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Search Results: 1 - 3 of 3 matches for " Jolius Gimbun "
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Prediction of Particles-Air Movement in Silo during Filling Operation  [PDF]
Siti Ilyani Rani, Jolius Gimbun, Badhrulhisham Abdul Aziz
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials (OJINM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojinm.2014.43004
Abstract:
Awareness of dust explosion hazards during silo filling operation is important for safety measures. Thus, information on particles-air flow field is required to assess the likelihood of the hazard. Flow field visualization via experimental investigation associated with difficulties and risks. Hence, in the present study, a modeling formulation using commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code, FLUENT software was employed to predict an insight of flow field distribution, in terms of mean and root mean square (RMS) velocities vectors in cylindrical silo during axial filling. According to the simulation results, predicted flow field has a great influence to the silo height and distance to the silo wall due to gravitational force and movement of fugitive dust and re-circulation of air. The results showed that the predicted data were in very good agreement with experimental data obtained from the literature. The maximum error was around 10%. The study has gone some way towards enhancing our understanding of the particles-air behavior inside industrial equipments during filling operation.
Hydrogen as Carbon Gasifying Agent During Glycerol Steam Reforming over Bimetallic Co-Ni Catalyst  [PDF]
Chin Kui Cheng, Rwi Hau Lim, Anabil Ubil, Sim Yee Chin, Jolius Gimbun
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry (AMPC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2012.24B043
Abstract: Alumina-supported bimetallic cobalt-nickel catalyst has been prepared and employed in a fixed-bed reactor for the direct production of synthesis gas from glycerol steam reforming. Physicochemical properties of the 5Co-10Ni/85Al2O3 catalyst were determined from N2-physisorption, H2-chemisorption, CO2 and NH3-temperature-programmed desorption measurements as well as X-ray diffraction analysis. Both weak and strong acid sites are present on the catalyst surface. The acidic:basic ratio is about 7. Carbon deposition was evident at 923 K; addition of H2 however has managed to reduce the carbon deposition. Significantly, this has resulted in the increment of CH4 formation rate, consistent with the increased carbon gasification and methanation. Carbon deposition was almost non-existent, particularly at 1023 K. In addition, the inclusion of hydrogen also has contributed to the decrease of CO2 and increase of CO formation rates. This was attributed to the reverse water-gas-shift reaction. Overall, both the CO2:CO and CO2:CH4 ratios decrease with the hydrogen partial pressure.
Biodiesel Production from Rubber Seed Oil Using A Limestone Based Catalyst  [PDF]
Jolius Gimbun, Shahid Ali, Chitra Charan Suri Charan Kanwal, Liyana Amer Shah, Nurul Hidayah Muhamad Ghazali, Chin Kui Cheng, Said Nurdin
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry (AMPC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2012.24B036
Abstract:

This paper presents the potential of limestone based catalyst for transesterification of high free fatty acid (FFA) rubber seed oil (RSO). Pre-calcinated limestone known as clinker was activated using methanol and transesterification was performed under reflux with constant stirring. Mineral composition of the catalyst was analysed using x-ray fluorescence (XRF) with in build x-ray diffraction (XRD). The rubber seed oil was obtained using both microwave and soxhlet extraction using hexane as solvent. FFA content and fatty acid methyl ester content were determined using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results showed an efficient conversion (up to 96.9%) of high FFA rubber seed oil to biodiesel. The results suggest that the catalyst employed in this work is not negatively affected by moisture and free fatty acids and can be recycled very easily without significant loss in its activity. The highest conversion of 96.9% was achieved from catalyst activated at 700°C, with catalyst loading of 5 wt. %; methanol to oil molar ratio of 5:1; reaction temperature of 65°C and reaction time of 4 hours. The biodiesel produced in this work is within the limits of specification described by American standard test method (ASTM D6751).


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