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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4921 matches for " Jong-Seung Chae "
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Experimental Study of the Fry-Drying Phenomena of Organic Wastes in Hot Oil for Waste-Derived Solid Fuel  [PDF]
Tae-In Ohm, Jong-Seung Chae, Seung-Hyun Moon
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.57065
Abstract:

In sludge treatment, drying sludge using typical technology with high water content to a water content of approximately 10% is always difficult because of adhesive characteristics of sludge in drying. Many methods have been applied, including direct and indirect heat drying, but these approaches of reducing water content to below 40% after drying are very inefficient in energy utilization of drying sludge. In this study, fry-drying technology with a high heat transfer coefficient of approximately 500 W/m2·°C was used to dry swine excreta, sewage and industrial sludge. Also waste oil was used in the fry-drying process, and because the oil’s boiling point is between 240°C and 340°C and the specific heat is approximately 60% of that of water. In the fry-drying system, the sludge is input by molding it into a designated form after heating the waste oil at temperatures between 130°C and 150°C. At these temperatures, the heated oil rapidly evaporates the water contained in the sludge, leaving the oil itself. After approximately 8 - 10 min, the water content of the sludge was less than 10%, and its heating value surpassed 20,000 kJ/kg. Indeed, this makes the organic sludge appropriate for use as a solid fuel. The dried swine excreta, sewage and industrial sludge can be used in an incinerator like low-rank coal or solid fuel.

Stable 2D Feature Tracking for Long Video Sequences
Jong-Seung Park,Jong-Hyun Yoon,Chungkyue Kim
International Journal of Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition , 2008,
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a 2D feature tracking method that is stable to long video sequences. To improve the stability of long tracking, we use trajectory information about 2D features. We predict the expected feature states and compute a rough estimate of the feature location on the current image frame using the history of previous feature states up to the current frame. A search window is positioned at the estimated location and similarity measures are computed within the search window. Once the feature position is determined from the similarity measures, the current feature states are appended to the history bu er. The outlier rejection stage is also introduced to reduce false matches. Experimental results from real video sequences showed that the proposed method stably tracks point features for long frame sequences.
Phylogenetic and Recombination Analysis of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus
Sen Lian, Jong-Seung Lee, Won Kyong Cho, Jisuk Yu, Mi-Kyeong Kim, Hong-Soo Choi, Kook-Hyung Kim
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0063380
Abstract: Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) severely damages and reduces the yield of many economically important plants worldwide. In this study, we determined the whole-genome sequences of 10 TSWV isolates recently identified from various regions and hosts in Korea. Phylogenetic analysis of these 10 isolates as well as the three previously sequenced isolates indicated that the 13 Korean TSWV isolates could be divided into two groups reflecting either two different origins or divergences of Korean TSWV isolates. In addition, the complete nucleotide sequences for the 13 Korean TSWV isolates along with previously sequenced TSWV RNA segments from Korea and other countries were subjected to phylogenetic and recombination analysis. The phylogenetic analysis indicated that both the RNA L and RNA M segments of most Korean isolates might have originated in Western Europe and North America but that the RNA S segments for all Korean isolates might have originated in China and Japan. Recombination analysis identified a total of 12 recombination events among all isolates and segments and five recombination events among the 13 Korea isolates; among the five recombinants from Korea, three contained the whole RNA L segment, suggesting reassortment rather than recombination. Our analyses provide evidence that both recombination and reassortment have contributed to the molecular diversity of TSWV.
Treatment of Class II malocclusion with bialveolar protrusion by means of unusual extractions and anchorage mini-implant
Chae, Jong-Moon;
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S2176-94512012000500023
Abstract: introduction: patients with dental class ii bialveolar protrusion are generally treated by extracting the four first premolars or two first and two second premolars, and retracting the anterior teeth. this case report describes the treatment of an adult patient with bialveolar protrusion, a class ii canine and molar relationship, and lip protrusion. methods: in this patient, the maxillary right second molar (1.7) had to be extracted due to extensive caries. to create sufficient space to retract the anterior teeth, the maxillary right posterior teeth were distalized with a maxillary posterior mini-implant (1.2~1.3 mm in diameter, 10 mm long), which was placed into the maxillary tuberosity area and allowed an en masse retraction of the maxillary anterior teeth. results: overall, mini-implant can provide anchorage to produce a good facial profile even without additional premolar extraction in cases of dental class ii bialveolar protrusion with the hopeless second molar. conclusion: the total treatment period was 42 months and the results were acceptable for 34 months after debonding.
Use of the Delta Neutrophil Index as a Prognostic Factor of Mortality in Patients with Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis: Implications of a Simple and Useful Marker
Tae Seop Lim, Beom Kyung Kim, Jong Wook Lee, Young Ki Lee, Sooyun Chang, Seung Up Kim, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Kwang-Hyub Han, Chae Yoon Chon, Jun Yong Park
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086884
Abstract: Background Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a common and life-threatening infection in patients with advanced cirrhosis. The prognostic value of a novel marker, the delta neutrophil index (DNI), was investigated relative to mortality in patients with SBP. Materials & Methods Seventy-five patients with SBP were studied from April 2010 to May 2012. DNI at initial diagnosis of SBP was determined and compared with 30-day mortality rates. Results Of the patients, 87.7% were men, and the median age of all patients was 59.0 yrs. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve of DNI for 30-day mortality was 0.701 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.553–0.849; p = 0.009), which was higher than that of C-reactive protein (0.640, 95% CI, 0.494–0.786; p = 0.076) or the model for end-stage liver disease score (0.592, 95% CI, 0.436–0.748; p = 0.235). From the ROC curve, with the sum of sensitivity and specificity, the cutoff value of DNI was determined to be 5.7%. In the high-DNI group (DNI ≥5.7%), septic shock and 30-day mortality were more prevalent compared with the low-DNI group (84.2% vs. 48.2%, p = 0.007; 57.9% vs. 14.3%, p<0.001, respectively). Patients with an elevated DNI had a higher risk of 30-day mortality compared with those with a low DNI (4.225, 95% CI, 1.631–10.949; p = 0.003). Conclusion A higher DNI at the time of SBP diagnosis is an independent predictor of 30-day mortality in patients with SBP.
Fibroblast Growth Factor-4 Enhances Proliferation of Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells via Activation of c-Jun Signaling
Sung-Ho Kook, Young-Mi Jeon, Shin-Saeng Lim, Moon-Ju Jang, Eui-Sic Cho, Seung-Yeop Lee, Ki-Choon Choi, Jong-Ghee Kim, Jeong-Chae Lee
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071641
Abstract: Fibroblast growth factor-4 (FGF4) is expressed in embryonic stages and in adult tissues, where it plays critical roles in modulating multiple cellular functions. However, the exact roles of FGF4 on proliferation and differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are not completely understood. Exogenous addition of FGF4 stimulated proliferation of mouse ESCs (mESCs), as proven by the increases in DNA synthesis and cell cycle regulatory protein induction. These increases were almost completely inhibited by pre-treating cells with anti-FGF4 antibody. FGF4 also activated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular-signal regulated kinase (ERK) signaling, but not p38 kinase. Blockage of JNK signaling by SP600125 or by transfection with its specific siRNA significantly inhibited FGF4-stimulated cell proliferation through the suppression of c-Jun induction and activator protein-1 (AP-1) activity. However, ERK or p38 kinase inhibitor did not affect FGF4-stimulated proliferation in mESCs. FGF4 suppressed osteogenic differentiation of mESCs by inhibiting expression of transcription factors involved in bone formation. Further, exogenous FGF4 addition stimulated proliferation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) via activation of ERK signaling. FGF4 also augmented mineralization of hPDLSCs, but not of BMMSCs. Collectively, it is suggested that FGF4 triggers proliferation of stem cells by activating MAPK-mediated signaling, while it affects differently osteogenic differentiation according to the origins of stem cells.
Effect of GutGard in the Management of Helicobacter pylori: A Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Study
Sreenivasulu Puram,Hyung Chae Suh,Seung Un Kim,Bharathi Bethapudi
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/263805
Abstract:
Energy Efficient Correlated Data Aggregation for Wireless Sensor Networks
Seung-Jong Park,Raghupathy Sivakumar
International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks , 2008, DOI: 10.1080/15501320701774592
Abstract: Data aggregations from Sensors to a sink in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are typically characterized by correlation along the spatial, semantic, and temporal dimensions. Exploiting such correlation when performing data aggregation can result in considerable improvements in the bandwidth and energy performance of WSNs. For the sensors-to-sink data delivery, we first explore two theoretical solutions: the shortest path tree (SPT) and the minimum spanning tree (MST) approaches. To approximate the optimal solution (MST) in case of perfect correlation among data, we propose a new aggregation which combines the minimum dominating set (MDS) with the shortest path tree (SPT) in order to aggregate correlated data. To reduce the redundancy among correlated data and simplify the synchronization among transmission, the proposed aggregation takes two stages: local aggregation among sensors around a node in the MDS and global aggregation among sensors in the MDS. Finally, using discrete event simulations, we show that the proposed aggregation outperforms the SPT and closely approximates the centralized optimal solution, the MST, with less amount of overhead and in a decentralized fashion.
Tuning the electronic band structure of PCBM by electron irradiation
Yoo Seung,Kum Jong,Cho Sung
Nanoscale Research Letters , 2011,
Abstract: Tuning the electronic band structures such as band-edge position and bandgap of organic semiconductors is crucial to maximize the performance of organic photovoltaic devices. We present a simple yet effective electron irradiation approach to tune the band structure of [6, 6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) that is the most widely used organic acceptor material. We have found that the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) level of PCBM up-shifts toward the vacuum energy level, while the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) level down-shifts when PCBM is electron-irradiated. The shift of the HOMO and the LUMO levels increases as the irradiated electron fluence increases. Accordingly, the band-edge position and the bandgap of PCBM can be controlled by adjusting the electron fluence. Characterization of electron-irradiated PCBM reveals that the variation of the band structure is attributed to the molecular structural change of PCBM by electron irradiation.
Computation of Impact Factor of High-Speed Railway Bridge by KTX Train Riding Test  [PDF]
Hyejin Yoon, Won Jong Chin, Jae Yoon Kang, Jongwon Kwark, Eui-Seung Hwang
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.59090
Abstract:

The design live load of railway is divided into common railway and high-speed railway separately inKorea. Accordingly, the Korean design specification of railway specifies the impact factor for common railway and high-speed railway respectively. The impact factor for high-speed railway is based on Eurocode. Since the impact factor criteria inKoreawere established by adopting those of the Eurocode and without dedicated investigation relying on research results reflecting the domestic circumstances, thorough examination should be implemented on these criteria. Therefore the evaluation of impact factor based on field tests is required. Both dynamic and static vertical displacements are necessary to compute the impact factor. The dynamic response can be obtained from the measurement of deflection of the bridge slab crossed by the firstKoreahigh-speed train (KTX, Korea Train eXpress) running at high-speed. The main difficulties encountered are in obtaining static response because static response corresponds to the response of the bridge when the train remains immobile on the bridge or crosses the bridge at speed slower than5 km/hr. This study introduces the static response derived by applying the moving average method on the dynamic response signal. To that goal, field measurements was conducted under train speeds of5 km/hr and ranging from100 km/hr to300 km/hr on Yeonjae Bridge located in the trial section of the Gyeonbu High-Speed Railway Line before its opening. The validity of the application of the moving average method is verified from comparison of measured static response and derived static response by moving average method. Moreover, evaluation is conducted on the impact factor computed for a bridge crossed by the KTX train running at operational speed.

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