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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 69157 matches for " José;Paiva "
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Religi?o, enfrentamento e cura: perspectivas psicológicas
Paiva, Geraldo José de;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2007000100011
Abstract: the concept of cure, as care and as recovery from illness, is discussed according to its etymology from a psychological perspective especially in relation to religious coping, which is a particular manner of care. several possible relations between cure and religion are distinguished and frame out the meaning of pargament's question about the unique efficacy of religious coping in the cure process. it is argued that psychology, as an empirical science, is unable to assess the religious coping efficacy, although it may do about the sacred efficacy. diverse competences are, therefore, acknowledged to psychologists, theologians and pastoral agents.
Representa??o social da religi?o em docentes-pesquisadores universitários
Paiva, Geraldo José de;
Psicologia USP , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65641999000200015
Abstract: do university faculty have a social representation (sr) of religion and of the relationship between science and religion? 26 advanced scientists from the exact, biological and human sciences, of university of s?o paulo, brazil, were interviewed about the relationships they establish, or fail to establish, between science and religion. the results showed no conscious conflict between science and religion; litt1e or no intersection between science and religion; rejection of the dogmatic character of christianity and of the unlimited claims of science; respect toward historical religions, and openness to other forms of religiosity. the results are discussed through moscovici?s concept of the social representation.
Dante Moreira Leite: um pioneiro da psicologia social no Brasil
Paiva, Geraldo José de;
Psicologia USP , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65642000000200003
Abstract: dante moreira leite?s pioneer work in brazilian social psychology is presented through the analysis of three of his main books: brazilian national character, differential psychology and psychology and literature. the subjects especially considered in these writings are interpersonal relations, national character and the links between literature and psychology. his activities as professor, researcher, writer, translator and academic manager are also introduced.
Imaginário, simbólico e sincrético: aspectos psicológicos da filia??o a novas religi?es japonesas
Paiva, Geraldo José de;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79721999000200017
Abstract: with the help of lacan?s categories of imaginary and symbolic the discourses of nine people, male and female brazilians of catholic origin, with no oriental descent, affiliated to japanese new religions, were analyzed, in order to ascertain, from a psychological point of view, whether affiliation to a new religion implies conversion or religious syncretism. the analysis allowed to identify distinct individual trends: some of the affiliates appear to operate a substitution of the symbolic and, accordingly, a religious conversion; other seem to maintain the original symbolic, adding imaginably some elements from the new religion to it, which results in a religious syncretism; some of those who convert bring imaginably some elements of their previous faith into the new symbolic system, producing a new religious syncretism.
Identidade e pluralismo: identidade religiosa em adeptos brasileiros de novas religi?es japonesas
Paiva, Geraldo José de;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722004000100004
Abstract: a research about the psychological processes of religious identity constitution of female brazilian followers of japanese new religions is here described. social identity and structural theories are focused, according to the symbolic and imaginary. data, obtained through semi-structured interviews, are presented under the form of four typical reports, which show that group belonging by categorization and/or prototypicality and symbolic structuration are the convergent psychosocial anersonal processes responsible for the constitution of religious identity. positive and negative aspects of syncretism that -follows the religious adhesion transformation are discussed.
O Estado e a educa??o religiosa: observa??es a partir da psicologia
Paiva, Geraldo José de;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722006000100008
Abstract: religious education offered by the state is dealt with from the point of view of the adequate psychological conditions to its efficient offering: interpersonal relations in the small group, distinctiveness of stimuli, and insertion into a broader reference group. as a philosophical basis, necessary to the psychological point of view, is presented habermas'and ratzinger's conception of a democratic state, whose function is not only to tolerate but to promote the cultural diversity of its component groups, following the presupposition of communicative action or dialog.
Perder e recuperar a alma: tendências recentes na psicologia social da religi?o norte-americana e européia
Paiva, Geraldo José de;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722002000200007
Abstract: soul, a religious and psychological word, has disappeared from mainstream psychology. along with it, the concept of an agency essential to humanness has also disappeared. instead of the denotations unifying soul, spirit and mind, and opposing soul to body, it seems possible to restore the original relationship between those words from the hebraic biblical sources, some idiomatic expressions of western languages, and the founding psychological vocabulary. it is not so much the use of the word soul, as the refusal to not using it that makes it interesting to the psychotherapist to pay attention to recent american and european studies that attempt to give again the soul its structural and dynamic standing in the psyche.
Ciência, religi?o, psicologia: conhecimento e comportamento
Paiva, Geraldo José de;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722002000300010
Abstract: answers given by scientists in 1916, 1933, 1996, and 1998 to leuba's questionnaire about their beliefs in god and personal immortality are compared. some recent proposals of mutual acknowledgment between science and religion follow, with emphasis on barbour's, haught's, and hefner's analyses, that suggest overcoming confrontation and indifference with dialogue and integration. finally, scientists' personal relations to religion are discussed from a psychological, not epistemological, perspective based on an empirical study with brazilian researchers in the areas of physical, biological and human sciences.
Representa o social da religi o em docentes-pesquisadores universitários
Paiva Geraldo José de
Psicologia USP , 1999,
Abstract: Ter o os docentes-pesquisadores universitários uma representa o social (RS) da religi o e das rela es entre religi o e ciência? Foram entrevistados cientistas avan ados das áreas de ciências exatas, biológicas e humanas, da Universidade de S o Paulo, Brasil, acerca das rela es que estabelecem, ou n o, entre ciência e religi o. Os resultados mostraram inexistência de conflito consciente entre ciência e religi o; pouca ou nenhuma intersec o entre ambas; rejei o tanto do caráter dogmático do cristianismo como das pretens es ilimitadas da ciência; respeito pelas religi es históricas e abertura para novas formas de religiosidade. Os resultados s o discutidos com o conceito de RS, de Moscovici.
Imaginário, simbólico e sincrético: aspectos psicológicos da filia o a novas religi es japonesas
Paiva Geraldo José de
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 1999,
Abstract: Com o auxílio das categorias lacanianas de imaginário e de simbólico, foram analisadas as falas de nove pessoas, brasileiros de origem católica, de ambos os sexos, sem ascendência oriental, filiados a novas religi es japonesas, com o objetivo de esclarecer se a filia o a uma nova religi o implica, do ponto de vista psicológico, convers o ou sincretismo religioso. A análise permitiu identificar distintos caminhos individuais: alguns dos filiados demonstraram operar uma substitui o do simbólico e, por isso, uma convers o religiosa; outros pareceram manter o simbólico original, acrescentando-lhe imaginariamente alguns elementos da nova religi o, o que resultou em sincretismo religioso; alguns dos que se converteram trouxeram imaginariamente alguns elementos de sua antiga fé ao novo sistema simbólico, produzindo um novo sincretismo religioso.
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