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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 294859 matches for " Jo?o G;Rayes "
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Schistosomal myeloradiculopathy due to Schistosoma mansoni: report on 23 cases
Nobre Vandack,Silva Luciana CS,Ribas Joo G,Rayes Abdunnabi
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2001,
Abstract: Schistosoma mansoni infection is likely to be responsible for a significant proportion of cases of myelopathy occurring in areas where schistosomiasis is endemic. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical, laboratory and therapeutic data of 23 patients with schistosomal myeloradiculopathy. The medical records of 23 patients with schistosomal myelopathy admitted to two general hospitals of Belo Horizonte (MG), in Brazil, from 1995 to 1999, were reviewed retrospectively. Seventeen patients were male (74%). The mean age for the whole group was 27 years. Lower limb weakness and associated lumbar and/or lower limb pain were reported by 20 patients (87%), and 16 (70%) were unable to walk. All individuals presented urinary retention and 19 (83%) complained of intestinal dysfunction. The treatment was based on the association of antischistosomal drugs and corticosteroids. Five patients (22%) presented a full response to treatment, 13 (57%) partial response without functional limitations and 4 (17%) partial improvement with limitations or no response. Three out of the 4 patients who stopped steroids before 45 days of treatment developed recurrence of the symptoms and signs of myelopathy. Our cases demonstrate the severe presentation of the disease and the data disclosed here suggest that treatment with steroids should be kept for months after clinical improvement.
Schistosomal myeloradiculopathy due to Schistosoma mansoni: report on 23 cases
Nobre, Vandack;Silva, Luciana CS;Ribas, Joo G;Rayes, Abdunnabi;Serufo, JC;Lana-Peixoto, MA;Marinho, Rosana FZ;Lambertucci, JR;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762001000900020
Abstract: schistosoma mansoni infection is likely to be responsible for a significant proportion of cases of myelopathy occurring in areas where schistosomiasis is endemic. the aim of this study is to describe the clinical, laboratory and therapeutic data of 23 patients with schistosomal myeloradiculopathy. the medical records of 23 patients with schistosomal myelopathy admitted to two general hospitals of belo horizonte (mg), in brazil, from 1995 to 1999, were reviewed retrospectively. seventeen patients were male (74%). the mean age for the whole group was 27 years. lower limb weakness and associated lumbar and/or lower limb pain were reported by 20 patients (87%), and 16 (70%) were unable to walk. all individuals presented urinary retention and 19 (83%) complained of intestinal dysfunction. the treatment was based on the association of antischistosomal drugs and corticosteroids. five patients (22%) presented a full response to treatment, 13 (57%) partial response without functional limitations and 4 (17%) partial improvement with limitations or no response. three out of the 4 patients who stopped steroids before 45 days of treatment developed recurrence of the symptoms and signs of myelopathy. our cases demonstrate the severe presentation of the disease and the data disclosed here suggest that treatment with steroids should be kept for months after clinical improvement.
Do emotions drive psychosis?
Joo G. Ribeiro
PsiLogos , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: How important is the emotional life of persons who manifest psychotic symptoms? Aims: The aim of this paper is to review evidence on a causal role for emotions in psychotic processes. Methods: Selective review of literature on affective symptoms in psychoses, on emotions in the production of psychotic symptoms and on dopaminergic models of psychosis. Results: Affective symptoms are relevant across psychoses. Persons with schizophrenia have high levels of emotional reactivity and the intensification of negative affects not only is associated with but also precedes the intensification of psychotic symptoms, which is evidence that negative emotions drive the course of psychotic symptoms. Negative self representations are central in psychotic processes and can be the link between negative emotions and psychosis. Evidence favours the notion that persecutory delusions are consistent with negative affects and self representations, while grandiose delusions are consistent with a defensive amplification of positive affects and self representations. Shame has been proposed as the core emotional experience of psychosis, one in which the self becomes vulnerable to the external world, which is consistent with persecutory experiences. Assaults on the self, under the form of hostility in the family environment and society, are strong predictors of relapse and development of schizophrenia. Assaults on the self which induce social defeat are also strong stimulants of mesolimbic dopaminergic pathways, whose hyperactivity is associated with acute psychotic episodes and the experience of “aberrant salience”, put forward as a dopaminergic model of psychosis. Conclusions: The “defeat of the self” emerges as a central link that binds the experience of negative emotions to the expression of psychotic symptoms and its psychological and neurobiological correlates. The hypothesis gains support that the emotions related to that defeat control the expression of a vulnerability to defeat and thus drive the course of psychosis.
?Antes o `diabo' conhecido do que um `anjo' desconhecido?: as limita??es do voto económico na reelei??o do partido FRELIMO
Pereira,Joo C. G.;
Análise Social , 2008,
Abstract: the literature on economic voting shows that voters hold governments responsible for the state of the economy and punish ruling parties who fail on the economy and do not live up to their electoral promises. these studies do not, however, provide a convincing explanation for the recurring election of frelimo in mozambique, which won three successive elections despite high levels of poverty, unemployment and economic discontent. in this article i argue we should explain the re-election of frelimo in the light of additional factors: the type of political transition, the local context, the lack of a clear understanding of the difference between personal and economic assessments; control over resources, strategies for policy implementation and types of political party.
A independência do Brasil como uma revolu o: história e atualidade de um tema clássico
Joo Paulo G. Pimenta
História da Historiografia , 2009,
Abstract: Este artigo retoma e problematiza o tema clássico da Independência do Brasil como um movimento revolucionário. Primeiramente, discute o conceito revolu o em meio ao próprio processo de ruptura entre Brasil e Portugal; em seguida, analisa sinteticamente aspectos da historiografia desse problema nos séculos XIX e XX; por fim, reorganiza a quest o de acordo com contribui es historiográficas que, nas últimas décadas, têm avan ado no entendimento do processo histórico em si a partir da premissa de seu caráter revolucionário.
A Independência do Brasil e o liberalismo português: um balan o da produ o acadêmica
Joo Paulo G. Pimenta
HIb Revista de Historia Iberoamericana , 2008,
Abstract: This article deals, from a historical point of view, with the academicinterpretations of the political break between Brazil and Portugal that took placeduring the first decades of the nineteenth century. Besides considering some ofthe classic interpretations, the article indentifies recent scholarship, stresssingcurrent research demands.
A ideia da Quotidio Morior nas Artes Moriendi jesuítas na Idade Moderna : a Satisfa am de Agravos do Padre Jo o da Fonseca, S. J.
Joo Carlos G. Serafim
Via Spiritus : Revista de História da Espiritualidade e do Sentimento Religioso , 2008,
Abstract:
Antes o `diabo' conhecido do que um `anjo' desconhecido : as limita es do voto económico na reelei o do partido FRELIMO
Joo C. G. Pereira
Análise Social , 2008,
Abstract: A literatura dedicada ao voto económico tem demonstrado que os eleitores responsabilizam o governo pelo estado da economia e que punem, igualmente, os partidos no poder que apresentem um fraco desempenho económico e que n o cumpram as promessas eleitorais. Porém, tais estudos n o fornecem uma explica o convincente para a repetida reelei o do partido da FRELIMO em Mo ambique, o qual, n o obstante os elevados níveis de pobreza, desemprego e descontentamento económico, venceu três elei es consecutivas. No presente artigo defendo que a reelei o da FRELIMO deverá ser explicada à luz de factores adicionais: o tipo de transi o política, o contexto local, a inexistência de uma compreens o clara da diferen a entre avalia es pessoais e económicas; o controlo de recursos, as estratégias de implementa o de políticas e o tipo de partido político. The literature on economic voting shows that voters hold governments responsible for the state of the economy and punish ruling parties who fail on the economy and do not live up to their electoral promises. These studies do not, however, provide a convincing explanation for the recurring election of FRELIMO in Mozambique, which won three successive elections despite high levels of poverty, unemployment and economic discontent. In this article I argue we should explain the re-election of FRELIMO in the light of additional factors: the type of political transition, the local context, the lack of a clear understanding of the difference between personal and economic assessments; control over resources, strategies for policy implementation and types of political party.
O modelo espacial do Estado moderno: reorganiza o territorial em Portugal nos finais do Antigo Regime
Joo Paulo G. Pimenta
Diálogos , 2010, DOI: 10.4025/dialogos.v5i1.261
Abstract:
Las independencias iberoamericanas y el problema de sus alcances espaciales
Joo Paulo G. Pimenta
Bolet?-n del Instituto de Historia Argentina y Americana Dr. Emilio Ravignani , 2011,
Abstract:
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