oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2020 ( 2 )

2019 ( 98 )

2018 ( 126 )

2017 ( 120 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 84685 matches for " José Leopoldo Ferreira;Waldman "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /84685
Display every page Item
Trends and spatial distribution of deaths of children aged 12-60 months in S?o Paulo, Brazil, 1980-98
Antunes,José Leopoldo Ferreira; Waldman,Eliseu Alves;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862002000500010
Abstract: objective: to describe trends in the mortality of children aged 12-60 months and to perform spatial data analysis of its distribution at the inner city district level in s?o paulo from 1980 to 1998. methods: official mortality data were analysed in relation to the underlying causes of death. the population of children aged 12-60 months, disaggregated by sex and age, was estimated for each year. educational levels, income, employment status, and other socioeconomic indices were also assessed. statistical package for social sciences software was used for the statistical processing of time series. the cochrane-orcutt procedure of generalized least squares regression analysis was used to estimate the regression parameters with control of first-order autocorrelation. spatial data analysis employed the discrimination of death rates and socioeconomic indices at the inner city district level. for classifying area-level death rates the method of k-means cluster analysis was used. spatial correlation between variables was analysed by the simultaneous autoregressive regression method. findings: there was a steady decline in death rates during the 1980s at an average rate of 3.08% per year, followed by a levelling off. infectious diseases remained the major cause of mortality, accounting for 43.1% of deaths during the last three years of the study. injuries accounted for 16.5% of deaths. mortality rates at the area level clearly demonstrated inequity in the city's health profile: there was an increasing difference between the rich and the underprivileged social strata in this respect. conclusion: the overall mortality rate among children aged 12-60 months dropped by almost 30% during the study period. most of the decline happened during the 1980s. many people still live in a state of deprivation in underserved areas. time-series and spatial data analysis provided indications of potential value in the planning of social policies promoting well-being, through the identification o
Tuberculosis in the twentieth century: time-series mortality in S?o Paulo, Brazil, 1900-97
Antunes, José Leopoldo Ferreira;Waldman, Eliseu Alves;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1999000300003
Abstract: the objective of this study was to characterize tuberculosis mortality trends in the municipality of s?o paulo, brazil, from 1900 to 1997. standardized tuberculosis mortality rates and proportional mortality ratios were calculated and stratified by gender and age group based on data provided by government agencies. these measures were submitted to time-series analysis. we verified distinct trends: high mortality and a stationary trend from 1900 to 1945, a heavy reduction in mortality (7.41% per year) from 1945 to 1985, and a resumption of increased mortality (4.08% per year) from 1985 to 1995. in 1996 and 1997 we observed a drop in tuberculosis mortality rates, which may be indicating a new downward trend for the disease. the period from 1945 to 1985 witnessed a real reduction in tuberculosis, brought about by social improvements, the introduction of therapeutic resources, and expansion of health services. recrudescence of tuberculosis mortality from 1985 to 1995 may reflect the increasing prevalence of mycobacterium and hiv co-infection, besides loss of quality in specific health programs.
Tuberculosis in the twentieth century: time-series mortality in S o Paulo, Brazil, 1900-97
Antunes José Leopoldo Ferreira,Waldman Eliseu Alves
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1999,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to characterize tuberculosis mortality trends in the Municipality of S o Paulo, Brazil, from 1900 to 1997. Standardized tuberculosis mortality rates and proportional mortality ratios were calculated and stratified by gender and age group based on data provided by government agencies. These measures were submitted to time-series analysis. We verified distinct trends: high mortality and a stationary trend from 1900 to 1945, a heavy reduction in mortality (7.41% per year) from 1945 to 1985, and a resumption of increased mortality (4.08% per year) from 1985 to 1995. In 1996 and 1997 we observed a drop in tuberculosis mortality rates, which may be indicating a new downward trend for the disease. The period from 1945 to 1985 witnessed a real reduction in tuberculosis, brought about by social improvements, the introduction of therapeutic resources, and expansion of health services. Recrudescence of tuberculosis mortality from 1985 to 1995 may reflect the increasing prevalence of Mycobacterium and HIV co-infection, besides loss of quality in specific health programs.
Trends and spatial distribution of deaths of children aged 12-60 months in S o Paulo, Brazil, 1980-98
Antunes José Leopoldo Ferreira,Waldman Eliseu Alves
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2002,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in the mortality of children aged 12-60 months and to perform spatial data analysis of its distribution at the inner city district level in S o Paulo from 1980 to 1998. METHODS: Official mortality data were analysed in relation to the underlying causes of death. The population of children aged 12-60 months, disaggregated by sex and age, was estimated for each year. Educational levels, income, employment status, and other socioeconomic indices were also assessed. Statistical Package for Social Sciences software was used for the statistical processing of time series. The Cochrane-Orcutt procedure of generalized least squares regression analysis was used to estimate the regression parameters with control of first-order autocorrelation. Spatial data analysis employed the discrimination of death rates and socioeconomic indices at the inner city district level. For classifying area-level death rates the method of K-means cluster analysis was used. Spatial correlation between variables was analysed by the simultaneous autoregressive regression method. FINDINGS: There was a steady decline in death rates during the 1980s at an average rate of 3.08% per year, followed by a levelling off. Infectious diseases remained the major cause of mortality, accounting for 43.1% of deaths during the last three years of the study. Injuries accounted for 16.5% of deaths. Mortality rates at the area level clearly demonstrated inequity in the city's health profile: there was an increasing difference between the rich and the underprivileged social strata in this respect. CONCLUSION: The overall mortality rate among children aged 12-60 months dropped by almost 30% during the study period. Most of the decline happened during the 1980s. Many people still live in a state of deprivation in underserved areas. Time-series and spatial data analysis provided indications of potential value in the planning of social policies promoting well-being, through the identification of factors affecting child survival and the regions with the worst health profiles, to which programmes and resources should be preferentially directed.
A tuberculose através do século: ícones can?nicos e signos do combate à enfermidade
Antunes,José Leopoldo Ferreira; Waldman,Eliseu Alves; Moraes,Mirtes de;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232000000200010
Abstract: tuberculosis has marked a strong presence in brazil, throughout the twentieth century. the present study reviews canonic icons, signs and meanings related to tuberculosis, as a resource to approach social representations of the disease. dispensaries have been organized to provide health services, education and social attendance to patients. sanatoriums have been built, devoted to the isolation and long term treatments. the diffusion of spittoons and the habit of spitting, unusual for today, pointed out the belief of their usefulness in preventing the contagion. screening chest radiography spread out the search for new cases of the disease. these were some of the elements gathered with the aim of supplying information to the study of tuberculosis experience, from the point of view of those who feared the contagion, who observed prophylactic measures, who suffered the disease's biological injuries, who had a daily relationship with their metaphors. as a conclusion, we delineate the epidemiological profile of a whole century of tuberculosis in brazil, highlighting the perceived changes of the disease's insertion upon the social imaginary.
áreas rurais: pólos de concentra??o de agravos à saúde bucal?
Mello,Tatiana Ribeiro de Campos; Antunes,José Leopoldo Ferreira; Waldman,Eliseu Alves;
Arquivos de Medicina , 2005,
Abstract: oral health is an important dimension of overall health that has relevant consequences for quality of life. oral diseases and disorders are considered public health problems, because they impact significantly on the individuals and on the community, they present high prevalence and can be effectively prevented and controlled by programs and actions involving individuals, health professionals and the community. in several countries, dental caries levels are declining, and occlusion disorders are considered emerging problems. notwithstanding this observation, deprived segments of population remain being affected by high levels of dental disorders. data on oral health for rural population are scarce, which hinders the planning of strategies and programs aimed at the control of these conditions in rural settings.
Tuberculose e leite: elementos para a história de uma polêmica
Antunes José Leopoldo Ferreira,Moraes Mirtes de,Biazevic Maria Gabriela Haye,Waldman Eliseu Alves
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2002,
Abstract: Pode o ser humano contrair tuberculose pela ingest o do leite de vacas tuberculosas? S o efetivos o diagnóstico e o controle da tuberculose bovina para a prote o da popula o humana? Quest es como estas estiveram em pauta no pensamento médico paulistano no início do século XX. O presente estudo procurou reconstituir elementos da polêmica travada em S o Paulo, com o intuito de incentivar a divulga o de dados suplementares sobre a matéria. Aqui s o apresentadas indica es sintéticas das posi es em confronto: de um lado, as preocupa es em intensificar as a es de controle do gado tuberculoso; de outro, o cuidado de n o prejudicar os criadores nacionais com a demanda de precau es adicionais, as quais se temia serem lesivas à comercializa o do produto. O acompanhamento das interven es sobre o tema na imprensa médica permitiu identificar a preponderancia da primeira posi o, com conseqüências para o controle sanitário de alimentos.
Tuberculose e leite: elementos para a história de uma polêmica
Antunes, José Leopoldo Ferreira;Moraes, Mirtes de;Biazevic, Maria Gabriela Haye;Waldman, Eliseu Alves;Corrêa, Marcelo Oswaldo Alvares;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702002000300007
Abstract: can human beings get tuberculosis from the milk taken from cows infected with tuberculosis? are the diagnosis and control of cattle tuberculosis effective for the protection of human populations? questions such as these were the main concern of doctors from s?o paulo at the beginning of the twentieth century. the present study tried to recover elements from the polemic that took place in s?o paulo, in order to encourage the coming up of complementary facts about such matter. the article presents some indicators of confronting positions: on one hand, the goal of intensifying the control of tuberculosis among the cattle; on the other hand, the attempt not to bring up any loss to national cattle raisers through the demand of additional precaution measures, which would affect the production and distribution of their products. medical publications kept records of the interventions, which have allowed the author to identify the first position as the stronger one, which has brought up relevant consequences for the sanitary food control.
"Grow and multiply": social development, birth rates and demographic transition in the Municipality of S?o Paulo, Brazil, time-series for 1901-94
Antunes, José Leopoldo Ferreira;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X1998000100007
Abstract: this study reports the construction of time-series related to standardized mortality rate, proportional mortality ratio of swaroop and uemura, infant mortality rate, fetal death rate, expectation of life at birth and birth rate for the city of s?o paulo, sp, brazil, from 1901 to 1994. in order to determine the structural variation of these measures, the model, forecast and correlation of these series were submitted to statistical analysis. the results obtained were compared to the historical analysis of the major socioe-conomic phenomena during this period in an effort to explain populational movements in the city, with emphasis on the slow and late nature of the process of demographic transition in the city. it was concluded that time-series analysis for demographic measures is efficient in many ways: by allowing the application of statistical methodology to the human sciences, by passing the difficulties inherent in the characteristics of these values (serial correlation, heteroscedasticity, multicollinearity and non-normality of forecast error distribution), by integrating quantitative analysis with the historical interpretation of the phenomena approached, by projecting estimates of future trends on the basis of the behavior of the variables analyzed, and by systematizing the methodology for application in future studies of social research.
Condi??es socioecon?micas em saúde: discuss?o de dois paradigmas
Antunes,José Leopoldo Ferreira;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102008005000017
Abstract: socioeconomic status and its impact on health are in the mainstream of public health thinking. this text discusses two paradigms utilized in assessing socioeconomic status in epidemiologic studies. one paradigm refers to prestige-based measurements and positive differentiation among social strata. this paradigm is characterized by classifications assessing social capital and the access to goods and services. the other paradigm refers to the classification of social deprivation and negative differentiation among social strata. the proposal of state-funded reposition to the mostly deprived social strata is acknowledged as characteristic of this paradigm. the contrast between these paradigms, and their potential interaction and debate are discussed. fostering reflection on methodological strategies to assess socioeconomic status in epidemiologic studies can contribute to the promotion of health and social justice.
Page 1 /84685
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.