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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 76916 matches for " José Ant?nio;Sirimarco "
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Erro médico: a perspectiva de estudantes de medicina e direito
Chehuen Neto, José Antnio;Sirimarco, Mauro Toledo;Figueiredo, Nathália Stela Visoná de;Barbosa, Tatiane Neto;Silveira, Thiago Gon?alves da;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Médica , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-55022011000100002
Abstract: recent decades have witnessed an increase in the societal implications of medical error, a subject in which medicine and law intertwine. this study focused on medical error from the perspective of medical students and law students, assessing their level of interest and information and the need to discuss the topic during undergraduate education and how it occurs in each field, in their view. a cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study was conducted at the federal university in juiz de fora, minas gerais state, in 2008 with 185 medical students and 119 law students. 88.7% of the medical students and 92.4% of the law students reported knowledge of medical error. the interest was due to the fact that medical error is currently a widely discussed issue. the students thought the issue should be addressed in their undergraduate education (97.8% of medical students and 94.9% of law students). it is important to discuss such a current issue in undergraduate education in both medicine and law, because of the potential for decreasing the vicious circle of errors, iatrogenesis, and law suits, in addition to fostering reflection on the role of medical education in the ethical training of young professionals.
Situa??o vacinal dos discentes da Faculdade de Medicina da UFJF-MG
Chehuen Neto, José Antnio;Sirimarco, Mauro Toledo;Leite, Isabel Cristina Gon?alves;Gon?alves, Mariana P. Cunha;Delgado, áureo Augusto de Almeida;Camilo, Gustavo Bittencourt;Abreu, Nayara Almeida de;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Médica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-55022010000200011
Abstract: health professionals are exposed to various occupational risks, with the greatest impact from biological hazards due to direct contact with potentially contaminated organic materials. besides adopting universal biosafety measures, adequate immunization coverage must be achieved in this context, with educational initiatives playing a crucial role in the process. this was a cross-sectional observational study of undergraduates (n = 136) at the medical school of the federal university in juiz de fora to assess their immunization status and biological risk perceptions. eighty-nine students (65.4%) reported a complete vaccination schedule. ninety-seven (71.3%) had received full immunization against hepatitis b and 99 (72.8%) against tetanus. eighty-six (63.2%) reported having received immunization advice during the course. seventy-three (53.7%) had already been exposed to potentially contaminated material during their academic activities, and 97 (71.3%) used personal protective equipment (ppe) in these contexts. we identified missed immunization doses against hepatitis b and tetanus, a situation that exposes medical students to unnecessary risks. immunization advice was insufficient. the significant rate of exposure to biological hazards and the unsatisfactory use of ppe call for greater attention to accident prevention.
Economic Freedom and Foreign Direct Investment: How Different are the MENA Countries from the EU  [PDF]
iBusiness (IB) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2009.12010
Abstract: The risk perceived by investors is crucial in the decision to invest, in particular when it concerns a foreign country. The risk associated to any (foreign) investment is a multi-faceted element given that it reflects many aspects that are relevant to (foreign) investors, such as the level of transparency, corruption, rule of law, governance, etc. In this paper we consider the level of economic freedom, as provided by the “Heritage Foundation”, for the most recent years, in order to analyse how is this measure of risk related to the inward foreign direct investment performance index, as provided by the UNCTAD. Given the subjectivity of risk an appropriate methodology consists on using fuzzy logic clustering, which is applied in the paper in order to verify how different the MENA region is from the set of EU-member states. The results show that economic freedom and inward FDI are positively associated, in particular in the cluster of countries that present a higher economic freedom. Of particular interest is the result that some MENA countries belong to the same cluster of most of the EU-countries.
água e mudan?as climáticas
Marengo, José Antnio;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142008000200006
Abstract: this study constitutes a review of the state-of-the-art on knowledge about climate change and water in brazil and south america. we discuss some of the results of the studies by the intergovernmental panel on climate change (ipcc) and the inpe's climate report on observational studies of climate variability and future projections of change in climate and on the components of the hydrological cycle, until the end of the xxi century, for the major basins in the continent. one of the main aspects of this document is on the economical and management aspects of water resources in different regions of brazil, and how that may change in a climate change scenario.
O paradigma do problema absurdo: contexto teórico e carácter heurístico
Gonzalez,António José;
Análise Psicológica , 1999,
Abstract: the author exposes some of the different ways of using the absurd problem paradigm, some of wich were explored by members of the investigation unit on cognitive psychology of development and education psychology. the main analysis are on the question of the meaning in the teaching-learning process, the effects of different contexts in the use of knowledge, and the power of ?didactic contract?.
Contexto, significa??o, contrato: Algumas propostas conceptuais e metodológicas a partir da obra de Vygotsky
Gonzalez,António José;
Análise Psicológica , 1998,
Abstract: the author presents some theoretical and methodological concepts developed under the inspiration of l. s. vygotsky. after showing some of the limitations of piaget′s model of cognitive development in children, the article presents some proposals that underline the role of the social factors and their implications in the acquisition and aplication of knowledge, particularly in the case of school-age children. the notions of ?signification? and ?comunication contract? are presented in this context. finally, some of the research inspired on the ?absurd problem? paradigm is presented, providing information that contributes to the study of the impact of the social context in cognitive development.
Multipolar ou apolar?: Um desconcertante mundo novo
Telo,António José;
Rela??es Internacionais (R:I) , 2011,
Abstract: this article explores deeply the international system organization arguing that we are in an apolar world, bearing in mind a reflection about the 9/11. we will explore the evolution of the pole concept, and then evaluate the new balances of power through the analysis of three elements: the shifting of the traditional balances of power, the change on the rivalries and loyalties and the great emerging challenges.
Os caminhos da NATO: O que foi, o que é, o que deve ser
Telo,António José;
Rela??es Internacionais (R:I) , 2009,
Abstract: the american and european visions of the main goals of nato are distinctive since its formation in 1949. the revision of the strategic concept in 1991 and 1999, and the document of 2006 show us the adjustments that the organization has had to make facing the changes in the international system. the evaluation of nato?s tendency through the last sixty years allows concluding that nato should grow to a political organization, support of a privileged understanding between europe and america.
O Brasil e o sistema mundial de poderes
Fernandes, Antnio José;
Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-73292001000100007
Abstract: this study characterizes the world's system powers, explains his evolution, describes the factors that determinate the relative position of states in international hierarchy and shows the position, role and notability of brazil in the context of present international relations. we conclude that brazil can be considered a big potency, with capacity to influence more and more the behaviour of other international actors and, consequently, the world conjuncture evolution. to achieve this conclusion, the study refers to the application of systemic analysis to the international community, to the evolution of world's system powers, to the characteristics of contemporaneous multipolar system and the brazil in the actual context of world's system powers.
Sobre as origens do vocabulário político medieval
Martins, José Antnio;
Trans/Form/A??o , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31732011000500006
Abstract: since its translation from greek into latin in the 13th century, the phenomenon of incorporation of aristotelian political lexicon into the latin context raises issues regarding which terminology was left out and which one was taken in. these questions are raised not only concerning the translation of the politics by william of moerbeke, but also the first commentaries on the aristotelian latin text by albertus magnus and thomas aquinas, as well as the possible reverberation of those new moerbekian political vocables in some readers of the politics in the 14th century. this is neither only about verifying who has used or not used certain vocabulary nor about pronouncing judgments on these practices in order to stick a label on a thinker. rather, this is about trying to specify the beginning of a new way of thinking and to understand that domain of human life that is its public dimension, or rather, its political dimension from the use of vocables. more specifically, this paper intends to understand how a new conceptual framework emerges from the latin translation of the politics, i.e., the political sphere. it is granted that the translation of the politics by moerbeke sets a new vocabulary and a new conceptual framework that will be among the grounds of the political thinking from then on.
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