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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 76442 matches for " José Santiago;Rojas Wastavino "
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Triatoma mexicana Herrich-Schaeffer (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) Descripción de la Genitalia Externa del Macho y Morfología Externa de la Hembra Triatoma mexicana Herrich-Schaeffer (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) Description of the External Male Genitalia and External Morphology of the Female
Paz María Salazar Schettino,Gloria Elena Rojas Wastavino,José Santiago Rosales Pi?a,Mauro Omar Vences Blanco
EntomoBrasilis , 2013, DOI: 10.12741/ebrasilis.v6i1.275
Abstract: Triatoma mexicana fue descrita originalmente en 1848 por Herrich-Schaeffer nombrándola Conorhinus mexicanus Herrich-Schaeffer. Actualmente se registra su hallazgo en los estados de Guanajuato, Hidalgo Querétaro y San Luis Potosí. Los estudios sobre su distribución espacial, índices entomológicos, presencia en el intradomicilio y peridomicilio, biología y riesgo de transmisión de Trypanosoma cruzi Chagas demuestran que es una especie importante desde el punto de vista de salud pública. Con el propósito de ampliar el conocimiento biológico sobre la especie, en el presente estudio se hace la descripción de la hembra así como la genitalia externa del macho, en ejemplares capturados en el estado de Guanajuato. Triatoma mexicana was originally described in 1848 by Herrich-Schaeffer, naming Conorhinus mexicanus Herrich-Schaeffer. Its finding is currently registered in the States of Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Querétaro, and San Luis Potosí. Studies about the spatial distribution, the entomological indices, it presence indoor an outdoor in houses, it biology and risk of transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi Chagas show that it is an important species from the point of view of public health. With the purpose of extending the biological knowledge of this species, the present study is the description of the female as well as the external male genitalia, in specimens captured in the State of Guanajuato.
Triatoma mexicana (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in Guanajuato, Mexico: house infestation and seasonal variation
Salazar Schettino, Paz María;Rosales Pi?a, José Santiago;Rojas Wastavino, Gloria;Cabrera Bravo, Margarita;Vences Blanco, Mauro;López Cárdenas, Jorge;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762007005000118
Abstract: triatoma mexicana was described by herrich-schaeffer in 1848. in 1940, a male specimen was found in hidalgo. in 1970, this species was recorded in the state of queretaro. later, it was registered in guanajuato and san luis potosi. in the present paper we performed an investigation in 545 dwellings from three counties in the state of guanajuato, mexico, from march 2003 to may 2004. the search and capture of triatomines were seasonally performed indoors and outdoors. entomological indexes were calculated. the risk and no risk relations between triatomine presence and housing construction materials were analyzed. fourteen triatomines were collected indoors and 151 outdoors. the vectors were collected in houses built with either risky and non-risky materials. adults go indoors but do not settle there, hence, no relationship was found between the building materials and infestation of houses. conventional interventions like house improvement or insecticide spraying are not efficient for the control of t. mexicana, because its developmental cycle is accomplished outdoors in the area surrounding the houses.
Estimación del tiempo de satisfacción de los servicios públicos en México: comparativo 1996-2000 y 2001-2005
Zamudio Sánchez, Francisco José;Soto Rojas, Lauro;Piste Tut, Santiago;
Estudios sociales (Hermosillo, Son.) , 2011,
Abstract: the intention of this work is to estimate the optimal time span in which water, sewage, and electricity -the basic utilities- are satisfied in all municipalities of mexico's states to a desirable maximum. the assignment of services is done via linear programming using the municipalities' service indexes and the per capita gross domestic products for 1995, 2000, and 2005. a comparative analysis for fulfillment time is carried out, applying the methodology to the 1996-2000 and 20012005 five-year periods, as a reflection of social policies implemented in these periods. results show important changes in the time spans the states require to satisfy the population's need, attributable to changes in social policies applied to services. cases such as those for federal district, state of mexico, colima, oaxaca, and the yucatan peninsula are examples to be mentioned. it can be inferred from these data that there is a lack of a national policy which will simultaneously provide the basic services and whose assignment will adhere to an optimal-time criterion to carry it out. finally, results show how sensitive services are to public management changes.
Estimación del tiempo de satisfacción de los servicios públicos en México: comparativo 1996-2000 y 2001-2005
Francisco José Zamudio Sánchez,Lauro Soto Rojas,Santiago Piste Tut
Estudios sociales (Hermosillo, Son.) , 2011,
Abstract: El objetivo del trabajo es estimar el tiempo óptimo en el que los servicios de agua potable, electricidad y drenaje son satisfechos en todos los municipios de los estados de México a un nivel considerado como máximo. La asignación de los servicios se hace vía programación lineal usando los índices de servicios básicos y los productos internos brutos per cápita de los municipios para los a os 1995, 2000 y 2005. Se presenta un análisis comparativo del tiempo de satisfacción, aplicando la metodología a los periodos 1996-2000 y 2001-2005, como reflejo de las políticas sociales aplicadas en los quinquenios mencionados. Los resultados muestran cambios importantes en el tiempo que ocupan los estados para satisfacer la necesidad de la población, como consecuencia del cambio de las políticas de servicios. Casos como el del Distrito Federal, Estado de México, Colima, Oaxaca y Estado de México, Colima, Oaxaca y la Península de Yucatán dan fe de esta situación. Se infiere de lo anterior la ausencia de una política nacional que simultáneamente proporcione los servicios básicos y su asignación siga un criterio de optimización del tiempo para realizarlo. Finalmente, los resultados muestran lo sensible que son los servicios a los cambios en la administración pública.
Quality of life in patients with diabetic nephropathy
De los Ríos Castillo,José Lauro; Sánchez Sosa,Juan José; Barrios Santiago,Pedro; Avila Rojas,Teresa Luzeldy;
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2005,
Abstract: chronic renal insufficiency (cri) due to diabetic nephropathy (dn), represents in mexico a matter of concern in public health. this illness has an impact so much physical as emotional along the process of the chronicity, this process deteriorates the quality of people?s life that suffer it. for such reason, the purpose of the present investigation is to determine the impact of the deterioration of the quality of life in a sample of patients with diabetic nephropathy. it was carried out an expo-facto, of traverse type study, in this study we try to identify and typify their possible functional peculiarities. the fellows that participated in the study were 100 patients that attend to the continuos peritoneal dialysis program, in a hospital of the imss, of the capital of san luis? state potosí, diagnosed by their own doctors with dn. the deterioration of the quality of life was measured with the scale of quality of life related with the health (qolrh), in its validated version and standardized to spanish. the dependent variable to consider was the evaluation of the index of deterioration of the quality of life estimated through the qolrh scale. the independent variable understood the evolution time of the chronic-degenerative condition of the dn of the selected patients, as well as some socio-demographic aspects. the results revealed that 100% of the studied sample deals with some grade of deterioration in its quality of life in the valued areas that included the scale. the areas of interaction stand out with the team of health, the sexual dysfunction, the emotional and physical aspects, among others. having more risk in the deterioration, those patients with more than ten years of evolution of the suffering with dm-2, the educational level, over 50 years age. we conclude that the grade of deterioration of the quality of life in this type of patient with dn is progressive and associated to the degenerative evolution of the illness.
Calidad de vida en pacientes con nefropatía diabética Quality of life in patients with diabetic nephropathy
José Lauro De los Ríos Castillo,Juan José Sánchez Sosa,Pedro Barrios Santiago,Teresa Luzeldy Avila Rojas
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2005,
Abstract: La insuficiencia renal crónica (IRC) por nefropatía diabética (ND), representa en México un asunto de preocupación en salud pública. La enfermedad tiene un mpacto tanto físico como emocional a lo largo del proceso de la cronicidad, que deteriora la calidad de vida de las personas que la padecen. Por tal motivo, el ropósito de la presente investigación fue el de determinar el impacto del deterioro de la calidad de vida en una muestra de pacientes con nefropatía diabética. Se ealizó un estudio expo-facto, de tipo transversal, en el cual se busca identificar y tipificar sus posibles peculiaridades funcionales. Los sujetos que participaron en elestudio fueron 100 pacientes que acuden al servicio de diálisis peritoneal de un Hospital General del IMSS, de la capital del Estado de San Luis Potosí, diagnosticados por sus médicos tratantes con ND. El deterioro de la calidad de vida se midió con la Escala de Calidad de Vida Relacionada con la Salud ESCAVIRS), en su versión validada y estandarizada al espa ol. La variable dependiente considerada fue la evaluación del índice de deterioro de la calidad de vida estimado a través de la escala ESCAVIRS. La variable independiente comprendió el tiempo de evolución de la condición crónico-degenerativa de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 con secuela de nefropatía diabética de los pacientes seleccionados, así como algunos aspectos sociodemográficos. Los resultados revelaron que un 70% de la muestra estudiada cursa con algún grado de deterioro en su calidad de vida en las áreas evaluadas por la escala. Sobresalen las áreas de interacción on el equipo de salud, la disfunción sexual, los aspectos emocionales y físicos. Tienen más riesgo de deterioro aquellos pacientes con más de 10 a os de evolución el padecimiento con DM-2, nivel educativo bajo y edad mayor de 50 a os. Se concluye que el grado de deterioro de la calidad de vida en este tipo de pacientes con ND es progresivo y asociado a la evolución degenerativa de la enfermedad. Chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) due to diabetic nephropathy (DN), represents in Mexico a matter of concern in public health. This illness has an impact so much physical as emotional along the process of the chronicity, this process deteriorates the quality of people’s life that suffer it. For such reason, the purpose of the present investigation is to determine the impact of the deterioration of the quality of life in a sample of patients with diabetic nephropathy. It was carried out an expo-facto, of traverse type study, in this study we try to identify and typify their possible functional peculiarities
Estudio de la respuesta inmune humoral en cerdos infectados con huevos y posoncosferas de Taeina solium Study on immune humoral response in pigs infected with eggs and posoncospheresof Taenia solium
Gloria Rojas Wastavino,Patricia Tato Zaldívar,Sandra SolanoGalvez,Luis Herrera Montalvo
Boletín chileno de parasitología , 1999,
Abstract: Due to the importance of cysticercosis in Mexico and Latin America and to the fact that in the last years another mechanism of infection for this disease has been proposed, i.e. through postoncospheres and immunosuppression of the host, we have considered relevant to perform the present work, which consisted in assessing the immune response induced by dexamethasone as well as that produced by parasites in pigs infected with T. solium eggs, or postoncosphere-infected, and in postoncosphere-infected and dexamethasone-treated animals. We used 10 recently weaned pigs, three were used as controls, two of them without the drug and one with it; two were infected with T. solium eggs; five with postoncospheres receiving also dexamethasone three of them.We evaluated the humoral response against parasite antigen using indirect haemagglutination (IH) and ELISA methods Results of the immune humoral response revealed titres of up to 1:128 in T. solium eggs infected animals, of 1:16 in postoncosphere infected animals, and of 1:32 towards the end of the experiment in postoncosphere plus dexamethasone animals. Absorbance titres with ELISA confirmed these findings. Data obtained by IH show that the antibody titres of the pigs challenged with postoncospheres and postoncospheres plus dexamethasone are positive as compared to the titres obtained in the pigs infected with T. solium eggs. Results from the ELISA confirmed this finding, since, from weeks 14 to 17, the pigs became positive, behaving as those pigs that developed cysticercosis. This is relevant as it indicates that the antiposcosphere antibodies recognized antigens of T. solium larvae.
CUIDADOS PALIATIVOS EN PACIENTES DE CáNCER: MEDICINA PALIATIVA - TERAPIAS COMPLEMENTARIAS
SANTIAGO ROJAS POSADA
Revista Med , 2008,
Abstract:
Estudio de la respuesta inmune humoral en cerdos infectados con huevos y posoncosferas de Taeina solium
Rojas Wastavino,Gloria; Tato Zaldívar,Patricia; SolanoGalvez,Sandra; Herrera Montalvo,Luis; Gutiérrez Quiroz,Manuel; SalazarSchettino,Paz;
Boletín chileno de parasitología , 1999, DOI: 10.4067/S0365-94021999000300004
Abstract: due to the importance of cysticercosis in mexico and latin america and to the fact that in the last years another mechanism of infection for this disease has been proposed, i.e. through postoncospheres and immunosuppression of the host, we have considered relevant to perform the present work, which consisted in assessing the immune response induced by dexamethasone as well as that produced by parasites in pigs infected with t. solium eggs, or postoncosphere-infected, and in postoncosphere-infected and dexamethasone-treated animals. we used 10 recently weaned pigs, three were used as controls, two of them without the drug and one with it; two were infected with t. solium eggs; five with postoncospheres receiving also dexamethasone three of them.we evaluated the humoral response against parasite antigen using indirect haemagglutination (ih) and elisa methods results of the immune humoral response revealed titres of up to 1:128 in t. solium eggs infected animals, of 1:16 in postoncosphere infected animals, and of 1:32 towards the end of the experiment in postoncosphere plus dexamethasone animals. absorbance titres with elisa confirmed these findings. data obtained by ih show that the antibody titres of the pigs challenged with postoncospheres and postoncospheres plus dexamethasone are positive as compared to the titres obtained in the pigs infected with t. solium eggs. results from the elisa confirmed this finding, since, from weeks 14 to 17, the pigs became positive, behaving as those pigs that developed cysticercosis. this is relevant as it indicates that the antiposcosphere antibodies recognized antigens of t. solium larvae.
El cambio social y la 'Constitución moderna' en los clásicos de la Sociología. Durkheim y Weber en perspectiva comparada
Santiago, José
Revista Internacional de Sociologia , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this article is to analyse the conception of social change of Durkheim and Weber from a comparative perspective. It proposes a reading of their works attending to the place these authors occupy in what, following Bruno Latour, may be named as “Modern Constitution”. From this metatheoretical level, the comparison brings to light the tools and resources of the “Modern Critique” which they utilise to build their theories of social change. From this comparative perspective, the article examines how Durkheim and Weber theorize on the “fourth guarantee” of the “Modern Constitution”, that refers to God’s presence in modernity. Finally, this “guarantee” is problematized in the frame of the contemporary society attending to current theories. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la concepción del cambio social de Durkheim y Weber desde una perspectiva comparada. Se propone una lectura de sus obras prestando atención al lugar que ambos ocupan en lo que, siguiendo a Bruno Latour, llamaremos “Constitución moderna”. Desde este nivel metateórico, la comparación permitirá mostrar las herramientas y recursos de la “Crítica moderna” de los que estos autores se sirven para construir sus teorías del cambio social. Con esta perspectiva comparada, el artículo examina de qué manera Durkheim y Weber teorizan sobre la “cuarta garantía” de la “Constitución moderna”, que hace referencia al lugar que ocupa Dios en la modernidad. Por último, esta “garantía” es problematizada en el marco de la sociedad contemporánea a partir de las propuestas de algunos teóricos actuales.
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