son adéquation étroite aux problématiques de porosité intermédiatique et d’exploitation de la fiction, mais son innovation majeure, étroitement liée à la nature des produits de la firme LEGO. Dans un processus de médiatisation , la gamme accomplit, après la généralisation de séries thématiques favorisant l’imaginaire, le passage de LEGO à la narrativisation. On montrera en quoi l’introduction du narratif dans cette gamme a répondu à cet objectif-ma tre de l’industrie des biens de consommation en régime médiatique : consommer du média, c’est encore jouer au jeu-noyau. Mais on verra aussi en quoi ce cadre narratif peut suggérer des analyses qui vont au-delà de la théorie du marketing ou de la didactique du jouet, et qui ont trait aux usages contemporains de la fiction et à la psychologie du développement en matière de ma trise de la temporalité.
Ilana L wy, L’emprise du genre. Masculinité, féminité, inégalité
Irène Jami
Genre & Histoire , 2007,
Abstract: Le livre d’Ilana L wy cherche à comprendre comment les sociétés occidentales, tout en proclamant l’égalité entre hommes et femmes, ne cessent de reproduire ce que Fran oise Héritier a appelé la valence différentielle des sexes .Consciente de ce que toute connaissance, toute entreprise intellectuelle est historiquement, géographiquement, socialement située, Ilana L wy expose dans le prologue de L’emprise du genre le parallèle qui a inspiré sa démarche. Elle rappelle ce que signifie avoir co...
Ilana L wy, à propos de L'emprise du genre
Irène Jami
Genre & Histoire , 2007,
Abstract: Irène Jami : L’Emprise du genre évoque longuement la production de la hiérarchie de genre par le biais de la politique des corps : l’inégalité esthétique ; les interventions de la biomédecine. Cela para t d’autant plus important que, me semble-t-il, en France, les féministes s’y sont jusqu’à présent peu intéressées, et on peut se demander pourquoi.Ilana L wy : Sans très bien conna tre les débuts du féminisme fran ais, je dirais d’abord que l’approche du corps était plus psychanalytique que bi...
Donna Haraway, Manifeste cyborg et autres essais. Sciences-Fictions-Féminismes. Anthologie établie par Laurence Allard, Delphine Gardey et Nathalie Magnan
Irène Jami
Genre & Histoire , 2008,
Abstract: Il faut saluer l’heureuse initiative et la qualité de la réalisation de Laurence Allard, Delphine Gardey et Nathalie Magnan, relayées par les éditions Exils : mettre à notre disposition en fran ais, et dans une langue claire et agréable en dépit de la difficulté de l’entreprise de traduction, des textes parmi les plus significatifs de l’ uvre de Donna Haraway. Après Judith Butler et Teresa de Lauretis, nous voici donc en mesure de nous familiariser – avec dix à vingt ans de délai, mais ce n’e...
Jérusalem, entre attraction et répulsion migratoire
Irène Salenson
EchoGéo , 2009,
Abstract: Contrairement à ce que pourraient laisser penser les valeurs symbolique et politique attribuées à Jérusalem, le solde migratoire de la ville est négatif depuis plusieurs décennies pour la population israélienne comme pour la population palestinienne. De même, contrairement à ce que pourrait laisser penser la désignation de Jérusalem comme capitale de l’Etat hébreu et comme capitale souhaitée par l’Autorité Palestinienne, les facteurs qui expliquent les mouvements migratoires à Jérusalem ne sont pas exclusivement politiques, même si ces derniers exercent une influence importante sur les flux. Ainsi, des facteurs économiques classiques , comme le co t de l’immobilier, le ch mage, la recherche d’un emploi, jouent un r le non négligeable dans les dynamiques d’attraction et de répulsion migratoire pour la population de Jérusalem. De plus, deux aires métropolitaines se sont progressivement formées autour de Jérusalem, l’une pour la population israélienne, l’autre pour la population palestinienne : les banlieues de cette aire attirent de plus en plus d’habitants, manifestant un processus d’étalement urbain observé dans la plupart des métropoles dans le monde. Despite the high symbolic and political values granted to Jerusalem, the city’s net migration balance has been negative for several decades, within the Israeli as well as within the Palestinian population. Similarly, despite the fact that Jerusalem is designated as capital city by the Hebrew State, and claimed as capital by the Palestinian Authority, the migration’s movements affecting Jerusalem are not exclusively political, even if political grounds may explain part of the flow. Indeed, “classical” economic factors, such as the cost of housing, unemployment and job search, might play a significant role in the dynamics of demographic attraction and repulsion to and from Jerusalem. In addition, two metropolitan areas have gradually developed around Jerusalem, one concerning the Israeli population, the second concerning the Palestinian population. Within these metropolitan areas, suburbs are attracting more and more inhabitants, expressing an urban spread process that nowadays affect most of the metropolitan cities in the world.
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