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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 482568 matches for " Juliana Rízia Félix de; "
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Alcoolismo em indígenas potiguara: representa??es sociais dos profissionais de saúde
Maciel, Silvana Carneiro;Oliveira, Rita de Cássia Cordeiro;Melo, Juliana Rízia Félix de;
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-98932012000100008
Abstract: este estudo investigou as representa??es sociais de profissionais de saúde acerca do uso do álcool pelos índios potiguara e foi realizado na comunidade potiguara do estado da paraíba, nos polos-base situados nos municípios de rio tinto, marca??o e baía da trai??o. a amostra compreendeu 21 profissionais de saúde, integrantes da equipe multidisciplinar em saúde indígena, e os dados foram coletados por uma entrevista semiestruturada e analisados através do software alceste. o uso abusivo do álcool foi assinalado como uma grave problemática de saúde que atinge essa popula??o, a exemplo das dsts/aids e da gravidez precoce. o alcoolismo apareceu vinculado à divers?o e ao lazer, sendo suas causas atribuídas ao processo de acultura??o desses índios. essa quest?o foi agravada pelo fato de os indígenas viverem próximos a usinas e engenhos, em áreas litoraneas, o que favoreceu o acesso a bebidas alcoólicas. os participantes mostraram desconhecimento acerca dos servi?os ofertados aos usuários dependentes, assinalando a importancia de maior preparo e de conhecimento da cultura potiguara, a fim de resgatá-la e de promover melhores condi??es de vida para essa comunidade. sugere-se a realiza??o de novos estudos, visando a dimensionar melhor a quest?o do alcoolismo nos potiguaras e a contribuir para a implanta??o de servi?os de aten??o básica à saúde em sua comunidade.
Implica??es do uso do álcool na comunidade indígena Potiguara
Melo, Juliana Rízia Félix de;Maciel, Silvana Carneiro;Oliveira, Rita de Cassia Cordeiro de;Silva, Antonia Oliveira;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312011000100019
Abstract: due to the growth of usage and alcohol abuse in indigenous populations of brazil, this research aims to investigate alcohol consumption in the potiguara community, in the state of paraíba, considering its specific cultural and regional differences of ethnicity. this is an exploratory field study. the sample consisted of 55 indians, aged over 18 years and of both sexes. the instrument was a semistructured interview administered individually. for data analysis, we used the spss software and qualitative analysis. the results revealed that 41.8% of the sample have at least one family member who uses alcohol, mostly distilled, and that use starts at an early age, being detached from the culture and rituals. of the respondents 27.3% said that drinking brings many problems for the entire family, including death. we can concluded that in the indigenous population studied, consumption of alcoholic beverages is abused and starts early; so a more effective prevention and recovery of the culture of this community are needed.
Vía aérea difícil: interacciones entre ortodoncia y anestesiología
Carlos-Villafranca,Félix de; Cobo-Plana,Juan; Macías-Escalada,Emilio; Martínez,Juliana;
RCOE , 2005, DOI: 10.4321/S1138-123X2005000200005
Abstract: introduction: endotracheal intubation is a well standardised technique although depending on the experience of the operator, anatomical or pathology-related alterations, there may exist situations in which the patient cannot receive ventilation. objective: we aim to identify the implication of our speciality in the control of the airway of patients requiring anaesthesia or respiratory or hemodynamic resuscitation. methods: we have studied the clinical findings termed ?non-reassuring? published in the practice guidelines for management of the difficult airway of the american society of anaesthesiology (asa) in order to establish an airway difficult for intubation. we have attempted to view and translate these clinical situations from the orthodontic-odontologic perspective. results: of the eleven asa risk criteria, we can favourably modify, with conventional orthodontic and orthopaedic treatments, six of these and part of the situations ascribed to section five (degrees iii and iv of the mallampati-samsoon classification). conclusion: it seems fitting to consider the possibilities of orthodontic treatment and dentofacial orthopaedics, not only as an instrument for treating habitual malocclusions, but rather as a prophylaxis for some situations that can trigger off problems in emergency situations, such as the difficulty of intubation before a surgical operation.
A visibilidade da profiss?o de enfermeiro: reconhecendo conquistas e lacunas
Erdmann, Alacoque Lorenzini;Fernandes, Juliana Vieira;Melo, Cecília;Carvalho, Bruna Ré;Menezes, Quézia;Freitas, Roberta de;Emarinony, Eduardo;Backes, Marli Terezinha Stein;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672009000400025
Abstract: this experience report aimed at discussing and reflecting about undergraduate classes, literature and discussions conducted in seminaries with nursing students, the conquests and the gaps that are reflected in the visibility of the nursing profession. the "job market in nursing and new modalities of rendering services". the students see the nurse as a professional focused on care. the categories that emerged from the data referring to the nursing students' view just before graduating are: advances and conquests, professional satisfaction and gaps in the profession. it is important to develop the political competence with a broadened view of the nursing profession as a social compromise of citizenship in the conquest of living more healthly.
Falta de associa??o entre o sistema Lewis e obstru??o coronariana
Cintra, Juliana R.;Godoy, Moacir F.;Mattos, Luiz Carlos de;
Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-84842008000200010
Abstract: previous studies have shown an association between the lewis blood group system and coronary artery disease (cad) from the observation that the le(a-b-) red blood cell phenotype was prevalent among these patients and thus proposed this red blood cell phenotype as a new genetic marker for the disease. the aim of this study was to verify the prevalence of this genetic marker among brazilian patients who had undergone coronary arteriography. phenotyping of the lewis system was carried out using gel centrifugation and genotyping of the le locus was made using pcr-rflp. one hundred and eighty-three patients, 114 male and 69 female, with an average age of 59.1 years (sd ± 12.37; median 60), were enrolled. one hundred and twenty-one (66.1%) patients presented some degree of coronary obstruction, which was two times more frequent in men compared to women (p=0.07). the frequencies of the lewis red blood cell phenotypes were similar between patients with and without coronary obstruction and the le(a-b-) was not associated to the presence of coronary obstructions (p=0.36). a high level of discrepancies between phenotype and genotype were observed in lewis negative patients based on genotyping of the t59g (86.7%) and t1067a (90.0%) snps. the frequencies of t and g alleles (position 59) and t and a alleles (position 1067) were similar among patients with and without coronary obstructions (p = 0.52 and p= 0.44, respectively). these results show that the lewis system is not associated with the presence of coronary artery obstruction and do not support the proposition that the le(a-b-) red blood cell phenotype represents a risk marker for this disease among brazilian patients.
Patterns of genetic diversity in southern and southeastern Araucaria angustifolia (Bert.) O. Kuntze relict populations
Souza, Maria Isabel Ferreira de;Salgueiro, Fabiano;Carnavale-Bottino, Mariana;Félix, Durvalina Benedita;Alves-Ferreira, Marcio;Bittencourt, Juliana Vitoria Messias;Margis, Rogério;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572009005000052
Abstract: habitat fragmentation and a decrease in population size may lead to a loss in population genetic diversity. for the first time, the reduction in genetic diversity in the northernmost limit of natural occurence (southeastern brazil) of araucaria angustifolia in comparison with populations in the main area of the species continuous natural distribution (southern brazil), was tested. the 673 aflps markers revealed a high level of genetic diversity for the species (ht = 0.27), despite anthropogenic influence throughout the last century, and a decrease of h in isolated populations of southeastern brazil (h = 0.16), thereby indicating the tendency for higher genetic diversity in remnant populations of continuous forests in southern brazil, when compared to natural isolated populations in the southeastern region. a strong differentiation among southern and southeastern populations was detected (amova variance ranged from 10%-15%). from bayesian analysis, it is suggested that the nine populations tested form five "genetic clusters" (k = 5). five of these populations, located in the northernmost limit of distribution of the species, represent three "genetic clusters". these results are in agreement with the pattern of geographic distribution of the studied populations.
Phytophthora palmivora, agente da podrid?o de raiz e frutos de mamoeiro no Estado de Alagoas
Carnaúba, Juliana Paiva;Sobral, Márcio Félix;Furtado, Daniela Cavalcanti de Medeiros;Silva, Izael Oliveira;Silva, Kirley Michelly Marques da;Amorim, Edna Peixoto da Rocha;
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-29452006000100037
Abstract: the papaya (carica papaya) is one of the most important tropical fruit crops and its fruit contribute with a production of 1.65 millions tons/year in brazil. an isolated of phytophthora sp. gotten from papaya fruits cv. hawaii, in the state of alagoas, was characterized morphologically and its pathogenicity to this fruits and seedling was confirmed. in a v-8 medium, the sporangiophores presented to be slim, simple or little ramified, while the sporangia presented ovoid to ellipsoid, prominently papillae and one short pedicel in the basal portion, measuring in average 37,68 x 27,52 (m. through the characteristics presented by the isolated and the induced symptoms, the causal agent was identified as phytophthora palmivora. despite of this disease already occurring in other states like in bahia, espirito santo, s?o paulo, pernambuco and pará, this is the first report of phytophthora palmivora on papaya in the state of alagoas, brazil.
Digestibility and behavior of dogs housed in kennels or metabolic cages
Sabchuk, Tabyta Tamara;Félix, Ananda Portella;Comin, Juliana Grigoletto;Alar?a, Laís Guimar?es;Oliveira, Simone Gisele de;Maiorka, Alex;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982012000100018
Abstract: the objective of the present study was to compare the apparent digestibility coefficients of a commercial dog food, fecal consistency and behavior of dogs housed in kennels and metabolic cages. six adult beagle dogs were distributed in cross-over experimental design, with six replicates per treatment. dogs were housed in two environments: metabolic cages and in masonry kennels with solarium. dogs were fed for a five-day adaptation period, and the five following days were used for total feces collection. dogs behavior was recorded during a 48-h period, with 10-min intervals. apparent digestibility coefficients were not different between treatments. however, dogs housed in metabolic cages produced lower weight and more consistent feces as compared with dogs housed in kennels. dogs spent most of the time sleeping in both housing systems; however, dogs housed in the metabolic cages slept more than those in kennels. stress-related behaviors (barking, whimpering, stereotypies, etc) were observed for no longer than 15 minutes per day, and were not different between dogs in kennels or in cages. there is no difference in food digestibility evaluated in dogs housed in metabolic cages or kennels; however, dogs kept in metabolic cages eliminate drier feces and spend more time inactive than those kept in kennels.
Avalia??o do uso de inoculantes microbianos sobre a qualidade fermentativa e nutricional da silagem de milho
Rodrigues, Paulo Henrique Mazza;Ruzante, Juliana Martins;Senatore, Ana Lúcia;Lima, Félix Ribeiro de;Melotti, Laércio;Meyer, Paula Marques;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982004000300003
Abstract: the corn hybrids ag 510 and ag 5011 (agroceres) were ensiled in plastic experimental silos (four units/treatment), consisting of eight treatments: control (without inoculation), sil-all? (s. faecium, p. acidilactici, l. plantarum, amylase, hemicellulase, and cellulase), silobac? (l. plantarum, s. faecium, and lactobacillus sp.), and pioneer 1174? (s. faecium and l. plantarum). silos were opened 106 days after ensiling and sampled to proceed chemical analyses. ag 510 and ag 5011 hybrids differed for dm (35.26 vs. 44.06%), cp (8.07 vs. 9.73%), adin (19.04 vs. 24.76% of total n), ndf (62.03 vs. 64.71%), adf (36.74 vs. 40.19%), lignin (11.24 vs. 12.57%), water soluble carbohydrates (12.0 vs. 7.0%), starch (27.04 vs. 24.46%), ph (3.79 vs. 4.32), amoniacal nitrogen (4.19 vs. 8.81% of total n), lactic acid (4.875 vs. 1.421% of dm) and acetic acid (1.269 vs. 2.682% of dm). pionner 1174? increased water-soluble carbohydrate in ag 510 hybrid, but not in ag 5011. inoculation with pioneer and silobac had the highest and the intermediate starch content, respectively, in relation to control and sil-all in the ag 510 hybrid, but not in ag 5011. ag 510 provided better fermentation pattern when compared to ag 5011, although inoculants showed no effects on those parameters.
Impacto da irriga??o por aspers?o convencional na dinamica populacional da tra?a-das-crucíferas em plantas de repolho
Oliveira, Aurélio Tinoco de;Junqueira, Ana Maria R.;Fran?a, Félix Humberto;
Horticultura Brasileira , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-05362000000100008
Abstract: two experiments were carried out to evaluate the impact of sprinkler irrigation on diamondback moth injuries on cabbage plants (cv. kenzan). the first experiment, composed by two trials, was carried out at embrapa hortali?as. in the first trial, larvae of third and forth stages were transferred to 16 plants with open leaves, 40 days after sowing and on 16 'kenzan' plants beginning to form head. after 24 hours, pots with cabbage plants were transferred to the field, where half of them were irrigated using sprinkler irrigation system for 30 minutes per day, receiving depth of water of 23 mm. the other half of the pots were the control treatment. on the second trial, carried out at the same way, larvae of the first and second stage were transferred to 40 cabbage plants. the second experiment was carried out at fazenda água limpa, university of brasília. the experimental design was completely randomized with three treatments (clorfluazuron weekly applied - 400 ml/ha; clorfluazuron applied at crop economic threshold and control, without clorfluazuron) in 10 replicates, total of 30 plots with 24 plants each. it was applied 400 mm of water during crop cycle. the weekly clorfluazuron applications and the weekly crop economic threshold evaluation began 36 days after transplanting. grades were attributed to eight plants per plot during harvest according to the degree of injuries observed: 01= no damage; 02= few damages; 03= leaves with many injuries; 04= plant totally damaged. sprinkler irrigation has influence on diamondback moth control by removing 52% of the larvae when first and second stage larvae were used. no statistically significant difference was observed between the grades of the plants that received clorfluazuron weekly and the plants that received it at crop economic threshold and between the latter treatment and the control.
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