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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 58517 matches for " Juliana Raquel Silva; "
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Prevalence and monthly distribution of head lice using two diagnostic procedures in several age groups in Uberlandia, State of Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil
Borges, Raquel;Silva, Juliana J.;Rodrigues, Rosangela M.;Mendes, Júlio;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822007000200022
Abstract: some epidemiological characteristics of head lice, pediculus capitis, were studied using two procedures: cut hair analysis and head inspection. higher prevalence rates were observed in the middle and at the end of the school terms. both procedures indicated that children were the main reservoir for this type of pediculosis in uberlandia.
Functional disability of adult individuals with spinal cord injury and its association with socio-demographic characteristics
Coura, Alexsandro Silva;Fran?a, Inacia Sátiro Xavier de;Enders, Bertha Cruz;Barbosa, Mayara Lima;Souza, Juliana Raquel Silva;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692012000100012
Abstract: the aim was to investigate the functional disability degree in adults with spinal cord injury and its association with socio-demographic characteristics. the barthel index was used and 75 subjects answered a questionnaire with socio-demographic variables. the chi-square, cronbach's alpha and fisher tests were used in the analysis. the mean age was 42.23 years. cronbach's alpha for the barthel index was 0.807. the activities that were more difficult to perform were climbing and descending stairs (92%) and walking (82.7%). the mean barthel index score was 64 points. the tests of association demonstrated values with p>0.05. even though this population demonstrated a low degree of dependency and no association was identified between the socio-demographic variables and functional disability, the study contributes to nursing care for individuals with spinal cord injury, considering the limitations the condition imposes on their self-care.
Evaluation of hospitalization of children aged 0 to 5 years admitted for respiratory infections at a large hospital
Tatiana Gandolfi de Oliveira,Juliana da Silva Bemfeito de Moraes,Flávia Thomé Moreira,Raquel Coris Arrelaro
Einstein (S?o Paulo) , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the admission of children aged 0 to 5 years due to respiratory infections at a major hospital in the Southern region of the city of S o Paulo. Methods: A total of 4,240 clinical records of children hospitalized and diagnosed with pneumonia, bronchopneumonia, bronchiolitis and bronchitis were evaluated for the 2008-2009 period, based on age, gender and year season. Results: Out of this total of children aged 0 to 60-months, 139 (3.2%) presented with pneumonia, with a slight predominance in female babies, and 73.4% occurred between 12 and 60 months (102 cases), particularly during the winter. No significant difference was found as to gender in bronchopneumonia. Age range and year seasons showed to be significant. As regards to bronchiolitis, there was a slight increase in male babies (253 cases) aged less than 12 months and in the autumn season. A total of 182 (4.3%) presented with bronchitis, mainly boys (101 cases) in children aged 12 to 60 months, predominantly during autumn/summer seasons. Conclusion: The assessment of admissions of children aged 0 to 5 years due to respiratory infections at a major hospital at the Southern region of the city of S o Paulo, in the 2008-2009 period, showed that respiratory diseases affect age groups, and gender in a different way occurring in specific periods of the year.
Três protocolos fisioterapêuticos: efeitos sobre os volumes pulmonares após cirurgia cardíaca
Dias, Cristina Márcia;Vieira, Raquel de Oliveira;Oliveira, Juliana Flávia;Lopes, Agnaldo José;Menezes, Sara Lúcia Silveira de;Guimar?es, Fernando Silva;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132011000100009
Abstract: objective: to evaluate inspiratory volume in patients undergoing cardiac surgery and to determine the effects that incentive spirometry (is) and the breath stacking (bs) technique have on the recovery of fvc in such patients. methods: a prospective, controlled, randomized clinical trial involving 35 patients undergoing cardiac surgery at the hospital de for?a aérea do gale?o (hfag, gale?o air force hospital), in the city of rio de janeiro, brazil. the patients, all of whom performed mobilization and cough procedures, were randomly divided into three groups: exercise control (ec), performing only the abovementioned procedures; is, performing the abovementioned procedures and instructed to take long breaths using an incentive spirometer; and bs, performing the abovementioned procedures, together with successive inspiratory efforts using a facial mask coupled to a unidirectional valve. forced spirometry was carried out in the preoperative period and on postoperative days 1 to 5. during the maneuvers, inspiratory volume was measured in the is and bs groups. results: on postoperative day 1, fvc significantly decreased in all groups (ec: 87.1 vs. 32.0%; is: 75.3 vs. 29.5%; and bs: 81.9 vs. 33.2%; p < 0.001 for all), as did inspiratory volume in the is and bs groups (2.29 vs. 0.82 l; and 2.56 vs. 1.34 l, respectively; p < 0.001 for both). between postoperative days 1 and 5, fvc partially normalized in all groups (ec: 32.0 vs. 51.3%; is: 29.5 vs. 46.7%; and bs: 33.3 vs. 54.3%; p < 0.001 for all). during the postoperative period, inspiratory volume was significantly higher in the bs group than in the is group. conclusions: the three protocols were equivalent concerning the recovery of fvc on the first five postoperative days. when compared with is, the bs technique promoted higher inspiratory volumes in this sample of postoperative cardiac patients.
Confiabilidade da classifica??o do estado nutricional obtida através do IMC e três diferentes métodos de percentual de gordura corporal em pacientes com diabetes melito tipo 1
Nunes, Raquel Ramalho;Clemente, Eliete Le?o da Silva;Pandini, Juliana Almeida;Cobas, Roberta Arnoldi;Dias, Viviane Monteiro;Sperandei, Sandro;Gomes, Marília de Brito;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27302009000300011
Abstract: objective: to assess the reliability of classification of nutritional status (ns) obtained through the body mass index (bmi) and three different methods of body composition (bc) in individuals type 1 diabetics (t1d) and non-diabetic subjects. methods: 84 patients with t1d and 37 controls were evaluated. anthropometric data was collected to calculate bmi and assessment of bc was performed through the methods of skinfold thickness (sf), bipolar (bi) and tetrapolar (tt) bioelectrical impedance. the agreement between the scores of each method was determined by kappa (k) coefficient. results: considering all the patients, only 48 (57.1%) presented classification of bmi that agreed with the sf method, 58 (69%) with the bi and 45 (53.5%) with the tt. the k results for individuals with t1d was dc = 0.261, bi = 0.320 and tt = 0.174. the controls had higher values (dc = 0.605, bi = 0.360 and tt = 0.400). however, all values were considered low. conclusions: the method of bmi showed little sensitivity to bc changes in patients with t1d. appropriated methods for the assessment of bc should be used to classify the ns of this population.
Comparison of different ultrasonic vibration modes for post removal
Braga, Neilor Mateus Antunes;Silva, Juliana Monteiro da;Carvalho-Júnior, Jacy Ribeiro de;Ferreira, Raquel Concei??o;Saquy, Paulo César;Brito-Júnior, Manoel;
Brazilian Dental Journal , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-64402012000100009
Abstract: this in vitro study compared different ultrasonic vibration modes for intraradicular cast post removal. the crowns of 24 maxillary canines were removed, the roots were embedded in acrylic resin blocks, and the canals were treated endodontically. the post holes were prepared and root canal impressions were taken with self-cured resin acrylic. after casting, the posts were cemented with zinc phosphate cement. the samples were randomly distributed into 3 groups (n=8): g1: no ultrasonic vibration (control); g2: tip of the ultrasonic device positioned perpendicularly to core surface and close to the incisal edge; and g3: tip of the ultrasonic device positioned perpendicularly to core surface at cervical region, close to the line of cementation. an enac oe-5 ultrasound unit with an st-09 tip was used. all samples were submitted to the tensile test using an universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. data were subjected to one-way anova and tukey's post-hoc tests (α=0.05). mean values of the load to dislodge the posts (mpa) were: g1 = 4.6 (± 1.4) a; g2 = 2.8 (± 0.9) b, and g3= 0.9 (± 0.3) c. therefore, the ultrasonic vibration applied with the tip of device close to the core's cervical area showed higher ability to reduce the retention of cast post to root canal.
Synthesis, quality control and dosimetry of the radiopharmaceutical 18F-sodium fluoride produced at the Center for Development of Nuclear Technology - CDTN
Silveira, Marina Bicalho;Soares, Marcella Araugio;Valente, Eduardo Sarmento;Waquil, Samira Soares;Ferreira, Andréa Vidal;Santos, Raquel Gouvêa dos;Silva, Juliana Batista da;
Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-82502010000300021
Abstract: 18f-sodium fluoride (na18f) is a radiopharmaceutical used for diagnosis in nuclear medicine by positron emission tomography (pet) imaging. bone scintigraphy is normally performed using 99mtc-mdp. however, 18f pet scans promise high quality imaging with increased resolution and improved sensitivity and specificity. in order to make available a tool for more specific studies of tumors and non-oncological diseases of bone tissue, the uppr/cdtn team undertook the production and quality control of na18f injectable solution with the physical-chemical, microbiological and biological characteristics recommended in the u.s. pharmacopeia. na18f radiochemical purity was 96.7 ± 1.3 %, with rf= 0.026 ± 0.006. the product presented a ph of 5.3 ± 0.6, half life of 109.0 ± 0.8 minutes, endotoxin limit < 5.0 eu.ml-1 and no microbial contaminants. the biodistribution of na18f was similar to that described in the literature, with a clearance of 0.19 ml.min-1 and distribution volume of 18.76 ml. the highest bone concentration (5.0 ± 0.5 %id.g-1) was observed 20 minutes after injection. na18f produced at the uppr presented all the quality assurance requirements of the u.s. pharmacopeia and can be safely used for clinical bone imaging.
Adiposity and postural balance control: correlations between bioelectrical impedance and stabilometric signals in elderly Brazilian women
Mainenti, Míriam Raquel Meira;Rodrigues, érika de Carvalho;Oliveira, Juliana Flávia de;Ferreira, Arthur de Sá;Dias, Cristina Márcia;Silva, André Luís dos Santos;
Clinics , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1807-59322011000900001
Abstract: objective: the purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between body adiposity and postural control in elderly women. introduction: aging and obesity account for a significant portion of healthcare spending. life expectancy is increasing worldwide, and rio de janeiro has the largest proportion of elderly residents of all brazilian states. methods: a total of 45 women underwent bioelectrical impedance analysis, waist circumference measurements, weight and height measurements, and stabilometric tests in eight different stance conditions (opened and closed bases with both eyes opened and closed and right and left tandem and unilateral stances with eyes opened). during unilateral stances, the number of hand or foot contacts was counted. results: weight, body mass index, waist circumference, fat percentage, and fat mass showed statistically significant (p,0.05) and positive correlations with the number of contacts made during unilateral stances. the subjects with greater fat mass showed significantly higher anterior-posterior standard deviation and range when their eyes were closed. the sway area was also greater for this group in opened base when their eyes were closed. discussion: the results relating body adiposity and postural control can be explained by the difficulty of maintaining a greater quantity of body fat mass within the limits of the individual support base, especially while assuming a unilateral stance. conclusion: the subjects with a greater fat mass exhibited poor balance control, indicating that body adiposity level was associated with postural control in the elderly women examined in the present study.
Caracteriza??o da performance muscular em atletas profissionais de futebol
Fonseca, Sérgio T. da;Ocarino, Juliana M.;Silva, Paula L.P. da;Bricio, Raquel Soares;Costa, Christiano A.;Wanner, Letícia L.;
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-86922007000300003
Abstract: introduction and objective: the association of muscular performance with risk of injury and functional performance in different sports has been reported in numerous studies in the literature. however, there is a paucity of data that characterizes the muscular performance in brazilian professional soccer athletes. therefore, the objective of this study was to make a descriptive analysis of parameters related to the muscular performance of this population. methods: the sample of this study was composed of 117 athletes belonging to professional soccer clubs in minas gerais state. in order to evaluate the muscular performance of the athletes, an isokinetic dynamometer was used and the tests involved maximum voluntary contractions of the selected muscles. hip abductors and adductors were assessed at the speeds of 30o/s, 60o/s and 120o/s; knee flexors and extensors at 60o/s, 180o/s and 300o/s; and ankle dorsiflexors, plantarflexors, invertors and evertors at 30o/s, 60o/s and 180o/s. descriptive statistics were used to present the normative data and paired t-tests were used to identify significant differences between legs considering the parameters evaluated in this study. results: this study generated normative data to characterize the profile of brazilian professional soccer players relative to their capacity of producing torque, muscle work and power. significant differences were observed between legs considering some of the study's variables. conclusion: the established normative data can be used as reference values in the prevention, training and rehabilitation of the athletes. in addition, these data may be used as reference for future studies with the objective of testing the association between muscular performance and incidence of injury in soccer practice.
Análise do trato vocal em pacientes com nódulos, fendas e cisto de prega vocal
Nunes, Raquel Buzelin;Souza, Andrea Moreira Veiga de;Duprat, Andre de Campos;Silva, Marta Assump??o de Andrade e;Costa, Rejane Cardoso;Paulino, Juliana Gomes;
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992009000200006
Abstract: the supraglottic plan represents an important dimension in vocal production, and its characterization is very important in the evaluation and treatment approach of dysphonic individuals. aim: to check if certain glottic configurations are related to specific adjustments in the vocal tract. to use nasal and laryngeal fibroscopy to assess the frequency of supraglottic vocal tract adjustments in dysphonic women with nodules, clefts and cysts. methods: we assessed 31 dysphonic women, with age ranging between 18 and 45 years, with vocal alteration and a diagnosis of nodules, middle-posterior cleft and cyst, and we carried out a summarized evaluation of the sensory-motor and oral systems and the patients were submitted to video-laryngostroboscopy and nasal and laryngeal fibroscopy. three distinct groups were selected: patients with bilateral nodules, clefts and cysts, with similar glottic configuration. their vocal tracts were visually analyzed through exams of nasal and laryngeal fibroscopy, by speech and hearing therapists and otorhinolaryngologists, checking the following parameters: supraglottic constriction, larynx vertical mobility, pharyngeal constriction and tongue mobility. the data was statistically described and treated. results: during visual analysis we did not find statistically significant differences which would separate the glottic alterations groups. conclusion: there was no correlation between supraglottic tract adjustments with any particular type of glottic alteration. these are individual behaviors that generate adjustments and justify the different vocal qualities in patients with the same type of laryngeal alteration.
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