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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 272061 matches for " José D. Andrade-Filho "
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Flebotomíneos (Diptera: Psychodidae) coletados com armadilha malaise no Centro-Oeste de Minas Gerais
Andrade-Filho, José D.;Oliveira, Roberto C. de;Fonseca, Alysson R.;
Neotropical Entomology , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2008000100018
Abstract: the aim of this paper was to verify the sand fly species collected with malaise trap in the cities of divinópolis and pedra do indaiá, both located in minas gerais state. collections were carried out between november 2003 and october 2004. thirty two specimens were captured belonging to seven species: pintomyia monticola (costa lima), nyssomyia whitmani (antunes & coutinho), pintomyia christenseni (young & duncan), evandromyia cortelezzii (brèthes), sciopemyia sordellii (shannon & del ponte), pintomyia pessoai (coutinho & barretto) and psathyromyia aragaoi (costa lima).
Genetic Structure of Lutzomyia longipalpis Populations in Mato Grosso Do Sul, Brazil, Based on Microsatellite Markers
Mirella F. C. Santos, Paulo E. M. Ribolla, Diego P. Alonso, José D. Andrade-Filho, Aline E. Casaril, Alda M. T. Ferreira, Carlos E. S. Fernandes, Reginaldo P. Brazil, Alessandra G. Oliveira
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074268
Abstract: Background Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) is the major vector of Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum and thus plays a crucial role in the epidemiology of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL). This vector is the best studied species of sand fly in the Neotropical region. Many studies claim that this vector is in fact a species complex; however there is still no consensus regarding the number of species that belong into this complex or the geographical distribution of sibling species. The aim of the present study was to analyze the genetic relationships within?Lu. longipalpis?populations in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS), Brazil. Methodology/Principal Findings We collected 30 Lu. longipalpis (15 females and 15 males) from five localities (Campo Grande, Três Lagoas, Aquidauana, Miranda and Bonito) and 30 Lu. Cruzi from Corumbá, totaling 180 sandflies from MS, and 30 Lu. longipalpis from Estrela de Alagoas, state of Alagoas (AL), Northeast Brazil. We show that eight previously described microsatellite loci were sufficient in distinguishing Lu. longipalpis from Lu. Cruzi, which is a closely related species, and in differentiating between Lu. longipalpis collected in MS versus Estrela de Alagoas. Analyses of the genotypes revealed introgression between sympatric Lu. longipalpis and Lu. Cruzi. Conclusions/Significance Our findings support the hypothesis of cryptic species within the Lu. longipalpis complex. Furthermore, our data revealed introgression between Lu. longipalpis and Lu. cruzi. This phenomenon should be further investigated to determine the level and incidence of hybridization between these two species. We also demonstrated that microsatellite markers are a powerful tool for differentiating sand fly populations and species. The present study has elucidated the population structure of Lu. longipalpis in MS and, by extension, the Neotropical Lu. longipalpis complex itself.
Implica??es cognitivas, filosóficas e educativas do trabalho do patologista
Pena, Gil Patrus;Andrade-Filho, José de Souza;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Médica , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-55022006000200010
Abstract: establishing a pathological diagnosis requires complex mental processes including attention, perception, memory, planning and language, not always clearly understood by the pathologists themselves. little importance has been given to these important aspects of the pathological practice in spite of its profound implications for understanding the intricate processes involved in pathological diagnosis. in this paper, we present a theoretical basis for the diagnostic process. in the description of the cognitive mental processes such as attention, perception and memory we employ the concepts of luria and vygotskyy, emphasizing the cultural origins of these processes largely mediated by the language. the dichotomy between objectivity and subjectivity is approached through maturana's biology of knowledge. based on these concepts we present a theoretical planning strategy considering cognitive, communicative, and normative aspects as well as the performance of the pathologist in relation to the case, to the patient and to the assistant physician. finally, we present the educational implications arising from this model.
Adenocarcinoma em mucosa sinonasal expressando PSA e CDX-2: apresenta??o de um caso com ênfase no processo de decis?o diagnóstica quanto à origem do tumor
Pena, Gil Patrus;Andrade-Filho, José de Souza;Fonseca, Roberto Porto;
Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-24442009000200009
Abstract: in this report, we explore an unusual case of adenocarcinoma detected in the sinonasal mucous membrane in order to illustrate the diagnostic decision process in the immunohistochemical diagnosis. the patient is a 86-year-old man with an intranasal mass. in the immunohistochemical study, it was found expression for both psa and cdx-2, raising the divergent diagnostic possibilities of a prostatic adenocarcinoma metastasis or an intestinal type sinonasal adenocarcinoma. in search for a solution for this diagnostic dilemma, we tried to establish how these immunohistochemical markers could be confronted in a diagnostic decision by defining the qualities that good immunohistochemical markers consist of and how the panel markers may be compared as to these qualities and the diagnostic hypotheses. in this exercise, important aspects of the diagnostic process in pathology are revealed.
Description of a new genus and new species of New World Phlebotominae (Diptera, Psychodidae)
Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi;Andrade-Filho, José Dilermando;Silva, Ant?nio Carlos Lima da;Falc?o, Alda Lima;
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262003000100010
Abstract: a new genus and new species of phlebotominae, edentomyia piauiensis (diptera, psychodidae) from a cave in piauí state, brazil, are described. this new genus belongs to phlebotomini, but its inclusion in any subdivision of this tribe depends on further study.
Description of a new genus and new species of New World Phlebotominae (Diptera, Psychodidae)
Galati Eunice Aparecida Bianchi,Andrade-Filho José Dilermando,Silva Ant?nio Carlos Lima da,Falc?o Alda Lima
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia , 2003,
Abstract: A new genus and new species of Phlebotominae, Edentomyia piauiensis (Diptera, Psychodidae) from a cave in Piauí State, Brazil, are described. This new genus belongs to Phlebotomini, but its inclusion in any subdivision of this tribe depends on further study.
Você conhece esta síndrome?
Silva, Cláudia Márcia Resende;Ottoni, Fernanda Assis;Andrade-Filho, José de Souza;Pena, Gil Patrus Mundim;Gontijo, Jo?o Renato Vianna;
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0365-05962007000600012
Abstract: wells? syndrome is a rare, benign, recurrent, inflammatory dermatosis affecting all age groups, with no sex predilection. its etiology and pathogenesis remain unknown. although its autonomous existence is questioned by some, wells? syndrome is a distinct disease entity diagnosed by the combination of a striking clinical picture, typical histological finding when associated to the clinical features, and a characteristic time course.
Clinical tomographic correlations of 220 patients with neurocisticercosis, Bahia, Brazil
Andrade-Filho, Ant?nio de Souza;Figuer?a, Luiz Frederico da Silva;Andrade-Souza, Victor Mascarenhas;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702007000100025
Abstract: neurocysticercosis (ncc) is a common parasitic disease in our region, presenting diversity of neurological symptoms and signs. the present study has as primary objective an evaluation of the ncc's clinical and epidemiological profile within bahia state, by means of a prospective study of 220 patients diagnosed from march 1988 to march 1999, with a follow-up of six months. exams, such as computed cranial tomography scan (ct), cerebral spine fluid (csf) and electroencephalogram (eeg), were accomplished in three distinct moments of these patients' evolution: at starting or diagnostic point (zero time), at after-intervention period (one month after treatment), and at control period (six months after treatment).
Clinical and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) profile and CSF criteria for the diagnosis of spinal cord schistosomiasis
Moreno-Carvalho Otávio Augusto,Nascimento-Carvalho Cristiana Maria,Bacelar Aroldo Luiz da Silva,Andrade-Filho Ant?nio de Souza
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2003,
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical and CSF findings among patients with presumptive neuroschistosomiasis (NS) and to suggest a classification for the CSF diagnosis of presumptive NS. METHOD: The charts of all patients whose CSF exam was performed at the CSF Lab, José Silveira Foundation, Salvador, Brazil, from 1988 to 2002 were reviewed. Those with clinically suspected NS whose indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFA) and or hemagglutination-inhibiting antibodies test (HAI) were positive to S. mansoni were identified. RESULTS: Of 377 patients, 67.9% were males; the median age was 36 years (mean 37 + 16 yrs, range 3-82 yrs). The most frequent complaints were paraparesis (59.9%), urinary retention (36.2%), lower limb pain (22.8%). WBC of CSF (count/mm3) was > 4 in 66.0% (mean 83 + 124, median 40, range 4.3-1,100), protein (mg/dl) was > 40 in 84.6% (mean 185 + 519, median 81, range 41-6,800) and eosinophils were present in 46.9%. IFA and HAI were positive in 75.3%. WBC > 4 and presence of eosinophils were associated with IFA and HAI positive (67.3% versus 51.4%, p 0.014; 49.1% versus 23.0%, p 0.0001, respectively) and protein > 40 was not (85.4% versus 77.0%, p 0.09). Presence of WBC > 4, protein > 40 and eosinophils was associated with IFA and HAI positive (71.6% versus 38.2%, p 0.0003) but presence of eosinophils and any other combination of WBC and protein were not. CONCLUSION: NS should be considered as a possible diagnosis in patients who had had contact with schistosome-infected water and present with spinal cord compromising. Presence of IFA and HAI positive to S. mansoni, WBC > 4, protein > 40 and presence of eosinophils in the CSF may be considered as a criterium of highly probable presumptive diagnosis.
Ataques isquêmicos transitórios em paciente com síndrome da veia cava superior: relato de caso
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 1998,
Abstract: A síndrome da veia cava superior (SVCS) é condi o relativamente rara. Relatamos o caso de um paciente de 42 anos, masculino, hipertenso há 15 anos, que evoluiu com dor cervical e torácica há um um ano, sendo evidenciada oclus o de 95% da coronária direita. Submetido a angioplastia, porém com persistência da dor torácica. Posteriormente evoluiu com episódios recorrentes de hemiplegia à direita associados a crises hipertensivas, que melhoravam com medicamentos anti-hipertensivos. Pela presen a de colora o vinhosa na face e acentua o durante os períodos de ataques isquêmicos transitórios, foi feita a suspeita diagnóstica de provável acometimento do sistema de drenagem venosa, confirmada à venografia pelo achado de dilata o da veia jugular direita e imagem de estreitamento importante na jun o com a veia cava superior. Em conclus o, n o foi possível definir com certeza a rela o entre as duas patologias no caso aqui apresentado, porém chamou a aten o a melhora dos sintomas neurológicos após o controle da SVCS com o tratamento instituído.
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