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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3091 matches for " Julie Higashi "
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Development of Simultaneous HPLC-Fluorescence Assay of Phenol and Chlorophenols in Tap Water after Pre-Column Derivatization with 3-Chlorocarbonyl-6,7-dimethoxy-1- methyl-2(1H)-quinoxalinone  [PDF]
Yasuhiko Higashi
Detection (Detection) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/detection.2016.41003
Abstract: Chlorophenols (2-chlorophenol, 4-chlorophenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, 2,6-dichlorophenol and 2,4, 6-trichlorophenol) may be presented in natural waters or drinking water as a result of disinfection processes involving chlorination, or as contaminants derived from domestic products, industrial operations and agricultural chemicals. A previous HPLC-UV method for determination of phenol and five chlorophenols in tap water using 4-fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiaole as a UV labeling reagent shows limited sensitivity. Here, we present an improved HPLC-fluorescence detection method for simultaneous determination of phenol and the above chlorophenols in tap water after pre-column derivatization with 3-chlorocarbonyl-6,7-dimethoxy-1-methyl-2(1H)-quino- xalinone (DMEQ-COCl), using a short, narrow column (50 × 2.1 mm i.d., packed with 5 μm particles of C18 material) to improve the sensitivity. Standard samples containing the compounds are derivatized with DMEQ-COCl in borate buffer (pH 9.0) at room temperature for 3 mins. The response is linear in the concentration range of 0.01 - 0.05 to 0.5 mg/L with r2 values ≥0.9967 for all compounds. The lower limits of detection are 0.001 to 0.008 mg/L, and the coefficients of variation are less than 8.8%. The recovery values from tap water spiked with standard samples are satisfactory. The present method is suitable for examining whether or not tap water samples are contaminated with phenol and chlorophenols in excess of regulatory values.
Simple HPLC-Fluorescence Determination of Raspberry Ketone in Fragrance Mist after Pre-Column Derivatization with 4-Hydrazino-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole  [PDF]
Yasuhiko Higashi
Journal of Analytical Sciences, Methods and Instrumentation (JASMI) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jasmi.2016.62006
Abstract: Raspberry ketone {RK, 4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)butan-2-one} is a natural compound contained in raspberry, and is added to cosmetics for skin whitening. It is very important to measure the RK level in cosmetics for quality assessment, since RK structurally resembles 4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-butanol, which causes leukoderma on consumers’ skin. Here, we present a simple HPLC-fluorescence method for determination of RK in a fragrance mist by pre-column derivatization with 4-hydrazino-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole hydrazine (NBD-H), which reacts with the carbonyl group of RK. The NBD-RK derivative was eluted from a reversed-phase ODS column, and detected with excitation at 470 nm and emission at 550 nm. The retention time of NBD-RK derivative obtained by reaction with NBD-H at 80°C for 20 min was 10.3 min. The standard curve was linear in the range of 0.2 to 10 μg/mL, with a correlation coefficient (r2) value of 0.9980. The lower limit of detection was 0.018 μg/mL (absolute amount of 1.8 pmol). The coefficients of variation were less than 8.1%. The content of RK in fragrance mist (1.00 mL) was 1.18 ± 0.07 mg (range: 1.12 to 1.28 mg, n = 5). Recovery tests were satisfactory (83.9% ± 3.9%; range: 79.6 to 88.8%, n = 5).
Improved Method for Determination of Raspberry Ketone in Fragrance Mist by HPLC-Fluorescence Analysis after Pre-Column Derivatization with 4-(N,N-Dimethylaminosulfonyl)-7-(N-chloroformylmethyl-N-methylamino)-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole  [PDF]
Yasuhiko Higashi
Journal of Analytical Sciences, Methods and Instrumentation (JASMI) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jasmi.2018.82002
Abstract:

Raspberry ketone {RK, 4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)butan-2-one} is structurally resembles 4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-butanol, which causes leukoderma on consumers’ skin. Therefore, it is important to measure in cosmetics for quality assessment. Very recently, an HPLC-fluorescence method for determination of RK in a fragrance mist by pre-column derivatization with 4-hydrazino-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole hydrazine was established. However, the derivatization conditions (80°C, 20 min) were severe. In this study, an improved pre-column derivatization with 4-(N,N-dimethylaminosulfonyl)-7-(N-chloro-formylmethyl-N-methylamino)-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (DBD-COCl) is presented by HPLC-fluorescence method for determination of RK. The DBD-CO-RK derivative was eluted from a reversed-phase ODS column, and detected with excitation at 440 nm and emission at 543 nm. Derivatization was performed at room temperature for 3 min. The retention time of DBD-CO-RK derivative was 16.8 min. The standard curve was linear in the range of 0.05 to 2.5 μg/mL, with a correlation coefficient (r2) value of 0.9988. The lower limit of detection was 0.01 μg/mL (absolute amount of 0.3 pmol). The coefficients of variation were less than 10.0%. The content of RK in fragrance mist (1.00 mL) was 1.20 ± 0.08 mg (range, 1.10 to 1.31 mg,

Simple HPLC Analysis of Hinokitiol in Skin Lotion with Visible Light Detection after Pre-Column Dabsylation  [PDF]
Yasuhiko Higashi, Shunsuke Tohda
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2017.85026
Abstract: Hinokitiolis frequently added to personal care products as an antibacterial agent. We previously established an HPLC-UV method for determination of hinokitiol in skin lotion after pre-column derivatization with 4-fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole. However, the labeling reagent is expensive, and derivatives of degradation products of parabens, which may be added to skin lotion as general preservatives, interfered with the peak of the hinokitiol derivative. In this study, the concentration of hinokitiol in skin lotions was determined by HPLC with a visible light detector (450 nm) after pre-column derivatization with 4-(dimethylamino)azobenzene-4’-sulfonyl chloride (Dabsyl-Cl), a more economical reagent. A standard curve was obtained after derivatization with Dabsyl-Cl in borate buffer (pH 9.5) at 55°C for 10 min. The retention time of Dabsyl-hinokitiol was 6.8 min. The calibration plot was linear in the range of 1.25 to 40 μg/mL with a r2 value of 0.9991, and the lower limit of quantification and detection were 0.60 μg/mL (absolute amount of 0.86 ng/20μL injection, signal-to-noise ratio of 10:1) and 0.18 μg/mL (absolute amount of 0.26 ng/20μL injection, signal-to-noise ratio of 3:1), respectively. The coefficient of variation was less than 8.8%. Seven Dabsyl-paraben derivatives showed little interference with the peak of Dabsyl-hinokitiol. The developed system was used to determine the content of hinokitiol in two skin lotions. Addition-recovery tests gave satisfactory results.
Pyrazinamide Resistance, Mycobacterium tuberculosis Lineage and Treatment Outcomes in San Francisco, California
Jonathan M. Budzik, Leah G. Jarlsberg, Julie Higashi, Jennifer Grinsdale, Phil C. Hopewell, Midori Kato-Maeda, Payam Nahid
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095645
Abstract: Background Pyrazinamide (PZA) is a first line agent for the treatment of active tuberculosis. PZA is also considered a potent companion drug for newer regimens under development. There are limited data on the demographic, clinical, and pathogen characteristics of PZA resistant tuberculosis. Methods Using a retrospective cohort study design, we evaluated all PZA resistant M. tuberculosis (M.tb) and M. bovis cases reported in San Francisco from 1991 to 2011. Demographic, clinical, and molecular data were analyzed. M.tb lineage was determined for all PZA resistant strains and compared to PZA susceptible strains. Results PZA resistance was identified in 1.8% (50 of 2,842) of mycobacterial isolates tested, corresponding to a case rate of 0.3 per 100,000 in the population. Monoresistant PZA infection was associated with the Hispanic population ([OR], 6.3; 95% [CI], 1.97–20.16) and 48% of cases were due to M. bovis. Infection with monoresistant PZA was also associated with extrapulmonary disease ([OR], 6.0; 95% [CI], 2.70–13.26). There was no statistically significant difference between treatment failure and mortality rates in patients infected with PZA monoresistance compared to pansusceptible controls (4% vs. 8%, p = 0.51), or those with PZA and MDR resistance (PZA-MDR) compared to MDR controls (18% vs. 29%, p = 0.40). PZA resistance was not associated with M.tb lineage. Conclusions Across two decades of comprehensive epidemiologic data on tuberculosis in San Francisco County, PZA resistance was uncommon. PZA resistance caused predominantly extrapulmonary disease and was more common in Hispanics compared to other ethnicities, with nearly half the cases attributed to M. bovis. No association was found between PZA monoresistance and M.tb lineage. Treatment outcomes were not adversely influenced by the presence of PZA resistance.
Lessons learned in the development of process quality indicators for cancer care in Japan
Takahiro Higashi
BioPsychoSocial Medicine , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1751-0759-4-14
Abstract: In Japan, interest in ensuring the quality of patient health care has recently increased. Although Japanese citizens have enjoyed universal health insurance coverage for more than 40 years, concern has been expressed at the lack of an efficient system for monitoring the quality of care[1,2]. To date, quality monitoring has been sporadic at best[3,4], and organized efforts to improve quality have yet to be established. In the area of cancer care, this concern led to the enactment of the Cancer Control Act in 2006, which mandated that the government adopt a leadership role and take responsibility in ensuring the quality of cancer care nationwide[5]. However, ensuring quality care first requires an efficient means of measuring it.To this end, in 2006 the Japanese government funded a research project aimed at developing a system for measuring the quality of cancer care, focusing primarily on the five major types of cancer in Japan, namely breast, lung, stomach, colorectal, and liver cancer, as well as palliative care. Given that the project was aimed at measuring quality in terms of how current best practice was applied, rather than the general suitability of services (such as waiting times or the comfort of hospital beds), we sought extensive involvement from nationally recognized clinical experts in respective clinical areas. Methodology was under the direction of an epidemiologist and a health services researcher, while the contents of quality measurement were primarily defined by clinicians.An overview of the study was published in Japanese[6]. Briefly, we developed a total of 206 process-of-care quality indicators for cancer care using methodology developed by the researchers at University of California, Los Angeles and RAND Corporation[7-12]. This involved creating a set of candidate quality indicators, compiling evidence to support these indicators, and having a panel of multidisciplinary experts examine them for validity in two rounds of rating (scale of 1-9), o
La mise en voix del Cantar de Mio Cid y el Códice de Vivar
Higashi,Alejandro;
Olivar , 2007,
Abstract: in the last years, the musical performance has taken an important place in the study of the mise en voix of the cantar de mio cid. although this perspective is laudable in many ways, i propose to take care on the textual and codicological plane, because many of the musical traces are lost for distinct reasons: the condition of the copy, finished according to the historiographical patterns of the medieval scriptorium; the indirect knowledge of the medieval epic music; the gaps in the understanding of how medieval cantillation was performed during public workship, in the laic or clerical life; the influence (or not) of the medieval chant dialects (especially, mozarabic and eugenian chants), etc.
John D. Battenburg. English Monolingual Learners' Dictionaries (Lexicographica, Series Maior) Tübingen (Niemeyer) 1991. 170 p.
Aldo Higashi
Lexis , 1992,
Abstract:
Combination of Pretreatments with Acetic Acid and Sodium Methoxide for Efficient Digoxin Preparation from Digitalis Glycosides in Digitalis lanata Leaves  [PDF]
Yasuhiko Higashi, Yukari Ikeda, Youichi Fujii
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2016.75026
Abstract: We previously developed an HPLC method for determination of lanatoside C, digoxin and α-acetyldigoxin in digitalis glycosides isolated from Digitalis lanata leaves. Here, we present an improved HPLC-UV method to determine those compounds and deslanoside. We used the improved method to examine the effects of various pretreatments on the amounts of the four compounds isolated from the leaves, with the aim of maximizing the yield of digoxin. Leaves were extracted with 50% methanol, followed by clean-up on a Sep-Pak C18 cartridge prior to HPLC analysis. The amounts of lanatoside C, digoxin and α-acetyldigoxin per 100 mg of the leaves without pretreatment were 115.6, 7.45 and 23.8 μg, respectively (deslanoside was not detected). Pretreatment with acetic acid, which activated deglucosylation mediated by digilanidase present in the leaves, increased the amounts of digoxin and α-acetyldigoxin, while lanatoside C and deslanoside were not detected. Pretreatment with sodium methoxide, which hydrolyzed lanatoside C to deslanoside, increased the yields of deslanoside and digoxin, while lanatoside C and α-acetyldigoxin were not detected. The combination of both pretreatments afforded only digoxin in a yield of 115.1 μg/100 mg leaves. Use of the combined pretreatments appears to be effective for maximizing the yield of digoxin from the leaves.
Simultaneous removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by natural limestones
Ali Sdiri,Teruo Higashi
Applied Water Science , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/s13201-012-0054-1
Abstract: Two natural limestone samples, collected from the Campanian–Maastrichtian limestones, Tunisia, were used as adsorbents for the removal of toxic metals in aqueous systems. The results indicated that high removal efficiency could be achieved by the present natural limestones. Among the metal ions studied, Pb2+ was the most preferably removed cation because of its high affinity to calcite surface. In binary system, the presence of Cu2+ effectively depressed the sorption of Cd2+ and Zn2+. Similarly Cu2+ strongly competed with Pb2+ to limestone surface. In ternary system, the removal further decreased, but considerable amount of Pb2+ and Cu2+ still occurred regardless of the limestone sample. The same behavior was observed in quadruple system, where the selectivity sequence was Pb2+ > Cu2+ > Cd2+ > Zn2+. From these results, it was concluded that the studied limestones have the required technical specifications to be used for the removal of toxic metals from wastewaters.
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