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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 118508 matches for " José Carlos Fernandes;Carlini "
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Acute efects of the Paulinia cupana, "Guaraná" on the cognition of normal volunteers
Galduróz, José Carlos Fernandes;Carlini, Elisaldo de Araújo;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31801994000300007
Abstract: the authors studied the acute effects of "guaraná", when compared to caffeine and placebo, (double blind study) on cognition, anxiety and sleep in 30 normal volunteers. although results were negative it cannot be concluded that "guaraná" is harmless. other studies shall be undertaken, administering "guaraná" on a long term basis, as popularly proclaimed.
Psychoactive drug advertising: a comparison of technical information from three countries: Brazil, United States and United Kingdom
Mastroianni, Patricia de Carvalho;Galduróz, José Carlos Fernandes;Carlini, Elisaldo Araujo;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31802005000500002
Abstract: context and objective: studies carried out in the 1970s and 1980s showed that there were country-dependent disparities in the information given for the same drug in medical advertisements. national and international regulations have been published to do away with such disparities and to foster the rational use of drugs. the purpose of this study was to compare the information contained in psychoactive drug advertisements published in psychiatric journals in brazil, the united states and the united kingdom, before and subsequent to the publication of the united states export act, in 1986, the who criteria, in 1988, and the brazilian sanitary surveillance agency resolution no. 102, in 2000. type of study and setting: content analysis, at centro brasileiro de informa??es sobre drogas psicotrópicas (cebrid). methods: we gathered advertisements from brazilian, american and british psychiatry periodicals published before and after each ruling. we analyzed a total of twenty-four brazilian advertisements that were for the same psychoactive drugs as advertised in american and/or british publications from the same period. results: we observed that brazilian advertisements omitted information on usage restrictions, such as contraindications, adverse reactions, interactions, warnings and precautions, and that such information was present in american and british advertisements. conclusions: the data suggest that disparities in the information given for the same drug still persist. the information depends on the country in which each drug is marketed. the legislation is insufficient for eradicating such disparities.
Comparison between two household surveys on psychotropic drug use in Brazil: 2001 and 2004
Fonseca,Arilton Martins; Galduróz,José Carlos Fernandes; Noto,Ana Regina; Carlini,Elisaldo Luiz de Araújo;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000300008
Abstract: cebrid (brazilian center of information on psychotropic drugs) conducted two household surveys on drug use in brazil, the first in 2001 and the second in 2005, making it possible for researchers, for the first time ever, to have a timeline comparison using this type of methodology. the universe studied corresponded to the brazilian population living in 107 brazilian cities with more than 200.00 inhabitants. 8,589 people were interviewed in the first survey in 2001, and 7,939 people in the second. data on prevalence of lifetime use for psychotropic drugs showed that there was a significant increase only in the number of people who had made lifetime use of psychotropic substances (including tobacco and alcohol). in 2001, 19.4% of the interviewees reported having used some type of drug, and the ranking of lifetime drug use in 2004 was 22.8%, a statistically significant increase. there was also a statistically significant increase in lifetime use of alcohol and tobacco in comparison between the two surveys.
First household survey on drug abuse in S?o Paulo, Brazil, 1999: principal findings
Galduróz, José Carlos Fernandes;Noto, Ana Regina;Nappo, Solange Aparecida;Carlini, Elisaldo Luiz de Araújo;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31802003000600003
Abstract: context: in order to establish prevention programs regarding psychotropic drug use that are adapted to specific populations it is, first of all, important to have data on the realities of such consumption. single data points are not enough for drawing up a profile of society in relation to drugs. objective: the aim of this household survey was to determine the incidence of illegal drug, alcohol, tobacco and psychotropic medication use, and thus the number of persons dependent on drugs, alcohol and nicotine, and to evaluate their perception regarding how easy it is to obtain psychotropic drugs. type of study: epidemiological survey. setting: all of the 24 cities in the state of sao paulo with more 200,000 inhabitants participated in the study. method: the sampling was constructed from weighted probabilistic stratified conglomerates obtained via two-stage selection. in each municipality sampled, census sectors (generally 200-300 households) were first selected. then, households and a respondent were selected to provide information from his/her point of view. the samhsa questionnaire (substance abuse and mental health services administration) of the u.s. department of public health was used, after translation and adaptation to brazilian conditions. results: a total of 2,411 persons aged 12-65 years old were interviewed, of whom 39.9% weremen. lifetime use of any psychotropic drug other than alcohol and tobacco was 11.6%: much less than in the u.s. (34.8%). the alcohol dependence rate was 6%, similar to findings from other countries. marijuana was the illegal drug most cited as used daily (6.6%): a prevalence much lower than in the u.s. (32.0%). inhalant use was next in frequency of use (2.7%): about 10 times less than in the united kingdom (20%). cocaine use (2.1%) was about 5 times less than in the u.s. (10.6%). there was no report of heroin use, although there was a surprisingly high perception regarding the ease of obtaining heroin: 38.3% said it was easy to obtain.
Recreational use of benzydamine as a hallucinogen among street youth in Brazil
Opaleye, Emérita Sátiro;Noto, Ana Regina;Sanchez, Zila van der Meer;Moura, Yone Gon?alves de;Galduróz, José Carlos Fernandes;Carlini, Elisaldo Araújo;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462009000300005
Abstract: objective: to describe the recreational use of benzydamine, an anti-inflammatory drug, among street youth in brazil. method: design: a descriptive, cross sectional survey. setting: 93 welfare services for the street youth in 27 brazilian capitals. participants: 2807 street youth, 10 to 18 years old. main outcome measures: demographic characteristics, drug use pattern (lifetime use, use in the past 30 days, frequency, and characteristics of use in the past month) and effects of benzydamine through the use of a questionnaire. results: 78 reported lifetime recreational benzydamine use (67 cases identified only in three capitals). among the 30 respondents reporting drug use in the last month (the month preceding the survey), 66.7% (n = 20) used the drug on 4 or more days (in the month preceding the survey). the most frequently (50%) pleasure effects reported were hallucination and nonspecific sensory changes described as "trips". unwanted effects were reported by 75% of respondents, they were especially nausea and vomiting (21.4%). in the majority of the cases, drug was obtained from drugstores without a medical prescription. conclusion: this study identifies the recreational use of benzydamine among street youth, mainly in the northeast of brazil, and also indicates the need for special controls on the dispensation of this substance.
Levantamento randomizado sobre a prevalência de tabagismo nos maiores municípios do Brasil
Leit?o Filho, Fernando Sergio;Galduróz, José Carlos Fernandes;Noto, Ana Regina;Nappo, Solange Aparecida;Carlini, Elisaldo Araújo;Nascimento, Oliver Augusto;Santos, Sérgio Ricardo;Jardim, José Roberto;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132009001200007
Abstract: objective: to provide access to the results of a randomized cross-sectional study conducted by the brazilian center for information on psychotropic drugs in 2001. methods: this survey involved a random sample of individuals ranging from 12 to 65 years of age and residing in the 107 largest cities (over 200,000 inhabitants) in brazil, which represented 27.7% of the brazilian population, estimated to be 169,799,170 inhabitants at the time. a total of 8,589 interviews were conducted. the substance abuse and mental health services administration questionnaire, translated and adapted for use in brazil, was used in the interviews. results: of the sample as a whole, 41.1% of the interviewees reported having experimented with tobacco products. the prevalence of daily smokers was 17.4% (20.3% among males and 14.8% among females). we found that 9% of the sample (10.1% of the men and 7.9% of the women) were nicotine-dependent, according to the criteria of the national household survey on drug abuse. conclusions: the prevalence of current smoking in the 107 largest cities of brazil is significantly lower in this decade than was the national prevalence at the end of last century.
Inadimplência no sistema financeiro de habita o: um estudo junto à Caixa Econ mica Federal (CAIXA).
Carlos Fernando Sehn,Reginaldo José Carlini Junior
Revista de Administra??o Mackenzie , 2007,
Abstract: A inadimplência, hoje, é um dos fatores que mais preocupam as empresas, independentemente do seu tamanho ou faturamento. Mais do que vender, elas devem se preocupar em como e quando receber para garantir a sua sobrevivência. Este trabalho tem como objetivo compreender o grau de importancia dado pelos mutuários da Caixa Econ mica Federal (Caixa) no que se refere à inadimplência habitacional no Estado de Pernambuco. é importante destacar que foram aplicados questionários a mutuários inadimplentes dessa empresa, localizados na capital e no interior do Estado de Pernambuco. Os resultados obtidos demonstraram que houve uma pequena queda na inadimplência após a implanta o do Sistema de Risco de Crédito (Siric), a partir de 2000, mas que, de acordo com os índices atuais e com os resultados da pesquisa, os esfor os precisam ser redobrados para que os índices caiam a níveis aceitáveis.
The effects of long-term administration of guarana on the cognition of normal, elderly volunteers
Galduróz, Jose Carlos Fernandes;Carlini, Elisaldo de Araújo;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31801996000100003
Abstract: paulinia cupana (guarana) is a brazilian plant given great prestige in popular medicine, for example as being a potent stimulator of brain functions. the authors assessed the effects of the long-term administration of guarana on the cognition of normal, elderly volunteers. forty-five volunteers were studied, with a random distribution in three experimental groups: placebo (n=15), caffeine (n=15), and guarana (n=15), in a double-blind study. there were no significant cognitive alterations in these volunteers.
Uso de drogas psicotrópicas no Brasil: pesquisa domiciliar envolvendo as 107 maiores cidades do país - 2001
Galduróz, José Carlos F.;Noto, Ana Regina;Nappo, Solange A.;Carlini, E.A.;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692005000700017
Abstract: the objective was to estimate the prevalence of the use of drugs, alcohol, tobacco and the use of non-medical psychotropics. this study enclosed the 107 biggest cities in brazil; sample: ages between 12 and 65 years. sampling in three periods: tax sectors; household and the respondent. were interviewed 8,589 people. the lifetime use of the alcohol was 68.7%, closer to 70.8% in chile. the lifetime use of the tobacco was of 41.1%, lower than u.s.a. (70.5%). the lifetime use of the marijuana was of 6.9% closer to colombia (5.4%) and lower than u.s.a. (34.2%). the lifetime use of the cocaine was 2.3%, lower than u.s.a. (11.2%). the lifetime use of solvent was of 5.8%, much lower than the united kingdom (20.0%). the stimulants have had 1.5% of lifetime use and the anxiolytics with 3.3%. these findings will allow the implantation of adjusted public politics to our reality in the field of the psychotropics drugs.
O processo de constru??o e reconstru??o das identidades dos indivíduos nas organiza??es
Fernandes, Karina Ribeiro;Zanelli, José Carlos;
Revista de Administra??o Contemporanea , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-65552006000100004
Abstract: the identities of the individuals in the organizations are constructed from the interaction human being, to if sharing objectives, rules, values, among others, exerting a considerable influence on the motivation of the workers, as well as its satisfaction and productivity. this article intends to analyze and to comment the process of construction of the identities of the individuals in the organizations. it is still intended, to verify as the process of reconstruction of these identities occurs, in environments of constant changes. a theoretical and interpretative approach will be used, arguing that the organizations tend to determine the way as the individuals perceive the set of excellent social relations for them.
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