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"Ra?a", ressentimento e racismo: transforma??es na áfrica do Sul
Blaser, Thomas;Bagnol, Brigitte;Matebeni, Zethu;Simon, Anne;Manuel, Sandra;
Cadernos Pagu , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-83332010000200005
Abstract: from a qualitative perspective, this paper analyses how "black" people in south africa strive to overcome and ressignify the marks of a history of repression and "racial" marginalization. we will follow the trajectory of mpho, a "black" woman, with the objective to reflect on how the intersection of "race" and gender involve situations of negotiation, cohersion, ressentment and refusal. we will study how some individuals reorganize their network of sociability in post-apartheid south africa with a focus on the "field of possibilities" available for different "racial" groups.
Groundwater Resource in the Crystalline Rocks of the Johannesburg Area, South Africa  [PDF]
Tamiru A. Abiye, Haile Mengistu, Molla B. Demlie
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2011.34026
Abstract: Understanding the groundwater dynamics is very important for strategic management of the water resource as urbanization and population growth put South Africa’s current water supply under tremendous stress. The groundwater resources potential and quality characteristics of the greater Johannesburg area, was thoroughly assessed using hydrogeochemical and environmental isotope techniques. The results of the geochemical and stable isotope investigations help understand the groundwater setting. Mixing process of fresh and polluted water is taking place at shallow zones within the weathered crystalline rocks and dissolution cavities in dolomites, where the rocks are characterized by the lithological and structural complexities. Furthermore, it was confirmed that the solute composition of the water results from two basic contributions: the reaction of meteoric water with weathered zones in the near surface area and direct infiltration through dolomite dissolution cavities. The results further indicate that the dominant movement mechanism of ions is through a diffusive process, which could be due to the limited availability of fractures with depth and its possible sealing by calcite precipitation. Consequently, the provenance of groundwater circulation is limited to shallow depths, however, dissolution cavities, fractured and sheared zones allow deeper circulation of groundwater. Moreover, the natural water quality is found to be highly impacted by acid mine drainage which is derived from the gold mines in the Witwatersrand basin as it has been observed in previous studies.
Strengthening International Governance for Sustainable Development: Expectations for the 2002 Johannesburg World Summit
U Beyerlin
Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 2002,
Abstract: During the broad preparatory process for the Johannesburg World Summit there was hope that Johannesburg would become the starting point for establishing a more effective "international environmental governance". However, there is still controversial debate on how to achieve the aim of better governance. As the idea of establishing a Global Environment Organisation (GEO) with which the existing UNEP could merge can, at best be realised in the long run, UNEP should continue to play its leading role in the field of international environmental action. However, it will undoubtedly be unable to do so unless its internal structure and financial base are considerably strengthened. It was certainly a serious handicap that, until recently, the UNEP Governing Council has hampered effective ministerial participation and continuity in governance. Now it is supposed to share its governance role with the newly established Global Ministerial Environment Forum (GMEF), functioning as an additional UNEP policy organ that is expected to provide broad overarching policy advice. The GMEF is determined to meet annually at ministerial level. But there is still controversial debate on the question whether the GMEF, as opposed to the Governing Council, is to be organised as a body with universal membership. In the author’s view, UNEP should continue to function as a non-plenary organ with clear-cut decision-making powers. It should meet at the ministerial level. Considering its broad range of tasks, it should function on a permanent basis in the future. And, finally, it should be assisted by a high-level intergovernmental body for providing broad overarching environmental policy advice; the GMEF might function as such a body. Both UNEP and the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) must foster environmental protection and development as a uniform endeavour which urgently requires integrated solutions. This can be done by effecting a pragmatic division of work at functional and operational levels.In addition, three other strategies of strengthening international environmental governance should be pursued: First, the various international environmental treaty-making and treaty-implementation processes should be better harmonised or, at least, co-ordinated; in this context, UNEP is called upon to continue and intensify its efforts to enhance the synergies and linkages between multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) with comparable areas of focus, by prompting the respective MEA secretariats to enter into appropriate co-ordination arrangements and giving them full logistic
Capital financeiro e commodities: um estudo das bolsas de valores de Mumbai, S o Paulo e Joanesburgo Capital Financier et commodities: une étude des Bourses de valeurs de Mumbai, S o Paulo et Johannesburg Financial capital and commodities : a study of the Stock Exchanges in Mumbai, S o Paulo and Johannesburg
Margarida Maria C. L. Mattos
Confins , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/confins.7405
Abstract: Historicamente, as cidades constituíram elemento espacial vital tanto para o desenvolvimento do capitalismo mercantil como para o industrial via forma o de mercados nacionais. é aí também que se conforma o capital financeiro, cuja lógica é a dominante no ambiente globalizado, no qual, cada vez mais, estreitam-se as rela es entre os mercados, envolvendo aqueles de economias emergentes. Nestas, algumas cidades ganham protagonismo e importancia estratégica, incorporando fun es que ultrapassam as fronteiras dos países onde se inserem. Toma-se neste artigo três cidades desses países – Mumbai, S o Paulo e Joanesburgo – e examina-se a composi o e o comportamento dos principais índices das Bolsas de Valores nelas sediadas. Estas institui es, por sua dimens o multiescalar, permitem compreender a lógica, a dire o e a intensidade da inser o dos investimentos do país na economia global. O estudo revelou n o apenas o peso das commodities correlacionando os três índices como também uma distribui o regionalizada dos investimentos, referida a cada uma das Bolsas. Historiquement, les villes ont joué un r le décisif dans le développement du capitalisme mercantile aussi bien que dans celui du capitalisme industriel, à travers la formation des marchés nationaux. L’émergence du capitalisme financier, dont la logique domine le monde globalisé, met ce r le encore une fois en évidence. Dans ce contexte où les rapports entre les marchés nationaux se sont multipliés et ont incorporé les économies émergentes, certaines métropoles sont devenues des p les de puissance et d’importance stratégique dont l’influence dépasse largement les frontières de leurs pays respectifs. Le présent article examine la composition et le comportement des principaux indices boursiers dans trois villes: Mumbai, S o Paulo et Johannesburg. Grace à leur dimension multiscalaire, les Bourses de valeurs offrent une perspective privilégiée pour comprendre la logique, l’orientation et l’intensité de la participation d’un pays dans l’économie mondiale. L’article montre le poids des commodities dans la co-relation entre les indices des Bourses de valeur des trois villes étudiées, et met en lumière la régionalisation des investissements pour chacun de ces marchés boursiers. Along the history, the role played by the cities was important both for the development of the mercantile capitalism as for the growth of the industrial capitalism, by means of the national markets building. The financial capital, whose logic is inherent in a globalized environment, was also constituted at the cities, reinforcing the rel
Quand l’art public (dé)fait la ville ?
Pauline Guinard
EchoGéo , 2010,
Abstract: La ville de Johannesburg est la première et la seule ville sud-africaine à avoir adopté depuis 2007 une politique d’art public. Cette politique s’insère dans le cadre d’un projet urbain plus vaste par lequel la municipalitéentend se (re)définir comme une ville globale post-apartheid. L’art public serait ainsi un moyen de concilier promotion de la croissance économique urbaine et dépassement des divisions héritées de l’apartheid. Pourtant, à partir de l’étude d’une de ces uvres d’art paradigmatique, il est possible de montrer que l’art public tel qu’il est promu par la municipalité peine à s’affranchir du legs de l’apartheid et à créer du lien social dans les espaces publics. Cette difficulté de l’art public municipal à être plus que l’art dans l’espace public tiendrait-elle au modèle d’art public choisi ou, plus fondamentalement, résulterait-elle d’une incompatibilité des objectifs mêmes de cette politique ? The City of Johannesburg is the first and the only South African city that has implemented a “Public Art Policy” since 2007. This policy fits into a wider urban project thanks to which the City aims at (re)defining itself as a post-Apartheid global city. Public art is conceived as a means to reconcile promotion of economic urban growth with overtaking of the divisions inherited from Apartheid. Nevertheless, in the light of an emblematic case study of one of these artworks, it is shown that public art as promoted by the municipality struggles to free itself from the legacy of Apartheid and to create social interaction into public spaces. Is this difficulty of municipal public art to be more than art in public space a result of the model of public art chosen? Or, more crucially, is this linked with the incompatibility of the goals of the policy?
Jan Ploeger
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/4-3-914
Abstract: Op 30 Mei 1900 het veldmaarskalk lord Frederick S. Roberts, KP, GCB, VC, opperbevelhebber van die Britse troepe in Suid-Afrika, die oorgawe van Johannesburg geeis. Byna 'n maand het verby gegaan nadat lord Roberts op 3 Mei van dieselfde jaar, na 'n reorganisasie en langdurige voorbereidings, besluit het om sy opmars na die noorde, met Pretoria as sy vernaamste doelwit, te begin. Wat, in die vorm van krygsverrigtings, tussen Bloemfontein en Johannesburg plaasgevind het, is in deel III van die bekende amptelike History of the War in South Africa 1899-1902, (London, 1908), gewoonlik bekend as genlmaj sir Frederick Maurice, KCB se geskiedenis, uitvoerig beskryf. Die belangstellende leser word gevolglik na bogenoemde publikasie verwys.
Die Fort te Johannesburg
Jan Ploeger
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/3-5-943
Abstract: Die "Staat van buit Jameson..mval aan de Artillerie afgeleverd", gedateer 2 Januarie 1896: is een van die dokumente van militer-historiese waarde in die Transvaalse Argiefbewaarplek, Pretoria, wat aan die Jameson-inval herinner.
Betty Hugo
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/15-1-488
Abstract: Betty Freund was the eldest child of John and Metha Freund (nee Menzel), both from Germany, who met in Philippolis, OFS, where they were married in the late 1870's. Betty was born in 1881. Then followed her sister Mimie (1883), and her brothers Freddy (1885) and Willy (1887). The family went to Germany a few years after Willy was born, settling in GIOcksburg, Metha Freund's home town. The youngest child, Mina, was born there. By 1894 the Freunds had returned to Luckhoff where Metha's brother Wilhelm Menzel had been looking after their interests, but during the Anglo-Boer War the family moved to Cape Town where they lived, first, in Livingston Villa in Cecil Street, Claremont, and subsequently in Lansdown Road, also in Claremont, in a house called ZOrenborg. The children had been to school in Luckhoff and GIOcksburg; Freddy and Willy matriculated at the Rondebosch Boy's High School, Betty and Mimie at Bloemhof Girl's High School in Stellenbosch, and Mina in Edinburg, Scotland, after having attended Milburn House in Cape Town.
“Festivalisation” of Urban Governance in South African Cities: Framing the Urban Social Sustainability of Mega-Event Driven Development from Below
Matthias Fleischer,Maximilian Fuhrmann,Christoph Haferburg,Fred Krüger
Sustainability , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/su5125225
Abstract: This article is based on field research in two South African host cities of the Men’s Football World Cup 2010 (eThekwini and Johannesburg). The discussed work is part of the research project “Festivalisation” of Urban Governance: The Production of Socio-Spatial Control in the Context of the FIFA World Cup 2010 in South Africa. In the context of mega-events, impacts and changes on urban development can vary on a spectrum of festivalisation between opposing poles, either “driven by the event”, or on the other hand where existing configurations of actors and established policies are “driving the event”. By drawing on a theoretical framework which is inspired by an analytical understanding of urban governance, our assumptions are that (a) different configurations of governance promote different ways of handling the challenges associated to the hosting and (b) that different types of “festivalisation” have different consequences and effects for the lived realities of the residents at a local level. The latter is an arena in which urban governance policies are translated, adapted, renegotiated or rejected. We argue that the bringing together of both spheres (local and metropolitan) provides a profound understanding of the process of mega-event implementation and its relation to urban social sustainability.
环境工程学报 , 2015,
Abstract: 以处理城市污水的中试规模Johannesburg工艺为对象,探讨不同配水比对预缺氧池的反硝化及Johannesburg工艺脱氮除磷效果的影响。在总HRT为12.86h,预缺氧池HRT为0.6h的条件下,当配水比分别为0%、10%、20%和30%时,预缺氧池硝酸盐去除率分别为37.67%、78.95%、87.62%和94.95%,对应的厌氧池磷酸盐浓度分别为8.72、19.37、16.1和12.99mg/L。预缺氧池最佳配水比为10%,此时厌氧段释磷速率、好氧吸磷速率和缺氧吸磷速率分别为6.94、3.17和2.12mg/(gMLSS·h),厌氧池中磷的最大浓度和污泥中的磷最大含量可达到19.37mg/L和25.7mgTP/gMLSS。出水COD、NH3-N、TN和TP等各项水质指标有80%以上的概率达到《城镇污水处理厂污染物排放标准(GB18918-2002)》一级A标准。
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