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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 30 matches for " Jongwon Kwark "
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Comparison of Measured and Dynamic Analysis Vertical Accelerations of High-Speed Railway Bridges Crossed by KTX Train  [PDF]
Hyejin Yoon, Won Jong Chin, Jeong-Rae Cho, Jae Yoon Kang, Jongwon Kwark
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.59091

Since high-speed railway bridges are subjected to cyclic loading by the continuous wheel loads traveling at high speed and regular spacing, their dynamic behavior is of extreme importance and has significant influence on the riding safety of the trains. To secure the riding safety of the trains, advanced railway countries have limited the vertical acceleration of the bridge slab below critical values at specific frequency domains. Since these limitations of the vertical acceleration constitute the most important factors in securing the dynamic safety of the bridges, these countries have opted for a conservative approach. However, the Korean specifications limit only the size of the peak acceleration without considering the frequency domain, which impede significantly rational evaluation of the high-speed railway bridges in Korea. In addition, the evaluation of the acceleration without consideration of the frequency domain is the cause of disagreement between the dynamic analysis and measurement results. This study conducts field monitoring and dynamic analysis on high-speed railway bridges to gather the acceleration signals and compare them. Significant difference in the size of the vertical acceleration was observed between the measured and dynamic analysis accelerations when discarding the frequency domain as done in the current specifications. The comparison of the accelerations considering only low frequencies below 30 Hz showed that the dynamic analysis reflected accurately the measured vertical acceleration.

Computation of Impact Factor of High-Speed Railway Bridge by KTX Train Riding Test  [PDF]
Hyejin Yoon, Won Jong Chin, Jae Yoon Kang, Jongwon Kwark, Eui-Seung Hwang
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.59090

The design live load of railway is divided into common railway and high-speed railway separately inKorea. Accordingly, the Korean design specification of railway specifies the impact factor for common railway and high-speed railway respectively. The impact factor for high-speed railway is based on Eurocode. Since the impact factor criteria inKoreawere established by adopting those of the Eurocode and without dedicated investigation relying on research results reflecting the domestic circumstances, thorough examination should be implemented on these criteria. Therefore the evaluation of impact factor based on field tests is required. Both dynamic and static vertical displacements are necessary to compute the impact factor. The dynamic response can be obtained from the measurement of deflection of the bridge slab crossed by the firstKoreahigh-speed train (KTX, Korea Train eXpress) running at high-speed. The main difficulties encountered are in obtaining static response because static response corresponds to the response of the bridge when the train remains immobile on the bridge or crosses the bridge at speed slower than5 km/hr. This study introduces the static response derived by applying the moving average method on the dynamic response signal. To that goal, field measurements was conducted under train speeds of5 km/hr and ranging from100 km/hr to300 km/hr on Yeonjae Bridge located in the trial section of the Gyeonbu High-Speed Railway Line before its opening. The validity of the application of the moving average method is verified from comparison of measured static response and derived static response by moving average method. Moreover, evaluation is conducted on the impact factor computed for a bridge crossed by the KTX train running at operational speed.

Effect of Laryngopharyngeal Anatomy on Expiratory Airflow and Submicrometer Particle Deposition in Human Extrathoracic Airways  [PDF]
Xiuhua Si, Jinxiang Xi, Jongwon Kim
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2013.34036
Abstract: The objective of this study is to systematically assess the influences of the larynopharyneal anatomical details on airflow and particle behaviors during exhalation by means of image-based modeling. A physiologically realistic nose-throat airway was developed with medical images. Individual airway anatomy such as uvula, pharynx, and larynx were then isolated for examination by progressively simplifying this image-based model geometry. Low Reynolds number (LRN) k-w model and Langrangian tracking model were used to simulate the dynamics of airflow and particle transport for a wide range of exhalation conditions (4-45 L/min) and particle sizes (1 nm-1 μm). Results showed that pharyngeal anatomical details exerted a significant impact on breathing resistance and particle profiles. Abrupt pressure drop resulting from the uvula-related airway obstruction was observed. Even though the total deposition rate in the nasal airway is largely unaffected by the upstream effect, the local deposition patterns vary notably. Results of this study also indicate that the pressure drop appears to be an appropriate parameter to characterize the geometric variations for diffusive depositions. Inclusion of pressure drop (D0.5Q-0.62dp0.07) gives an improved correlation than using the conventional diffusion factor (D0.5Q0.28).
Epoxidation of Diosgenin, 25(R)-1,4,6-Spirostatrien-3-one and 25(R)-4,6-Spirostadien-3β-ol
Eunsook Ma,Jongwon Kim
Molecules , 2003, DOI: 10.3390/81200886
Abstract: Upon treatment of 25(R)-spirost-5-en-3β-ol (diosgenin), 25(R)-1,4,6-spirostatrien-3-one and 25(R)-4,6-spirostadien-3β-ol with 30% H2O2 and 5% NaOH in methanol, diosgenin did not react, 25(R)-1,4,6-spirostatrien-3-one was converted to 25(R)-1α,2α-epoxy-4,6-spirostadien-3-one and 25(R)-4,6-spirostadien-3β-ol was oxidized to give a small amount of 25(R)-4,6-spirostadien-3-one, while most of the original starting material remained unchanged. On the other hand, reactions of diosgenin, 25(R)-1,4,6-spirostatrien-3-one and 25(R)-4,6-spirostadien-3β-ol with m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid in chloroform yielded 25(R)-5α,6α-epoxyspirostan-3β-ol, 25(R)-6α,7α-epoxy-1,4-spirostadien-3-one and 25(R)-4β,5β-epoxy-6-spirosten-3β-ol, respectively.
Open Strings in PP-Wave Background from Defect Conformal Field Theory
Peter Lee,Jongwon Park
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.67.026002
Abstract: We consider open strings ending on a D5-brane in the pp-wave background, which is realized in the Penrose limit of $AdS_5 \times S^5$ with an $AdS_4\times S^2$ brane. A complete list of gauge invariant operators in the defect conformal field theory is constructed which is dual to the open string states.
A Study on the Bond Strength between High Performance Concrete and Reinforcing Bar  [PDF]
Eun Suk Choi, Jung Woo Lee, Seong Jun Kim, Jong Won Kwark
Engineering (ENG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2015.77033
Abstract: As a preliminary study for the erection of floating structures using high performance concrete, this paper examines the bond characteristics between concrete and the reinforcing bar. Since the floating structure is constructed in aquatic environment, corrosion of the reinforcing steel is likely to develop more prematurely than in onshore structure in case of concrete cracking. A solution to this corrosion problem could use FRP rebar instead of steel reinforcement. To that goal, an experimental study is conducted on the concrete-FRP bond strength to verify if such FRP rebar develops performance comparable to the conventional steel rebar. A series of tests are performed considering the bond length of ordinary steel rebar and G-FRP rebar as test variable with respect to the strength of concrete, and the results are presented.
Design of 3D Space Following Positioning System Based on ZigBee  [PDF]
Liang Zhang, Xinnian Li, Honghuan Zhu, Jongwon Kim
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2015.31004

The research on positioning system and spatial alignment is a big topic. In this paper, we proposed a design (that) studies two issues. One is the study of range positioning algorithm based on ZigBee communication system. The other one is spatial alignment platform which is controlled with two servos. Hardware and software control system was realized, which also consists of two parts, ZigBee network positioning system and automatic orientation platform.

Cubic Interactions in PP-Wave Light Cone String Field Theory
Peter Lee,Sanefumi Moriyama,Jongwon Park
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.66.085021
Abstract: We use the supergravity modes to clarify the role of the prefactor in the light-cone superstring field theory on PP-wave background. We verify some of the proposals of the recent paper hep-th/0205089 and give further evidence for the correspondence between N=4 SYM gauge theory and string theory on PP-wave. We also consider energy-preserving processes and find that they give vanishing cubic interaction Hamiltonian matrix.
SYM Description of PP-wave String Interactions: Singlet Sector and Arbitrary Impurities
Jaume Gomis,Sanefumi Moriyama,Jongwon Park
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(03)00387-0
Abstract: We study string interactions among string states with arbitrary impurities in the Type IIB plane wave background using string field theory. We reproduce all string amplitudes from gauge theory by computing matrix elements of the dilatation operator in a previously proposed basis of states. A direct correspondence is found between the string field theory and gauge theory Feynman diagrams.
A Note on Cubic Interactions in PP-Wave Light Cone String Field Theory
Peter Lee,Sanefumi Moriyama,Jongwon Park
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.67.086001
Abstract: We study the string modes in the pp-wave light-cone string field theory. First, we clarify the discrepancy between the Neumann coefficients for the supergravity vertex and the zero mode of the full string one. We also repeat our previous manipulation of the prefactor for the string modes and find that the prefactor reduces to the energy difference of the cos modes minus that of the sin modes. Finally, we discuss off-shell three-string processes.
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