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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12219 matches for " Joanna Carolina;Guedes "
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Association between halitosis and mouth breathing in children
Motta, Lara Jansiski;Bachiega, Joanna Carolina;Guedes, Carolina Cardoso;Laranja, Lorena Trist?o;Bussadori, Sandra Kalil;
Clinics , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1807-59322011000600003
Abstract: objective: to determine whether there is a correlation between halitosis and mouth breathing in children. study design: fifty-five children between 3 and 14 years of age were divided into two groups (nasal and mouth breathing) for the assessment of halitosis. a descriptive analysis was conducted on the degree of halitosis in each group. the chi-square test was used for comparison between groups, with a 5% level of significance. results: there was a significantly greater number of boys with the mouth-breathing pattern than girls. a total of 23.6% of the participants had no mouth odor, 12.7% had mild odor, 12.7% had moderate odor and 50.9% had strong odor. there was a statistically significant association between halitosis and mouth breathing. conclusions: the occurrence of halitosis was high among the children evaluated, and there was a statistically significant association between halitosis and mouth breathing.
Servi o Social e desafios da ética em pesquisa: um estudo bibliográfico Social Work and Ethical Challenges in Research: a bibliographic study
Ana Carolina Oliveira,Cristiano Guedes
Revista Katálysis , 2013,
Abstract: A ética em pesquisa tem sido um tema de importancia crescente no campo disciplinar do Servi o Social em virtude do aumento de pesquisas envolvendo seres humanos e da necessidade de proteger os direitos dos participantes. Este artigo tem o objetivo de apresentar um perfil das pessoas pesquisadas e os cuidados éticos adotados em pesquisas envolvendo seres humanos publicadas na Revista Katálysis de 1997 a 2011. O estudo foi baseado em pesquisa bibliográfica. Os resultados mostraram a existência de 53 artigos originados de pesquisas envolvendo seres humanos. O levantamento revelou o seguinte perfil dos participantes de pesquisa, segundo faixa etária: 73% de adultos; 21% de crian as e adolescentes; e 6% de idosos. A partir de 2007, observou-se que 53% dos artigos publicados passaram a descrever os cuidados éticos adotados na pesquisa, como a preserva o do anonimato e a devolu o dos resultados aos participantes. Ethics in research has been an issue of growing importance in the disciplinary field of Social Work due to the increased number of studies involving human beings and the need to protect the rights of participants. The purpose of this article is to present a profile of the people studied and the ethical care adopted in studies involving humans published in the Revista Katálysis from 1997 to 2011. This study is based on bibliographic research. The survey found 53 articles based on studies involving humans with the following profile of the research participants according to age range: 73% involved adults; 21% children and adolescents; and 6% senior citizens. Since 2007, 53% of the articles published describe the ethical care adopted in the research, such as the preservation of anonymity and the return of the results to the participants.
Dry Matter Production and Nutritional Status of Sunflower Grown in Nutrient Solution under Macronutrient Omission  [PDF]
Allan Nunes Alves, Felipe Guedes de Souza, Lúcia Helena Garófalo Chaves, Ana Carolina Feitosa de Vasconcelos
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/as.2018.911103
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of omission of macronutrients on dry matter production and on the nutritional status of sunflower cv. BRS 122. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse, in randomized blocks, with seven treatments corresponding to the Hoagland & Arnon standard solution (1950) and the individual omission of N, P, K, Ca, Mg and S, in three replicates. After 50 days of sowing, the dry matter and the nutritional status of the plants were evaluated. The omission of N, P, K, Ca, Mg and S limited the dry mass production of sunflower cv. BRS 122 in relation to the complete solution, besides causing nutritional imbalance due to the interaction between the nutrients. The omission of the macronutrients K, Ca, and Mg caused the higher imbalances in the plants, highlighting the elevated N contents in these treatments comparing to the complete solution.
Estudo prospectivo da degluti??o na Mucopolissacaridose II (síndrome de Hunter) antes e após tratamento enzimático
Ferreira, Ana Carolina Rocha Gomes;Guedes, Zelita Caldeira Ferreira;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-80342011000200018
Abstract: case study with the aim to evaluate swallowing pre- and post-enzyme treatment of an individual with mucopolysaccharidosis, and to analyze whether this treatment caused swallowing improvement. it was carried out a descriptive study of a male subject with 9 years and 6 months with the severe type of the disease. the subject was observed in three distinct moments: one pre-treatment and two post-treatment assessments. it was carried out a speech-language pathology assessment of dysphagia, a pneumologist's respiratory assessment, a clinical otorhinolaryngology assessment, and a fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing. after that, results were interpreted according to the functional oral intake scale (fois), and data were descriptively analyzed. results showed presence of dysphagia with impact on oral feeding in the pre-treatment and the first post-treatment assessments. the second post-treatment assessment did not show any signs of dysphagia, with possibilities for all consistencies, however with restriction to solid consistency due to a significant occlusal alteration. moreover, the fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing was normal in this assessment, and there was a gradual improvement on the swallowing dynamics along the treatment. the study showed that dysphagia was present and had a negative impact on food dynamics for the subject studied, and also that the enzyme treatment for over a year improved swallowing, with positive impact on food dynamics.
ENFERMEIRO EMBARCADO EM PLATAFORMA PETROLíFERA: UM RELATO DE EXPERIêNCIA OFFSHORE
Guilherme Henrique Amorim,Marco Aur lio de Souza Guedes,Carolina Cristina Pereira Guedes,Beatriz Gerbassi Costa Aguiar
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: Relato de experiencia que tiene como objetivo reportar las actividades realizadas por enfermeros en la plataforma petrolífera offshore de 2010 a 2011. Las actividades caracterizaban en procedimientos administrativos (supervisión, inspección, análisis de agua) asistencia y orientación de salud (capacitación de trabajadores de rescate, conferencias de salud, educación en salud para embarque), que se gestionaban a través de planificación, organización, control y liderazgo en el contexto de empleo en entorno marino y conjunto de sucesos previsibles e inesperados. También se trabajó con un equipo multidisciplinario donde el enfermero interactuaba, conversaba y ejecutaba acciones para promover salud, mantener la integridad física y psicológica y el bienestar de los trabajadores offshore que ejercen labores complejas, peligrosas, por permanecer en un espacio de encierro hasta por 15 días consecutivos. En este espacio, el enfermero es el único profesional de la salud con turno diario de 12 horas y en guardia de 12 horas para atender emergencias.
Participation and Activity Rates: Monitoring Exposure Potential for Native Americans and Others in the United States  [PDF]
Joanna Burger
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.28116
Abstract: Managers and regulators are concerned about potential human health effects from exposure on lands contaminated by chemicals and radionuclides. Determining target cleanup levels is partly dependent upon future land use, and potential exposure from human use. This paper provides data from surveys of activity patterns of people attending festivals in four states, located in the vicinity of Department of Energy facilities. There were significant differences in both participation rates, and activity rates as a function of both location and ethnicity that can be used by managers to track exposure, land use, and preferred activities on natural lands. In general, 1) a higher percent of Native Americans engaged in consumptive activities than others, 2) a higher percent of Caucasians engaged in some non-consumptive activities than Native Americans, 3) a higher percentage of Native Americans engaged in activities on sacred grounds, 4) activity rates were generally higher for Native Americans for consumptive activities and religious/cultural than for Caucasians, 5) fishing rates were higher than other consumptive activities, and camping/hiking were higher than other non-con- sumptive activities, and 6) hunting rates were higher in subjects from Idaho than elsewhere. Baseline human use is critical for monitoring potential exposure, and provides the basis for monitoring, risk assessment and future land use, and these data can be used by managers for assessment and management. Tracking changes over time will reflect changing recreational, subsistence, and cultural/religious trends that relate to land use, public perceptions, and exposure.
In-Arrears Interest Rate Derivatives under the 3/2 Model  [PDF]
Joanna Goard
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.66067
Abstract: Lie symmetry methods are used to find a closed form solution for in-arrears swaps under the 3/2 model \"\". As well, approximate solutions are found for short-tenor in-arrears caplets and floorlets under the same interest rate model. Comparisons are made of the approximate option values with those obtained with a computationally-intensive numerical scheme. The approximate pricing is found to be substantially fast and easy to implement, while the relative errors with respect to the “true” prices are very small.
Trypanosome Prereplication Machinery: A Potential New Target for an Old Problem
Simone Guedes Calderano,Patricia Diogo de Melo Godoy,Julia Pinheiro Chagas da Cunha,Maria Carolina Elias
Enzyme Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4061/2011/518258
Abstract: Approximately ten million people suffer from Chagas disease worldwide, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, with the disease burden predominately focused in Latin America. Sleeping sickness is another serious health problem, caused by Trypanosoma brucei, especially in sub-Saharan countries. Unfortunately, the drugs currently available to treat these diseases have toxic effects and are not effective against all disease phases or parasite strains. Therefore, there is a clear need for the development of novel drugs and drug targets to treat these diseases. We propose the trypanosome prereplication machinery component, Orc1/Cdc6, as a potential target for drug development. In trypanosomes, Orc1/Cdc6 is involved in nuclear DNA replication, and, despite its involvement in such a conserved process, Orc1/Cdc6 is distinct from mammalian Orc1 and Cdc6 proteins. Moreover, RNAi-mediated silencing of trypanosome Orc1/Cdc6 expression in T. brucei decreased cell survival, indicating that Orc1/Cdc6 is critical for trypanosome survival. 1. Introduction Currently, approximately ten million people have Chagas disease worldwide, with the disease burden being centered in Latin America. In 2008, approximately ten thousand people died from this disease. Sleeping sickness is another serious health problem, particularly in sub-Saharan countries; in the first half of the twentieth century, this disease practically decimated entire communities in central Africa [1]. After many surveillance programs, 2009 marked the first time in 50 years that less than ten thousand new cases of sleeping sickness were reported in Africa (http://www.who.org/). The causal agents of Chagas disease and sleeping sickness are, respectively, the protozoan parasites Trypanosoma cruzi and T. brucei of the Kinetoplastida order. Two subspecies of T. brucei, T. b. rhodesiense, and T. b. gambiense, are responsible for acute sleeping sickness in Eastern and Southern Africa and chronic sleeping sickness in Western and Central Africa, respectively. Chronic sleeping sickness accounts for approximately 95% of all reported cases. These protozoa have life cycles that alternate between a mammalian host and an insect host. T. cruzi epimastigotes are a noninfective life cycle stage of the parasite that proliferate by binary fission in the guts of Triatoma infestans insects, which are more commonly known as kissing bugs. These epimastigotes then transform into the infective metacyclic form in the insect hindgut. Then, when the insect vector bites a mammalian host, they eliminate the metacyclic parasites in their feces. This
Comparación entre la utilización de elementos rotatorios de baja velocidad y tratamiento químico mecánico de caries dentinal en dentición decidua
Hermida Bruno,Laura; Cardoso Guedes,Carolina; Jansiski Motta,Lara; Marcílio Santos,Elaine; Bussadori,Sandra;
Acta Odontológica Venezolana , 2009,
Abstract: one of the main objectives during the pedodontics assistance is the use of noninvasive techniques, that allow the treatment of the dental caries without affecting the behavior of the child. the aim of this study was to evaluate the reaction of children and to register its sensations during the treatment of dental caries in deciduous teeth, using low speed cutting rotatory instruments in comparison to the chemical and mechanical caries removal treatment. 36 children participated in the study, between 4 and 8 years of age. a cross section study design was used and each child served like his own control, receiving the two treatment in teeth of the same arches. each patient one was selected randomly to receive the treatment with rotatory instruments or the chemical and mechanical treatment in the first visit, administered him to it the rest treatment in the second visit. after their treatment, all the teeth were restorated with light-curing glass ionomer. for the objective evaluation of the reaction of the children the behavior scale in the modified pain was applied. immediately after the treatment, one asked for the children who filled the form that contained the wong-baker?s face scale for registry of the pain (face pain scale) for the subjective evaluation. the chemical-mechanical treatment demostrated to be more accepted for the children in comparasion to the treatment with cutting rotatory istruments
Evaluation of the Bond Strength on One Bottle Adhesive to Deciduous Teeth
Sofia Takeda UEMURA,Carolina Cardoso GUEDES,Kristianne Porta S. FERNANDES,Manoela Domingues MARTINS
Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clínica Integrada , 2006,
Abstract: Objective:This study was carried out with the purpose to evaluate through traction test the bond strength of four one bottle adhesive systems to decidous teeth dentine. Method: For this experiment twenty temporary molar teeth were used from the Human Teeth Bank in the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Sao Paulo. All teeth were cut in the mesion-distal direction and included in light-cured acrylic resin with its vestibular, palatal and lingual faces directed toward the external surface. The teeth had its vestibular and lingual faces worn till the areas were all flat and randomly divided into four groups. G1: Prime & Bond NT (Dentsply Caulk); G2: Optbond Solo (Kerr); G3: Excite (Vivadent) and G4: Single Bond (3M). The adhesive systems were applied according to the manufactures instructions. The same restorative material (Filtek Z-250 3M) was used in all groups. The samples were conserved in distilled during 24h and then submerged in traction assay. Results: Groups 2 and 3 brings the lowest notes and groups 1 and 4 the highest notes. Conclusion: In the conditions of this study the adhesive system Single Bond (3M) and Prime & Bond NT (Dentsply Caulk) presented better bond strength resistance to the deciduous teeth dentine.
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