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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 226457 matches for " José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo;Gaglianone "
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Conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas de professores de ciclo básico, expostos e n?o expostos a Curso de Educa??o Nutricional
Davan?o, Giovana Mochi;Taddei, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo;Gaglianone, Cristina Pereira;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732004000200004
Abstract: objetive: the objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of teacher who had (or had not) been exposed to the educative program that involved the use of games with educative and playful purposes and the didactic planning for the application of these activities. methods: the studied sample comprised 51 teachers (15 exposed and 36 not exposed). the questionnaire contained questions on nutritional concepts and on the role of the teacher and the school as a means of promotion of healthy nutritional habits. results: the studied variables included knowledge, attitude and nutritional practice of the teachers. tables of contingency were used for the description of the frequencies of the variables and for the exact test of fisher was used for the comparisons between the exposed and non exposed group, with significance rates of 0,05% or 5%. conclusion: it had been observed that the exposed teachers had presented themselves better conceptually prepared and more sensitized in relation to the teacher's role and the school's while transforming reality, demonstrating that the program of school feeding can become a space of learning, production and knowledge production.
Nutrition education in public elementary schools of S?o Paulo, Brazil: the Reducing Risks of Illness and Death in Adulthood project
Gaglianone, Cristina Pereira;Taddei, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo;Colugnati, Fernando Antonio Basile;Magalh?es, Clarissa Góes;Davan?o, Giovana Mochi;Macedo, Lino de;Lopez, Fábio Ancona;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732006000300002
Abstract: objective: the objective of this article was to analyze the development, implementation and impact of a nutrition education program on the knowledge and attitudes associated with healthy eating habits. methods: controlled randomized trial comprising teachers and children of eight public schools; three of them were submitted to educational activities and the remaining ones were kept as controls. effects of nutrition education were measured in terms of knowledge and attitudes. results: the results revealed an improvement in the food choice among students and a reduction in the intake of foods with high energy density. an improvement in the knowledge and attitudes of the teachers towards the prevention of obesity was also observed. conclusion: even with a positive attitude regarding the development of this proposal, there was a lack of support from the studied schools. future studies and a greater involvement by the health and education sectors could overcome such barriers, improving the results of school-based programs to prevent obesity.
Fatores de risco de anemia em lactentes matriculados em creches públicas ou filantrópicas de S?o Paulo
Konstantyner, Tulio;Taddei, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo;Palma, Domingos;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732007000400002
Abstract: objective: to identify and quantify the risk factors for anemia in infants enrolled in public or philanthropic day care centers in s?o paulo city and discuss the impact of the actions of day care centers in controlling this specific nutritional deficiency. methods: cross-sectional study comprising 212 infants of two public and three philanthropic day care centers. interviews with the mothers, collection of blood by digital puncture and anthropometry were performed. anemia was characterized by hemoglobin levels below 11g/dl. a logistic regression model for risk factors between groups of infants with and without anemia was adjusted. results: the prevalence of anemia was 51.9%. the final logistic model comprised 4 variables: presence of one or more siblings under 5 years of age (odds ratio=2.57; p=0.005), attending day care centers that are managed exclusively by the government (odds ratio=2.12; p=0.020), less than 2 months of exclusive breastfeeding (odds ratio=1.88; p=0.044), age under 15 months (odds ratio=2.32; p=0.006). conclusion: the high prevalence of anemia evidences the inefficiency of the studied day care centers in controlling and preventing this nutritional deficiency; therefore, it is up to the health planner to consider the identified and quantified risks for anemia when elaborating control and prevention programs.
Hemoglobin Values in the First Six Months of Life in Exclusively Breastfed Children  [PDF]
Rosa de Fátima da Silva Vieira Marques, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei, Fabio Ancona Lopez, Josefina Aparecida Pellegrini Braga
Open Journal of Blood Diseases (OJBD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojbd.2013.34024
Abstract:

Objective: The inexistence of publications on hemoglobin values in the first six months of life gave us the objective of describing these values, month by month in healthy, iron sufficient exclusively breastfed infants. Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study in 306 infants stratified according to age from one to six months, full-term births, weighing ≥2500 g, without intercurrences at birth, serum ferritin levels ≥10 ng/mL, followed by the public health service encouraging and supporting exclusive breastfeeding. An automated counter was used for measuring hemoglobin, and serum ferritin was determined using immunoenzymatic method. Students t-test was used to analyze differences between means, and Mann-Whitney test when distribution was non-normal. Level of statistical significance was p < 0.05. Results: The hemoglobin values, according to gender, did not differ statistically in the different months; the results are presented without sample division according to gender. Hemoglobin means and standard deviations in g/dL were: 11.7(±1.6), 10.7(±1.5), 10.8(±1.3), 11.6(±1.5), 11.7(±1.7), and 11.8(±1.6), from the first to sixth month respectively. Conclusion: The hemoglobin values obtained in all the first six months of life, based on a healthy, exclusively breastfed infant population, may contribute to the reassessment of reference levels for the diagnosis of anemia in the studied age range.

Traffic light labelling: traduzindo a rotulagem de alimentos
Longo-Silva, Giovana;Toloni, Maysa Helena de Aguiar;Taddei, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732010000600009
Abstract: objective: this study presented an adaptation of the traffic light labeling or nutrition traffic light adopted in the united kingdom and other countries in europe to the regulations in force in brazil and classified the processed food products sold in the country. methods: this tool uses traffic light colors to indicate the amount of total, saturated and trans fats, sugar, sodium and fiber present in 100g or 100ml of the product. the red light indicates that the nutrient is in excess; yellow means average and green means appropriate. for fibers, low content is indicated by the red light and proper content by green light. high prices are indicated by red light and low ones by green light. the adaptation and administration of these concepts for brazilian consumers were based on norms established by the brazilian national sanitary surveillance agency agência nacional de vigilancia sanitária and by the british food standards agency. results: one hundred processed foods from a brazilian supermarket website were classified. the selected foods were the first five to eight items shown on a page of each of the 17 food categories. the analysis showed that the amount of total and saturated fats and sodium are high and the amounts of trans fats and fibers are low. conclusion: the use of this method allows consumers to easily pick healthier foods, alerting consumers about the disadvantages of processed foods with respect to their nutritional quality, and incentivizes companies to improve the nutritional composition of their foods in order to receive a higher number of green lights and smaller number of red lights. this helps to prevent poor food choices, obesity and non-communicable chronic diseases, which are the main causes of early disability and death in brazil.
Prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade entre escolares da rede pública segundo três critérios de diagnóstico antropométrico
Sotelo, Yêda de Oliveira Marcondes;Colugnati, Fernando A. B.;Taddei, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2004000100040
Abstract: to compare the prevalence of child obesity according to three criteria, a cross-sectional study was performed with 6-to-11-year-old children in eight elementary public schools in the city of s?o paulo. z scores for weight-for-height (w/h) and body mass index (bmi) were calculated from the weight and height variables. prevalence rates for overweight in males, according to must, cole, and who criteria, were 10.92%, 10.29%, and 11.94%, respectively, and for obesity 8.17%, 13.67%, and 10.29%. for females, prevalence rates for overweight according to must, cole, and who criteria were 13.51%, 13.83%, and 13.67%, respectively, and for obesity 8.25%, 16.50%, and 11.73%. the study analyzes the variations in obesity estimates based on different criteria, highlighting the need for clinical and population studies to support the development of a single criterion. such studies, in addition to identifying individuals with a higher probability of excess body fat, could also correlate body fat to risk of illness and death (similar to the 25 and 30 bmi cutoff points in adults).
Avalia??o das condi??es higiênico-sanitárias das cozinhas de creches públicas e filantrópicas
Oliveira,Mariana de Novaes; Brasil,Anne Lise Dias; Taddei,José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232008000300028
Abstract: this paper aims to evaluate the hygienic-sanitary conditions of kitchens in philanthropic and public daycare centers in the city of s?o paulo using a tool of easy application. information on the hygienic-sanitary conditions was gathered observing the operational conditions of five public and philanthropic daycare centers in the city of s?o paulo. a score was developed for classifying the risks of food contamination. the operational conditions in the kitchens of the studied philanthropic and public daycare centers in the city of s?o paulo can result in contamination of the prepared food. among the most important risk factors for food contamination is the behavior of the workers who handle the food. training and continuous supervision of the involved personnel are the best and easiest alternatives for assuring the appropriate hygienic-sanitary conditions and quality of the food offered to the children in these daycare centers.
Prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade entre escolares da rede pública segundo três critérios de diagnóstico antropométrico
Sotelo Yêda de Oliveira Marcondes,Colugnati Fernando A. B.,Taddei José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2004,
Abstract: Com objetivo de comparar a prevalência de obesidade infantil segundo três critérios antropométricos, foi realizado estudo transversal em oito escolas públicas estaduais na cidade de S o Paulo, com crian as entre 6 e 11 anos de idade. Com base nas variáveis peso e altura, calculou-se o escore Z de P/E e o IMC. As prevalências de sobrepeso para o sexo masculino pelos critérios de Cole, Must e OMS foram de 10,92%, 10,29% e 11,94%, respectivamente, e para obesidade 8,17%, 13,67% e 10,29%. Para o sexo feminino, as prevalências de sobrepeso pelos critérios de Cole, Must e OMS foram de 13,51%, 13,83% e 13,67%, respectivamente, e para obesidade 8,25%, 16,50% e 11,73%. As varia es nas estimativas de obesidade, se considerarmos os diferentes critérios, ressalta a necessidade de estudos populacionais e clínicos que orientem critério único, que além de identificar os indivíduos com maior probabilidade de excesso de gordura corporal, correlacione isto ao risco de adoecer e morrer, como ocorre com os pontos de corte 25 e 30 do IMC em adultos.
Risk Factors for Anemia among Brazilian Infants from the 2006 National Demographic Health Survey
Tulio Konstantyner,Thais Cláudia Roma Oliveira,José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei
Anemia , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/850681
Abstract: Iron deficiency is an important public health problem. An understanding of anemia risk factors is essential to informed health policies. We performed a cross-sectional study of 1,382 infants from the 2006 Brazilian National Survey on Demography and the Health of Women and Children. Mild and moderate anemia was characterised by hemoglobin levels below 11.0 and 9.5 g/dL, respectively. Rates for mild and moderate anemia were 25.9% and 9.9%, respectively. The logistic model included three risk factors for mild anemia—urban residence area (OR=2.5; =0.004), fever in the past 2 weeks (OR=2.4; <0.001), and age less than 12 months (OR=1.7; =0.024). Strategies to control infant anemia should include health promotion and nutritional education for families from all socioeconomic levels. Lifestyle quality improvement based on adequate food consumption must be achieved by communities in all macroregions, and especially in urban areas.
Seguran?a alimentar e nutricional de crian?as menores de dois anos de famílias de trabalhadores rurais Sem Terra
Lang,Regina Maria Ferreira; Almeida,Cláudia Choma Bettega; Taddei,José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011000800011
Abstract: to date little is known of health, nutrition and food safety conditions of children living in rural camps and settlements. the present cross-sectional descriptive study seeks to present and discuss such conditions for children under two years of age in families of landless rural workers in the central western region of the state of paraná. the study was conducted with a total of 337 children under two years of age in families living in two rural settlements and two rural camps. the main variables related with protein-energy malnutrition were assessed. results indicated that the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition was 4.7% in settlements and 10% in camps. home location, home type and the possibility of producing food for private consumption were the distal variables that influenced most the nutritional status of the pediatric population analyzed. this study established that the search for nutritional and food safety must consider the right of accessing resources and proper means to produce safe and healthy foods in order to enable adequate feeding compatible with the habits and practices of the region.
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