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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 138890 matches for " K Tawil "
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Pulsed Umbilical Artery Doppler Ultrasound Findings in Management of High-Risk Term Pregnant Women during Labour  [PDF]
Noora E. Hamid, Shahla K. Alalaf, Namir G. Al-Tawil
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2017.71015
Abstract: Purpose: Intrapartum Doppler velocimetry is a non-invasive investigation method. This method is useful for evaluating the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying changes in fetal heart rate. This study aimed to determine the usefulness of Doppler ultrasound findings during labor in high-risk women on determining the mode of delivery and outcome of the newborn. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015 on 100 high-risk pregnant women during labor. The study was performed in the Maternity Teaching Hospital in Erbil City, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Results: The majority of women (77%) had a normal end-diastolic blood flow pattern through the umbilical artery. A total of 76.9% of those with abnormal Doppler results had a Cesarean delivery compared with only 9.5% of those with normal Doppler results (p < 0.001). The rate of early neonatal death was significantly higher (15.4%) in women with abnormal Doppler results than in those with normal Doppler results (1.4%, p = 0. 016). Admission to the neonatal intensive care unit was significantly more frequent in women with abnormal Doppler results than in those with normal Doppler results (61.5% vs. 17.6, p < 0.001). The same pattern was seen in the Apgar score in the first (p = 0.07) and fifth minutes (p = 0.01). Conclusions: Abnormal umbilical artery Doppler ultrasound findings in high-risk pregnancies for women in labor are associated with increased rates of emergency cesarean sections and a poor outcome of the newborn.
Coming Into Being and Flowing Into Exile: History and Trends in Palestinian Film-Making.
Helga Tawil.
Nebula , 2005,
Abstract:
Isolation of antibiotic-resistant pathogenic and potentially pathogenic bacteria from carpets of mosques in Tripoli, Libya
A Rahouma, A Elghamoudi, H Nashnoush, K Belhaj, K Tawil, KS Ghenghesh
Libyan Journal of Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: Isolation of potentially pathogenic bacteria from carpets in hospitals has been reported earlier, but not from carpets in mosques. The aim of the present study is to determine the pathogenic and potentially pathogenic bacteria that may exist on the carpets of mosques in Tripoli, Libya. Methods: Dust samples from carpets were collected from 57 mosques in Tripoli. Samples were examined for pathogenic bacteria using standard bacteriological procedures. Susceptibility of isolated bacteria to antimicrobial agents was determined by the disc-diffusion method.Results: Of dust samples examined, Salmonella spp. was detected in two samples (3.5%, 1 in group B and 1 in group C1), Escherichia coli in 16 samples (28.1%), Aeromonas spp. in one sample (1.8%), and Staphylococcus aureus in 12 samples (21.1%). Multiple drug resistance was observed in >16.7% of E. coli and in 25% of S. aureus. Conclusion: Contamination of carpets in mosques of Tripoli with antibiotic-resistant pathogenic and potentially pathogenic bacteria may pose a health risk to worshipers, particularly, the very young, the old and the immunecompromised. Worshipers are encouraged to use personal praying mats when praying in mosques.
Inducible Clindamycin Resistance among Staphylococci Isolated from Burn Patients
A Zorgani, O Shawerf, K Tawil, E El-Turki, KS Ghenghesh
Libyan Journal of Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: Clindamycin has been used successfully to treat pneumonia and soft-tissue infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. However, inducible clindamycin resistance has been described as a cause of treatment failure of such infections. A total of 159 staphylococcal isolates from different clinical specimens from burn patients in Tripoli Burn Center were tested for inducible clindamycin resistance by the disk-diffusion induction test. Inducible clindamycin resistance was detected in 66.2% of 65 methicillin-resistant S. aureus isolates and in none of 55 methicillin-sensitive S. aureus, 10 methicillin-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci and 29 methicllin-sensitive coagulase negative staphylococci isolates. In our setting, clindamycin can be used for the treatment of infections due to staphylococci, but we recommend that staphylococci isolates, particularly methicillin-resistant S. aureus, are tested by the D-test before treatment.
Different Prevalence of Chronic-Non-Infectious Diseases
AM El-Tawil
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2010,
Abstract: "nInflammatory bowel disease, coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, tumours, are exam-ples of chronic degenerative diseases that have a high prevalence in developed nations. These chronic-non-communicable dis-eases have multifactorial aetiologies that considered to be caused by the interaction of environmental risk factors with multi-ple predisposing genes. Genetic researches on these diseases have traditionally focused on investigation aimed at identify-ing disease-susceptibility genes. Recent evidence suggests that somatically acquired DNA mutations may also contrib-ute significantly to the pathogenesis of these disease states such as coronary artery disease indicating a similarity be-tween the atherosclerotic and carcinogenic processes. The high incidences and prevalence of these chronic diseases in the West-ern World in comparison with the East and changing trends in disease incidence (seen in many countries) provide strong evidence that those environmental factors as playing a major influence in disease- expression. There is an ample reason to be-lieve that environmental factors have contributed to inducing alterations in genetic code in precedent generations, which were subsequently inherited and further modified by modern life style activities. Consequently, we now see the appearance of chronic degenerative diseases and their higher incidences in the Western nations as compared with the Eastern ones.
Is the DHEAS/cortisol ratio a potential filter for non-operable constipated cases?
AM El-Tawil
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2010,
Abstract: Constipation is a significant manifestation of a number of psychological disorders. Published papers recommend using self-assessment questionnaires for discriminating psychological from non-psychological constipated patients before operating on them but reports from major surveys revealed that general practitioners failed to diagnose 70% of depressed patients using self-assessment questionnaires. Lower circulating concentrations of progesterone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, cortisol, testosterone, androstenedione, and dehydroepiandrostenedione sulfate (DHEAS) during the follicular phase in constipated young women compared with respective controls were found during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycles. During the luteal phase of the cycle, reductions were identified in estriol, cortisol and testosterone in the constipated group. Likewise, circulating concentrations of DHEAS were found to be lower in depressed patients than comparable healthy controls. DHEAS/cortisol ratios in morning serum and salivary samples were lower than those retrieved during other times of the day in depressed patients. The idea of recognizing major depression in constipated patients by measuring DHEAS/cortisol ratios in saliva and serum may be plausible but this possibility needs to be confirmed in well-designed studies.
Management of fistula-in-ano: An introduction
AM El-Tawil
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2011, DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v17.i28.3271
Abstract: Peri-anal fistulae are a worldwide health problem that can affect any person anywhere. Surgical management of these fistulae is not free from risks. Recurrence and fecal incontinence are the most common complications after surgery. The cumulative personal surgical experience in managing cases with anal fistulae is significantly considered as necessary for obtaining better results with minimal adverse effects after surgery. The purpose for conducting this survey is to facilitate better outcome after surgical interventions in idiopathic anal fistulae’ cases.
Colorectal cancer and pollution
AM El-Tawil
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2010,
Abstract: The incidence of colorectal carcinoma is increasing in young patients, in contrast to the well established wisdom that it is exclusively diagnosed in patients older than 40 years. In this survey, we examined all possible risk factors, and we recommend a number of measures for early detection in young patients who are at risk of developing this malignant tumor.
The Impact of Anthropogenic Heat on Formation of Urban Heat Island and Energy Consumption Balance
P. Shahmohamadi,A. I. Che-Ani,K. N. A. Maulud,N. M. Tawil,N. A. G. Abdullah
Urban Studies Research , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/497524
Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of anthropogenic heat on formation of urban heat island (UHI) and also determines which factors can directly affect energy use in the city. It explores literally the conceptual framework of confliction between anthropogenic heat and urban structure, which produced UHI intensity and affected energy consumption balance. It then discusses how these two factors can be affected and gives implication to the city and then focuses on whether actions should be taken for balancing adaptation and mitigation of UHI effects. It will be concluded by making the three important strategies to minimise the impact of UHI on energy consumption: landscaping, using albedo materials on external surfaces of buildings and urban areas, and promoting natural ventilation. 1. Introduction The urban built environment itself is related to global changes in the increase of urban temperatures, the rate of energy consumption, the increased use of raw materials, pollution, and the production of waste, conversion of agricultural to developed land, loss of biodiversity, and water shortages [1]. It is clear that buildings not designed for high climatic quality use more energy for air conditioning and more electricity for lighting. Moreover, discomfort and inconvenience to the urban population due to high temperatures, wind tunnel effects in streets, and unusual wind turbulence due to the incorrect use of energy. With the concentration of anthropogenic activities into urban areas, a climatic environmental problem, the “urban heat island” (UHI), has emerged. A UHI is a climatic phenomenon in which urban areas have higher air temperature than their rural surroundings as a result of anthropogenic modifications of land surfaces, significant energy use, and its consequent generation of waste heat. Thus, this proves to be an unsustainable factor that leads to excessive energy use for cooling and places the urban population at greater risk of increased morbidity and mortality. According to the above perspective and considering that rapid and huge population growth is expected in the near future, it becomes increasingly important to apply UHI mitigation strategies in order to reduce energy consumption and improve the quality of life with focusing on energy consumption. Thus, this paper investigates the anthropogenic heat factors that produce the UHI and result in the use of significantly increased use of energy. Then, according to the Oke’s energy balance conceptual model, all of the energy which is absorbed by the surface through radiation or from anthropogenic
Solution of Stochastic Cubic and Quintic Nonlinear Diffusion Equation Using WHEP, Pickard and HPM Methods  [PDF]
Magdy A. El-Tawil, Aisha F. Fareed
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics (OJDM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojdm.2011.11002
Abstract: In this paper, the cubic and quintic diffusion equation under stochastic non homogeneity is solved using Wiener- Hermite expansion and perturbation (WHEP) technique, Homotopy perturbation method (HPM) and Pickard approximation technique. The analytic solution of the linear case is obtained using Eigenfunction expansion .The Picard approximation method is used to introduce the first and second order approximate solution for the non linear case. The WHEP technique is also used to obtain approximate solution under different orders and different corrections. The Homotopy perturbation method (HPM) is also used to obtain some approximation orders for mean and variance. Using mathematica-5, the methods of solution are illustrated through figures, comparisons among different methods and some parametric studies.
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