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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 136521 matches for " Jo?o Batista;Castro "
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Analgesia preemptiva com S(+)cetamina e bupivacaína peridural em histerectomia abdominal
Castro, Ferdinand Edson de;Garcia, Joo Batista Santos;
Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-70942005000100004
Abstract: background and objectives: this study investigates the ability of epidural s(+)ketamine, nmda receptor antagonist, plus local anesthetic (bupivacaine) injection to promote preemptive analgesia in patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy, when this solution is administered before surgical incision. methods: participated in this prospective double-blind study 30 patients were randomly assigned in two equal groups. epidural injection and catheter insertion were performed at l1-l2 interspace. group 1 (g1) patients received 17 ml bupivacaine 0.25% plus 3 ml s(+)ketamine (30 mg), 30 min before surgical incision, followed by 20 ml saline 30 min after incision. group 2 (g2) patients received 20 ml saline 30 min before surgical incision, followed by 17 ml bupivacaine 0.25% plus 3 ml s(+)ketamine (30 mg) 30 min after incision. general anesthesia was induced with propofol, pancuronium, o2 and isoflurane. postoperative analgesia consisted of epidural fentanyl plus bupivacaine bolus with 4h minimal interval. if necessary, iv dipyrone supplementation was administered. patients were evaluated for analgesia by a verbal and numeric scale (at recovery and every six hours until 24 postoperative hours). time to first analgesic request and total analgesic requirements were recorded. results: there were no significant differences between groups in time to first analgesic request, total analgesic consumption and numeric or verbal scale pain scores. conclusions: this study failed to demonstrate a preemptive effect of epidural administration of bupivacaine and s(+)ketamine in the doses tested for abdominal hysterectomy.
Cancer anal e doen?as sexualmente transmissíveis: qual a correla??o?
Dur?es, Leonardo de Castro;Sousa, Joo Batista de;
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgi?es , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-69912010000400005
Abstract: objective: anal cancer is a rare tumor, which incidence is influenced by sexual behavior. the purpose of this paper is to verify the correlation between anal cancer and sexually transmitted diseases, such as hpv, hiv, gonococci infection, chlamydia infection, syphilis and others. methods: all the internments due to anal cancer, hiv, hpv, syphilis, gonococci infection, chlamydia infection and other sexually transmitted diseases in public healthy in brazil were collected at datasus site between 1998 and 2007. the pearson correlation test was done. results: there was a high correlation between anal cancer and hpv admissions (r=0,98, p<0,001). there was negative correlation between anal cancer and gonococci infection admissions (r=-0,81, p=0,005) and anal cancer and chlamydia infection (r=-0,74, p=0,014). there was not statistic significant correlation between anal cancer and hiv admissions (r=0,40, p=0,245), between anal cancer and other sexually transmitted diseases (r=0,55, p=0,1), and between anal cancer and syphilis (r=-0,61, p=0,059). conclusion: there was a high positive correlation between anal cancer and hpv admissions in brazil. there were negative correlations between anal cancer and gonococci infection and between anal cancer and chlamydia infection admissions.
Policy Response of Brazilian Government to the 2008 Crisis: The Northeast Region Case.
Inez Silvia Batista Castro,Joo Bosco Monte
Business Systems Review , 2013, DOI: 10.7350/bsr.v18.2013
Abstract: This paper aims to evaluate the effects of macroeconomic policy between 2007 and 2011 in the Northeast Region of Brazil, which is the most impoverished region of the country. It focus specifically on monetary and credit policies. The reason for this study stems from the observation that the Brazilian economy did not show the same upward trend of unemployment rates that were recorded in the major countries of the Northern Hemisphere in the aftermath of the 2008 crisis. The countercyclical monetary and credit policies seem to have contributed to maintaining employment levels, revealing that the Brazilian banking system had more strict regulations than comparable ones in the U.S. The Brazilian Central Bank has generated the necessary liquidity to the financial system’s agents, especially in the Northeast Region, where credit was expanded more intensively. An analysis of the increased volume of regional credit reveals how the financial sector acted in the Northeast Region. First, the data shows that the BNDES (Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econ mico e Social), an essential player to increase the volume of long-term credit in the National Financial System, was not responsible for the trajectory of credit in Northeast Region. Second, the Bank of Brazil and the CEF (Caixa Econ mica Federal - specializing in real state credit), two major Brazilian publics banks, raised more deposits than they made loans in the region between 2008 and 2011. Third, BNB (Banco do Nordeste do Brasil) and FNE (a Constitutional Fund for Financing of the Northeast Region, administrated by BNB) were the drivers of the countercyclical policy in the Northeast Region (concerning credit). The expansion of long-term credit was due to the action of these institutions (BNB + FNE). In fact, with regard to rural credit, BNB, with its own resources and managing of the FNE, amounts to 75% of total loans in the Northeast Region. The conclusion of this article, as a normative proposition for the federal economic policy, is that in order to decrease regional poverty in Brazil, it is necessary to implement, not only a social policy program, but also a decentralized and regional administration of loans by public banks (BNDES, CEF and BB).
Evolu??o, mudan?as de uso e apropria??o de espa?os públicos em áreas centrais urbanas
Silva, Guilhermina Castro;Lopes, Wilza Gomes Reis;Lopes, Joo Batista;
Ambiente Construído , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-86212011000300014
Abstract: squares are places for conviviality and contact with the nature, which can contribute to forming and congregating society, representing important spaces for cultural, social and political manifestations. this article examines changes that have happened in the use of squares in central urban areas, focusing on the jo?o luis ferreira square, in teresina, piauí, and also evaluates the benefits and problems caused by the activities that take place on that square. it is expected that the information produced in this investigation can contribute to the process of establishing public policies for the occupation of those public spaces. the study used qualitative and quantitative data, including historical document analysis, photographs, interviews and questionnaires. those data were used to identify the different types of users, their activities and the most popular times of use of the square. in addition, an analysis of the general situation of the square was undertaken, including the identification, description and analysis of the equipment in order to evaluate whether the environment meets some requirements of maintenance and user comfort. the refurbishment project, carried out in in 2000 to revitalize the use of the square by the population, inintroduced a bus stop, which attracted informal traders, resulting in new types of space appropriation. the results indicated that the equipment has been fairly well-maintained and that the occupation of the square is characterized mainly by activities of circulation of pedestrians, passive leisure and informal commerce.
Enhancing Volumetric Bouligand-Minkowski Fractal Descriptors by using Functional Data Analysis
Joo Batista Florindo,Mário de Castro,Odemir Martinez Bruno
Computer Science , 2012, DOI: 10.1142/S0129183111016701
Abstract: This work proposes and study the concept of Functional Data Analysis transform, applying it to the performance improving of volumetric Bouligand-Minkowski fractal descriptors. The proposed transform consists essentially in changing the descriptors originally defined in the space of the calculus of fractal dimension into the space of coefficients used in the functional data representation of these descriptors. The transformed decriptors are used here in texture classification problems. The enhancement provided by the FDA transform is measured by comparing the transformed to the original descriptors in terms of the correctness rate in the classification of well known datasets.
Gene Expression Analysis of Extracellular Matrix and Cytokines after Uterine Artery Embolization  [PDF]
André Bernardo, Tatiana Carvalho de Souza Bonetti, Ismael Dale Cotrim Guerreiro da Silva, Mariano Tamura Vieira Gomes, Rodrigo Aquino Castro, Manoel Joo Batista Castello Gir?o, Claudio Emilio Bonduki
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.415132
Abstract: Arterial embolization of myomas (AEM) is an established option for the conservative treatment of uterine leio-myomas; it treats all present uterine nodules at once, is less invasive than other procedures and effective in controlling symptoms, and does not require long term hospitalizations. Nevertheless, the potential impact on endometrial morphological and functional outcomes after the procedure is still controversial based on reports of endometritis or eventual transient ischemia. This study evaluated endometrial reorganization in uterine leiomyoma patients, before and after AEM, through gene expression analyses of extracellular matrix and cytokines genes in theendometrial tissue. Eight patients with leiomyomas were evaluated before AEM and 6 months after. The examinations included transvaginal pelvic ultrasonography, dosing of the follicle-stimulating hormone, and endometrial biopsy during the second phase of the menstrual cycle. RNA was extracted from endometrial samples, cDNA was synthesized, and applied on PCR arrayTM plates to evaluate the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) genes and cytokines and their receptors’ genes (CYT). The ECM overexpressed genes were MMP (1, 3, 10, 11, and 14), CTGF1, ICAM1, TBHS1, ITGA2, ITGA3, ITGB3, COL7A1, COL12A, SPP1, and TNC; ADAMTS8 was underexpressed. The CYT overexpressed genes were SPP1, BCL6, CXCL12, IL-8, and CEBPB; CXCL13 and CCL21 were underexpressed. The ECM results showed overexpression of proteases that are responsible for dysfunctions in the ECM, and of genes responsible for adhesion and membrane components. The CYT results showed overexpression of chemokines responsible for endometrial repair, and underexpression of cytokines involved in inflammatory processes in the endometrial tissue. AEM treatment did not negatively affect the endometrial function at 6 months after embolization. This study broadens the knowledge about using a procedure that is relevant to the treatment of leiomyomas and contributes to the establishment of future guidelines for the decision making process for physicians and patients.
Nasosinusal Lymphoma of T Natural Killer Cells: Case Report
Castro, Victor Labres da Silva,Ferreira, Joo Batista,Guimar?es, Valeriana de Castro,Nery, Gustavo Vasconcelos
International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: The primary nasal lymphoma is an uncommon extranodal tumor and represents 0.44% of all Extranodal lymphomas in this region. The primary nasal lymphoma derives from the T-lineage in nearly 75% of the cases. Objective: To describe a case of nasosinusal lymphoma of T Natural Killer cells, attended in the Clinical Hospital of the Federal University of Goiás. Case Report: 48-year-old female patient with diffuse tumefaction in the left hemiface of firm-elastic consistency and painful upon digital compression. Face sinuses tomography identified a total maxillary veiling to the left and some posterior ethmoidal cells. With the diagnostic hypothesis of a tumor affection, we opted for the surgical removal via a transmaxillary approach and the material was sent for biopsy. The histopathological exam diagnosed a highly necrotic tumor of angiocentric pattern, polymorphic and atypical lymphoid population (T /NK Lymphoma); with the prognosis, the patient was submitted to chemical therapy with total regression of the facial edema. Final Comments: The otorhinolaryngologist must be attentive as regards the existence of lymphomas among the nasosinusal diseases, because the early diagnosis improves the survival as it prevents metastases, growth and local destruction.
Linfoma Nasossinusal de Células T Natural Killer: Relato de Caso
Castro, Victor Labres da Silva,Ferreira, Joo Batista,Guimar?es, Valeriana de Castro,Nery, Gustavo Vasconcelos
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia , 2011,
Abstract: Introdu o: O linfoma nasal primário é um tumor extranodal raro e representa 0,44% de todos os linfomas extranodais nessa localiza o. O linfoma nasal primário deriva da linhagem T em torno de 75% dos casos. Objetivo: Descrever um caso de Linfoma nasossinusal de células T Natural Killer, atendido no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás. Relato do Caso: Paciente de 48 anos, sexo feminino, apresentando tumefa o difusa na hemiface esquerda, de consistência firme-elástica e dolorosa a compress o digital. Tomografia dos seios da face identificou um velamento maxilar total à esquerda e de algumas células etmoidais posteriores. Com a hipótese diagnóstica de uma afec o tumoral, optou-se por remo o cirúrgica via transmaxilar, sendo encaminhado o material para biopsia. O exame histopatológico diagnosticou um tumor altamente necrótico padr o angiocêntrico, popula o linfoide polimórfica e atípica (Linfoma T/NK), diante do diagnóstico a paciente foi submetida à quimioterapia com regress o total do edema facial. Comentários Finais: O otorrinolaringologista deve estar atento para a existência dos linfomas entre as doen as nasossinusais, pois o diagnóstico precoce melhora a sobrevida na medida em que previne metástases, crescimento e destrui o local.
Biomass yield and essential oil from three chemotypes (I, II and III) and four accessions of lemongrass [Lippia alba (Mill.) N. E. Brown] in the southern State of Tocantins
Joo Josué Batista Neto,Tarcisio Castro de Barros Leal,Melquezedeque do Vale Nunes,Henrique Guilhon de Castro
Journal of Biotechnology and Biodiversity , 2012,
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the production of essential oil from three chemotypes for experiment 1 and four accessions of L. alba from different municipalities in southern Tocantins for experiment 2, with these three repetitions, the design of randomized blocks. The essential oil was obtained via hydrodistillation in Clevenger apparatus. Were evaluated: dry weight, content and yield of essential oil per plant. In experiment 1 there was no statistically significant difference in any of the variables analyzed. In the second experiment, there was significant difference between treatments in Gurupi / Cariri in relation to access to Figueirópolis / Alvorada with regard to oil content, which did not differ on the characteristics analyzed for dry mass, when analyzed if the yield per plant was a significant difference between the fits of Gurupi and Cariri in relation to access to Figueirópolis and Alvorada.
Reflections on the Green Economy (Redemption of the Principles of Mill and Pigou): A View of a Brazilian Environmentalist  [PDF]
Joo Batista Drummond Camara
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.512113
Abstract: The current context of global efforts in the pursuit of sustainable development can be characterized by the perception of the scientific-technological losses of ecosystems and ecosystem services and their consequences for the survival of humanity in the face of threats of imbalances in the basic conditions for survival such as food production, the environmental quality, natural control of pests and diseases, loses of biodiversity and climate changes. Some recent initiatives at global, regional and local level are pointed and some conceptual trends and deployment strategies advance towards the consolidation of the principles of sustainable development, despite several difficulties for effectively reaching its goals. The trend of gradual changes in the models of developing nations and in the patterns of production and consumption is portrayed objectively, seeking to correlate with principles of environmental economics and green economy, since Cecil Pigou and Stuart Mill principles to recent researches as Kenneth Boulding, Herman Daly, Nicholas Georgescu-Rogen, Franz Capra, Ignacy Sachs, Edgar Morin, beyond others. The ability of the United Nations and governments to intervene in neoliberal logic aiming wider benefit to society and the reduction of the negative effects of market distortions, as striking on the global stage, represents a true redemption of the principles advocated by Cecil Pigou, at the beginning of the last century, both for the global economy and for their effects on environmental and social conflicts, social exclusion resulting from the current economic systems which are not necessary new strategies, principles, or economic formulas, but decision making to tackle the market with seriousness to promote equity, social justice and environmental sustainability, without sacrificing progress and development, as evident in the current discussion of social inclusion and the convergence of individual and collective interests, so far in the development model based on increasing production and consumption, yet with little environmental responsibility.
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