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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 201605 matches for " Kênia Almeida;Silva "
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Estimativa de parametros de aquíferos através do coeficiente de recess?o em áreas de embasamento cristalino de Minas Gerais
Silva, Rebeca Ferreira Gonzaga;Bacellar, Luis de Almeida Prado;Fernandes, Kênia Nassau;
Rem: Revista Escola de Minas , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0370-44672010000300007
Abstract: the recession coefficient (α) indicates the production rate of the baseflow, that represents the part of the river flow which is predominately maintained by groundwater restitution. it can be obtained through hydrographic analysis. this coefficient allows the calculation of important parameters, such as aquifer transmissivity, renewable groundwater reserves, and low flow in drainage channels that usually are obtained through other hydrological indexes, such as the q7,10, frequently used in the management of surfi cial hydrological resources. the studied basins are located in the central-southern region of the minas gerais state, in areas of granite-gneissic rocks, with similar vegetation, climate and landuse. the results were satisfactory, showing that the determination methods for the recession coefficients may be used to characterize groundwater production in the hydrographic basins of the crystalline basement. the groundwater discharged into the drainage systems is greater in areas with smoother relief, indicating that they constitute the best recharge areas.
Sweet pepper seed responses to inoculation with microorganisms and coating with micronutrients, aminoacids and plant growth regulators
Diniz, Kênia Almeida;Silva, Paulo de Albuquerque;Oliveira, Jo?o Almir;Evangelista, José Renato Emiliorelli;
Scientia Agricola , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-90162009000300002
Abstract: small sized seeds, such as the horticultural species, have limited quantities of reserves that can be balanced by coating then with essential nutrients for their initial development. in addition, inoculation of the seeds with microorganisms may protect the plants against phytopathogens, thus enhancing their growth. the present work had the objective of evaluate the physiological quality and seedling development of sweet pepper seeds and seedlings coated with several kind of films. seeds were first coated with polymers and then with antagonistic microorganisms (trichoderma viride, trichoderma polysporhum, trichoderma stromaticum, beauveria bassiana, metarhizium anisopliae), mycorrhizas, aminoacids, micronutrients and plant growth regulators. evaluation was performed for percentage of germination and for seedling emergence, speed of emergence index, number of plants, dry mass of the aerial and root parts and height of the seedlings. inoculation with trichoderma viride increased the percentage and rate of the seedlings emergence inoculation with trichoderma viride, metarhizium anisopliae and mycorrhizas promote better seedling development; seed microbiolization with microorganisms trichoderma viride, t. polysporhum, t. stromaticum, beauveria bassiana, metarhizium anisopliae. mycorrhizas mixture negatively affected seeds and seedling quality. seed covering with plant growht regulator, at a 5 ml kg-1 dose increased the roots dry matter.
Análise fisiológica e ultra-estrutural durante o desenvolvimento e a secagem de sementes de soja
Silva, Paulo de Albuquerque;Diniz, Kênia Almeida;Oliveira, Jo?o Almir;Pinho, édila Vilela de Rezende Von;
Revista Brasileira de Sementes , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31222007000200003
Abstract: during development and drying, a number of protection mechanisms act on the maintenance of seed physiological quality. some of these mechanisms maintain the integrity of the cells, which is fundamental to the perfect functioning of cell metabolism. the study of the ultra-structure enables visualization of damage caused by drying in the absence of protection mechanisms. in this research, damage occurred during the soybean seed development and drying was studied by means of scanning electron microscopy (sem). in addition, seeds were also evaluated regarding the physiological quality. thus, seeds in different developmental stages were collected and submitted to different drying temperatures and treatments. evaluations were made concerning the seed physiological quality by means of the germination test, cold test, emergence test under controlled conditions and electrical conductivity test. the damages were visualized by means of scanning electron microscopy utilizing the leo evo40 microscope. the results showed that the soybean seeds become desiccation tolerant when they possess around 30% water content. drying of seeds with moisture content above 30% caused reduction in cellular volume, disorganization of the cell walls and decrease in seed physiological quality. higher germination values were observed in seeds with 30% moisture content in the field, whereas higher values of vigor were observed in seeds with 40% of moisture content in the field.
Envolvimento renal na púrpura de Henoch-Sch?nlein: uma análise multivariada de fatores prognósticos iniciais
Almeida, José Luiz J. de;Campos, Lúcia Maria A.;Paim, Luciana B.;Leone, Claudio;Koch, Vera Hermínia K.;Silva, Clovis Artur A.;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572007000400012
Abstract: objectives: to identify initial predictive factors of renal involvement in children and adolescents with henoch-sch?nlein purpura. methods: we reviewed the medical records of 142 patients admitted to our university hospital over a 21-year period with a diagnosis of henoch-sch?nlein purpura. the initial predictive factors assessed, observed during the first 3 months, included: demographic data, clinical manifestations (persistent palpable purpura, arthritis, abdominal pain, severe abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, orchitis, central nervous system involvement and pulmonary hemorrhage), laboratory tests (serum iga levels) and treatment given (corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin and immunosuppressive drugs). patients were divided into two groups (presence or absence of nephritis) and assessed by univariate and multivariate analysis. results: evidence of nephritis was detected in 70 patients (49.3%). the univariate analysis revealed that severe abdominal pain (p = 0.0049; or = 1.6; 95%ci 1.18-2.21), gastrointestinal bleeding (p = 0.004; or = 1.6; 95%ci 1.10-2.26) and corticosteroid use (p = 0.0012; or = 1.7; 95%ci 1.28-2.40) were all associated with increased incidence of renal involvement. in the multivariate analysis, logistic regression demonstrated that the only independent variable that predicted nephritis was intense abdominal pain (p < 0.012; or = 2.593; 95%ci 1.234-5.452). conclusions: severe abdominal pain was a significant predictor of nephritis in henoch-sch?nlein purpura. consequently, pediatric patients exhibiting this clinical manifestation should be rigorously monitored, due to the increased risk of renal involvement.
Armazenamento e qualidade de sementes de tomate enriquecidas com micronutrientes e reguladores de crescimento
Albuquerque, Kênia Almeida Diniz;Oliveira, Jo?o Almir;Silva, Paulo de Albuquerque;Veiga, André Delly;Carvalho, Bruno Oliveira;Alvim, Patrícia de Oliveira;
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-70542010000100002
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the application of micronutrients and growth regulators on the germination, vigor, activity of some enzymes, and on the total protein contents in tomato seeds during the storage. the seeds were treated with the chemicals starter?, cellerate?, and stimulate? at the dosages corresponding to 0%, 50%, 100%, 150%, and 200% of the dose recommended by the manufacturer, utilizing the film-coating technique. the evaluations were performed at 0, 6, and 12 months of storage by the following parameters: percentage of germination, percentage and emergency velocity rate, activity of enzymes endo-a-mannanase and esterase, total protein content, and health. the completely randomized design in a 3 x 5 x 3 factorial structure was utilized, namely, three chemicals, five doses, and three storage periods with four replicates of 50 seeds per treatment. coating with the chemicals based on micronutrients and growth regulators and storage interfere on the activity of enzyme endo-a-mannanase in the tomatoes and seeds; the activity of enzyme esterase increases with the storage of tomato seeds, pointing to an increase in the deterioration process; there is an increase in the total protein content in tomato seeds throughout the storage period; chemicals based on growth regulators promote an increase in emergency velocity rate of the tomato seedlings when applied at pre-sowing at the recommended dose.
Tolerancia de sementes de soja à desseca??o
Veiga, Adriano Delly;Rosa, Sttela Dellyzete Veiga Franco da;Silva, Paulo de Albuquerque;Oliveira, Jo?o Almir de;Alvim, Patrícia de Oliveira;Diniz, Kênia Almeida;
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-70542007000300025
Abstract: the anticipated harvest of seeds after physiological maturity allows the obtaining of the better quality physiological, crop rotation and optimization of the processing structures. seeds do not tolerate dissection over all the stages and acquire tolerance in particular stages during maturation, this acquisition of dissection tolerance may coincide with physiological maturity and in soybean seeds, it take place at r7 stage with moisture close from 45% to 50%. so, the present research was intended to evaluate dissection tolerance of soybean seeds. the seeds were harvested at three phenologic stages, r6, r6/r7 and r7 and were submitted to artificial drying at 35oc to 20% of water content and at 42oc to 13%. a fourth harvest was accomplished with field dried seeds, these being utilized as a control. the quality of seeds was evaluated by tests of germination, electric conductivity and of cold, of dry weight of seedlings and lea protein electrophoresis.the experimental design was completely randomized in factorial scheme with four replicates. the control was compared singly with each treatment. from the results, it follows that both germinability and dissection tolerance of soybean seeds increase with the natural water loss in the field; seeds harvest at r7stage show increased physiologic quality, distinct pattern of lea proteins and greater dissection tolerance than at r6 and r6/r7stages; seeds drying harvested close to maturity induces the synthesis of lea proteins; and seeds harvested at r7 stage present physiological quality and lea protein pattern similar to the ones of filed dried seeds up to 14% of water content.
Qualidade de sementes de alface enriquecidas com micronutrientes e reguladores de crescimento durante o armazenamento
Diniz, Kênia Almeida;Oliveira, Jo?o Almir;Silva, Paulo de Albuquerque;Guimar?es, Renato Mendes;Carvalho, Maria Laene Moreira de;
Revista Brasileira de Sementes , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31222009000100026
Abstract: it is known that micronutrients and growth regulators are important metabolism activators, which can bring benefits to germination and seed vigor when incorporated into the treatment and so increase the developmental potential of the plants in the field. the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of applying micronutrients and growth regulators in germination, vigor, on the activity of some enzymes and on the total protein contents in lettuce seeds during storage. the seeds were treated with the chemicals starter?, cellerate? and stimulate? at the dosages corresponding to 0%, 50%, 100%, 150% and 200% of the dose recommended by the manufacturer, using the film-coating technique. the evaluations were performed at 0, 6 and 12 months of storage on the following parameters: germination percentage, emergence percentage and speed index, activity of enzymes endo-β-mannanase and esterase, total protein content and health. it was concluded that growth regulators promoted an increase in the emergence speed index of the lettuce seedlings when applied at the dose recommended and at pre-sowing; the coating of the lettuce seeds with the double the recommended dose of the chemicals based on micronutrients and growth regulators, reduced their quality; the activity of the esterase enzyme increases with the storage of lettuce seeds, pointing to an increase in the decaying process; the coating with both micronutrients and growth regulators and storage interfere in the activity of the endo-β-mannanase enzyme in lettuce and seeds.
Health promotion: Criticism of everyday life medicalization practices
Kênia Silva,Roseni Sena
Journal of Nursing Education and Practice , 2013, DOI: 10.5430/jnep.v3n9p83
Abstract: The aim of this study was to analyze the meanings of the practices of health promotion. The results indicate that the practices in different social areas are sustained within the mechanisms of social control and management of vulnerable populations. Thus, there is the feedback of the biomedical paradigm now materialized in different practices in different areas beyond the traditional health services. It is concluded that health promotion in areas of daily life presents the challenge of expanding the potential autonomy of action of individuals in movements that consider the potential social areas in constant transformation of everyday life.
Consequências sociais e emocionais da dislexia de desenvolvimento: um estudo de caso
Carvalhais,nia Sofia de Almeida;Silva, Carlos;
Psicologia Escolar e Educacional , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-85572007000100003
Abstract: developmental dyslexia is a specific learning disability characterized by difficulty in learning how to read and write. this difficulty affects the auto-concept and the relationships that dyslexics establish with pairs, teachers and parents. to evaluate the social and emotional consequences of development dyslexia diagnosis we did two interviews, oriented by inquiries built for the effect, to a portuguese pupil and to its foreman of education, as a result of a study case, of longitudinal character. the results showed us the necessity of a dyslexia evaluation which will allow us to detect it at an early age and will permit us to make a proper intervention in order to fight school failure. on the other hand, we came to the conclusion that it is fundamental to bring this learning disability to teachers' and other education professionals' attention, so as to avoid situations of discrimination, such as the ones we came across in the course of this study.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF READING SKILLS IN A SAMPLE OF PORTUGUESE NORMAL READERS AND DYSLEXIC CHILDREN
NIA SOFIA DE ALMEIDA CARVALHAIS,CARLOS FERNANDES DA SILVA
L1 Educational Studies in Language and Literature , 2009,
Abstract: The aim of this article is to discuss the theoretical issues behind reading processes, the relationbetween this skill and dyslexia, and to present some results from a pseudowords reading test with Portuguesechildren. Developmental dyslexia is a specific learning disability characterized by difficulty inlearning to read, and there is strong evidence that dyslexia is related to underlying deficiencies in phonologicalskills. Phonological deficits establish robust differences between dyslexic and normal readers and,according to the theoretical background, phonological awareness can be assessed with pseudowords tests.In this study, we applied the Pseudo words Reading Test, one of twenty tests of the Battery of Tests toAssess Developmental Dyslexia (BADD) constructed to assess dyslexia in Portuguese children between 7and 12 years old. We gave the Pseudo words Reading Test to 555 Portuguese children, aged 8 to 12.Fifty-seven of these children had been previously assessed by other professionals as dyslexics. We triedto verify how factors like age, gender and learning disabilities influence the acuity in pseudo words readingand if this test can be used to assist in an early diagnosis of developmental dyslexia. The results provethat there are significant differences between dyslexic children and normal readers in reading pseudowords in Portuguese language.
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