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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 274196 matches for " José Luis Calderón-Mafud "
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Positive Mental Health Model Based on Authentic Leadership and Elements of Socialization  [PDF]
José Luis Calderón-Mafud, Manuel Pando Moreno, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.94037
Abstract: In this document, we propose a theoretical model of occupational positive mental health that relates it to elements of organizational socialization (formation and coworkers support) and characteristics of authentic leadership (transparency in relationships, balanced processing and internalized morality), generating in the workers first, the improvement of the interpersonal relations in the work and the development of the strengths in the work, and these facilitate the empowerment in the tasks when combined with elements of socialization, generating personal well-being and allowing to form in the workers a philosophy of working life. In general, it is proposed that it is based on education and learning, which seeks to facilitate an adaptation to the organization with perceptions of equity, and to develop positive mental health at work and its subsequent benefits. This model is proposed with the purpose of developing empirical tests that verify their relationships. The positive results could serve as a basis for interventions and develop new lines of research for the future of these fields of study.
Association between Psychosocial Risk Factors and Quality of Work Life in Air Traffic Controllers at an Ecuador Airport  [PDF]
Luis Edmundo Sarabia-López, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez, Alfonso Mercado, Manuel Pando-Moreno, María De Lourdes Preciado-Serrano, José Luis Calderón-Mafud, Guido Germán Galván-Pérez, Marco Marcelo León-Navarrete, Dorila Victoria Sarabia-Cruz
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.810097
Abstract: The aim of this research was to determine the association between psychosocial factors and Quality of Work Life (QWL) in air traffic controllers at an Ecuador airport. A transversal study was developed. The sample included 47 air traffic controllers of one airport in Quito, Ecuador. The participants answered an adapted version of the surveys “Factores Psicosociales en el Trabajo” (Psychosocial factors at work) and the “Calidad de vida en el trabajo” (Quality of work life) CVT-GOHISALO. The data analysis included descriptive statistics, Z scores and, association tests with chi-square and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. The mean age was 40 years old, and most of the participants were males. For the psychosocial work factors, the higher mean score was for the dimension Work demands (22.94), followed by Workplace conditions (13.47). For the QWL the dimension Wellbeing accomplished through work (36.43) scored higher, followed by Institutional support for work (34.11). The findings indicated several positive associations between the study variables through the Spearman’s Coefficient, observing that the psychosocial factor content and characteristic of the task presented the higher number of associations with QWL dimensions, such as Institutional support for work (p < 0.05), Work safety (p < 0.05), Integration to the work position (p < 0.05) and to Wellbeing accomplished through work (p < 0.05). The air traffic controllers develop a professional activity under work conditions that involve psychosocial factors that could represent an important risk for the health, satisfaction and QWL.
Yugos para tres vacas Una técnica desaparecida de doma de ganado vacuno en la Sierra Norte de Madrid
José Luis Mingote Calderón
Ager : Revista de Estudios Sobre Despoblación y Desarrollo Rural , 2001,
Abstract: El presente artículo estudia el papel de un apero casi nada estudiado el yugo para tres animales dentro del contexto de la doma del ganado vacuno rebelde. Para mostrar su complejidad e importancia se acudió a realizar trabajo de campo etnográfico en la provincia de Madrid y a la búsqueda de informaciones etnográficas e históricas que ayudaran a comprender su utilización en el ámbito hispano.
Role of Authentic Leadership in Organizational Socialization and Work Engagement among Workers  [PDF]
José Luis Calderon-Mafud, Manuel Pando-Moreno
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.91004
Abstract: This article presents an idea that aimed to show that the model of authentic leadership is characterized by the consciousness of itself, a moral internalized, transparency in relations and important levels of self-efficacy, could have relations with Organizational Socialization and work engagement in workers. A literature review was made and discussed in a theoretical way the findings reported regarding the relations between the authentic leadership and the way to learn the culture, in addition to reviewing its impact in the work engagement. Findings of some studies indicate that the leadership could act as a mediator significant and positive to learn the organizational culture and develop a state of engagement by improving productivity and job satisfaction.
Un Nuevo Algoritmo para el Cálculo de Flujo óptico y su Aplicación al Registro de Imágenes
Calderón Solorio, Félix;Marroquín Zaleta, José Luis;
Computación y Sistemas , 2003,
Abstract: we present a new algorithm for computing the optical flow which is based in the sum of squared difference between two points and we add a rest condition in order to eliminate outliers. this algorithm only needs a couple o frames and is very robust in presence of noise. we present his application in the register task of magnetic resonance images of human heads with brain atlas in order to do the head segmentation in brain and no brain.
Un enfoque gerencial de factores críticos para el éxito de los sistemas de información en la Pyme metalmecánica venezolana
Calderón Amaya, José Luis;Rodríguez Monroy, Carlos;
Contaduría y administración , 2012,
Abstract: official reports from developing countries brought significant shortcomings in the treatment of information to smes in general. having automated information systems (is) is mandatory, but even more important is that they are successful, which depends heavily on end-user satisfaction as the key that will lead to the expected benefits. managerial levels and it professionals should be familiar with the main factors associated with that success, to ensure their adequate treatment. this study evaluated the end-user satisfaction and several critical related success factors, in a sample of medium-sized industrial enterprises smes (smis), based on two is critical to any organization, such as payroll and human resource management. for this purpose, one of the success models most recognized by the research community in the area was used. practical benefits of this research are to call to reflection on these factors, to contribute to strengthen the effectiveness and quality of the development or acquisition process of an si and to reduce their failure rate.
Dosis óptimas para la inducción del bostezo con apomorfina en el humano sano
Anías Calderón,José M; Osa Palacio,Jorge Luis de la;
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biom??dicas , 1999,
Abstract: the effect of the subcutaneous administration of 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 ?g of apomorphine in 16 volunteer sound individuals was studied aimed at finding the optimal dose for the induction of yawning in the healthy human. the subjects were divided into 2 subgroups of 8 to give cach of them only 3 doses. they were administered physiological saline to study the spontaneous yawning (control situation). the results show that the range from 8 to 10 ?g is the most suitable for the induction of yawning. the lower doses had little inducing effect, whereas higher doses produced undesirable effects.
Dosis óptimas para la inducción del bostezo con apomorfina en el humano sano
José M Anías Calderón,Jorge Luis de la Osa Palacio
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biom??dicas , 1999,
Abstract: Se estudió el efecto de la administración subcutánea de 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 m g de apo-morfina en 16 hombres voluntarios sanos, con el objetivo de encontrar las dosis óptimas para la inducción del bostezo en el humano sano. Se dividieron en 2 subgrupos de 8 para administrarles a cada grupo sólo 3 dosis. A todos se les administró suero fisiológico para estudiar el bostezo espontáneo (situación control). Los resultados demuestran que el rango de 8 a 10 m g es el más adecuado para la inducción del bostezo. Las dosis inferiores tuvieron poco efecto inductor, las dosis superiores produjeron efectos indeseables. The effect of the subcutaneous administration of 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 ?g of apomorphine in 16 volunteer sound individuals was studied aimed at finding the optimal dose for the induction of yawning in the healthy human. The subjects were divided into 2 subgroups of 8 to give cach of them only 3 doses. They were administered physiological saline to study the spontaneous yawning (control situation). The results show that the range from 8 to 10 ?g is the most suitable for the induction of yawning. The lower doses had little inducing effect, whereas higher doses produced undesirable effects.
Un enfoque gerencial de factores críticos para el éxito de los sistemas de información en la Pyme metalmecánica venezolana
José Luis Calderón Amaya,Carlos Rodríguez Monroy
Contaduría y administración , 2012,
Abstract: Informes oficiales de países en desarrollo se alan, en general, significativas deficiencias en el tratamiento de la información en las peque as y medianas empresas (Pyme). Contar con sistemas de información automatizados (SI) es ineludible, pero es más importante que sean exitosos, para lo cual la satisfacción del usuario final es el factor clave que llevará a obtener los beneficios esperados. Los niveles gerenciales y los profesionales de informática deben estar familiarizados con los principales factores relacionados para asegurar su adecuado tratamiento. Este estudio evaluó la satisfacción del usuario final y varios factores críticos de éxito relacionados en una muestra de empresas industriales medianas (Pymi). Para ello, se utilizó uno de los modelos de éxito más reconocidos por la comunidad investigadora del área. Realizados los análisis cuantitativo/cualitativo y comparados los resultados se concluye que el principal factor relacionado con la satisfacción del usuario final es la calidad de la información, lo cual puede ser suficiente para considerar como exitoso un SI; con esto los demás factores quedan en segundo lugar. El beneficio práctico de esta investigación es reflexionar sobre estos factores, contribuir a reforzar la efectividad y calidad de los procesos de desarrollo o adquisición de un SI y reducir su índice de fracasos.
La e-investigación de la Comunicación: actitudes, herramientas y prácticas en investigadores iberoamericanos The e-Research on Media and Communications: Attitudes, Tools and Practices in Latin America Researchers
Carlos Arcila Calderón,José Luis Pi?uel Raigada,Mabel Calderín Cruz
Comunicar , 2013, DOI: 10.3916/c40-2013-03-01
Abstract: La e-investigación está cambiando las prácticas y dinámicas de la investigación social, gracias a la incorporación de herramientas digitales avanzadas para el procesamiento de datos y el incremento de la colaboración científica. Estudios anteriores muestran una actitud positiva de los científicos hacia la e-investigación y la rápida incorporación de herramientas digitales para el trabajo académico, a pesar de las resistencias culturales al cambio. Este artículo examina el estado actual (actitudes, herramientas y prácticas) de la e-investigación en el campo de los estudios en comunicación en Iberoamérica. Un total de 316 investigadores de la región respondieron una encuesta en línea durante los últimos dos meses de 2011. Los resultados confirman una actitud positiva hacia la e-investigación y un uso frecuente de las e-herramientas. Sin embargo, la mayor parte de ellos aseguran usar e-herramientas básicas (como correo-e, videoconferencia comercial, software de oficina o redes sociales), en vez de usar tecnologías avanzadas para procesar gran cantidad de datos (como Grids, programas de simulación o Internet2) o de incorporarse a comunidades virtuales de investigación. Algunos investigadores afirmaron tener un uso intensivo (31%) o frecuente (53%) de las e-herramientas, pero solo el 22% aseguraron que la capacidad de su computador personal era insuficiente para manejar y procesar los datos. El artículo concluye evidenciando una brecha importante entre la e-investigación en comunicación y en otras disciplinas, y establece recomendaciones para su implementación en la región. e-Research is changing practices and dynamics in social research by the incorporation of advanced e-tools to process data and increase scientific collaboration. Previous research shows a positive attitude of investigators through e-Re-search and shows a fast incorporation of e-Tools, in despite of many cultural resistances to the change. This paper examines the current state (attitudes, tools and practices) of e-Research in the field of Media and Communication Studies in Latin America, Spain and Portugal. A total of 316 researchers of the region answered an online survey during the last 2 months of 2011. Findings confirm an optimistic attitude through e-Research and an often use of e-Tools to do research. Even though, most of them informed to use basic e-Tools (e.g. e-mail, commercial videoconference, office software and social networks) instead of advanced technologies to process huge amount of data (e.g. Grid, simulation software and Internet2) or the incorporation to Virtual Resear
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