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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 138749 matches for " K. Manomaiphiboon "
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The role of climate and emission changes in future air quality over southern Canada and northern Mexico
E. Tagaris,K.-J. Liao,K. Manomaiphiboon,S. He
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions , 2008,
Abstract: Potential impacts of global climate and emissions changes on regional air quality over southern (western and eastern) Canada and northern Mexico are examined by comparing future summers' (i.e., 2049–2051) average regional O3 and PM2.5 concentrations with historic concentrations (i.e., 2000–2002 summers). Air quality modeling was conducted using CMAQ and meteorology downscaled from the GISS-GCM using MM5. Emissions for North America are found using US EPA, Mexican and Canadian inventories and projected emissions following CAIR and IPCC A1B emissions scenario. Higher temperatures for all sub-regions and regional changes in mixing height, insolation and precipitation are forecast in the 2049–2051 period. Future emissions are calculated to be lower over both Canadian sub-regions, but higher over northern Mexico. Global climate change, alone, is predicted to affect PM2.5 concentrations more than O3: M8hO3 concentrations are estimated to be slightly different in all examined sub-regions while PM2.5 concentrations are estimated to be higher over both Canadian sub-regions (8% over western and 3% over eastern) but 11% lower over northern Mexico. Climate change combined with the projected emissions lead to greater change in pollutant concentrations: M8hO3 concentrations are simulated to be 6% lower over western Canada and 8% lower over eastern Canada while PM2.5 concentrations are simulated to be 5% lower over western Canada and 11% lower over eastern Canada. Although future emissions over northern Mexico are projected higher, pollutant concentrations are simulated to be lower due to US emissions reductions. Global climate change combined with the projected emissions will decrease M8hO3 4% and PM2.5 17% over northern Mexico.
Quantification of impact of climate uncertainty on regional air quality
K.-J. Liao,E. Tagaris,K. Manomaiphiboon,C. Wang
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions , 2008,
Abstract: Impacts of uncertain climate forecasts on future regional air quality are investigated using downscaled MM5 meteorological fields from the NASA GISS and MIT IGSM global climate models and the CMAQ model in 2050 in the continental US. Three future climate scenarios: high-extreme, low-extreme and base, are developed for regional air quality simulations. GISS, with the IPCC A1B scenario, is used for the base case. IGSM results, in the form of probabilistic distributions, are used to perturb the base case climate to provide 0.5th and 99.5th percentile climate scenarios. Impacts of the extreme climate scenarios on concentrations of summertime fourth-highest daily maximum 8-h average ozone are predicted to be up to 10 ppbv (about one-eighth of the current NAAQS of ozone) in some urban areas, though average differences in ozone concentrations are about 1–2 ppbv on a regional basis. Differences between the extreme and base scenarios in annualized PM2.5 levels are very location dependent and predicted to range between 1.0 and +1.5 μg m 3. Future annualized PM2.5 is less sensitive to the extreme climate scenarios than summertime peak ozone since precipitation scavenging is only slightly affected by the extreme climate scenarios examined. Relative abundances of biogenic VOC and anthropogenic NOx lead to the areas that are most responsive to climate change. Such areas may find that climate change can significantly offset air quality improvements from emissions reductions, particularly during the most severe episodes.
The role of climate and emission changes in future air quality over southern Canada and northern Mexico
E. Tagaris, K.-J. Liao, K. Manomaiphiboon, S. He, J.-H. Woo, P. Amar,A. G. Russell
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) & Discussions (ACPD) , 2008,
Abstract: Potential impacts of global climate and emissions changes on regional air quality over southern (western and eastern) Canada and northern Mexico are examined by comparing future summers' (i.e., 2049–2051) average regional O3 and PM2.5 concentrations with historic concentrations (i.e., 2000–2002 summers). Air quality modeling was conducted using CMAQ and meteorology downscaled from the GISS-GCM using MM5. Emissions for North America are found using US EPA, Mexican and Canadian inventories and projected emissions following CAIR and IPCC A1B emissions scenario. Higher temperatures for all sub-regions and regional changes in mixing height, insolation and precipitation are forecast in the 2049-2051 period. Future emissions are calculated to be lower over both Canadian sub-regions, but higher over northern Mexico. Global climate change, alone, is predicted to affect PM2.5 concentrations more than O3 for the projections used in this study: average daily maximum eight (8) hour O3 (M8hO3) concentrations are estimated to be slightly different in all examined sub-regions while average PM2.5 concentrations are estimated to be higher over both Canadian sub-regions (8% over western and 3% over eastern) but 11% lower over northern Mexico. More days are forecast where M8hO3 concentrations are over 75 ppb in all examined sub-regions but the number of days where PM2.5 concentration will be over 15 μg/m3 is projected higher only over western Canada. Climate change combined with the projected emissions lead to greater change in pollutant concentrations: average M8hO3 concentrations are simulated to be 6% lower over western Canada and 8% lower over eastern Canada while average PM2.5 concentrations are simulated to be 5% lower over western Canada and 11% lower over eastern Canada. Although future emissions over northern Mexico are projected higher, pollutant concentrations are simulated to be lower due to US emissions reductions. Global climate change combined with the projected emissions will decrease average M8hO3 4% and PM2.5 17% over northern Mexico. Significant reductions in the number of days where M8hO3 concentrations are over 75 ppb and PM2.5 concentration over 15 μg/m3 are also projected with a significant reduction in peak values.
Quantification of the impact of climate uncertainty on regional air quality
K.-J. Liao, E. Tagaris, K. Manomaiphiboon, C. Wang, J.-H. Woo, P. Amar, S. He,A. G. Russell
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) & Discussions (ACPD) , 2009,
Abstract: Uncertainties in calculated impacts of climate forecasts on future regional air quality are investigated using downscaled MM5 meteorological fields from the NASA GISS and MIT IGSM global models and the CMAQ model in 2050 in the continental US. Differences between three future scenarios: high-extreme, low-extreme and base case, are used for quantifying effects of climate uncertainty on regional air quality. GISS, with the IPCC A1B scenario, is used for the base case simulations. IGSM results, in the form of probabilistic distributions, are used to perturb the base case climate to provide the high- and low-extreme scenarios. Impacts of the extreme climate scenarios on concentrations of summertime fourth-highest daily maximum 8-h average ozone are predicted to be up to 10 ppbV (about one-seventh of the current US ozone standard of 75 ppbV) in urban areas of the Northeast, Midwest and Texas due to impacts of meteorological changes, especially temperature and humidity, on the photochemistry of tropospheric ozone formation and increases in biogenic VOC emissions, though the differences in average peak ozone concentrations are about 1–2 ppbV on a regional basis. Differences between the extreme and base scenarios in annualized PM2.5 levels are very location dependent and predicted to range between 1.0 and +1.5 μg m 3. Future annualized PM2.5 is less sensitive to the extreme climate scenarios than summertime peak ozone since precipitation scavenging is only slightly affected by the extreme climate scenarios examined. Relative abundances of biogenic VOC and anthropogenic NOx lead to the areas that are most responsive to climate change. Overall, planned controls for decreasing regional ozone and PM2.5 levels will continue to be effective in the future under the extreme climate scenarios. However, the impact of climate uncertainties may be substantial in some urban areas and should be included in assessing future regional air quality and emission control requirements.
The Constrained Mean-Semivariance Portfolio Optimization Problem with the Support of a Novel Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm  [PDF]
K. Liagkouras, K. Metaxiotis
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.67B005
Abstract:

The paper addresses the constrained mean-semivariance portfolio optimization problem with the support of a novel multi-objective evolutionary algorithm (n-MOEA). The use of semivariance as the risk quantification measure and the real world constraints imposed to the model make the problem difficult to be solved with exact methods. Thanks to the exploratory mechanism, n-MOEA concentrates the search effort where is needed more and provides a well formed efficient frontier with the solutions spread across the whole frontier. We also provide evidence for the robustness of the produced non-dominated solutions by carrying out, out-of-sample testing during both bull and bear market conditions on FTSE-100.

Design of a Cantilever - Type Rotating Bending Fatigue Testing Machine  [PDF]
K. K. Alaneme
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.1011078
Abstract: This research is centered on the design of a low–cost cantilever loading rotating bending fatigue testing machine using locally sourced materials. The design principle was based on the adaptation of the technical theory of bending of elastic beams. Design drawings were produced and components/materials selections were based on functionality, durability, cost and local availability. The major parts of the machine: the machine main frame, the rotating shaft, the bearing and the bearing housing, the specimen clamping system, pulleys, speed counter, electric motor, and dead weights; were fabricated and then assembled following the design specifications. The machine performance was evaluated using test specimens which were machined in conformity with standard procedures. It was observed that the machine has the potentials of generating reliable bending stress – number of cycles data; and the cost of design (171,000 Naira) was lower in comparison to that of rotating bending machines from abroad. Also the machine has the advantages of ease of operation and maintenance, and is safe for use.
Wireless Sensor Network Lifetime Enhancement Using Modified Clustering and Scheduling Algorithm  [PDF]
K. Ramesh, K. Somasundaram
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.78154
Abstract: Random distribution of sensor nodes in large scale network leads redundant nodes in the application field. Sensor nodes are with irreplaceable battery in nature, which drains the energy due to?repeated collection of data and decreases network lifetime. Scheduling algorithms are the one way?of addressing this issue. In proposed method, an optimized sleep scheduling used to enhance the?network lifetime. While using the scheduling algorithm, the target coverage and data collection?must be maintained throughout the network. In-network, aggregation method also used to remove the unwanted information in the collected data in level. Modified clustering algorithm?highlights three cluster heads in each cluster which are separated by minimum distance between them.?The simulation results show the 20% improvement in network lifetime, 25% improvement in?throughput and 30% improvement in end to end delay.
FROM THE BOLOGNA DECLARATION IDEAS TO THE CREATION OF COL-LECTIVE INTELLIGENCE В Д ДЕЙ БОЛОНСЬКОЙ ДЕКЛАРАЦ ДО РЕАЛ Й СТВОРЕННЯ КОЛЕКТИВНОГО НТЕЛЕКТУ
K. Метешк?н,Х. Раковський
Information Technologies and Learning Tools , 2010,
Abstract: The results of Bologna process are investigated. It is underlined that theoretical – methodological bases of the Bologna process have been poorly developed. A scheme for master’s education both on requirements of separate states, and on requirements of EU is offered. Досл джуються п дсумки Болонського процесу. П дкреслю ться, що слабко розроблен теоретико-методолог чн основи Болонського процесу. Пропону ться схема навчання маг стр в, як для потреб окремих держав, так для потреб С.
THE FORMING OF NEW METHODOLOGICAL PARADIGM OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE MANAGEMENT ФОРМУВАННЯ НОВО МЕТОДОЛОГ ЧНО ПАРАДИГМИ УПРАВЛ ННЯ ОСВ ТОЮ НАУКОЮ
Х.В. Раковський,Н.Х. Раковська,K.О. Метешк?н
Information Technologies and Learning Tools , 2010,
Abstract: The process and phenomena connected with the initiation of new methodological paradigm of the scientific and educational management in Ukraine has been investigated. The paradigm is conditioned by global tendencies of informatization, development of communicative means and integrative processes in education and science У статт досл джен процеси та явища, пов’язан з зародженням в Укра н ново методолог чно парадигми управл ння осв тою наукою, яка обумовлена глобальними тенденц ями нформатизац , розвитком комун кац йних засоб в, а також нтеграц йними процесами в осв т та науц .
ДОБ Р КОМП'ЮТЕРНОГО ПРОГРАМНОГО ЗАБЕЗПЕЧЕННЯ ДИСТАНЦ ЙНОГО НАВЧАННЯ ДЛЯ ОРГАН ЗАЦ П СЛЯДИПЛОМНО ОСВ ТИ ВЧИТЕЛ В НФОРМАТИКИ DISTANCE LEARNING COMPUTER SOFTWARE FOR THE ORGANIZATION OF THE POSTGRADUATE EDUCATION FOR INFORMATICS TEACHERS
K.Р. Ковальська
Information Technologies and Learning Tools , 2010,
Abstract: У статт визначено та охарактеризовано основн вимоги до дистанц йних систем, що використовуються для забезпечення потреб навчального процесу; наведено низку безкоштовних систем управл ння навчальними ресурсами; зроблено пор вняльний анал з основних систем для визначення оптимально дистанц йно платформи до розвитку предметно-ор нтовно компетентност вчител в у п слядипломн й педагог чн осв т . The main demands to the distance learning systems which are used for providing the needs of the studying process are defined and characterized in the article. There is also a list of free of charge systems for the management of the educational resources. A comparative analysis of the main systems has been done for determining the optimal distance learning platform for the development of the teachers’ subject-oriented competence in the postgraduate pedagogical education.
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