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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 588745 matches for " José Fernando de S.;Maranh?o "
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Desenvolvimento dos sistemas de vigilancia epidemiológica da varíola e da poliomelite: a transforma??o de conceitos em categorias operacionais
Verani, José Fernando de S.;Maranho, Eduardo P.;Laender, Fernando;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1993000100004
Abstract: this article describes the process by which some concepts of epidemiological surveillance are elaborated and turned into operational categories to comprise the so-called epidemiologial surveillance system for two specific diseases. the authors describe some epidemiological concepts and categories which were elaborated over the course of the smallpox eradication program and more recently in the poliomyelitis eradication program. such concepts and categories as outbreak containment, cross-notification, and case definitions are described as they fit into a series of actions which make up the epidemiological surveillance system. finally, it is worth noting that the description developed in this article is based on personal observations, since the authors participated in the smallpox eradication program in bangladesh and somalia as well as in the regional poliomyelitis eradication program in the americas.
Impacto econ?mico dos casos de doen?a cardiovascular grave no Brasil: uma estimativa baseada em dados secundários
Azambuja, Maria Inês Reinert;Foppa, Murilo;Maranho, Mário Fernando de Camargo;Achutti, Aloyzio Cechella;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2008001500005
Abstract: background: the scarce amount of data available in brazil on the economic burden of cardiovascular diseases (cvd) does not justify the growing concern in regard to the economic burden involved. objective: the present study aims at estimating the costs of severe cvd cases in brazil. methods: cases of severe cvd were estimated based on hospitalized cases lethality and total cvd mortality rates. national data bases and sample studies were used to estimate costs of hospitalization, outpatient care, and social security benefits. loss of income was estimated from the burden of disease in brazil data. results: approximately two million cases of severe cvd were reported in 2004 in brazil. that accounts for 5.2% of the population over 35 years of age. the resulting annual cost was at least r$ 30.8 billion (36.4% for health care, 8.4% for social security and employers' reimbursements, and 55.2% due to loss in productivity). that corresponded to r$ 500.00 per capita (considering 35 year-old and older population) and r$ 9,400.00 per patient. direct costs with health care from severe cvd cases accounted for 8% of total national expenditure on health and 0.52% of 2004 gnp (r$ 1,767 billion = us$ 602 billion). that corresponded to an yearly average direct cost of r$182.00 per capita (r$ 87.00 from public resources) and of r$ 3,514.00 per case. conclusion: total annual costs per severe cvd case were estimated to be significant. costs per capita and total costs corresponding to this sub-group of cvd patients are expected to escalate as the population ages and the prevalence of severe cases increases.
Competências empreendedoras de dirigentes de empresas brasileiras de médio e grande porte que atuam em servi?os da nova economia
Mello, Sérgio Carvalho Benício de;Le?o, André Luiz Maranho de Souza;Paiva Júnior, Fernando Gomes de;
Revista de Administra??o Contemporanea , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-65552006000400003
Abstract: in a context where entrepreneurship is being stimulated, an understanding of behavior related to entrepreneur competences is critical. such perspective presents a valuable contribution to business development and management, as well as for external and internal organization group interaction. thus, competence may be understood as a construct that includes different personality traits, skills and knowledge. this study has a qualitative research approach. a series of interviews with new economy brazilian c.e.o.s, based in rio de janeiro and s?o paulo was undertaken, followed by a content analysis. results indicate conceptual and managerial competences prevalence. besides, a competence not indicated in the literature - work-life balance competence - was discovered. conclusions and managerial implications are also discussed.
Differential metabolism of Mycoplasma species as revealed by their genomes
Arraes, Fabricio B.M.;Carvalho, Maria José A. de;Maranho, Andrea Q.;Brígido, Marcelo M.;Pedrosa, Fábio O.;Felipe, Maria Sueli S.;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572007000200004
Abstract: the annotation and comparative analyses of the genomes of mycoplasma synoviae and mycoplasma hyopneumonie, as well as of other mollicutes (a group of bacteria devoid of a rigid cell wall), has set the grounds for a global understanding of their metabolism and infection mechanisms. according to the annotation data, m. synoviae and m. hyopneumoniae are able to perform glycolytic metabolism, but do not possess the enzymatic machinery for citrate and glyoxylate cycles, gluconeogenesis and the pentose phosphate pathway. both can synthesize atp by lactic fermentation, but only m. synoviae can convert acetaldehyde to acetate. also, our genome analysis revealed that m. synoviae and m. hyopneumoniae are not expected to synthesize polysaccharides, but they can take up a variety of carbohydrates via the phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphotransferase system (pep-pts). our data showed that these two organisms are unable to synthesize purine and pyrimidine de novo, since they only possess the sequences which encode salvage pathway enzymes. comparative analyses of m. synoviae and m. hyopneumoniae with other mollicutes have revealed differential genes in the former two genomes coding for enzymes that participate in carbohydrate, amino acid and nucleotide metabolism and host-pathogen interaction. the identification of these metabolic pathways will provide a better understanding of the biology and pathogenicity of these organisms.
Métodos de recupera??o de pastagens de Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. no Agreste Pernambucano
Ydoyaga, Daniel Fernando;Lira, Mário de Andrade;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;Silva, Maria da Concei??o;Santos, Venézio Felipe dos;Fernandes, Ant?nio de Pádua Maranho;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982006000300010
Abstract: in order to identify methods of recuperation of degraded pastures in the agreste of pernambuco, an experiment was conducted in the fazenda riacho do papaguaio, municipial district of s?o jo?o. it was used a split-plot feature within a confounded randomized block design. the experimental treatments were four recovery managements (deferment, deferment + harrowing, deferment + harrowing + corn as a companion crop, deferment + corn as a companion crop), two levels of nitrogen (0 and 100 kg/ha of n), two levels of phosphorus (0 and 100 kg/ha of p2o5), totalizing 16 experimental treatments with three replications. the harvesting evaluation was taken after 138 days from implementation of the experimental treatments. a significant n and p2o5 interaction was observed with marked increase in forage dry matter mass corresponding to the combination of 100 kg/ha of n and p2o5. the deferment and deferment + corn treatments resulted in higher forage mass yield as compared to the harrowing ones. after 138 days of growth, there was an increase in the percentage of uncovered soil with plow use, while the opposite was true without the use of a plow. plowing did not demonstrate agronomic viability as a degraded pasture recuperation practice. allowing the pasture to rest for 138 days during the rainy season promoted its recuperation, primarily with the combined application of nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers. the recovery of nitrogen and phosphate fertilized brachiaria decumbens stapf. was associated with decrease of other species.
Características morfogênicas e estruturais de duas espécies de braquiária adubadas com diferentes doses de nitrogênio
Silva, Cristina Cavalcante Félix da;Bonomo, Paulo;Pires, Aureliano José Vieira;Maranho, Camila Maida de Albuquerque;Patês, Neusete Maria da Silva;Santos, Luciana Carvalho;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982009000400010
Abstract: the objective of this work was to evaluate the morphogenetic and structural characteristics of brachiaria brizantha and decumbens submitted to different nitrogen doses (n). the experiment was carried in a greenhouse. the treatments consisted of four n doses (0, 75, 150 and 225 mg/dm3 of n) and two grasses (brachiaria brizantha and decumbens). nitrogen fertilization was subdivided into three applications. a completely randomized block experimental design with five repetitions was used. for the morphogenetic and structural characteristics, the daily foliar structure emergence, total number of leaves and number of tillers per b. decumbens plant was higher for b. brizantha. however, for phyllochron, the daily foliar prolongation and life duration of the b. brizantha leaf were higher. b. decumbens and brizantha responded increasingly up to 190 mg/dm3 of nitrogen in relation to the majority the available characteristics. the process senescence is accelerated with increase of the nitrogen doses, reducing the life duration of leaves.
Cariótipo em leucemia mielóide aguda: importancia e tipo de altera??o em 30 pacientes ao diagnóstico
Pelloso, Luís Arthur Flores;Chauffaille, Maria de Lourdes Lopes Ferrari;Ghaname, Fabiana Sinnot;Yamamoto, Mihoko;Bahia, Daniella Márcia Maranho;Kerbauy, José;
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-42302003000200032
Abstract: introduction: cytogenetics in aml at diagnosis is a well defined prognostic tool. objective: the authors analized karyotype (kt) and clinical data of newly diagnosed aml patients. methods: thirty patients were studied, 16 male and 14 female. age ranged from 19 to 84 years. diagnostic criteria were based on who classification, immunophenotyping and g banding cytogenetics. they were treated according to standard protocol (daunorrubicin and cytarabine - 3+7) and those who had acute promyelocytic leukemia additionally received atra. results: kt success rate was 84%. according to kt patients were divided into 4 groups: favourable prognosis (fp) (6) (t(8;21), t(15;17)); intermediary prognosis (ip) (7)(four normal karyotypes, + 8, t(1;2) and del 18(q)); unfavourable prognosis (up); and 3 secondary aml; two evolving from prior mylelodysplastic syndrome and one presenting as an initial blast crisis of chronic myeloid leukemia.the median age of fp was 23 years while up was 60 years (p<0.003).in the fp, 5/6 (83%) achieved complete remission (cr) while only 1/7 (20%)in the ip and 1/8 (12,5%) in the up. there was a tendency of higher leukocyte count in the unfavourable group. conclusions: the rate of karyotype aberrations in aml was 80% and in accordance to literature data (65-95%).there was a clear difference in cr rates between favourable and unfavourable prognosis group.
Atributos químicos de solos sob diferentes usos em perímetro irrigado no semiárido de Pernambuco
Corrêa, Rossini Mattos;Freire, Maria Betania Galv?o dos Santos;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;Freire, Fernando José;Pessoa, Luiz Guilherme Medeiros;Miranda, Marcelo Alves;Melo, Diego Vandeval Maranho de;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-06832009000200008
Abstract: soils developed at semi-arid climate can present salt accumulation, which compromise the agricultural use, being increased by inadequate irrigation management. based on the use, the degradation of these soils can occur at higher or smaller intensity. this study aimed to evaluate the effect of soil uses based on physical and chemical properties of an irrigated area in the semi-arid region of northeastern brazil. the soil uses were annual crops (c), fruticulture (f), pasture (p), discarded lands (d), or native vegetation (v). disturbed soil samples were collected from the 0-10, 10-30 and 30-60 cm layers for chemical analysis, and undisturbed samples from the first two layers for soil density analysis. the indicators ph and electrical conductivity of the saturation extract, soil ph, available phosphorus, total organic carbon, exchangeable cations, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium, cation exchange capacity, sum of bases, base saturation percentage, percentage of exchangeable sodium, and carbon stocks were subjected to multivariate analysis by principal component analysis, and clustering by the tocher method. the soil chemical properties under production systems was different from v; the chemical quality of the production systems c and d, and that of c and p was similar. for the uses c, d, p, and f, the values of the soil properties (ph, ph and electrical conductivity of the saturation extract, exchangeable calcium and magnesium, sum of bases, base saturation and available phosphorus) was higher than for v in the three analyzed layers. the highest total organic carbon content was observed under f and p. the electrical conductivity of the saturation extract was higher under c, d and p than under f and v, indicating the beginning of a soil salinization process, thus characterizing them as less sustainable land uses.
Avalia??o de procedimentos para quantifica??o espectrofotométrica de flavonoides totais em folhas de Bauhinia forficata Link
Marques, Graziella Silvestre;Monteiro, Rebeka Priscila Maranho;Le?o, Waleska de Figueirêdo;Lyra, Magaly Andreza Marques;Peixoto, Monize Santos;Rolim-Neto, Pedro José;Xavier, Haroudo Sátiro;Soares, Luiz Alberto de Lira;
Química Nova , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-40422012000300014
Abstract: interest in analytical methods for quality control of herbal drugs has grown sharply due to the scarcity of monographs in official manuals. thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate analytical procedures for quantitative determination of flavonoids from leaves of bauhinia forficata link (pata-de-vaca). two procedures for quantification of total flavonoids (with and without acid hydrolysis) by spectrophotometry were tested. the proposed methods proved to be specific, sensitive, precise, accurate and robust, being suitable for routine laboratory use.
Fatigue analysis and life prediction of composite highway bridge decks under traffic loading
Leit?o, Fernando N.;Silva, José Guilherme S. da;Andrade, Sebasti?o A. L. de;
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures , 2013, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-78252013000300004
Abstract: steel and composite (steel-concrete) highway bridges are currently subjected to dynamic actions of variable magnitude due to convoy of vehicles crossing on the deck pavement. these dynamic actions can generate the nucleation of fractures or even their propagation on the bridge deck structure. proper consideration of all of the aspects mentioned pointed our team to develop an analysis methodology with emphasis to evaluate the stresses through a dynamic analysis of highway bridge decks including the action of vehicles. the design codes recommend the application of the curves s-n associated to the miner's damage rule to evaluate the fatigue and service life of steel and composite (steel-concrete) bridges. in this work, the developed computational model adopted the usual mesh refinement techniques present in finite element method simulations implemented in the ansys program. the investigated highway bridge is constituted by four longitudinal composite girders and a concrete deck, spanning 40.0m by 13.5m. the analysis methodology and procedures presented in the design codes were applied to evaluate the fatigue of the bridge determining the service life of the structure. the main conclusions of this investigation focused on alerting structural engineers to the possible distortions, associated to the steel and composite bridge's service life when subjected to vehicle's dynamic actions.
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